UN Conventions and Other Agreements
United Nations Convention against Corruption: signed 23 December 2003, ratified 7 June 2005.
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: signed 13 November 2001, ratified 18 June 2004.
Libya has expressed interest in joining the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force, established on 30 November 2004 as a voluntary regional association to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
Libya has no chapter or national contact with Transparency International.
Civil Society Initiatives
Transparency-Libya (https://www.transparency-libya.com/ ) is “dedicated to exposing all kinds and forms of corruption in Libya” and is administered by the Libya Human and Political Development Forum. The Forum is “an independent, non-governmental Think-Tank devoted to research and study, specializing in all aspects of human and political development relating to Libyan life and civil society.” It published the 2004 Libya Human Development, which included a chapter on “Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Governing.”
By joining the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)’s Free Trade Area in 2005, Libya may be committed to modernizing its procurement legislation to conform with COMESA standards of transparency and free competition.
Anti Money Laundering
Law No. 2 of 1373 DP / 2005, designed to combat money laundering, establishes a National Committee, to be chaired by the Governor of the Central Bank and assisted by a Financial Information Unit established in the Central Bank.
Corruption Perception Index
Libya scored 2.5 on Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index 2009. The scale runs from 0 (high corruption) to 10 (no corruption). It is ranking 130th among 180 countries, same position as Lebanon’s; ahead of Yemen however behind Syria. Libya had scored 2.6 in 2008 and ranked 126th among the 180 countries in the world behind Egypt and Lebanon. In 2007, it scored 2.5. Libya was ranked 131st, tied with Iran and Yemen and slightly ahead of Syria, among 180 countries. In 2006 Libya scored 2.7 and was also tied with Iran, ranking 105th among 163 countries.