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POGAR > Countries > Jordan In Brief

Basic Information

Country Flag:
Country Map: United Nations Maps: Jordan
Country Name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah)
Name of Capital City: Amman
Date of Independence: Became the Emirate of Transjordan in 1921.
A kingdom independent from Britain was proclaimed on May 25, 1946.
 

Administrative Divisions

Regions, Provinces or Governorates: 12 governorates (muhafazat): Ajlun, Al 'Aqabah, Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, 'Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa', Irbid, Jarash, Ma'an, and Madaba.
Country Area (sq km): 89556
Population (million): 5.9 (2007)
Population, annual growth rate (%) 1975-2005: 3.5
Population, estimated growth rate (%) 2005-2015: 2.2
 

Political System

Type of State: Constitutional monarchy/unitary
Date of Constitution: Approved on January 1, 1952
 

Head of State

Type: The head of state is the King.
Name of Current: Abdullah II became King on February 7, 1999.
 

Executive Branch

About: The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers conduct of all affairs, are responsible to the House of Representatives.
Name of Current: Mr. Samir Arrifai was appointed as a prime minister on December 14, 2009.
 

Legislative Branch

Type: Bicameral parliament (Majlis Al-Umma)
- House of Representatives [English][Arabic]
- Senate Assembly [Arabic]
 

Elections

Suffrage: Universal suffrage, 18 years and older.
- See Also: Jordan - Election Calendar and Results
 

Human Development Indicators

Human development index (HDI): 0.681 (2010)
HDI rank (worldwide): 82 (2010)
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older): 91.1 (2007)
Female secondary gross enrollment (%): 90.6 (2007)
Gross enrollment, tertiary level education (%): 39.9 (2007)
Life expectancy at birth (years): 13.107 (2010)
Poverty index (HP1-1) value (%): 6.6 (2007)
GDP per capita (PPP US$): 5955.975 (2010)
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank: 10 (2010)
* See more human development indicators on Arab Statistics (external link)
 

Judiciary Branch

Legal system and codification: Combination of Civil Law traditions and Islamic legal principles.
Administration: At the apex of the judicial hierarchy is the Court of Cassation, or the Supreme Court of Appeal.
Supreme Court:
Constitutional Court: The High Tribunal, a special court, interprets the constitution at the request of the Prime Minister or leader of either legislative chamber.
Shari'a or Personal Status: The Religious Courts are subdivided into Shari’a Courts and tribunals of non-Muslim religious communities.
 

Membership in International Organizations

United Nations (UN): December 14, 1955
International Monetary Fund (IMF): August 29, 1952
World Trade Organization (WTO): April 11, 2000
Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court (ICC): April 11, 2002
World Bank – International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD): August 29, 1952
World Bank – International Finance Corporation (IFC): July 20, 1956
World Bank – Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA): April 12, 1988
World Bank – International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID): November 29, 1972
 

Ratification of International Conventions

- Human Rights Conventions
- International Labor Organization (ILO) Conventions
- UN Conventions against Corruption and Transnational Organized Crime
- Environment Treaties