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POGAR News and Activities
Transparency and Accountability

Making public institutions accountable

UNDP's activities include reviewing public service reform, strengthening transparency and accountability within the public service, and training civil servants in the use of information technology. UNDP-POGAR's contribution:

* Initiative on Accountability and Transparency in the Arab Region (IATAR)
UNDP-POGAR (Programme on Governance in the Arab Region) launched a new Initiative on Accountability and Transparency in the Arab Region (IATAR) in Spring 2003. The initiative is based on two fundamental premises, that (a) improved accountability and transparency in the public sector will help the Arab countries meet the challenges of globalization, and (b) improved performance of key public sector institutions will, in turn, boost investor confidence and build general public trust in the State capacity of the Arab countries.
Accordingly IATAR aims to introduce new ideas on how to improve existing policies, programmes, procedures, and practices in financial and human resources management of operational agencies and oversight bodies.
UNDP-POGAR plans to conduct a number of activities aimed at knowledge building, partnership and coalition building and human resources development.
- Expert Group Meeting on Strengthening Accountability and Transparency and Fighting Corruption in the Arab Region, organized in cooperation with the Office of the Minister of State for Administrative Reform and held in Beirut, Lebanon, October 23-24, 2003.
[UNDP-POGAR Statement] [Agenda: English, Arabic] [List of participants: English, Arabic] [Recommendations: English, Arabic] [Publications]

* Study on Transparency and Accountability
In partnership with the Division for Public Economics and Public Administration, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, POGAR commissioned a study on transparency and accountability in the public sector with a view to responding to the challenges of globalization.

* Translation of documents into Arabic
- Funded the translation of selected chapters of the Global Corruption Report 2003 into Arabic

* Participation in and Knowledge contribution to the discussions of the Public Administration Reforms in the Arab region
- Presented a paper entitled "The UNDP Role in Public Administration Reforms in the Arab Region" at the Expert Consultative Meeting on Public Administration and Public Accounting Development, with Stress on Electronic Tools. The Meeting, organized by ESCWA under the auspices of H.E. Minister of State for Administrative Reform in Lebanon, was held in Beirut 1-3 July 2003.

The paper provides an overview of UNDP role in supporting public administration reforms in selected countries in the region and features five case studies with recognized results in this practice area and highlight good practices and lessons learned. The paper concludes with recommendations building on UNDP experience and drawing on lessons learned to achieve reform objectives and expected results in the area of public administration and civil service development.

The objectives of the Expert Consultative Meetings on Public Administration and Public Accounting Development were as follows:

1. To highlight the changing role of governments, and specifically of the public administrative process; and to identify major influencing forces contributing to this change.
2. To increase awareness of participants -and in the region- about need to shift from the current cash accounting system (cash flow and cash balance systems) to the accrual accounting and total economic resources concept.
3. To promote the role of electronic tools in boosting the efficiency of administrative procedures.
4. To stress the importance of modernizing the legal and administrative procedures and systems in any public administration development efforts.
5. To review earlier efforts in public administration and public accounting development in the region, and lessons learnt (successes and failures).
6. To define the role that the United Nations can play, identifying possible high impact areas in this regard.

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