Country Map: United Nations Maps: Tunisia
Country Name: Republic of Tunisia (Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah)
Name of Capital City: Tunis
Date of Independence: Tunisia gained independence from France on March 20, 1956.
Regions, Provinces or Governorates: 24 governorates: Al Kaf, Al Mahdiyah, Al Munastir, Al Qasrayn, Al Qayrawan, Aryanah, Bajah, Banzart, Bin 'Arus, Jundubah, Madanin, Manouba, Nabul, Qabis, Qafsah, Qibili, Safaqis, Sidi Bu Zayd, Silyanah, Susah, Tatawin, Tawzar, Tunis and Zaghwan.
Country Area (sq km): 164418
Population (million): 10.1 (2007)
Population, annual growth rate (%) 1975-2005: 1.9
Population, estimated growth rate (%) 2005-2015: 1.0
Type of State: Republic/unitary
Date of Constitution: The Constitution was promulgated on June 1, 1959.
It was amended July 12, 1988.
Type: The head of state is an elected president.
Name of Current: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali has been President since November 7, 1987. He was reelected for a fourth term on October 24, 2004.
About: Executive power is vested in the President, who is aided by the Prime Minister and cabinet.
The President selects the Prime Minister and cabinet members.
Name of Current: Mohamed Ghannouchi has been Prime Minister since November 1999.
Type: Bicameral parliament
- House of Representatives [Arabic]
- Chamber of Councilors [English][Arabic][French]
Suffrage: Suffrage is granted to all Tunisian nationals, both men and women, over the age of 20.
- See Also: Tunisia - Election Calendar and Results
Human Development Indicators
Human development index (HDI): 0.683 (2010)
HDI rank (worldwide): 81 (2010)
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older): 77.7 (2007)
Female secondary gross enrollment (%): 87.4 (2005)
Gross enrollment, tertiary level education (%): 30.8 (2007)
Life expectancy at birth (years): 14.503 (2010)
Poverty index (HP1-1) value (%): 15.6 (2007)
GDP per capita (PPP US$): 7979.31 (2010)
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank: 1 (2010)
* See more human development indicators on Arab Statistics (external link)
Legal system and codification: Islamic legal principles and has been influenced by Civil Law traditions.
Administration: The Superior Judicial Council serves as the administrative authority of the judiciary. The Council is presided over by the President of the Republic and is composed of senior jurors. The Ministry of Justice administers the judiciary.
Supreme Court: At the apex of the judicial structure is the Supreme Court, or Court of Cassation, which is located in Tunis and serves as the final court of appeals.
Constitutional Court: The Constitutional Council, which was created in 1987, is empowered to determine the constitutionality of legislation and to determine whether the President is unfit for duty.
Shari'a or Personal Status:
United Nations (UN): November 12, 1956
International Monetary Fund (IMF): April 14, 1958
World Trade Organization (WTO): March 29, 1995
Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court (ICC): Not signed
World Bank – International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD): April 14, 1958
World Bank – International Finance Corporation (IFC): July 25, 1962
World Bank – Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA): June 7, 1988
World Bank – International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID): October 14, 1966
- Human Rights Conventions
- International Labor Organization (ILO) Conventions
- UN Conventions against Corruption and Transnational Organized Crime
- Environment Treaties