UN Conventions and Other Agreements
United Nations Convention against Corruption: not eligible to sign.
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: not eligible to sign.
Palestine became an official observer in March 2006 of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force, established on 30 November 2004 as a voluntary regional association to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
The Coalition for Accountability and Integrity - AMAN, founded in 2000, is a national chapter in formation of Transparency International.
Government Institutions and Initiatives
The attorney general of the Palestinian Authority, appointed by the President, is responsible for government efforts to combat corruption. In early February 2006 Mr. Meghani, appointed in September 2005, publicly described a widening investigation involving dozens of suspects and hundreds of millions, if not billions, of dollars in stolen public funds. Popular discontent with corrupt officials may have contributed to Hamas’ electoral victory in the January 2006 legislative elections. Earlier, after becoming finance minister in 2002, Salam Fayyad, a former International Monetary Fund official, had won widespread praise for his efforts to combat corruption and reorganize the government's financial affairs, but at least one official in the finance ministry was caught smuggling embezzled out of the country in 2006.
Civil Society Initiatives
As a coalition of civil society organizations, AMAN, founded in 2000, has pioneered practices of internal transparency and, having completed a challenging accession process, is currently acting as Transparency International Palestine while awaiting final recognition as a national chapter. It published numerous studies of corruption, transparency and accountability in Palestine in 2004 and 2005, many of them downloadable from https://www.aman-palestine.org/English/Articles/publications.htm. AMAN also encouraged the formation in 2005 of Palestinian Parliamentarians against Corruption, which works with like-minded members of parliament from other Arab countries in a MENA chapter of the Global Organization of Parliamentarians Against Corruption.
The Department of Supplies and Tender was established in 2004 at the Ministry of Finance to assume full jurisdiction over all purchases made by PNA ministries and agencies, including the security. A World Bank Country Procurement Assessment had recommended the establishment of an independent Oversight Procurement Authority and the drafting a new and unified procurement law. In view of the grave fiscal crisis in May 2006, however, the World Bank was recommending use of its Emergency Services Support Program to fund a crash program of capacity-building for the Council for Financial Control, the Palestine Authority’s external auditor, for monitoring the procurement of essential goods and services.
Anti Money Laundering
The Palestinian government approved on August 27, 2007 a law for combating money laundering, in the absence of the legislative council which is paralyzed as a result of the conflict between its two major blocks of “Fateh” and the Islamic Resistance Movement (HAMAS). The law prohibits trafficking in persons, sex, weapons and drugs. It also prohibits bribery, fraud, kidnapping, money smuggling, embezzlement, and tampering with money markets.
Corruption Perception Index
The Palestinian Authority could not be included in Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index of 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 for lack of a sufficient number of surveys. In 2005 it scored 2.5 and was ranked 108th, tied with Libya, behind Algeria but ahead of Yemen, among 159 countries.