Country Governance

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Basic Information

Country Flag:
Country Map: United Nations Maps: Djibouti
Country Name: Republic of Djibouti (Jumhuriyyat Jibuti)
Name of Capital City: Djibouti (Jibuti)
Date of Independence: Djibouti gained independence from France on June 27, 1977.

Administrative Divisions

Regions, Provinces or Governorates: 5 regions: 'Ali Sabih, Dikhil, Arta, Obock, Tadjoura + the city of Djibouti.
11 districts: Alaili Dadda, Ali Sabieh, As Eyla, Balha, Dikhil, Djibouti, Dorra, Obock, Randa, Tadjourah and Yoboki.
Country Area (sq km): 23200
Population (million): 0.8 (2007)
Population, annual growth rate (%) 1975-2005: 4.3
Population, estimated growth rate (%) 2005-2015: 1.7

Political System

Type of State: Republic / unitary
Date of Constitution: The constitution was approved by referendum on September 4, 1992.

Head of State

Type: The head of state is the President.
Name of Current: Ismail Omar Guelleh was elected President on April 9, 1999. He was re-elected for a second term in office on April 8, 2005.

Executive Branch

About: The Prime Minister is the head of government or Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister is appointed by, and accountable to, the President.
Name of Current: The Prime Minister, appointed by, and accountable to the President, is Dileita Mohamed Dileita, in office since 2001.

Legislative Branch

Type: Unicameral parliament
- National Assembly [French]


Suffrage: Suffrage is universal and the minimum voting age is 18.
- See Also: Djibouti - Election Calendar and Results

Human Development Indicators

Human development index (HDI): 0.402 (2010)
HDI rank (worldwide): 147 (2010)
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older): 70.3 (2006)
Female secondary gross enrollment (%): 20.6 (2007)
Gross enrollment, tertiary level education (%): 2.6 (2007)
Life expectancy at birth (years): 4.721 (2010)
Poverty index (HP1-1) value (%): 25.6 (2007)
GDP per capita (PPP US$): 2471.383 (2010)
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank: -24 (2010)
* See more human development indicators on Arab Statistics (external link)

Judiciary Branch

Legal system and codification: Combination of Islamic law, French Civil Law, and traditional practices.
Supreme Court: The Supreme Court, which serves as the final court of appeal, is empowered to monitor government institutions.
Constitutional Court:
Shari'a or Personal Status: Matters involving Muslim personal law are heard by separate qadis or religious judges, and are governed by Islamic legal principles.

Membership in International Organizations

United Nations (UN): September 20, 1977
International Monetary Fund (IMF): December 29, 1978
World Trade Organization (WTO): May 31, 1995
Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court (ICC): Signed October 7, 1998; not ratified.
World Bank – International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD): October 1, 1980
World Bank – International Finance Corporation (IFC): October 1, 1980
World Bank – Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA): Not a member
World Bank – International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID): Not a member

Ratification of International Conventions

- Human Rights Conventions
- International Labor Organization (ILO) Conventions
- UN Conventions against Corruption and Transnational Organized Crime
- Environment Treaties