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Programme on Governance in the Arab Region ������ ����� ����� �� ����� ������� POGAR
   Publications: Judiciary

Arab Judicial Structures
A Study Presented To The United Nations Development Program
by Nathan J. Brown

  Personal Status Issues
  • No separate shari�a courts
  • A code for personal status cases implemented by courts of general jurisdiction
  • Egypt
  • No special personal status or shari�a court
  • Special sections in regular courts deal with personal status cases according to religiously codified laws and sectarian laws
  • Jordan
  • Handled by the religious court system, especially shari�a courts
  • Kuwait
  • No separate shari�a judiciary
  • Handled by sections of civil courts according to religiously codified laws
  • Lebanon
  • Handled by specialized confessional courts
  • Two shari�a courts, there are also courts for Christians, Druze and Jews
  • Morocco
  • No separate shari�a courts
  • Judges have special training in shari�a and hear cases in designated chambers of the regular court system
  • Palestine/ Palestinian National Authority
  • Handled by a special court system
  • Each religious community has its own courts
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Shari�a laws have general jurisdictions, including jurisdiction over personal status issues
  • Sudan
  • A unified personal status court system is implied in the 1998 constitution but not explicitly required
  • Syria
    • Separate court system for personal status cases
    • Handled by religious courts for different religious communities
    • No separate shari�a or personal status judiciary
    • Handled by specialized sections in the civil courts in accordance with codified law
    United Arab Emirates
  • Shari�a courts are dominant in personal status issues
  • No separate personal status courts
  • Handled by specialized chambers of the courts of general jurisdiction

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