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POGAR > Countries > Algeria In Brief

Basic Information

Country Flag:
Country Map: United Nations Maps: Algeria
Country Name: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Shabiyah)
Name of Capital City: Algiers (El Djazair)
Date of Independence: Algeria gained independence from France on July 5, 1962.
 

Administrative Divisions

Regions, Provinces or Governorates: 48 provinces (wilayas): Adrar, Ain Defla, Ain Temouchent, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, and Tlemcen.
Country Area (sq km): 2381741
Population (million): 33.9 (2007)
Population, annual growth rate (%) 1975-2005: 2.4
Population, estimated growth rate (%) 2005-2015: 1.5
 

Political System

Type of State: Republic/unitary
Date of Constitution: The first constitution was promulgated on September 10, 1963 and suspended in 1965.
The second constitution was proclaimed on November 22, 1976 and amended on June 30, 1979 by the parliament.
Further amendments added by referenda on November 3, 1988, February 23, 1989, and November 28, 1996.
 

Head of State

Type: The head of state is an elected President.
Name of Current: Mr Abdelaziz Bouteflika was elected President of Algeria on April 15, 1999 for a five-year term. The President’s term is renewable once, and he was re-elected on April 8, 2004.
 

Executive Branch

About: The Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President, appoints the members of the cabinet.
Name of Current: Ahmad Ouyahia replaced Abdelaziz Belkhadem on June 24, 2008, as prime minister. Previously, on May 24, 2006, Belkhadem had replaced Prime Minister Ahmad Ouyahia.
 

Legislative Branch

Type: Bicameral parliament
- National People's Assembly [English][Arabic][French]
- National Council [Arabic]
 

Elections

Suffrage: Suffrage is universal for individuals 18 years of age or older.
- See Also: Algeria - Election Calendar and Results
 

Human Development Indicators

Human development index (HDI): 0.677 (2010)
HDI rank (worldwide): 84 (2010)
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older): 75.4 (2007)
Female secondary gross enrollment (%): 86.3 (2005)
Gross enrollment, tertiary level education (%): 24 (2007)
Life expectancy at birth (years): 12.774 (2010)
Poverty index (HP1-1) value (%): 17.5 (2007)
GDP per capita (PPP US$): 8320.156 (2010)
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank: -6 (2010)
* See more human development indicators on Arab Statistics (external link)
 

Judiciary Branch

Legal system and codification: Civil Law and Islamic legal traditions.
Administration: Administrative authority is vested in the Supreme Judicial Council, headed by the president. The Minister of Justice serves as the Council’s vice-president.
A Council of State has jurisdiction over administrative matters, and a Tribunal of Conflicts settles jurisdictional disputes between the Council of State and the Supreme Court.
Supreme Court: The Supreme Court is subdivided into a Private Law Chamber for civil and commercial cases, a Social Division that administers social security and labor cases, a Criminal Court, and an Administrative Division.
Constitutional Court: A nine-member Constitutional Council, established in 1989, handles matters of constitutionality and may also determine the legality of elections and referenda.
Shari'a or Personal Status:
 

Membership in International Organizations

United Nations (UN): October 8, 1962
International Monetary Fund (IMF): September 26, 1963
World Trade Organization (WTO): Observer
Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court (ICC): Signed December 28, 2000 but not yet ratified.
World Bank – International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD): September 26, 1963
World Bank – International Finance Corporation (IFC): September 23, 1990
World Bank – Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA): June 24, 1996
World Bank – International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID): March 22, 1996
 

Ratification of International Conventions

- Human Rights Conventions
- International Labor Organization (ILO) Conventions
- UN Conventions against Corruption and Transnational Organized Crime
- Environment Treaties