UN Conventions and Other Agreements
United Nations Convention against Corruption: unsigned.
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: unsigned.
Iraq became a member in September 2005 of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force, established on 30 November 2004 as a voluntary regional association to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
Iraq has contact with Transparency International through TI’s secretariat.
Government Institutions and Initiatives
Article 72 of the Constitution views financial and administrative corruption as a crime so serious that it falls outside the scope of the president’s pardoning powers.
Order 87 of the Coalition Provisional Authority governs the award of public contracts. The Order provides a set of public procurement guidelines and creates an Office of Government Public Contract Policy within the Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation to oversee the implementation of the guidelines. There is also provision for an independent administrative tribunal to have jurisdiction over complaints and disputes arising under or relating to the award of public contracts. Reform is currently being undertaken in the second phase of the World Bank’s Capacity Building program, which targets Public Procurement Reform.
Anti Money Laundering
Steps were underway in 2006 to establish a Money Laundering Reporting Office in the Central Bank of Iraq (CBI) to collect, analyze and disseminate information on financial transactions subject to financial monitoring and reporting, including suspicious activity reports. Pending new legislation, Coalition Provisional Authority Order 93 governs anti-money laundering activity.
Corruption Perception Index
Iraq scored 1.5 on Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index 2009. The scale runs from 0 (high corruption) to 10 (no corruption). It is ranking before the last in the 176th position among 180 countries like Sudan, placing before last among the Arab countries. Iraq had scored 1.3 in 2008 ranking 178th among the 180 countries in the world and last, behind all 18 Arab Countries. In 2007, Iraq scored 1.5 also ranking 178th, well below Yemen but just ahead of Somalia, among 180 countries. In 2006 Iraq scored 1.9 and was ranked 160th among 163 countries.