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Activities and Initiatives: Rule of Law

* Launching the project on �Strengthening the Rule of Law in the Arab States: Modernization of Prosecutor�s Offices�
Cairo - Egypt, 17 - 18  May, 2005.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR) in partnership with the United Nations Foundation, and the governments of the United Kingdom, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium and Norway..
The objective of the conference is to Launch the project on Modernization of Prosecutor�s Offices in some Arab countries.
* Agenda, Background and Publications

* Translation of the "Human Rights Manual for Prosecutors"
1  May, 2005.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR).
The book was published in English by the International Association of Prosecutors and is being translated into Arabic by UNDP-POGAR.

* Study on Criminal Justice and Prosecution in the Arab World
1  October, 2004.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR).
The UNDP�s Programme on Governance in the Arab Region A study commissioned by UNDP-POGAR and prepared by Nathan J. Brown, Hesham Nasr and Jill Crystal.. The study on �Criminal Justice and Prosecution in the Arab World� which seeks to shed light on criminal justice, police and prosecutors in the Arab world with particular focus on Yemen, Morocco, Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon.
* Agenda, Background and Publications

* Conference on Development of Arab Public Prosecution Offices: Perspectives and Challenges
Marrakech - Morocco, 12 - 13  March, 2004.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR) - Morocco Ministry of Justice.
The conference marks the second phase of the "Study of the State of Affairs of the Offices of Public Prosecution in the Arab States" using the data and assessments of the first phase.
* Agenda, Background and Publications

* Development of Arab Public Prosecution Offices � Focus Group Meetings (May 6 and December 13, 2003)
Beirut - Lebanon, 6  May, 2003.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR).
Two meetings were organized in Beirut among the representatives of the public prosecution institutions in five countries (Yemen, Egypt, Morocco, Lebanon, and Jordan). The meetings were attended by experts from the Arab countries and a French expert. The meetings contributed to conducting in-depth discussion about the social, professional, and international dimensions of the issue. They also facilitated answering the questions in the questionnaire and shed light on its background and objectives.

* Judicial Independence - Second Arab Justice Conference
Cairo - Egypt, 21 - 24  February, 2003.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR) and the Arab Centre for the Independence of the Judiciary and the Legal Profession.
The conference was organized as part of POGAR's rule of law program that is focused on the independence and strengthening of Arab judiciaries. This second conference of Arab justice reiterated the importance of promoting and strengthening the independence of the judiciary in the Arab countries as a follow-up to the first conference on Arab justice held in Beirut, Lebanon in 1999.
* Agenda, Background and Publications

* Promoting Good Governance and the Rule of Law in the Arab States: Implementing the Arab Human Development Report - Phase I - Planning Phase 2003
1  January, 2003.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR).
The project builds upon the findings of the Arab States Human Development Report issued in 2002 and takes into account the issue of citizen security in the Arab States Region. The overall objective of this project is to develop and implement a broad-based programme for the Arab Region, which will provide assistance to government and civil society to support institutions building within the context of good governance and the rule of law. Phase I aims to develop the programme through focusing on the establishment of a regional network of project partners from governments, civil society organizations as well as international and regional experts. Within this regional network an advisory group will oversee the production of a working paper on issues of institution building in the security sector and citizen security in an international as well as regional context. The collection of information from institutions working in this area should lead to identify and define specific needs for institution building. In relation to this needs assessment and analysis, the advisory group will also present a set of recommendations. The outcome of these activities will then form the basis of a new comprehensive, broad based programme, which will be implemented under Phase II. This programme will contribute to overcoming the challenge of dramatically changed security environments through bringing together various actors such as civil society organizations with expertise in human security and human rights issues with representatives of the principal state institutions responsible for state and citizen security, in a concerted effort to generate the structural and policy reforms required to approach security and institution building needs within the context of good governance and rule of law.

* Study of the State of Affairs of the Offices of Public Prosecution in the Arab States - Data Collection and Assessment
1  January, 2003.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR).
The study focuses on the work of the offices of public prosecution in the Arab States, and the role they play in providing the necessary stability both socially and economically. The project covers five Arab states Jordan, Lebanon, Yemen, Egypt and Morocco and consists of two phases: data collection and assessment and regional project launched at the beginning of 2004.
* Agenda, Background and Publications

* Study on Arab Lawyers Working Conditions & Tools
1  January, 2003.
Organized by: United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR).
The role of the lawyers is an integral part of the judicial system. This role will be more effective through the development of the quality of their work, which will lead to the improvement of judiciary sentences, since the lawyers are supposed to submit clear demands based on legal principles and consolidated by judgments and citations. Considering the prominent role that lawyers play in the modernization of legal and judiciary work, a study will be performed to describe the lawyer's status and the legal profession needs (statistical study), and the necessary tools aiming at improving the exercise of lawyers profession in order to enhance the legal practice, to activate the judiciary work and to render access to justice easier and cost-effective. For these reasons, POGAR will contribute in conducting a field legal study aiming to collect information about myriad issues such as the working conditions of Arab lawyers and the sources used by judges and lawyers in their work (paper form, electronic form, internet); identify the need to Arab references and foreign sources, describe the frequently used sources (encyclopedia, books, periodicals) published by Bar associations, ministries of Justice and private sector, and finally provide training for lawyers.

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