Background and Objectives
The ideas for the Initiative began in a meeting of experts and senior representatives
of different governments in September
2003 in Beirut sponsored by the Lebanese Ministry of Civil Service and the
assistance of UNDP-POGAR and OECD. This was followed by a similar meeting in Istanbul,
Turkey, in February 2004. It
is in that meeting that the choice of the six themes was settled. A third meeting
of experts and senior officials took place at the end of
April 2004 in Rabat, Morocco. The decision on country Thematic Coordinators
was made during this meeting on the basis of the countries' own willingness to undertake
the responsibility of coordinating all activities related to their respective theme.
The Countries that participated in the preparatory phase included: Algeria, Bahrain,
Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab
Emirates and Yemen. The countries and their themes are:
- Theme I: Civil Service and Integrity, Morocco.
- Theme II: E-Government and Administrative Simplification, and Regulatory Reform,
- Theme III: Governance of Public Finances, Egypt.
- Theme IV: Public Service Delivery, Public-Private Partnership, and Regulatory Reform,
- Theme V: Role of the Judiciary and Law Enforcement, Jordan.
- Theme VI: Citizens, Civil Society and Public Sector Reform in the Arab Region, Lebanon.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan declared its sponsorship of the Initiative. Two
Jordanian Ministers visited a number of Arab States to seek the support of the highest
authorities for the Initiative and its component themes and invite them to a preparatory
Ministerial meeting in Amman, Jordan in September 2004. They also visited OECD Secretariat
in Paris for the same purpose. The ministerial meeting took place in
September 2004 and the participating Ministers, senior diplomats and government
representatives endorsed the Initiative and its six themes and called upon UNDP
and OECD to provide technical support.