UN Conventions and Other Agreements
United Nations Convention against Corruption: unsigned but accepted on 25 October 2006.
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: accession on 22 July 2005.
Mauritania became a member in September 2005 of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force, established on 30 November 2004 as a voluntary regional association to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
Mauritania does not have a chapter of Transparency International.
Government Institutions and Initiatives
The transitional government’s Decree No 2006-001 of 13 January 13 2006 establishes a National Committee of stakeholders to participate in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). The head of state intends to prevent the country from becoming a hotbed of corruption by subjecting Mauritania’s nascent oil industry to international monitoring.
The Government Procurement Law was amended in 2002 as part of a package of reforms designed to liberalize the country and attract foreign direct investment.
Anti Money Laundering
Mauritania passed a new anti-money laundering law in June 2005, and the Central Bank of Mauritania has conducted seminars on the subject as well as cooperating since September 2005 with the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force.
Corruption Perception Index
Mauritania scored 2.5 on Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index of 2009. The scale runs from 0 (high corruption) to 10 (no corruption). It ranks 130th out of 180 countries. Mauritania had scored 2.6 in 2007 and slipped to 123rd place, well behind Algeria but ahead of Yemen, among 180 countries. In 2006 Mauritania scored 3.1 and was tied with Algeria in 84th place, among 163 countries.