UN Conventions and Other Agreements
United Nations Convention against Corruption: signed 14 January 2005, not yet ratified.
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: signed 15 December 2000, ratified with reservations on 10 December 2004.
Sudan became a member in March 2006 of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force, established on 30 November 2004 as a voluntary regional association to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
Sudan has National Contact for Transparency International through TI’s International Secretariat.
Government Institutions and Initiatives
The Sudan has been a party to several international conventions on anti-corruption and has signed statements in favor of making anti-corruption measures a priority. In 2006 the president of the Government of South Sudan indicated interest in establishing an Anti-Corruption Commission to insure that reconstruction would be effectively monitored. The President of the Government of South Sudan was exposing and naming ministers who embezzled public funds in May 2006, but procedures for prosecuting them were not yet in place.
The Supreme Audit Institution of Sudan has oversight into financial matters in the country. As a result of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005 a Southern Sudan Audit Chamber is to be established. However, the central government cracked down on the accounting profession. A law passed by parliament in 2004 enabled the government to replace the Sudan Council of Certified Accountants with an Accountancy and Auditing Provisional Council.
As a member of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) Sudan is committed to develop legislation on public procurement that conforms with the modern standards that the member states have agreed to implement. As a result of the CPA of 2005 a modern procurement law for the South was already in draft form by early 2006, providing incentives for contractors to fully mobilize at the beginning of the dry season and to finish their work by the end of dry season.
Anti Money Laundering
The Bank of Sudan announced severe measures against money laundering in Prudential Circular 4 of May 20, 2002, reflecting the international recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).
Corruption Perception Index
Sudan scored 1.5 on Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index of 2009. The scale runs from 0 (high corruption) to 10 (no corruption). It ranked 176th out of 180 countries. Sudan had scored 1.8 in 2007 and was ranked 172nd, just above Iraq, among 180 countries. In 2006 Sudan had a rating of 2.0, in 156th place, also ahead of Iraq, in a field of 163 countries.