UNDP United Nations Development Programme ������ ����� ������� ��������
Programme on Governance in the Arab Region ������ ����� ����� �� ����� ������� POGAR
POGAR News and Activities
Rule of Law
Widening Access to Justice
  • Administration of Justice: Improving the administration of justice through training of judicial and non-judicial personnel and supporting the creation of legal databases.
    - As part of this effort, POGAR coordinated a regional conference on judicial reform, in partnership with the Ministry of Justice in Morocco, Marrakech March 15-17, 2002.
    Conference Agenda, Publications, Resolutions, and Statements
  • Judicial Independence: Strengthening the independence of Arab judiciaries through training and advocacy. POGAR is coordinating a regional conference on judicial independence, in partnership with international and regional partners, most notably the Arab Centre for the Independence of the Judiciary and the Legal Profession, based in Cairo. The first Conference on Independence of the Judiciary in the Arab Countries was held in Beirut in 1999. The conference issued the Beirut Declaration for Justice (see Arab Human Development Report - AHDR - 2002, box 7.7 page 116).
       - The Second Arab Justice Conference: "Promoting and Strengthening the Independence of the Judiciary in the Arab Countries" (21-24 February 2003, Cairo).
    In collaboration with POGAR, a directory on Strengthening the Independence of judiciary was drafted and edited by IFES. The directory is now available:
       - Arabic (PDF, 2092 Kb)
       - English (PDF, 1698 Kb)
  • Legal Education and Training: Contributing to the educational outreach of judicial training centres. Plans include work with law faculties, the Ministry of Higher Education in Syria, and other regional partners to upgrade the quality of legal education.
    As part of this activity, Judicial reform and e-government training courses were held in 2002. The Courses were funded by the Arab Fund and UNDP-POGAR, and executed by the International Development Law Organization (IDLO)- formerly the International Development Law Institute, based in Rome.
    * Course Report Enhancing the Judicial Reform in the Arab States, Beirut - Lebanon, July 15-26, 2002
       - English (PDF file, size = 43 Kb)
    * Workshop Report: Regional Seminar on the Legal and Regulatory Aspects of E-Commerce and E-Government, Cairo, Egypt, 19-30 October, 2002.
       - English (PDF file, size = 103 Kb)
  • Promoting Good Governance and the Rule of Law in the Arab States: Implementing the Arab Human Development Report (Phase I, planning phase) (2003):
    The project builds upon the findings of the Arab States Human Development Report issued in 2002 and takes into account the issue of citizen security in the Arab States Region. The overall objective of this project is to develop and implement a broad-based programme for the Arab Region, which will provide assistance to government and civil society to support institutions building within the context of good governance and the rule of law.
    Phase I aims to develop the programme through focusing on the establishment of a regional network of project partners from governments, civil society organizations as well as international and regional experts. Within this regional network an advisory group will oversee the production of a working paper on issues of institution building in the security sector and citizen security in an international as well as regional context. The collection of information from institutions working in this area should lead to identify and define specific needs for institution building. In relation to this needs assessment and analysis, the advisory group will also present a set of recommendations. The outcome of these activities will then form the basis of a new comprehensive, broad based programme, which will be implemented under Phase II.
    This programme will contribute to overcoming the challenge of dramatically changed security environments through bringing together various actors such as civil society organizations with expertise in human security and human rights issues with representatives of the principal state institutions responsible for state and citizen security, in a concerted effort to generate the structural and policy reforms required to approach security and institution building needs within the context of good governance and rule of law.
  • Further Activities:
    • Study on Arab Lawyers Working Conditions & Tools
      The role of the lawyers is an integral part of the judicial system. This role will be more effective through the development of the quality of their work, which will lead to the improvement of judiciary sentences, since the lawyers are supposed to submit clear demands based on legal principles and consolidated by judgments and citations.
      Considering the prominent role that lawyers play in the modernization of legal and judiciary work , a study will be performed to describe the lawyer's status and the legal profession needs (statistical study), and the necessary tools aiming at improving the exercise of lawyers profession in order to enhance the legal practice, to activate the judiciary work and to render access to justice easier and cost-effective.
      For these reasons, POGAR will contribute in conducting a field legal study aiming to collect information about myriad issues such as the working conditions of Arab lawyers and the sources used by judges and lawyers in their work (paper form, electronic form, internet); identify the need to Arab references and foreign sources, describe the frequently used sources (encyclopedia, books, periodicals) published by Bar associations, ministries of Justice and private sector, and finally provide training for lawyers.
    • A Study of the State of Affairs of the Offices of Public Prosecution in the Arab States
      The focus of the study will be on the work of the offices of public prosecution in the Arab States, and the important role they play in providing the necessary stability both socially and economically.
      The project comprises five Arab states Jordan, Lebanon, Yemen, Egypt and Morocco. The regional project consists of two phases:
      1) The First Phase: Collecting data and assessing needs during 2003.
             - Introduction and questionnaire (PDF, 180 Kb)
      2) The Second Phase: Using the data and assessments of the first phase to prepare a framework for a regional project to be launched at the beginning of 2004.

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