UN Conventions and Other Agreements
United Nations Convention against Corruption: signed 30 March 2004, not ratified.
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: signed 13 December 2000, ratified 19 June 2003.
Tunisia is a founding member of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force, established on 30 November 2004 as a voluntary regional association to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
Tunisia does not have a national chapter of Transparency International.
Government Institutions and Initiatives
The ministry of trade and financial regulatory authorities monitor financial fraud and economic crimes, and the Ministry of the Interior has an economic crimes brigade.
Civil Society Initiatives
Due to restrictions on associations and Internet usage in Tunisia, civil society initiatives against corruption take the form of blogs and news commentaries posted on the Internet from sites based outside the country.
Regulations were thoroughly revised by a 2002 decree that applies to all state and local government, state enterprises, and other public bodies. The Commission Supérieure des Marchés (High Commission for Markets) supervises all tenders, and Tunisian suppliers enjoy a 10% price preferential over other bidders. The World Bank carried out a Country Procurement Assessment Review and an Independent Procurement Review in 2003. Tunisia was also working with Italy in 2005 to develop standard electronic (“e-procurement”) procedures for the North African countries.
Anti Money Laundering
Law No. 2003-75 passed on December 10, 2003, introduces tough measures against money laundering, but human rights observers claim that some of its provisions can also be used against websites that receive money from foreign organizations that the authorities have deemed illegal. The law establishes a Financial Intelligence Unit that supplements the other supervisory organs of the central bank.
Corruption Perception Index
Tunisia scored 4.2 on Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index 2009. The scale runs from 0 (high corruption) to 10 (no corruption). It is in the 65th position among 180 countries placing it ahead of Kuwait but behind Saudi Arabia. Tunisia had scored 4.4 in 2008 and was ranked 62nd among the 180 countries in the world in between Jordan and Kuwait. In 2007, it scored 4.2 Tunisia was ranked 61st, behind Jordan and Kuwait but ahead of Morocco, in a field of 180 countries. In 2006 Tunisia scored 4.6, yet also less than Jordan or Kuwait, and ranked 51st out of 163 countries.