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Human Rights: Iraq (Type: All, Provider: All)

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A Face and a Name: Civilian Victims of Insurgent Groups in Iraq [English]. 2005
This report aims to give the civilian victims of these attacks a face and a name. Through victim and witness testimony, it documents some of the crimes committed against civilians by insurgent groups, and addresses the arguments these groups and their supporters use to justify unlawful attacks.
 
A Report about the Positions of the Refugees in the Camps at the Iraqi-Jordanian Borders [English]. 2003
The report describes the conditions of the camps of refugees at the Iraqi-Jordanian Borders.
 
Al-Anfal Trial and the Iraqi Court – Update No. 1 [Arabic]. 2007
Update of the International Center for Transitional Justice on the claim of civil rights in the Anfal trial and the Supreme Iraqi court.
 
Ali Hassan al-Majid and the Basra Massacre of 1999 [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report talks about Ali Hassan Majid who earned the sobriquet “Chemical Ali” because of his role in the genocidal Anfal campaign between February and August 1988, and his use of chemical weapons against Kurdish villagers in northern Iraq beginning in April 1987. It explains his role in the 1999 Basra Massacre.
 
Amnesty International - Human Rights in Iraq [English][Arabic][French].
 
Annual Report on Conditions in Prisons and Detention Centers in Iraq, 2008 [Arabic]. 2009
The Iraqi Ministry of Human Rights released its annual report on jails and detention centers for the year 2008, highlighting some negative aspects and expressing hope for more human rights gains in 2010. The report highlights legal developments that have been undertaken to defend the rights of prisoners and detainees. It presents solutions for several problems in accordance with human rights principles and international laws.
 
Background on the Crisis in Iraq [English].
Reports and documents about the humanitarian situation and the 2003 US-led war against Iraq.
 
Background Paper on Refugees and Asylum Seekers from Iraq [English]. 2000
The Iraqi Government does not recognize various political groupings and parties that have been formed by Kurdish, Assyrian, Turkomen and other Iraqi communities that oppose the government from within the country, region and beyond. Opposition politics is conducted in exile for fear of arbitrary use of violence to suppress opposition to the government. This totalitarian government approach has been a key factor in the high number of Iraqis who seek refugee and political asylum throughout the world.
 
Caught in the Whirlwind: Torture and Denial of Due Process by the Kurdistan Security Forces [English][Arabic]. 2007
This report details Human Rights Watch’s concerns regarding the right to due process and conditions of detention for persons held in the custody of the Asayish. The report is based on research conducted in the Kurdistan region from April to October 2006.
 
Claims in Conflict: Reversing Ethnic Cleansing in Northern Iraq [English]. 2004
This paper argues that the crisis of displacement and conflicting property claims in northern Iraq is potentially one of massive proportions, and can only be resolved through resolute action by the international community.
 
Climate of Fear: Sexual Violence and Abduction of Women and Girls in Baghdad [English]. 2003
Many of the problems in addressing sexual violence and abduction against women and girls derive from the U.S.-led coalition forces and civilian administration’s failure to provide public security in Baghdad. This report recommends that it is essential that all parties involved in the reconstruction plans address the state’s inadequate protection of the rights of women and girls.
 
Flight From Iraq: Attacks on Refugees and Other Foreigners and Their Treatment in Jordan [English]. 2003
This report documents the plight of refugees and other non-nationals in Iraq after the fall of the government of Saddam Hussein on April 11, 2003. It addresses the harassment and physical attacks that prompted refugees and other foreigners to flee Iraq, their reception and conditions inside or near the Jordanian border, gives some background on conditions for refugees and other foreigners inside Iraq before the U.S.-led war began.
 
Guidelines Relating to the Eligibility of Iraqi Asylum-Seekers [English]. 2005
This paper intends to provide background information and general guidelines for facilitating the determination of a need for international protection of Iraqi asylum-seekers. Given the current state of general insecurity and lawlessness throughout Iraq and the fact that new groups may be targeted, it is by no means exhaustive and is not intended to be used as a rigid formula: each and every individual case must be assessed on its own merits by applying the appropriate eligibility criteria.
 
Hope and Fear: Human Rights in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq [English]. 2009
This report details a wide range of human rights violations committed in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq in recent years. In particular, it sheds light on violations such as arbitrary and prolonged detention without charge or trial, enforced disappearance, torture and other ill-treatment, the death penalty, unfair trials, discrimination and violence against women, and attacks on freedom of expression. It includes case studies to illustrate these abuses and numerous recommendations towards reducing such violations.
 
How the US Erase Women’s Rights in Iraq [English]. 2005
Under the new U.S.-crafted constitution, which was put to referendum on the 15 October while the bloodbath mounts each day, women’s rights will be oppressed and the role of women in Iraqi society will be curtailed and relegated to the caring for “children and the elderly”.
 
Impact of a New War on Iraqi Children [English]. 2003
The report describes the status and vulnerabilities of children in Iraq, examining the likely humanitarian impact of a military conflict on the civilian population, particularly children.
 
International Labour Organization [English].
A search output of the United Nations International Labour Organization database, NATLEX, of Iraq's national laws related to human rights, conditions of employment, economic and social development, industrial relations, labor administration, occupational safety and health, social security, training and other provisions by category of persons and by sector of economic activity, as well as the ILO’s ratified conventions.
 
International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Iraq [English]. 1998
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Iraq to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Iraq - The Mass Graves of Al-Mahawil: The Truth Uncovered [English]. 2003
This report attempts to tell the story of the mass graves around al-Hilla. It identifies the victims, the circumstances of their arrest, and their ultimate execution and mass burial.
 
Iraq Mental Health Survey - 2006/7 [English]. 2009
the report was published by the Iraqi Ministries of Health, Planning and Development Cooperation, Health (Kurdistan region), and the Kurdistan Regional Statistics Office in Iraq in collaboration with the World Health Organization and the World Mental Health Survey. Its key findings include the following: 1) women are more psychologically affected than men over the lifetime, 2) the category above 50 years is more affected than the rest of the population, 3) respondents in urban settings are more affected than those in rural settings, 4) there are specific regional (Kurdistan region vs. South/Centre) differences in the expression of mental health pathology, 5) in spite of that nearly half the sample had been exposed to at least one major trauma, 6) more than one third of the population showed significant symptoms of psychiatric disturbances within one month prior to the survey.
 
Iraq: People Come First [English][French].
Amnesty International’s campaign for Human Rights in Iraq before and after the 2003 US-led war. Contains reports and documents about Iraq.
 
Iraq: the New Constitution Must Protect Human Rights [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
This document highlights some recommendations that are of particular relevance to Iraq today. It depends for its analysis on a draft of the constitution that was published in Arabic in Al-Sabah newspaper in Iraq on 26 July 2005. The analysis is primarily related to the Chapter of the draft that is titled “Basic Rights and General Freedoms”.
 
Iraqi Court Rules on the Anfal Case [Arabic]. 2007
The International Center for Transitional Justice issued a press release on the rulings of the Iraqi court with regard to Al-Anfal case. It criticized the proceedings of that historical trial on behalf of Iraqi Kurds.
 
Iraqi Criminal Court Passes a Sentence in the First Trial of Saddam Hussein [Arabic]. 2006
The International Center for Transitional Justice issued a press release on the sentence of the court requesting that legal defects should be corrected during the appeal stage.
 
Iraqi Women and Violence [Arabic]. 2006
This study is an international research work on violence against Iraqi women and on the oppression they are exposed to.
 
Judging Dujail, The First Trial before the Iraqi High Tribunal [English]. 2006
This report is based on 10 months of observation and dozens of interviews with judges, prosecutors and defense lawyers, and is the most comprehensive analysis to date of the trial.
 
Leadership Failure: Firsthand Accounts of Torture of Iraqi Detainees by the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division [English]. 2005
This report, which includes American soldiers' first-hand accounts, shows how the administration's refusal to insist on adherence to a lawful, long-recognized, and well-defined standard of treatment contributed to the torture of prisoners in Abu Ghraib Prison, and many other similar detention centers.
 
Making Children's Rights Work: Country Profile on Iraq [English].
 
National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [English]. 2000
The report examines the progress achieved in the situation of children of Iraq since the World Summit for Children was held in 1990. It also casts light on the lessons distilled during the last decade and reviews the main challenges facing the children in Iraq and the detrimental effects of sanctions and the comprehensive embargo on the children and other strata of Iraqi society.
 
Off Target: The Conduct of the War and Civilian Casualties in Iraq [English]. 2003
This is the report of a Human Rights Watch mission to Iraq conducted between late April and early June of 2003. It aims to identify and investigate potential violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) by the parties to the conflict and to identify patterns of combat by those parties which may have caused civilian casualties and suffering that could have been avoided if additional precautions had been taken.
 
Reparation for Torture in Iraq in the Context of Transitional Justice: Ensuring Justice for Victims and Preventing Future Violations [English][Arabic]. 2004
This paper focuses on criminal accountability for violations of human rights in Iraq and international humanitarian law, including torture, other forms of reparation for torture, including compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition, and reform of the law and institutions to allow for reparation and to prevent the recurrence of torture.
 
Report of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on the Treatment by the Coalition Forces of Prisoners of War and Other Protected Persons by the Geneva Conventions in Iraq During Arrest, Internment and Interrogation [English]. 2004
In this report, the International Committee of the Red Cross draws the attention of the Coalition Forces to a number of serious violations of International Humanitarian Law against prisoners of war, civilian internees and other protected persons by the Geneva Conventions in Iraq between March and November 2003.
 
Report on the Impact of Terrorism on Human Rights in Iraq in 2008 [Arabic]. 2009
 
Situation of Children in Iraq [English]. 2002
This report is a situation analysis of the health and nutrition of infants and children in Iraq. It provides a breakdown of the current situation and the factors that lead to it along with major indicators, recommendations and suggested programs for improving this situation.
 
Surviving in the City: A Review of UNHCR’s Operation for Iraqi Refugees in Urban Areas of Jordan, Lebanon and Syria [English]. 2009
 
The New Iraq? Torture and Ill-treatment of Detainees in Iraqi Custody [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report details serious and widespread human rights violations by Iraqi police against national security suspects, including insurgents, and suspected common criminals since late 2003. As of mid-2004, Iraqi intelligence forces also committed serious violations, principally against members of political parties deemed to constitute a threat to state security.
 
U.S. Department of State - Country Reports on Human Rights Practices [English].
 
UN Assistance Mission for Iraq - Human Rights Report, 1 July – 31 August 2005 [English]. 2005
The reports received during the reporting period (1 July - 31 August) reveal continuing concern for the lack of protection of civilians in regard to their civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights.
 
UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Iraq 2002 [English]. 2002
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Iraq for the year 2002.
 
UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Iraq 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Iraq for the year 2006.
 
UNHCR's Return Advisory Regarding the Return of Iraqis Asylum Seekers and Refugees [English]. 2004
Since the last Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) return advisory in September 2004, there has been no improvement in the security situation in most parts of Iraq. This note includes the UNHCR’s recommendations for States regarding the return of Iraqi refugees and asylum-seekers to Iraq.
 
United Nations 14th Report on the Human Rights Situation in Iraq [English][Arabic]. 2008
This report provides an overview on the situation in Iraq for the period between 1 July and 31 December 2008. It discusses the various human rights violations that have resulted from the political unrest in the country and provides recommendations on how to improve Human Rights conditions.
 
War in Iraq: An Impending Refugee Crisis? Uncertain Risks, Inadequate Preparation and Coordination [English]. 2002
This paper argues that in the case of post-war Iraq, the responsibility for dealing with refugees and the internally displaced is likely to fall increasingly on international aid agencies that are hamstrung by resource shortages, have limited or no experience in the region, and have only limited ability to operate in areas that may be subject to military action and chemical or biological weapons.
 
Women of the New Iraq [English]. 2005
This article argues that women's rights in Iraq have not been destroyed by Islam, but by the destruction of state and society brought on by foreign military aggression. Most Iraqi women recognise and try to sensitively cope with the predicament of dealing with occupation and the rise of reactionary practices affecting their rights and way of life.
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