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Algeria - Public Audit Bureau [French].
Established by Article 190 of the Constitution of 1976 and article 160 of the Constitution of 1989 and mandated with the public finance oversight.
Bahrain - Public Prosecution .
According to the Judicial Authority Law issued by Law Decree No. (42) of 2002, the public prosecution is a genuine branch of the judicial authority. The public prosecution exercises the jurisdiction granted to it by the Law, and is the sole body capable of filing and conducting a criminal lawsuit, except where the law stipulates otherwise. Within the same framework, public prosecution is indivisible as an investigation or an accusation authority. Any member of the public prosecution may replace his colleague and pursue the procedures initiated by the member who was replaced, however the rules of specialization should be observed in such cases. The public prosecution supervises prisons and other detention centers where criminal sentences are carried out. The public prosecutor is Mr. Ali Bin Fadl Al-Bouaynain.
Bahrain - Anti-Corruption Unit in the Ministry of Interior [English][Arabic].
Anti-corruption Unit is the Public Department for Investigation and Criminal Evidence and at the same time it is a part of the Department for Combating Economic Crimes at the Ministry of Interior. The Anti-corruption Unit specializes in crimes of corruption in general . The director of this unit is Mr. Ali Abdullah Al-Joder.
Djibouti - State General Inspection [French].
The functions of the SGI are regulated by the presidential decree n° 0222 of 2001. It is a supreme audit institution of the public sector that reports directly to the Prime Minister. It is in charge of administrative and financial audit over all public agencies and institutions, it gives opinion in all administrative reforms and receives reports from all audit and control agencies.
Egypt - Transparency and Integrity Committee - Ministry of State for Administrative Development [Arabic].
The Transparency and Integrity Committee was formed by decree , No. 86 of 2007 issued by the Minister of State for Administrative Development based on the recommendations of the Council of Ministers. The Committee submits proposals to the Ministry with regard to formulating a national strategy for combating corruption and legislative and institutional reforms. it sets national indicators and criteria for measuring corruption and monitors administrative corruption and proposes mechanisms for closing administrative loopholes.
Egypt - Transparency and Integrity Comittee - Ministry of State for Administrative Developement [Arabic].
The Ministry of State for Administrative Development in Egypt had established by Ministerial Law No. (86) of 2007 a permanent internal committee chaired by the Minister and called Transparency and Integrity Committee. The Committee Is entrusted with submitting proposals to the Ministry with regard to formulating a national strategy for combating corruption, as well as on legislative and institutional reforms in this area. The Committee also sets national indicators and criteria for measuring corruption. It also monitors administrative corruption and proposes mechanisms for closing the gaps in public services. Moreover, the Committee submits proposals on the principles of upgrading the civil service and activating the system for receiving the complaints of citizens. The Committee is chaired by the Minister of State for Administrative Development, Mr. Ahmad Mahmoud Darwish.
Egypt - Central Auditing Agency [Arabic].
This Agency was established by Law No. (144) of 1988 as an independent body that enjoys a public legal personality which is attached to the President. The main function of the Agency is monitoring State funds and funds of other public persons. The Agency practices financial monitoring over the administrative units of the State from an accounting side and a legal side. It also monitors local government units, public bodies, political parties and trade unions. The Agency assesses performance through supervision over the use of public funds based on economic efficiency and effectiveness. The Agency is entrusted with legal supervision of decisions related to financial violations. The Agency is headed by Mr. Jawdat Al-Malat.
Egypt - Administrative Control Agency [Arabic].
The Administrative Control Agency was established in 1958 as a monitoring department attached to Administrative Prosecution. It became an independent body by Law No. (54) of 1964. In 1980 its activity was suspended. Then in 1982 it was restructured and resumed its work as an independent body attached to the prime minister. Its functions include: follow up on implementation of laws; detect administrative, financial and technical violations committed by employees; detect crimes committed by non-employees against sound performance of public service; examines complaints by citizens concerning violation of laws by public employees or carelessness in performing their duties. The head of the Agency is Mr. Mohammad Ahmad Farid Al-Tohami.
Iraq - Commission of Integrity [Arabic].
The Commission of Integrity was established by order of the Coalition Authority No. (55) of 2004. Upon its inception it was called Public Integrity Commission. Then the Iraqi permanent constitution of 2005 considered it as an independent body subject to supervision by parliament and changed its name to Integrity Commission. Its functions include: being responsible for implementation of anti-corruption laws and public standards. Its main function has two aspects: a legal aspect and an educational informative aspect. The legal aspect covers investigating corruption cases; proposing anti-corruption legislation and committing Iraqi leaders to disclose their financial interests; and issuing the code of conduct for public sector employees. The educational and information aspect covers developing curricula for enhancing ethical behavior in public service; conducting research and studies; training public employees in this area; organizing seminars and information and media campaigns. The head of the Integrity Commission is Mr. Raheem Al-Akeely.
Iraq - National Anti-Corruption Legislative Coalition [Arabic].
The National Anticorruption Legislative Coalition is a group of civil society organizations networking and trying to affect the laws to be legislated by the Iraqi parliament that deal with anticorruption in order to activate the role of the civil society organizations in the process of laws legislation.
Iraq - Bureau of Supreme Audit [English][Arabic].
The Supreme Audit Bureau was established by Law No. (17) of 1927. At that time it was called the Department of Public Accounts Audit. Later it was renamed the Bureau of the Public Accounts Supervisor. Now it is called the Bureau of Supreme Audit. The functions of this Bureau are regulated by amended Law No. (6) of 1990 and by the Order of the Coalition Authority No. (77) issued on 25.4.2004. According to these legal provisions, the Bureau is an independent government institution that acquires the status of a legal or artificial personality. It is entrusted with monitoring and auditing the accounts and activities of agencies under its jurisdiction; providing technical assistance in the areas of accounting and auditing and publishing accounting and auditing systems. The Bureau also investigates and reports all matters related to the efficiency of collection or levy, expenditure and use of public funds. The Bureau is headed by Mr. Abdel Baset Turki Sa'eed.
Jordan - Anti Corruption Commission [English][Arabic].
The Anti-corruption Commission was established by Law No. (62) of 2006. It is attached to the prime minister and enjoys an independent financial and administrative legal personality. The Commission has the right to all necessary legal action to achieve its goals, signing contracts and litigation. It is also entrusted with designing public policy against corruption in cooperation with relevant agencies, and informing citizens about the serious impact of corruption on economic, social and political development. The Commission published periodic reports that show the risks posed by corruption towards State institutions and departments. The Commission coordinates with local, regional and international organizations with regard to enhancing and developing anti-corruption measures. It also investigates financial and administrative corruption, detects violations, collects relevant evidence, and brings offenders to justice. The head of the Commission is Mr. Abed Al-Shakhanba.
Jordan - Audit Bureau [Arabic].
Kuwait - Audit Bureau [English][Arabic].
Lebanon - Central Inspection Bureau [Arabic].
The Central Inspection Department was established at the Prime Minister's office by legislative Decree No. (115) of 1959. The work of this department is regulated by several other implementation decrees the latest of which were Decision No. (21) of 1999 and Decree No. (2147) of 2000. According to the provisions of these decrees, Central Inspection supervises public agencies, departments and municipalities on the basis of annual and exceptional agendas and upon special commissioning. The Department strives to improve administrative methods, provides consultation to administrative authorities on ad hoc basis or upon request. The Department is also responsible for coordinating join tasks among several public departments and carries out studies and investigations demanded by the government. The Department is headed by Mr. George Awwad.
Lebanon - Court of Audit [English][Arabic][French].
The Court of Audit was established by the Public Audit Law of 1951. According to legislative Decree No. (82) of 1983 amended by legislative Decree No. (5) of 1985 and by Law No. 132 of 1992, the Court of Audit is an administrative court in charge of financial judiciary and is administratively attached to the Prime Minister. According to these stipulations, the Court of Audit oversees public money and money deposited in the public treasury through two functions: an administrative function and a judicial function. It exercises the administrative function through advance supervision of budget implementation and through reports about its advance and after hand results, as well as through giving its opinion of financial matters. The judicial function is exercised through supervision of accounts and of whoever is in charge of using or managing public funds and deposited funds in the Treasury. The chairman of the Court of Audit is Mr. Aouni Ramadan.
Mauritania - State General inspection [Arabic].
State Public Inspection was established by Decree No. (122) of 2005 as a supervisory body subordinate to the Prime Minister. It supervises the organization and financial and auditing management of all public agencies; companies financed by public capital and private corporations that benefit from financial government support. The State Inspection also conducts monitoring, auditing and investigation that aim at enhancing good governance, improving the performance of public administration, combating bribery, evaluating public policies and programs and audits public accounts. The head of the State General Inspection is Mr. Sidi Weld Ahmad Deyeh.
Morocco - Central Commission for Preventing Bribery .
The Central Commission for Preventing Bribery was established by Decree No. (2.05.1228) of 2007 to be under the authority of the prime minister. The Commission coordinates and supervises policies related to prevention of bribery. It also follows up the implementation of those policies and publishes information on bribery prevention efforts. The Commission suggests anti-bribery policies to the government, particularly with regard to cooperation between the public and private sectors. It also proposes measures for raising public awareness on bribery and contributes to enhancing international cooperation for combating bribery. The Commission assesses employed measures and implements government policy in the area of bribery prevention. The head of the Commission is Mr. Abdel Salam Abu Drar.
Morocco - Court of Audit [Arabic][French].
Oman - State Audit Institution [Arabic].
Occupied Palestinian Territories - State Audit and Administrative Control Bureau [English][Arabic].
It was established by law according to the provisions of Article (96) of the Palestinian Basic Law. The functions of the Bureau are regulated by Law No. (15) of 2004. The Bureau enjoys independent legal personality and full legal competence in exercising its functions. The jurisdiction of the Bureau include: monitoring the Palestinian Authority's expenditures, revenues, loans, advances and warehouses; implementing policies pertaining to monitoring and inspection for the sake of enhancing transparency and credibility. It is empowered to investigate the causes of deficiencies in performance and production and to identify the shortcomings in financial, administrative and technical systems. The Bureau also examines complaints made by the public and relevant issues raised by the media. It also monitors and reviews decisions pertaining to employees’ affairs, as well as grants, gifts, and contributions offered to government agencies. The head of the Bureau is Mr. Hahmoud Abu-Al-Rob.
Qatar - National Comittee for Integrity and Transparency .
This Committee was established by Emiri Decision No. (84) of 2007. The Committee is responsible for implementing the requirements of the United Nations Anti-corruption Agreement and setting national criteria for integrity and transparency in the State of Qatar. The Commission is also entrusted with raising public awareness and perception in relation to combating corruption, as well as setting effective regulations and systems for investigating corruption cases. The head of the Committee is Mr. Ibrahim Hashem Al-Sada.
Qatar - National Committee for Integrity and Transparency .
The National Committee on Integrity and Transparency in Qatar was established in 2007 by decision n° 84/2007 of the Emir. It is a governmental committee dedicated to anti-corruption work and reporting to the Crown Prince. It is headed by the President of the Audit Court and includes representatives of ministries and other governmental bodies involved in anti-corruption work.It is in charge of developing and implementing a national strategy to promote transparency and integrity.It proposes mechanisms to promote transparency in procurement and develops a pact for concerned public officials, contractors and suppliers. It establishes communication channels with the public to receive complaints about corruption and takes necessary steps to verify and address these complaints in coordination with the concerned State institutions. it proposes related legal reforms to prevent and combat corruption taking into consideration UNCAC standards and requirements.
Tunisia - Commission for Monitoring Public Agencies [English][Arabic].
The Commission was established by Decision No. (6) of 1982 and it reports to the Prime Minister. The Commission oversees State agencies, local communities and public firms. It also inspects all organizations that directly or indirectly receive funds from the State or from local communities. The Commission provides advice on legislative and organizational measures designed to improve the performance of public agencies and conducts needed research in its area. The Commission also executes all special tasks requested by the Prime Minister. The Commission is headed by Mr. Rida Abdel Hafeez.
Tunisia - Audit Court [English][Arabic].
The Audit Court was established by Law No. (8) of 1968 that was revised and complemented by Law No. (17) of 1970 and Basic Law No. (82) of 1990 and by Basic Law No. (75) of 2001 and by Basic Law No. (3) of 2008. According to these stipulations, the Audit Court performs the function of a supreme monitoring body that oversees proper handling of public funds, and ensures respect of the rules of accountability, transparency and principles of good governance. The Audit Court audits and clears all accounts submitted to its attention and exercises supervisory and evaluatory powers over the activities of all those who handle public funds, as well as of all organizations that directly or indirectly funds from the State or from local communities. The Court Audit also receives and keeps declarations by government members, and other high-level officials concerning their earnings. The Audit is headed by Mrs. Fayzah Al-Kafi.
United Arab Emirates - State Audit Institution [Arabic].
Established by the 1971 constitution, the State Audit conducts financial audits of public funds.
Yemen - High Authority forTender Control [English][Arabic].
HATC was established by law no 23 of 2007, it is in charge of policy oversight and a monitoring body over public procurement to reduce resource leakage. It Recommends regulatory action to the Council of Ministers, receives, examines and render decisions regarding the complaints and grievances of tender offerors.
Yemen - Supreme National Authority For Combating Corruption [Arabic].
This Authority was established by Law No. (39) of 2006. It is an independent authority that enjoys legal personality as well as financial and administrative independence. The Authority sets and implements public policies directed at combating corruption. It also assumes the task of preparing a comprehensive national strategy for combating corruption, and implementing measures for involving local communities and civil society organizations in this effort. The Authority examines and assesses legislation pertaining to combating corruption and progress draft amendments of this legislation. It also receives reports proclamations and complaints with regard to corruption crimes, examines them, interrogate those involved and refer them to judicial authority. It also coordinates anti-corruption efforts between State agencies and civil society organizations. It also cooperates with States and international, regional and Arab organizations concerned with combating corruption. Moreover, this Authority participates in international programs for corruption prevention. The head of the Authority is Mr. Ahmad Mohammad Al-Ansi.
Yemen - Central Organization for Control and Auditing [English][Arabic].
This Agency was established by Law No. (45) of 1974 passed in Sana’a and its counterpart by Law No. (11) of 1972 passed in Eden. The two laws stipulated that this Agency is an independent Supreme Supervisory Agency of artificial (or legal) personality. Follow Yemen’s unification in 1990, the two agencies were integrated in one entity by Law No. (39) of 1992, Executive Regulation No. (2) of 1993, and a set of regulations that organize and manage the Agency’s work. The combined Agency was directly attached to the Yemeni President. According to these stipulations, the Agency monitors the revenues and expenditures of all government agencies; reviews, assesses and oversees all financial and economic plans of the State and private economic corporations that comes under its jurisdiction. The Agency is also entrusted with legal monitoring of all decisions made by agencies under its jurisdiction in the area of financial violations. The head of the Agency is Mr. Abdullah Abdullah AL SANAFI.