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Basic Information

Country Flag:
Country Map: United Nations Maps: Morocco
Country Name: Kingdom of Morocco (Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah)
Name of Capital City: Rabat
Date of Independence: Gained independence from France on March 2, 1956.
 

Administrative Divisions

Regions, Provinces or Governorates: 16 regions: Chaouia-Ouardigha, Doukkala-Abda, Fès-Boulemane, Gharb-Chrarda-Béni Hssen, Grand Casablanca, Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz, Meknès-Tafilalet, Oriental Region, Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer, Souss-Massa-Draâ, Tadla-Azilal, Tangier-Tétouan, Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate, Guelmim-Es Semara, Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra, Oued Ed-Dahab-Lagouira.
48 provinces: Casablanca, Rabat, Fès, Marrakech, Agadir, Tanger, Meknès, Oujda, Kenitra, Tétouan, Safi, Mohammedia, El Aaiun, Chouribga, Beni Mellal, El Jadida, Taza, Nador, Settat, Ksar el-Kebir, Larache, Chemisset, Guelmim, Berrechid, Oued Zem, Faki ben-Sala, Taourirt, Berkane, Sidi Slimane, Er Raschidia, Sidi Kacem, Chenifra, Tiflet, Essaouira, Taroudannt, El-Kelâa-des-Sraghna, Oulad-Teima, Youssoufia, Sefrou, Benguerir, Tan-Tan, Ouezzane, Guercif, Ouarzazate, Al-Hoceima, Tiznit, Fnideq, Sebt Oulad Nemma.
Country Area (sq km): 453730
Population (million): 31.2 (2007)
Population, annual growth rate (%) 1975-2005: 1.9
Population, estimated growth rate (%) 2005-2015: 1.2
 

Political System

Type of State: Constitutional monarchy/unitary
Date of Constitution: The first constitution was adopted on March 10, 1962, and was revised in 1970, 1972, 1980, 1992, and 1996.
Amended to create bicameral legislature on September 23, 1996.
 

Head of State

Type: The head of state is the King.
Name of Current: King Muhammad VI became the head of state on July 23, 1999.
 

Executive Branch

About: The Prime Minister is responsible to the King. The Prime Minister may initiate legislation and exercise statutory powers, except in domains reserved to the king.
Name of Current: Mr. Abbass Al-Fasi became prime minister on September 19, 2007.
 

Legislative Branch

Type: Bicameral system
- House of Representatives [English][Arabic][French]
- House of Counsellors [Arabic][French]
 

Elections

Suffrage: Universal suffrage for individuals 20 years and older.
- See Also: Morocco - Election Calendar and Results
 

Human Development Indicators

Human development index (HDI): 0.567 (2010)
HDI rank (worldwide): 114 (2010)
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older): 55.6 (2007)
Female secondary gross enrollment (%): 51.4 (2007)
Gross enrollment, tertiary level education (%): 11.3 (2007)
Life expectancy at birth (years): 10.488 (2010)
Poverty index (HP1-1) value (%): 31.1 (2007)
GDP per capita (PPP US$): 4627.565 (2010)
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank: -10 (2010)
* See more human development indicators on Arab Statistics (external link)
 

Judiciary Branch

Legal system and codification: Combination of canonical legal principles, including Muslim and Jewish traditions, and Civil Law traditions.
Administration: The Supreme Council of the Judiciary, headed by the King, has administrative authority over the judiciary. The supervision of judges is generally the responsibility of the Ministry of Justice.
Supreme Court: The final court of appeal is the Supreme Court.
Constitutional Court: A six-member Constitutional Council, appointed by the King for nine years, judges the validity of legislative elections, referenda, organic laws, and the rules of procedure of both chambers of the parliament.
Shari'a or Personal Status: Moroccan law is based on French Civil Law and a combination of Muslim and Jewish traditions.
The Shari’a and Rabbinical courts settle matters of personal status for members of their respective communities.
 

Membership in International Organizations

United Nations (UN): November 12, 1956
International Monetary Fund (IMF): April 25, 1958
World Trade Organization (WTO): January 1, 1995
Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court (ICC): Signed September 8, 2000
World Bank – International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD): April 25, 1958
World Bank – International Finance Corporation (IFC): August 30, 1962
World Bank – Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA): September 17, 1992
World Bank – International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID): June 10, 1967
 

Ratification of International Conventions

- Human Rights Conventions
- International Labor Organization (ILO) Conventions
- UN Conventions against Corruption and Transnational Organized Crime
- Environment Treaties