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Skip Navigation LinksPOGAR > Resources > Arab Ministries of Justice

Algeria - Ministry of Justice [Arabic][French].
The functions of the central administration in the Ministry of Justice are regulated by Executive Decree No. 333 of 2004. The Ministry of Justice supervises the activities of the judicial authorities that settle civil, commercial, administrative, social and arbitration disputes. Through the “directorate of Penal Affairs and Pardon Procedures”, the Ministry of Justice also supervises the activities of public prosecutions, republic prosecutions, investigation bureau and judicial authorities that decide on penal acts, including corruption, The Directorate of Legal and Judicial Cooperation in the Ministry participates in drafting and formulating international legal agreements and proposing necessary amendments for integrating and harmonizing national legislation with international standards. Mr. Tayeb Beleez is the Minister of Justice.
 
Bahrain - Ministry of Justice and Islamic Affairs [English][Arabic].
 
Jordan - Ministry of Justice  [English][Arabic].
The Ministry of Justice was established on April 11, 1921, as the executive arm of the Jordanian judiciary. The institutional goals of the Ministry of Justice are: 1- Raise the institutional capacity and competence of the Ministry of Justice and the judiciary, enabling them to perform their duties and provide their services with competence and efficiency. Minister of Justice: Mr Ayman ODEH. 2- Provide the necessary financial, human, and technical resources for the courts to improve judicial performance. 3- Modernize and develop legislation, particularly as relate to the economy and investment, and review regional and international judicial cooperation agreements. 4- Spread a legal culture among all sectors of society. The Judicial Inspection Directorate was first established in accordance with Regular Courts' Inspection Regulation No. 105 of 1965,It now exercises its authority under Judicial Inspection Regulation No. 47 of 2005, which is aligned with the strategic direction of the Jordanian Judiciary.The Directorate is responsible for inspecting trial judges, execution judges, members of the Attorney General’s office, and State Lawyers Assistants at least once a year for appointment or promotion purposes.
 
Kuwait - Ministry of Justice [English][Arabic].
The activities of the Ministry of Justice are regulated by a Decree issued on 7/1/1979. According to this Decree, the Ministry is responsible for: organizing the necessary means for resolving disputes brought to all sorts of courts; hearing crimes according to provisions of the law; undertaking public suit cases by the public prosecution on behalf of society with regard to felonies and misdemeanor in terms of investigation, action and contention according to provisions of the law. The Ministry is also entrusted with supervising prisons, providing technical experience to justice and other state agencies. The Ministry strives to enhance legal and judicial cooperation with Arab, Muslim and foreign countries. The Minister of Justice is Mr. Rashed Al-Hammad.
 
Lebanon - Ministry of Justice  [Arabic].
The Ministry of Justice exercises administrative supervision of courts, public prosecutions, judicial affairs and the Judicial Studies Institute. The Ministry strives to upgrade the efficiency and capabilities of its employees. It is concerned with establishing relations with national and international legal institutions, and strives to enhance exchange of opinion on different legal issues. The Ministry drafts laws and updates legislation. It aims to consolidate the independence of the judiciary and activate bilateral and international judicial operation. The judicial inspection commission assumes, under the supervision of the Minister of Justice, supervision over the following bodies: justice and administrative courts in the Ministry, Audit Bureau, notary publics, bankruptcy experts and agents, and provisional conciliation supervisors. The Minister of Justice is Mr. Ibrahim Najjar.
 
Libya - General Popular Committee for Justice [Arabic].
The General Popular Committee for Justice is headed by Mr. Mustafa Mohammad Abd-AlJalil Fadeel.
 
Mauritania - Ministry of Justice [Arabic][French].
 
Morocco - Ministry of Justice [English][Arabic][French].
The Ministry of Justice is responsible for: qualifying the judges, revising legal criminal procedures, establishing a family judicial system, establishing courts that handle business cases, consolidating the foundations of a state based on law and institutions, updating legislation, consolidating the independence of the judiciary and activating bilateral and international judicial cooperation. According to Article No. 385.98.2 of 1998 which define the jurisdiction and organization of the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry includes several departments. One such department is the Department of Criminal Affairs and Pardon. This Department is responsible for activating and supervising the work of public prosecution with regard to the Criminal code; revives public action before the special court of justice; tracking economic and financial crimes and monitoring the crime phenomenon. The Minister of Justice is Mohammad El-Tayeb Al-Nasseri.
 
Oman - Ministry of Justice [Arabic].
 
Oman - Ministry of Legal Affairs [Arabic].
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Ministry of Justice [Arabic].
The Ministry of Justice assumes administrative supervision over courts, monitors the affairs of the judicial system and approving the draft budget of the judicial authority. The Ministry also oversees public prosecution through the Minister of Justice who appoints the work places of members of the public prosecution, transferring them to other court districts, submitting them to other court districts, submitting them to investigation or filing disciplinary law suits against them. The Ministry prepares legislation pertaining to establishment of the constitutional court, administrative courts, administrative prosecution and the State Cases Commission. The Ministry of Justice attends to capacity building of its employees, organizes the translation profession, establishes relations with national and international legal institutions, strengthens exchange of legal opinion on all human rights issues. The Minister of Justice is Mr. Ali Khashan.
 
Qatar - Ministry of Justice [English][Arabic].
The first government in Qatar included a ministry of legal affairs called the Ministry of Justice established by Law No. (5) of 1970. This law stipulates that the Ministry of Justice organizes the work of courts, except Islamic courts, administratively and financially. The Ministry also supervises and inspects the activities of those courts. The Ministry is entrusted with observing the behaviour of judicial staff, checking their technical competence and regulating their administrative and financial affairs. The Ministry also conducts studies concerning legal affairs of other government ministries and oversees religious opinion given on various matters (Fatwa). Mr. Hassan Bin Abdullah Al-Ghanim is the Minister of Justice.
 
Saudi Arabia - Ministry of Justice [Arabic].
 
Sudan - Ministry of Justice [Arabic].
The law that organizes the Ministry of Justice was passed in 1983 and is still effective. It defined the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Justice as follows: the Minister of Justice is the legal consultant for the State. He represents the State in all affairs that have a legal character. The Ministry strives to enforce the rule of law, improve the performance of the legal profession, revise and reform laws. The Ministry also encourages conducting and publishing legal research; formulates draft laws and provides assistance to State agencies in formulating their decisions and writing contracts and agreements. The Minister of Justice is Mr. Abdel-Baset Saleh Sbidrat.
 
Tunisia - Ministry of Justice and Human Rights [Arabic][French].
The work of this Ministry is regulated by Order No. (1062) of 1974. According to this Order, the Ministry designs and implements judicial policy, prepares draft texts concerns judicial work and gives its opinion on all draft laws and organizational arrangements of other Ministries. It also prepares legal drafts for international agreements; organizes public judicial interests; supervises all agencies under its jurisdiction, as well as the work of judges and judicial assistants. The Legal and Judicial Studies Center was established by Law No. (3) of 1993 as a public institution which enjoys legal status and financial independence. The Center is supervised by the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. It carries studies for improving national legislation and achieves their compatibility with international conventions. The Minister of Justice is Mr. Al-Azhar Bou Auni.
 
United Arab Emirates - Ministry of Justice [English][Arabic].
 
Yemen - Ministry of Justice  [Arabic].
The Ministry of Justice is entrusted with preparing draft laws and regulations related to the Ministry’s work and its agencies, as well as those related to the judiciary. The Ministry attends to building and equipping judicial buildings; qualifying judicial personnel and improving their performance; using modern information systems for collecting statistical data and judicial documents. The Ministry also supervises and carries out periodic and surprise inspection of all financial, administrative and technical activities internally and in courts. The Ministry of Justice creates judicial awareness in society at large; develops and promotes relations among the agencies of the judicial authority and other public authorities; promotes judicial and technical cooperation; formulates draft regional and international agreements pertaining to judicial matters. The Minister of Justice is Mr. Ghazi Sha’if Al-Aghbari.
 
Yemen - Ministry of Legal Affairs [Arabic].