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Programme on Governance in the Arab Region ������ ����� ����� �� ����� ������� POGAR
   Publications: Judiciary

Arab Judicial Structures
A Study Presented To The United Nations Development Program
by Nathan J. Brown

Constitutional Provisions on the Judiciary
  Guarantees independence of judiciary
 
Specifies court structure   Judicial review of constitutionality of legislation Provides for Specialized courts   Specifies judicial council and its composition
Algeria Yes, few detailed provisions Little detail Constitutional council Yes Yes, places president as its head
Egypt Yes, few detailed provisions Little detail Constitutional court Yes Yes, places president at its head (but legislation passed in 1984 has allowed most of its competencies to be exercised through exclusively judicial body)
Jordan Yes, few detailed provisions Some detail Limited Yes, limited details No
Kuwait Yes, few detailed provisions No Constitutional court Limited provisions Yes, composition left to legislation
Lebanon Yes, very general provision No Constitutional council No No
Morocco Yes, few detailed provisions No Constitutional council Very limited Yes, composition specifies executive branch participation
Palestine (DRAFT) Yes, some detailed provisions No Constitutional court Some limited provisions Yes, composition left to legislation
Saudi Arabia Yes, few detailed provisions Limited No Some limited provisions No
Sudan Yes, some detailed if somewhat weak provisions Yes Constitutional court Some provisions Yes, leaves composition to legislation; leaves much authority in hands of chief justice and president
Syria Yes, few detailed provisions No Constitutional court Some provisions Yes, headed by president
Tunisia Yes, few detailed provisions No Constitutional council Limited provisions Yes, composition left to legislation
UAE Yes, some detailed provisions Yes Yes, in Federal Supreme Court No No
Yemen Yes, some strong and detailed provisions No Yes, in Supreme Court Prohibited by constitution Yes, composition left to legislation

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