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Human Rights: Egypt (Type: All, Provider: All)

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A Report by the Human Rights Center for the Assistance of Prisoners [English]. 1998
This report is divided into two parts: the first reviews the legal and constitutional framework governing the role and duties of doctors in the provision of medical supervision and care for their patients, whether inside or outside prison, as long as he has entered a medical relation with a sick person. Part two describes the violations and wrong doings committed by doctors in Egyptian prisons.
 
Amnesty International - Human Rights in Egypt [English][Arabic][French].
 
Amnesty International's Briefing to the Human Rights Committee on the Arab Republic of Egypt [English]. 2002
This briefing summarizes Amnesty International’s (AI) main concerns under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). However, it is not a comprehensive study of Egypt’s treaty obligations under the ICCPR. Instead it concentrates on those articles of the ICCPR which are most relevant to AI’s current and pressing concerns.
 
Analysing State Policies in 2009: Journalism, the Internet and Innovation [Arabic]. 2010
This is an analysis of state policies in Egypt towards freedom of opinion and expression in terms of the press, internet and innovation. The report monitors government policies in dealing with these areas in 2009. It also examines the legislative structure of the press, internet and innovation in Egypt. The report was published jointly with the Association of Freedom of Thought and Expression, and in cooperation with Rami Ra'ouf who is in charge of electronic media at the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights.
 
Annual Report of the National Council for Human Rights, 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
This is the first annual report produced by the National Council for Human Rights (NCHR). It covers the activities of the Council from February 2004 until February 2005 and provides an overview of the situation of human rights in Egypt.
 
Annual Report of the National Council for Human Rights, 2006 [English][Arabic]. 2006
The second annual report produced by the NCHR highlights a number of issues that are of concern for the Council, presents an overview of its activities and provides details on the situation of human rights in Egypt during the past year.
 
Assessment of Refugee Status Determination Procedure at the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ Cairo Office 2001-2002 [English]. 2002
This report assesses implementation of specific internationally-recognized procedural standards in the refugee status determination (RSD) process in Egypt. The standards used in this report are drawn primarily from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) guidelines, position papers, notes and precedents.
 
Black Hole: The Fate of Islamists Rendered to Egypt [English]. 2005
This report describes the cases of five Egyptian Islamist Activists, which highlight different illegal measures governments have used to apprehend and hold them in detention as alleged militants.
 
Building Democracy in Egypt: Women's Political Participation, Political Party Life and Democratic Election [English][Arabic]. 2005
The report is the end-result of a project carried out by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in cooperation with the Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND). The project discussed democratic reform in Egypt, Jordan and Yemen and focused on three interconnected themes seen as entry points to help establish a reform-oriented agenda: electoral system reform, the political participation of women and the development of political parties.
 
Charged with Being Children: Egyptian Police Abuse of Children in Need of Protection [English][Arabic]. 2003
This report, based on interviews with thirty-seven children and numerous government officials and child welfare experts, details the serious violations in the Greater Cairo area. Human Rights Watch urges the Egyptian government to end immediately its policy of arresting and detaining children deemed “vulnerable to delinquency” or “vulnerable to danger,” and instead develop programs to provide such children the assistance they need.
 
Contemporary Egyptian Migration: an Overview of Voluntary and Forced Migration [English]. 2003
This paper surveys Egyptian emigration, migration within Egypt, and immigration to Egypt, mostly of refugees. It explores these phenomena and concludes with a list of key gaps in the literature that can be addressed through further research.
 
Demand Dignity: Buried Alive: Trapped by Poverty and Neglect in Cairo's Informal Settlements [English][Arabic]. 2009
On 6 September 2008, over 100 residents of Ezbet Bekhit informal settlement were killed by a rockslide. One year on, the difficulties of finding affordable housing continue to force Egypt's poorest people to live in unsafe areas, threatening their rights to health and life. In this report Amnesty International calls on the Egyptian authorities to develop a comprehensive plan to protect the rights to life, health and adequate housing of communities living in unsafe areas.
 
Divorced from Justice: Women's Unequal Access to Divorce in Egypt [English][Arabic]. 2004
Egypt has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Both require that Egypt take appropriate measures to ensure equality for both men and women in marriage and divorce. Hence, this report recommends that the Egyptian government should take immediate steps to ensure equality in the substantive and procedural laws and policies governing divorce.
 
Egypt: Hostage-Taking and Intimidation by Security Forces [English]. 1995
This report examines one particularly reprehensible security force practice: the detention and intimidation of innocent family members -- including women, children and the elderly -- in order to pressure fugitive relatives to surrender to authorities, frighten families into silence about human rights abuses, and discourage them from pursuing complaints or speaking to journalists and human rights investigators.
 
Egypt: Margin of Repression, State Limits on Nongovernmental Organization Activism [English]. 2005
This report discusses the impact of the law governing associations, Law 84/2002, which came into effect in June 2003. The report concludes that the most serious barrier to meaningful freedom of association in Egypt is the extra-legal role of the security services.
 
Egypt: Margins of Repression - State Limits on Non-Governmental Organization Activism [English]. 2005
There are many concrete steps the government can take to remedy the unjustified restrictions on NGOs and uphold the rights to freedom of association and expression in Egypt. Egyptian civil society groups have the potential to make a significant and enduring contribution to the national development and well-being. It is in every Egyptian’s interest that they be helped, not hindered, to do so.
 
Egypt: Mass Arrests and Torture in Sinai [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report investigates the torture and ill-treatment that many detainees, suspiciously arrested and detained after the explosions in the tourist town of Taba in the Gulf of Sinai, have suffered from. It provides recommendations to the Government, the People’s Assembly, the Shura Council and the international donor community for improving the situation.
 
Egypt: Reading between the "Red Lines" - The Repression of Academic Freedom in Egyptian Universities [Arabic]. 2005
This report presents the findings of a three-week research mission to Egypt from February 12 to March 5, 2003, supplemented by telephone interviews and archival research from 2003 to 2005.3 Human Rights Watch interviewed twenty-seven professors and sixteen students from Cairo and Alexandria and had access to published accounts summarizing the experiences of many others.
 
Egypt: Security Forces Abuse of Anti-War Demonstrators [English]. 2003
This report documents serious human rights violations by Egyptian security officials during and following large demonstrations in Cairo on March 20 and 21, 2003 against the U.S.-led war in Iraq.
 
Egypt's Torture Epidemic [English][Arabic]. 2004
This report discusses the torture and ill treatment of detainees used by officials and security forces in Egypt in order to obtain information, coerce confessions, punish, intimidate, or humiliate them, occasionally leading to death in custody.
 
Freedom of Association and Human Rights Organization in Egypt [English][French]. 1999
This report summarizes the main results of the two latest missions to Cairo undertaken by the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN) and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) regarding the Draft Law on Private Association and Institutions.
 
Gender, Education and Child Labor in Egypt [English]. 2004
This paper searches for the linkages between child labor, gender and education, identifies the gaps in the literature on these linkages and highlights areas for further research and program/policy interventions.
 
Human Rights Watch: Egypt [English][Arabic][French].
 
In a Time of Torture: The Assault on Justice in Egypt's Crackdown on Homosexual Conduct [English]. 2004
This paper examines that discriminatory abuses, torture and hate crimes committed by police officials against homosexuals in Egypt. It is based on research conducted by Human Rights Watch during a mission to Egypt over three months in the early 2003, as well as on documentation and legal research and analysis carried out by human rights activists in Egypt.
 
International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Egypt [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Egypt offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Egypt.
 
International Labour Organization – Egypt [English].
A search output of the United Nations International Labour Organization database, NATLEX, of Egypt's national laws related to human rights, conditions of employment, economic and social development, industrial relations, labor administration, occupational safety and health, social security, training and other provisions by category of persons and by sector of economic activity, as well as the ILO’s ratified conventions.
 
Looking Forward: An Integrated Strategy for Supporting Democracy and Human Rights in Egypt [English]. 2009
This publication is the result of round table discussions hosted by the Project on Middle East Democracy during which leading American, Egyptian, and European policy experts, advocates, and analysts explored ideas for a new policy approach to Egypt.
 
National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [English]. 2000
This is a follow-up report on how Egypt established the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) as the highest national authority entrusted with policy-making, planning, co-ordination, monitoring and evaluation of activities in the areas of protection and development of children, as well as those of safe motherhood.
 
Prison Conditions in Egypt: A Filthy System [English]. 1993
This is the first report by a human-rights organization about Egyptian prisons based on on-site inspections. It is one of a series in which Human Rights Watch, through its Prison Project, has investigated conditions in prisons worldwide.
 
Report of the National Council for Human Rights on the Presidential Elections, 2005 [Arabic]. 2005
This report on the presidential elections in Egypt focuses on the following subjects: the preparation phase ahead of the monitoring process, the monitoring process, international attention and, finally, the Council’s observations.
 
Separated Refugee Children in Cairo a Rights-Based Analysis [English]. 2004
The research examines international legal standards on the protection and care of separated child refugees, and compares them with the experiences of such children living in Cairo.
 
Statistical Report on the Status of Egyptian Women [Arabic]. 2004
This book aims to provide policy and decision makers with a good tool for improving the situation of women in Egypt in the near future.
 
The National Plan to Promote Human Rights [Arabic]. 2006
This booklet is a simplified version of the National Plan presented by the National Council for Human Rights in Egypt to promote and protect human rights. It is intended as a guide introducing the main values and themes featured in the Plan which covers the years 2007-2012.
 
The State of Egypt VS. Free Expression: The Ibn Khaldun Trial [English][Arabic]. 2002
Human Rights Watch closely monitored the trial of Saadeddin Ibrahim, one of Egypt's leading voices for political reform and democratic rights. Egyptian officials have repeatedly insisted that the trial was fair and impartial, in accord with the Egyptian constitution and with international fair trial standards. The record, however, indicates that the court compromised many basic due process rights as a result of rulings and decisions that undermined the ability of the defendants and their lawyers to mount an effective defense.
 
Torture in Egypt: Facts and Testimonies [English]. 2003
This report provides facts and testimonies regarding the phenomenon of systematic torture in Egypt. It discusses torture inside police stations, the psychological and physical effects of torture and provides recommendations for improving this situation.
 
U.S. Department of State - Country Reports on Human Rights Practices [English].
 
Underage and Underprotected: Child Labor in Egypt's Cotton Fields [English][Arabic]. 2001
Each year over one million children between the ages of seven and twelve are hired by Egypt's agricultural cooperatives to take part in cotton pest management. Employed under the authority of Egypt's agriculture ministry, most are well below Egypt's minimum age of twelve for seasonal agricultural work. Human Rights Watch therefore recommends the measures specified in this report to bring the ministry's manual leafworm control operations into compliance with the convention and the Child Law.
 
UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Egypt 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Egypt for the year 2006.
 
UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Egypt 2007 [English]. 2007
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Egypt for the year 2007.
 
UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Egypt 2008 [English]. 2008
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Egypt for the year 2008.
 
Women’s Rights in Focus: Egypt [English]. 2004
This is the report of the findings from May – June 2004 of a series of focus groups conducted with Egyptian citizens on women’ freedom. The findings revealed that progress for women is hindered by gaps in public knowledge about basic rights as well as by institutional weaknesses in Egypt’s government.
 
Women's Movement in Egypt, with Selected References to Turkey [English]. 2002
Women's movements in the Middle East vary in terms of specific historical trajectories as well as current ideas and practices. Yet, they are similar in that they share several historical and political factors, such as their links to nationalist movements, their links to processes of modernization and development, and tensions between secular and religious tendencies. Specificities and differences can be found in overarching general themes, as becomes obvious in the context of two case studies -Egypt and Turkey- explored in this paper.
 
Women's Right in Focus: Egypt [English]. 2005
This report presents the findings of a study on public attitudes towards women's rights in Egypt. It discusses the status of women's political, educational, economic, and legal rights, as well as the role of the media and information technology in expanding the information available to women on news, politics, and local affairs. The study finds that progress for women is hindered by gaps in public knowledge about basic rights, as well as by institutional weaknesses in Egypt’s government.
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