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Skip Navigation LinksPOGAR > Countries > Country Theme: Gender: Mauritania
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Gender Reforms

The Mauritanian government exhibits its interest in improving women's condition. It issued legal order No. 29/2006 dated August 22, 2006 that contains the organizational law that facilitates the access of women to public jobs and positions. The law stipulates that women should occupy no less than 20% of parliamentary and municipal seats. The government also offered financial incentives to political parties that enable the election of a larger number of female candidates running on their electoral lists. Women occupy 20% of the National Assembly seats, while 1120 women were elected to municipal councils in the November 19 and December 3, 2006 municipal and legislative elections. After 20 years of ban on Islamic political parties in Mauritania, the “National Rally for Reform and Development” (Islamic) obtained a License to exercise political action on August 9, 2007. Women occupy 30% of the Rally’s seats in parliament. The Rally’s parliamentary block is led by a woman, Dr. Zainab Bint Dadeh, who deserted the Baath party. Licensing of the Rally Party was granted along with 18 political parties, two of which are led by two women.

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Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)

Mauritania ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women on May 10, 2001 with reservations for conflicts with Islamic law. These reservations extend to four areas of the personal status code: property rights, marriage, divorce, and parental rights.

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Social Forces

The National Human Rights Committee is combating discrimination against women, Two NGOs are defending women's rights, namely "The Rally for Defending Women's Rights" and the "Hope Organization".

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