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Human Rights: All Countries (Type: Studies, Reports, Books and Programmes, Provider: All)

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Algeria - A Time for Reckoning: Enforced Disappearances and Abductions in Algeria [English]. 2003
This report is a follow-up to Human Rights Watch’s first report on state-sponsored “disappearances,” researched during our 1997 mission to Algeria and published in February 1998. The focus of the present report is to evaluate everything that Algerian authorities have said and done to address the thousands of outstanding cases of “disappearances” in the past five years. It also covers the parallel issue of persons who are missing after having been abducted by armed groups fighting the government.
 
Algeria - Algeria: A Country in Crisis [English]. 2000
The author believes that despite the apparent calm that has returned to Algeria since the election of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in April 1999, the situation there is poised on a knife-edge and may well tip back into violence and chaos. To understand the complex and occulted factors that have contributed towards this situation, it is necessary to take into account both the recent history of Algeria and its informal political structures.
 
Algeria - Background Paper on Refugees and Asylum Seekers from Algeria [English]. 1995
This paper provides a statistical overview of refugees and asylum-seekers in Western Europe in general and of Algerian refugees and asylum-seekers in particular. It is based on official government statistics provided to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) over the period 1990-1994.
 
Algeria - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Algeria [English]. 1998
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Algeria to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Algeria - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [French]. 2000
The present report analyzes the evolution of the situation of children in Algeria, the achieved progress and the obstacles that were faced during the implementation of the Child World Summit held on September 1990.
 
Algeria - Neither among the Living nor the Dead: State-Sponsored "Disappearances" in Algeria [English]. 1998
Among the many human rights tragedies in Algeria has been the "disappearance" of more than one thousand men and women since 1992, following their arrest by government forces. While Algerian officials have admitted that persons have "gone missing" in state custody, Human Rights Watch is aware of no high-level acknowledgment that the practice of forcible disappearance is rampant and ongoing, nor of any efforts by the Algerian authorities to bring to justice those responsible.
 
Algeria - Truth and Justice on Hold: the New State Commission on "Disappearances" [English]. 2003
This report discusses and analyzes the Algerian commission designated to investigate the cases of disappearances that occurred during the civil unrest of the 1990s. Although it was established by a presidential decree, its scope and mandate are extremely narrow, limited to the verification of claims and issuance of compensations.
 
Algeria - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Algeria 2005 [English]. 2005
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees' (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Algeria for the year 2005.
 
Algeria - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Algeria 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Algeria for the year 2006.
 
Algeria - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Algeria 2007 [English]. 2007
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Algeria for the year 2007.
 
Bahrain - Bahrain - Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review [English]. 2008
This is the national report of the working group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), established in accordance with Human Rights Council resolution 5/1 of 18 June 2007 and submitted in accordance with paragraph 15 (a).
 
Bahrain - Bahrain: the Annual Report on Human Rights [English]. 2000
This report reviews the constitutional, legislative and political frame work of Bahrain, describes human integrity and dignity and denounces the abuse of civil and political rights.
 
Bahrain - Bahraini Women In Figures [Arabic]. 2006
This study discusses statistical findings pertaining to advances achieved by Bahraini women in the spheres of health and education as well as in economic, social and political spheres.
 
Bahrain - Making Children's Rights Work: Country Profile on Bahrain [English].
 
Bahrain - Routine Abuse, Routine Denial: Civil Rights and Political Crisis in Bahrain [English]. 1997
Human rights abuses in Bahrain are wide-ranging and fall into two basic categories. The first relates to law enforcement and administration of justice issues. The second relates to the broad denial of fundamental political rights and civil liberties, including freedom of expression, freedom of association and assembly, and the right to participate in the conduct of public affairs. The resulting unrest has increasingly taken on the coloration of a sectarian conflict between the majority Shi`a population and the Sunni ruling family and military-political establishment.
 
Bahrain - Submission of the Redress Trust to the Meeting on Bahrain: The House of Lords [English]. 2004
REDRESS presents these submissions to Bahrain in order to contribute to discussions and debate on Decree 56 of 2002, which purports to grant a blanket amnesty to all officials who allegedly perpetrated crimes of torture and other crimes in relation to “offences that endangered or pose a threat to state/national security” under Decree 10 of 2001 and which fell within the jurisdiction of the State Security Court.
 
Bahrain - Women Migrant Domestic Workers in Bahrain [English]. 2001
This study identifies practices and patterns that are the key causes for women domestic migrant workers’ vulnerability in Bahrain and provide alternative approaches for effective means for action. It is a part of the International Migration Papers (IMP), a working paper series designed to make quickly available current research of International Labour Office’s International Migration programme on global migration trends.
 
Bahrain - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Bahrain [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Comoros - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [French]. 2001
The General Assembly of the United Nations requested governments, regional and sub-regional organizations to issue a comparative report on the development accomplished during this past decade, in relation to the defined objectives in the Declaration and the Plan of Action adopted by the UN Conference on Child.
 
Djibouti - Evaluation of the national program of action for the survival, protection, and development of the child during the 1990s [French]. 2001
This report evaluates and analyzes the actions taken and the achieved results of the Program of Action of the National Action Plan on Survival, the Protection and development of Children. It stresses the obstacles faced and the living conditions of the Child in Djibouti for the period of 2001-2010.
 
Djibouti - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Djibouti 2003 [English]. 2003
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Djibouti for the year 2003.
 
Djibouti - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Djibouti 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Djibouti for the year 2006.
 
Egypt - A Report by the Human Rights Center for the Assistance of Prisoners [English]. 1998
This report is divided into two parts: the first reviews the legal and constitutional framework governing the role and duties of doctors in the provision of medical supervision and care for their patients, whether inside or outside prison, as long as he has entered a medical relation with a sick person. Part two describes the violations and wrong doings committed by doctors in Egyptian prisons.
 
Egypt - Amnesty International's Briefing to the Human Rights Committee on the Arab Republic of Egypt [English]. 2002
This briefing summarizes Amnesty International’s (AI) main concerns under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). However, it is not a comprehensive study of Egypt’s treaty obligations under the ICCPR. Instead it concentrates on those articles of the ICCPR which are most relevant to AI’s current and pressing concerns.
 
Egypt - Analysing State Policies in 2009: Journalism, the Internet and Innovation [Arabic]. 2010
This is an analysis of state policies in Egypt towards freedom of opinion and expression in terms of the press, internet and innovation. The report monitors government policies in dealing with these areas in 2009. It also examines the legislative structure of the press, internet and innovation in Egypt. The report was published jointly with the Association of Freedom of Thought and Expression, and in cooperation with Rami Ra'ouf who is in charge of electronic media at the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights.
 
Egypt - Annual Report of the National Council for Human Rights, 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
This is the first annual report produced by the National Council for Human Rights (NCHR). It covers the activities of the Council from February 2004 until February 2005 and provides an overview of the situation of human rights in Egypt.
 
Egypt - Annual Report of the National Council for Human Rights, 2006 [English][Arabic]. 2006
The second annual report produced by the NCHR highlights a number of issues that are of concern for the Council, presents an overview of its activities and provides details on the situation of human rights in Egypt during the past year.
 
Egypt - Assessment of Refugee Status Determination Procedure at the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ Cairo Office 2001-2002 [English]. 2002
This report assesses implementation of specific internationally-recognized procedural standards in the refugee status determination (RSD) process in Egypt. The standards used in this report are drawn primarily from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) guidelines, position papers, notes and precedents.
 
Egypt - Black Hole: The Fate of Islamists Rendered to Egypt [English]. 2005
This report describes the cases of five Egyptian Islamist Activists, which highlight different illegal measures governments have used to apprehend and hold them in detention as alleged militants.
 
Egypt - Building Democracy in Egypt: Women's Political Participation, Political Party Life and Democratic Election [English][Arabic]. 2005
The report is the end-result of a project carried out by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in cooperation with the Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND). The project discussed democratic reform in Egypt, Jordan and Yemen and focused on three interconnected themes seen as entry points to help establish a reform-oriented agenda: electoral system reform, the political participation of women and the development of political parties.
 
Egypt - Charged with Being Children: Egyptian Police Abuse of Children in Need of Protection [English][Arabic]. 2003
This report, based on interviews with thirty-seven children and numerous government officials and child welfare experts, details the serious violations in the Greater Cairo area. Human Rights Watch urges the Egyptian government to end immediately its policy of arresting and detaining children deemed “vulnerable to delinquency” or “vulnerable to danger,” and instead develop programs to provide such children the assistance they need.
 
Egypt - Children at Risk [Arabic].
 
Egypt - Contemporary Egyptian Migration: an Overview of Voluntary and Forced Migration [English]. 2003
This paper surveys Egyptian emigration, migration within Egypt, and immigration to Egypt, mostly of refugees. It explores these phenomena and concludes with a list of key gaps in the literature that can be addressed through further research.
 
Egypt - Demand Dignity: Buried Alive: Trapped by Poverty and Neglect in Cairo's Informal Settlements [English][Arabic]. 2009
On 6 September 2008, over 100 residents of Ezbet Bekhit informal settlement were killed by a rockslide. One year on, the difficulties of finding affordable housing continue to force Egypt's poorest people to live in unsafe areas, threatening their rights to health and life. In this report Amnesty International calls on the Egyptian authorities to develop a comprehensive plan to protect the rights to life, health and adequate housing of communities living in unsafe areas.
 
Egypt - Divorced from Justice: Women's Unequal Access to Divorce in Egypt [English][Arabic]. 2004
Egypt has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Both require that Egypt take appropriate measures to ensure equality for both men and women in marriage and divorce. Hence, this report recommends that the Egyptian government should take immediate steps to ensure equality in the substantive and procedural laws and policies governing divorce.
 
Egypt - Egypt: Hostage-Taking and Intimidation by Security Forces [English]. 1995
This report examines one particularly reprehensible security force practice: the detention and intimidation of innocent family members -- including women, children and the elderly -- in order to pressure fugitive relatives to surrender to authorities, frighten families into silence about human rights abuses, and discourage them from pursuing complaints or speaking to journalists and human rights investigators.
 
Egypt - Egypt: Margin of Repression, State Limits on Nongovernmental Organization Activism [English]. 2005
This report discusses the impact of the law governing associations, Law 84/2002, which came into effect in June 2003. The report concludes that the most serious barrier to meaningful freedom of association in Egypt is the extra-legal role of the security services.
 
Egypt - Egypt: Margins of Repression - State Limits on Non-Governmental Organization Activism [English]. 2005
There are many concrete steps the government can take to remedy the unjustified restrictions on NGOs and uphold the rights to freedom of association and expression in Egypt. Egyptian civil society groups have the potential to make a significant and enduring contribution to the national development and well-being. It is in every Egyptian’s interest that they be helped, not hindered, to do so.
 
Egypt - Egypt: Mass Arrests and Torture in Sinai [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report investigates the torture and ill-treatment that many detainees, suspiciously arrested and detained after the explosions in the tourist town of Taba in the Gulf of Sinai, have suffered from. It provides recommendations to the Government, the People’s Assembly, the Shura Council and the international donor community for improving the situation.
 
Egypt - Egypt: Reading between the "Red Lines" - The Repression of Academic Freedom in Egyptian Universities [Arabic]. 2005
This report presents the findings of a three-week research mission to Egypt from February 12 to March 5, 2003, supplemented by telephone interviews and archival research from 2003 to 2005.3 Human Rights Watch interviewed twenty-seven professors and sixteen students from Cairo and Alexandria and had access to published accounts summarizing the experiences of many others.
 
Egypt - Egypt: Security Forces Abuse of Anti-War Demonstrators [English]. 2003
This report documents serious human rights violations by Egyptian security officials during and following large demonstrations in Cairo on March 20 and 21, 2003 against the U.S.-led war in Iraq.
 
Egypt - Egypt's Torture Epidemic [English][Arabic]. 2004
This report discusses the torture and ill treatment of detainees used by officials and security forces in Egypt in order to obtain information, coerce confessions, punish, intimidate, or humiliate them, occasionally leading to death in custody.
 
Egypt - Freedom of Association and Human Rights Organization in Egypt [English][French]. 1999
This report summarizes the main results of the two latest missions to Cairo undertaken by the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN) and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) regarding the Draft Law on Private Association and Institutions.
 
Egypt - Gender, Education and Child Labor in Egypt [English]. 2004
This paper searches for the linkages between child labor, gender and education, identifies the gaps in the literature on these linkages and highlights areas for further research and program/policy interventions.
 
Egypt - In a Time of Torture: The Assault on Justice in Egypt's Crackdown on Homosexual Conduct [English]. 2004
This paper examines that discriminatory abuses, torture and hate crimes committed by police officials against homosexuals in Egypt. It is based on research conducted by Human Rights Watch during a mission to Egypt over three months in the early 2003, as well as on documentation and legal research and analysis carried out by human rights activists in Egypt.
 
Egypt - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Egypt [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Egypt offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Egypt.
 
Egypt - Looking Forward: An Integrated Strategy for Supporting Democracy and Human Rights in Egypt [English]. 2009
This publication is the result of round table discussions hosted by the Project on Middle East Democracy during which leading American, Egyptian, and European policy experts, advocates, and analysts explored ideas for a new policy approach to Egypt.
 
Egypt - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [English]. 2000
This is a follow-up report on how Egypt established the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM) as the highest national authority entrusted with policy-making, planning, co-ordination, monitoring and evaluation of activities in the areas of protection and development of children, as well as those of safe motherhood.
 
Egypt - Prison Conditions in Egypt: A Filthy System [English]. 1993
This is the first report by a human-rights organization about Egyptian prisons based on on-site inspections. It is one of a series in which Human Rights Watch, through its Prison Project, has investigated conditions in prisons worldwide.
 
Egypt - Report of the National Council for Human Rights on the Presidential Elections, 2005 [Arabic]. 2005
This report on the presidential elections in Egypt focuses on the following subjects: the preparation phase ahead of the monitoring process, the monitoring process, international attention and, finally, the Council’s observations.
 
Egypt - Separated Refugee Children in Cairo a Rights-Based Analysis [English]. 2004
The research examines international legal standards on the protection and care of separated child refugees, and compares them with the experiences of such children living in Cairo.
 
Egypt - Statistical Report on the Status of Egyptian Women [Arabic]. 2004
This book aims to provide policy and decision makers with a good tool for improving the situation of women in Egypt in the near future.
 
Egypt - The National Plan to Promote Human Rights [Arabic]. 2006
This booklet is a simplified version of the National Plan presented by the National Council for Human Rights in Egypt to promote and protect human rights. It is intended as a guide introducing the main values and themes featured in the Plan which covers the years 2007-2012.
 
Egypt - The State of Egypt VS. Free Expression: The Ibn Khaldun Trial [English][Arabic]. 2002
Human Rights Watch closely monitored the trial of Saadeddin Ibrahim, one of Egypt's leading voices for political reform and democratic rights. Egyptian officials have repeatedly insisted that the trial was fair and impartial, in accord with the Egyptian constitution and with international fair trial standards. The record, however, indicates that the court compromised many basic due process rights as a result of rulings and decisions that undermined the ability of the defendants and their lawyers to mount an effective defense.
 
Egypt - Torture in Egypt: Facts and Testimonies [English]. 2003
This report provides facts and testimonies regarding the phenomenon of systematic torture in Egypt. It discusses torture inside police stations, the psychological and physical effects of torture and provides recommendations for improving this situation.
 
Egypt - Underage and Underprotected: Child Labor in Egypt's Cotton Fields [English][Arabic]. 2001
Each year over one million children between the ages of seven and twelve are hired by Egypt's agricultural cooperatives to take part in cotton pest management. Employed under the authority of Egypt's agriculture ministry, most are well below Egypt's minimum age of twelve for seasonal agricultural work. Human Rights Watch therefore recommends the measures specified in this report to bring the ministry's manual leafworm control operations into compliance with the convention and the Child Law.
 
Egypt - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Egypt 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Egypt for the year 2006.
 
Egypt - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Egypt 2007 [English]. 2007
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Egypt for the year 2007.
 
Egypt - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Egypt 2008 [English]. 2008
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Egypt for the year 2008.
 
Egypt - Women’s Rights in Focus: Egypt [English]. 2004
This is the report of the findings from May – June 2004 of a series of focus groups conducted with Egyptian citizens on women’ freedom. The findings revealed that progress for women is hindered by gaps in public knowledge about basic rights as well as by institutional weaknesses in Egypt’s government.
 
Egypt - Women's Movement in Egypt, with Selected References to Turkey [English]. 2002
Women's movements in the Middle East vary in terms of specific historical trajectories as well as current ideas and practices. Yet, they are similar in that they share several historical and political factors, such as their links to nationalist movements, their links to processes of modernization and development, and tensions between secular and religious tendencies. Specificities and differences can be found in overarching general themes, as becomes obvious in the context of two case studies -Egypt and Turkey- explored in this paper.
 
Egypt - Women's Right in Focus: Egypt [English]. 2005
This report presents the findings of a study on public attitudes towards women's rights in Egypt. It discusses the status of women's political, educational, economic, and legal rights, as well as the role of the media and information technology in expanding the information available to women on news, politics, and local affairs. The study finds that progress for women is hindered by gaps in public knowledge about basic rights, as well as by institutional weaknesses in Egypt’s government.
 
Iraq - A Face and a Name: Civilian Victims of Insurgent Groups in Iraq [English]. 2005
This report aims to give the civilian victims of these attacks a face and a name. Through victim and witness testimony, it documents some of the crimes committed against civilians by insurgent groups, and addresses the arguments these groups and their supporters use to justify unlawful attacks.
 
Iraq - A Report about the Positions of the Refugees in the Camps at the Iraqi-Jordanian Borders [English]. 2003
The report describes the conditions of the camps of refugees at the Iraqi-Jordanian Borders.
 
Iraq - Al-Anfal Trial and the Iraqi Court – Update No. 1 [Arabic]. 2007
Update of the International Center for Transitional Justice on the claim of civil rights in the Anfal trial and the Supreme Iraqi court.
 
Iraq - Ali Hassan al-Majid and the Basra Massacre of 1999 [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report talks about Ali Hassan Majid who earned the sobriquet “Chemical Ali” because of his role in the genocidal Anfal campaign between February and August 1988, and his use of chemical weapons against Kurdish villagers in northern Iraq beginning in April 1987. It explains his role in the 1999 Basra Massacre.
 
Iraq - Annual Report on Conditions in Prisons and Detention Centers in Iraq, 2008 [Arabic]. 2009
The Iraqi Ministry of Human Rights released its annual report on jails and detention centers for the year 2008, highlighting some negative aspects and expressing hope for more human rights gains in 2010. The report highlights legal developments that have been undertaken to defend the rights of prisoners and detainees. It presents solutions for several problems in accordance with human rights principles and international laws.
 
Iraq - Background on the Crisis in Iraq [English].
Reports and documents about the humanitarian situation and the 2003 US-led war against Iraq.
 
Iraq - Background Paper on Refugees and Asylum Seekers from Iraq [English]. 2000
The Iraqi Government does not recognize various political groupings and parties that have been formed by Kurdish, Assyrian, Turkomen and other Iraqi communities that oppose the government from within the country, region and beyond. Opposition politics is conducted in exile for fear of arbitrary use of violence to suppress opposition to the government. This totalitarian government approach has been a key factor in the high number of Iraqis who seek refugee and political asylum throughout the world.
 
Iraq - Caught in the Whirlwind: Torture and Denial of Due Process by the Kurdistan Security Forces [English][Arabic]. 2007
This report details Human Rights Watch’s concerns regarding the right to due process and conditions of detention for persons held in the custody of the Asayish. The report is based on research conducted in the Kurdistan region from April to October 2006.
 
Iraq - Claims in Conflict: Reversing Ethnic Cleansing in Northern Iraq [English]. 2004
This paper argues that the crisis of displacement and conflicting property claims in northern Iraq is potentially one of massive proportions, and can only be resolved through resolute action by the international community.
 
Iraq - Climate of Fear: Sexual Violence and Abduction of Women and Girls in Baghdad [English]. 2003
Many of the problems in addressing sexual violence and abduction against women and girls derive from the U.S.-led coalition forces and civilian administration’s failure to provide public security in Baghdad. This report recommends that it is essential that all parties involved in the reconstruction plans address the state’s inadequate protection of the rights of women and girls.
 
Iraq - Flight From Iraq: Attacks on Refugees and Other Foreigners and Their Treatment in Jordan [English]. 2003
This report documents the plight of refugees and other non-nationals in Iraq after the fall of the government of Saddam Hussein on April 11, 2003. It addresses the harassment and physical attacks that prompted refugees and other foreigners to flee Iraq, their reception and conditions inside or near the Jordanian border, gives some background on conditions for refugees and other foreigners inside Iraq before the U.S.-led war began.
 
Iraq - Guidelines Relating to the Eligibility of Iraqi Asylum-Seekers [English]. 2005
This paper intends to provide background information and general guidelines for facilitating the determination of a need for international protection of Iraqi asylum-seekers. Given the current state of general insecurity and lawlessness throughout Iraq and the fact that new groups may be targeted, it is by no means exhaustive and is not intended to be used as a rigid formula: each and every individual case must be assessed on its own merits by applying the appropriate eligibility criteria.
 
Iraq - Hope and Fear: Human Rights in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq [English]. 2009
This report details a wide range of human rights violations committed in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq in recent years. In particular, it sheds light on violations such as arbitrary and prolonged detention without charge or trial, enforced disappearance, torture and other ill-treatment, the death penalty, unfair trials, discrimination and violence against women, and attacks on freedom of expression. It includes case studies to illustrate these abuses and numerous recommendations towards reducing such violations.
 
Iraq - How the US Erase Women’s Rights in Iraq [English]. 2005
Under the new U.S.-crafted constitution, which was put to referendum on the 15 October while the bloodbath mounts each day, women’s rights will be oppressed and the role of women in Iraqi society will be curtailed and relegated to the caring for “children and the elderly”.
 
Iraq - Impact of a New War on Iraqi Children [English]. 2003
The report describes the status and vulnerabilities of children in Iraq, examining the likely humanitarian impact of a military conflict on the civilian population, particularly children.
 
Iraq - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Iraq [English]. 1998
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Iraq to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Iraq - Iraq - The Mass Graves of Al-Mahawil: The Truth Uncovered [English]. 2003
This report attempts to tell the story of the mass graves around al-Hilla. It identifies the victims, the circumstances of their arrest, and their ultimate execution and mass burial.
 
Iraq - Iraq Mental Health Survey - 2006/7 [English]. 2009
the report was published by the Iraqi Ministries of Health, Planning and Development Cooperation, Health (Kurdistan region), and the Kurdistan Regional Statistics Office in Iraq in collaboration with the World Health Organization and the World Mental Health Survey. Its key findings include the following: 1) women are more psychologically affected than men over the lifetime, 2) the category above 50 years is more affected than the rest of the population, 3) respondents in urban settings are more affected than those in rural settings, 4) there are specific regional (Kurdistan region vs. South/Centre) differences in the expression of mental health pathology, 5) in spite of that nearly half the sample had been exposed to at least one major trauma, 6) more than one third of the population showed significant symptoms of psychiatric disturbances within one month prior to the survey.
 
Iraq - Iraq: People Come First [English][French].
Amnesty International’s campaign for Human Rights in Iraq before and after the 2003 US-led war. Contains reports and documents about Iraq.
 
Iraq - Iraq: the New Constitution Must Protect Human Rights [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
This document highlights some recommendations that are of particular relevance to Iraq today. It depends for its analysis on a draft of the constitution that was published in Arabic in Al-Sabah newspaper in Iraq on 26 July 2005. The analysis is primarily related to the Chapter of the draft that is titled “Basic Rights and General Freedoms”.
 
Iraq - Iraqi Women and Violence [Arabic]. 2006
This study is an international research work on violence against Iraqi women and on the oppression they are exposed to.
 
Iraq - Judging Dujail, The First Trial before the Iraqi High Tribunal [English]. 2006
This report is based on 10 months of observation and dozens of interviews with judges, prosecutors and defense lawyers, and is the most comprehensive analysis to date of the trial.
 
Iraq - Leadership Failure: Firsthand Accounts of Torture of Iraqi Detainees by the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division [English]. 2005
This report, which includes American soldiers' first-hand accounts, shows how the administration's refusal to insist on adherence to a lawful, long-recognized, and well-defined standard of treatment contributed to the torture of prisoners in Abu Ghraib Prison, and many other similar detention centers.
 
Iraq - Making Children's Rights Work: Country Profile on Iraq [English].
 
Iraq - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [English]. 2000
The report examines the progress achieved in the situation of children of Iraq since the World Summit for Children was held in 1990. It also casts light on the lessons distilled during the last decade and reviews the main challenges facing the children in Iraq and the detrimental effects of sanctions and the comprehensive embargo on the children and other strata of Iraqi society.
 
Iraq - Off Target: The Conduct of the War and Civilian Casualties in Iraq [English]. 2003
This is the report of a Human Rights Watch mission to Iraq conducted between late April and early June of 2003. It aims to identify and investigate potential violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) by the parties to the conflict and to identify patterns of combat by those parties which may have caused civilian casualties and suffering that could have been avoided if additional precautions had been taken.
 
Iraq - Reparation for Torture in Iraq in the Context of Transitional Justice: Ensuring Justice for Victims and Preventing Future Violations [English][Arabic]. 2004
This paper focuses on criminal accountability for violations of human rights in Iraq and international humanitarian law, including torture, other forms of reparation for torture, including compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition, and reform of the law and institutions to allow for reparation and to prevent the recurrence of torture.
 
Iraq - Report of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on the Treatment by the Coalition Forces of Prisoners of War and Other Protected Persons by the Geneva Conventions in Iraq During Arrest, Internment and Interrogation [English]. 2004
In this report, the International Committee of the Red Cross draws the attention of the Coalition Forces to a number of serious violations of International Humanitarian Law against prisoners of war, civilian internees and other protected persons by the Geneva Conventions in Iraq between March and November 2003.
 
Iraq - Report on the Impact of Terrorism on Human Rights in Iraq in 2008 [Arabic]. 2009
 
Iraq - Situation of Children in Iraq [English]. 2002
This report is a situation analysis of the health and nutrition of infants and children in Iraq. It provides a breakdown of the current situation and the factors that lead to it along with major indicators, recommendations and suggested programs for improving this situation.
 
Iraq - Surviving in the City: A Review of UNHCR’s Operation for Iraqi Refugees in Urban Areas of Jordan, Lebanon and Syria [English]. 2009
 
Iraq - The New Iraq? Torture and Ill-treatment of Detainees in Iraqi Custody [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report details serious and widespread human rights violations by Iraqi police against national security suspects, including insurgents, and suspected common criminals since late 2003. As of mid-2004, Iraqi intelligence forces also committed serious violations, principally against members of political parties deemed to constitute a threat to state security.
 
Iraq - UN Assistance Mission for Iraq - Human Rights Report, 1 July – 31 August 2005 [English]. 2005
The reports received during the reporting period (1 July - 31 August) reveal continuing concern for the lack of protection of civilians in regard to their civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights.
 
Iraq - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Iraq 2002 [English]. 2002
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Iraq for the year 2002.
 
Iraq - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Iraq 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Iraq for the year 2006.
 
Iraq - UNHCR's Return Advisory Regarding the Return of Iraqis Asylum Seekers and Refugees [English]. 2004
Since the last Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) return advisory in September 2004, there has been no improvement in the security situation in most parts of Iraq. This note includes the UNHCR’s recommendations for States regarding the return of Iraqi refugees and asylum-seekers to Iraq.
 
Iraq - United Nations 14th Report on the Human Rights Situation in Iraq [English][Arabic]. 2008
This report provides an overview on the situation in Iraq for the period between 1 July and 31 December 2008. It discusses the various human rights violations that have resulted from the political unrest in the country and provides recommendations on how to improve Human Rights conditions.
 
Iraq - War in Iraq: An Impending Refugee Crisis? Uncertain Risks, Inadequate Preparation and Coordination [English]. 2002
This paper argues that in the case of post-war Iraq, the responsibility for dealing with refugees and the internally displaced is likely to fall increasingly on international aid agencies that are hamstrung by resource shortages, have limited or no experience in the region, and have only limited ability to operate in areas that may be subject to military action and chemical or biological weapons.
 
Iraq - Women of the New Iraq [English]. 2005
This article argues that women's rights in Iraq have not been destroyed by Islam, but by the destruction of state and society brought on by foreign military aggression. Most Iraqi women recognise and try to sensitively cope with the predicament of dealing with occupation and the rise of reactionary practices affecting their rights and way of life.
 
Jordan - Building Democracy in Jordan: Women's Political Participation, Political Party Life and Democratic Election [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report discussed women's participation in public life and its impact on women in Jordan, the political parties and the electoral systems in Jordan.
 
Jordan - Child Labor in the City of Irbid [English]. 2005
This research study aims to investigate child labor in Irbid to provide a deep understanding of and knowledge about the socio- economic and cultural context of the working children in Irbid. It also aims to propose intervention programs that maximize the effectiveness of the Family and Childhood Protection Society (FCPS), an NGO in Irbid that works on children issues.
 
Jordan - Empowering Women Migrant Workers in Jordan- Project [English][Arabic].
The project aims at improving the legal, social, and economic situation of migrant women workers in Jordan through a right-based approach that empowers women and strengthens the accountability mechanisms to support them.
 
Jordan - Honoring the Killers: Justice Denied for "Honor" Crimes in Jordan [English][Arabic]. 2004
This report describes the social context in which “honor” crimes take place, including the second-class status accorded to girls and women in law and custom. It also presents four case studies of women under threat from male family members, demonstrating the destructive, paralyzing effect of Jordan’s continued weak responses to “honor” crimes on women’s lives then concludes with recommendations.
 
Jordan - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Jordan [English]. 1997
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Jordan to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Jordan - Jordan as a Transit Country: Semi-Protectionist Immigration Policies and their effects on Iraqi forced migrants [English]. 2002
The Case of Iraqi forced migrants is created not only by the socio-political conditions at home, but also by the type of reception they receive in neighboring states in their region of origin. Through the transnational migration dynamics of the Iraqis, and through the accompanying architecture of the smuggling networks, Jordan is now connected to a variety of Western countries, other regional countries such as Iran or Turkey, and to other stops on the route in Central America or South Eastern Asia.
 
Jordan - MENA Child Protection Initiative: The Report on Amman [English]. 2004
This paper attempts to: 1) Review the status of children in Greater Amman covering areas such as health, educational and socio-economic characteristics. 2) Review the status of disadvantaged children and to identify vulnerabilities and risk factors affecting them. Disadvantaged have been grouped under the following categories: working children, street children, children deprived of family care (orphans), children with disabilities, refugees, and children affected by violence. 3) Assess the capacity of selected institutions addressing children's issues in Greater Amman. 4) Propose a phased capacity building program for the institution based on the finding of the assessment.
 
Jordan - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children (Jordan's End-of-Decade Report) [English]. 2000
This report examines how Jordan has striven to meet the needs of its people as a whole, and children in particular. Government organizations and NGOs have co-operated to achieve the goals for the survival, protection and development of the country’s children.
 
Jordan - Report on the Status of Jordanian Women: Demography, Economic Participation, Political Participation and Violence Against Women [Arabic]. 2004
This report on the condition of Jordanian women falls in line with the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and its goals of economically empowering women and promoting their role in ensuring a secure life. The report also sheds light on women's progress in economic, social and political fields, as a means of achieving true equality between men and women, as well as improving women's status through their participation in and benefiting from sustainable development.
 
Jordan - The Report on the Survey in Jordan Of Children’s Literature and the Promotion of Reading among Children [English]. 2007
The survey gives a presentation of the status of children’s literature and encouraging reading in Jordan.
 
Jordan - The State of Human Rights in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2005
This annual report, published by the National Center for Human Rights, covers the period from June 1, 2003 until December 31, 2004.
 
Jordan - The State of Human Rights in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2006
This annual report, published by the National Center for Human Rights, covers the period from January 1, 2005 until December 31, 2005.
 
Jordan - The State of Human Rights in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 2006 [Arabic]. 2006
This annual report, published by the National Centre for Human Rights, covers the period from January 1, 2006 until December 31, 2006.
 
Jordan - Towards Political Empowerment of Jordanian Women [Arabic]. 2006
This study covers three major topics: first, women and international instruments of human rights; second, Jordan’s position in respect of these instruments; and third, how women’s legal status has been affected by these instruments. The report also identifies areas if legal concern relevant to the legal status of Jordanian women. The report also examines the status of women in Jordan in other areas including education, health, economic empowerment and the family. The report recognizes that considerable achievements have been made in terms of improvements in women’s status, but nevertheless highlights areas of particular concern in respect of women’s health and economic stats.
 
Jordan - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Jordan 2004 [English]. 2004
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Jordan for the year 2004.
 
Jordan - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Jordan 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Jordan for the year 2006.
 
Jordan - UNHCR- Country Operations Plan: Jordan 2005 [English]. 2005
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Jordan for the year 2005.
 
Kuwait - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Kuwait [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Lebanon - A Human Rights Agenda for the Elections [English][Arabic]. 2009
In this report, Amnesty International highlights five key areas where it believes human rights improvements are required and specific recommendations for how to address the concerns, amounting to a clear agenda for human rights reform.
 
Lebanon - Civil Marriage in Lebanon…. A Right and a Necessity [Arabic][French]. 1998
Heated debate over civil marriage prevails in Lebanon today, especially as the "Optional Personal Status Draft Law" was approved by a majority at the council of ministers that allows adoption of the draft law according to the National Harmony Accord signed in Ta'if in November 1989.
 
Lebanon - Fatal Strikes, Israel's Indiscriminate Attacks Against Civilians in Lebanon [English][Arabic]. 2006
This report documents serious violations of international humanitarian law (the laws of war) by Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in Lebanon between July 12 and July 27, 2006, as well as the July 30 attack in Qana.
 
Lebanon - Gender, Education and Child Labor in Lebanon [English]. 2004
This report on the child labor in Lebanon tackles a number of issues related to the educational system and provides a gender analysis of the interrelation existing between child labor and basic education.
 
Lebanon - Lebanon: A Human Rights Agenda for the Parliamentary Elections [English][Arabic]. 2005
This document highlights several key human rights areas such as: the need for reform of the justice sector, ending discrimination against women, ending impunity for past violations, and promoting and protecting human rights activities and freedom of association. It is aimed at Parliamentary candidates in hopes that they will take up the concerns raised in order to help in their strengthening of a system of human rights laws and practices in which justice and truth prevail.
 
Lebanon - Lebanon’s 2009 Parliamentary Elections - A Human Rights Agenda [English][Arabic]. 2009
This report outlines some of Human Rights Watch's main areas of concerns. It makes concrete recommendations that build on existing efforts and are feasible in a short time frame.
 
Lebanon - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [English]. 2001
This report examines Lebanon’s commitment to child rights and its movement forward in improving the situation of children. Lebanon’s interest in the realization of child rights has been very high at both the levels of the Government and the level of civil society.
 
Lebanon - Palestinian Refugee Rights and a Durable Solution Based on International Law [English]. 2000
The paper examines the right of return to all Palestinians based on the international laws and conventions and studies the situation of the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon through a field research based on case studies.
 
Lebanon - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Lebanon 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Lebanon for the year 2006.
 
Lebanon - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Lebanon 2007 [English]. 2007
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Lebanon for the year 2007.
 
Lebanon - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Lebanon 2008 [English]. 2008
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Lebanon for the year 2008.
 
Lebanon - Why They Died, Civilian Casualties in Lebanon during the 2006 War [English][Arabic]. 2007
This report represents the most extensive investigation to date of civilian deaths in Lebanon during the July 2006 war.
 
Lebanon - Women Migrant Domestic Workers in Lebanon [English]. 2001
This study identifies and assesses legal and administrative arrangements in hiring domestic workers; comprises interviews with key people in Ministries of labour, border and immigration control with regards to general policies and procedures towards foreign labour; as well as interviews with labour officers in the embassies of the sending countries to assess the main issues the domestic workers face and the means, measures and procedures taken to address them.
 
Libya - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Libya 2005 [English]. 2005
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Libya for the year 2005.
 
Libya - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Libya 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Libya for the year 2006.
 
Libya - UNHCR- Country Operations Plan: Libya 2007 [English]. 2007
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Libya for the year 2007.
 
Mauritania - Amnesty International Mauritania 2003 Report [English]. 2003
This report overviews human rights violations that took place in Mauritania in the period between January and December 2002. It focuses on the ill-treatment of prisoners, especially those detained for politically sensitive cases, attacks on freedom of expression and threats to the independence of the judiciary.
 
Mauritania - Civil and Political Rights, Including the Question of Torture and Detention, Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention [English]. 2001
The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention was established by the Commission on Human Rights in its resolution 1991/42 and entrusted with the investigation of instances of alleged arbitrary deprivation of liberty. The present report covers the group’s activities and missions for the period from January to December 2001 and provides conclusions and recommendations.
 
Mauritania - Mauritania Human Rights Practices, 1994 [English]. 1994
This report discusses human rights abuses in Mauritania, major among them: political and extrajudicial killing, disappearances, torture, denial to fair public trial, attacks on free speech and discrimination based on sex, race and religion.
 
Mauritania - Mauritania: a Future Free from Slavery [English][Arabic][French]. 2002
This article came in response to Amnesty International’s 2002 report titled: Mauritania, a Future Free from Slavery. It provides a background to the issue of slavery in the country and reports that human rights abuses related to slavery continue to exist.
 
Mauritania - Mauritania: Waves of Arrests of Political Opponents and Imamas [English][French]. 2003
This report expresses the concern of Amnesty International with the repression of political and religious figures, after the wave of arrests of members of the Parti de la renaissance Nationale (PRN) National Renaissance Party, and of imams that has been taking place in Mauritania since 30 April 2003.
 
Mauritania - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [French]. 2000
Despite a difficult period defined by structural reforms and social problems, Mauritania succeeded in asserting a real political will and proved its commitment in achieving a part of the objectives of the World Declaration in favor of the survival, protection and development of children.
 
Mauritania - Report on the Freedom of Expression [French]. 2007
Since August 2005, a legal and institutional framework designed to promote freedom of expression was created but there are numerous challenges to be addressed in Mauritania. This article outlines the efforts deployed to support the process of freedom underway in Mauritania.
 
Mauritania - Serious Attack on Freedoms of Expression and Association [English][French]. 1998
This report documents the cases of five human rights defenders arrested, and later convicted in Mauritania on the 12th of February, 1998.
 
Morocco - A Graphic Illustration of 50 Years of Development [French].
This is an atlas of the Kingdom of Morocco that has the objective to visualize the evolution of hundreds of key indicators since the independence. It presents the different phases of development over 50 years in graphs.
 
Morocco - Amnesty International's Briefing to the Committee against Torture on Morocco and Western Sahara [English]. 2003
This report documents two negative developments observed in Morocco /Western Sahara which had a bearing on Morocco's obligations under the Convention against Torture. The first was a sharp rise in the number of reported cases of torture or ill-treatment. The second was the promulgation on 28 May 2003 of a new law on "combating terrorism", which amends the Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code by adding new provisions and amending others.
 
Morocco - Betting on a Truth and Reconciliation Commission [English]. 2006
This report explores the potential and limits of the first truth and reconciliation commission (TRC) in the Arab world. It demonstrates the difficulties of a TRC when society is caught up in a struggle between Islamic extremists and repressive security organs of the state. Despite its limitations, the Moroccan TRC provides a road map to further democratization.
 
Morocco - Equity and Reconciliation Committee and the Transition Process in Morocco [English]. 2006
This report reflects the Moroccan State’s willingness to reconsider its attitude towards human rights issues in their political and legal dimensions.
 
Morocco - Inside the Home, Outside the Law: Abuse of Child Domestic Workers in Morocco [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report looks at child labor by girls under age eighteen who perform household tasks while living with their employers. It assesses the treatment of child domestic workers according to international law, as set forth in the CRC, the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, and other international human rights instruments.
 
Morocco - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Morocco [English].
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Morocco to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Morocco - Morocco: Human Rights at a Crossroads [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
This report, based on a research visit to Morocco during January and February 2004, first surveys the steps that the government has taken to address issues of impunity for past human rights crimes, with particular attention to the role of the Equity and Reconciliation Commission established in January 2004 and the structural and political limitations within which it operates. The report then documents basic violations of due process rights of detainees who were arrested in the course of the authorities’ crackdown on suspected Islamist militants.
 
Morocco - Morocco's Migration Transition: Trends, Determinants and Future Scenarios [English]. 2005
This paper aims to evaluate the extent to which the specific case of Moroccan migration can be comprehended from transitional migration theory. The analysis will be used to derive tentative predictions of future migration patterns.
 
Morocco - Morocco's Truth Commission: Honoring Past Victims During an Uncertain Present [English][French]. 2005
On January 7, 2004, King Mohammed VI created Morocco’s Equity and Reconciliation Commission (ERC), which he publicly considered to be a truth commission. But as in other countries that have created truth commissions for similar purposes, the ERC is only one phase in a longer process, a phase whose ultimate contribution to reconciling with the past and building a more democratic future depends on the extent to which the state acts on the letter and the spirit of the ERC’s recommendations.
 
Morocco - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [French]. 2000
This report examines how Morocco succeeded in asserting a real political will and proved its commitment in achieving a part of the objectives of the World Declaration in favor of the survival, protection and development of children.
 
Morocco - Rights of Muslim Women in Morocco [English][French].
An overview of the laws governing women's rights in Morocco by Fadéla Sebti. Source: guide provides access to the law governing women's human rights in Morocco.
 
Morocco - State Violence in Morocco: Alternative Report to the United Nations Committee Against Torture [English]. 2004
This report provides a general overview of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment committed by state officials and deals with torture and inhuman or degrading treatment of women and children respectively.
 
Morocco - The Amazigh Question and National Identity in Morocco [English][Arabic]. 2009
This report discusses the controversial situation of the Amazigh community in Morocco. It highlights their history as well as their demands to be recognized as a minority that has rights among other communities in the Moroccan Kingdom. These rights include the legalization of the Amazigh language as an official language of the country, the authorization of Amazigh names, the development of impoverished Amazigh regions and their share of natural resources etc.
 
Morocco - The Moroccan Façade [English][Arabic][French]. 2007
This is a special report of the committee to Protect Journalists. It exposes the politicized court cases, media laws, and the harassment that is undermining a nation’s press gains.
 
Morocco - The Situation of Human Rights in Morocco - 2003 [Arabic]. 2004
The annual report produced by the Consultative Council for Human Rights covers the year 2003.
 
Morocco - The Situation of Human Rights in Morocco - 2004 [Arabic]. 2005
The annual report produced by the Consultative Council for Human Rights covers the year 2004.
 
Morocco - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Morocco 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Morocco for the year 2006.
 
Morocco - UNHCR- Country Operations Plan: Morocco 2005 [French]. 2005
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Morocco for the year 2005.
 
Morocco - UNHCR- Country Operations Plan: Morocco 2007 [English]. 2007
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Morocco for the year 2007.
 
Morocco - Women’s Rights in Focus: Morocco [English]. 2004
A report of the findings of a nationwide focus groups with Moroccan citizens that conveys important insights about popular attitudes on women’s economic, social, political, and legal rights.
 
Morocco - Women’s Rights in Morocco [English]. 2001
A bill known as the “National Action Plan for Integrating Women in Development” was introduced March 1999 in Morocco and it aimed at asserting some basic rights for women against discrimination and abuse. However, the opponents of the plan see these changes as a diversion from the Islamic moral values.
 
Oman - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [English]. 2000
This report examines how the Government of Oman has assumed full responsibility for the development of its people. It succeeded in asserting a real political will and proved its commitment in achieving a part of the objectives of the World Declaration in favor of the survival, protection and development of children.
 
Oman - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Oman [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - "Roadmap": Repeating Oslo's Human Rights Mistakes [English].
This report documents Human Rights Watch’s concern by the failure of the Israeli-Palestinian roadmap to incorporate into its provisions internationally recognized human rights and international humanitarian law (IHL) principles, such as the need to bring to justice persons responsible for grave abuses.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Center of the Storm: A Case Study of Human Rights Abuses in Hebron District [English][Arabic]. 2001
This report sets out the obligations of the parties to the conflict in the District of Hebron and documents human rights violations and violations of international humanitarian law committed by Israelis and Palestinians in Hebron and the surrounding vicinity since late September 2000.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Indiscriminate Fire, Palestinian Rocket Attacks on Israel and Israeli Artillery Shelling in the Gaza Strip [English][Arabic]. 2007
This report finds that both Palestinian armed groups and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) have shown insufficient regard for civilian life.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - International Humanitarian Law in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory [English].
The Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research (HPCR) is a research and policy program that provides technical assistance and information support for international organizations engaged in conflict prevention and management. The Program was established in August 2000 as a collaborative effort of the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), the Executive Office of the United Nations Secretary-General, and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Israel's Record of Occupation: Violations of Civil and Political Rights [English]. 1998
This report discusses and analyzes Israel’s 1999 report to the United Nations Human Rights Committee. It argues that Israel’s report failed to give sufficient information on the implementation of the covenant in practice, left out any discussion of Israel’s implementation of the covenant in the territories it controlled in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, and South Lebanon, and misrepresented Israeli practice on important issues including torture and administrative detention.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Participation of Conflict-Affected Children In Humanitarian Action: Learning from the Occupied Palestinian Territories [English]. 2002
This document considers the means, difficulties and benefits of pursuing children's participation in humanitarian action in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Its findings and analysis are based upon the study of projects currently being implemented by a number of international and local organizations with adolescents in the age range 12-18.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Razing Rafah: Mass Home Demolitions in the Gaza Strip [English]. 2004
This report documents the many illegal demolitions executed by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) as well as the extensive destruction from IDF incursions deep inside Rafah in May 2004. It recommends that the Israeli government cease its unlawful demolitions, allow displaced Palestinians to return, pay reparations to victims, pay to repair unlawful damage, and address the emergency needs of the displaced.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Refugees Also Have Rights! Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon and Jordan [English]. 2000
This report has been compiled at the request of the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN) on the basis of missions carried out in Lebanon and Jordan. The purpose of the missions was to study the Palestinian refugee situation in these two countries with regard to international legislation relating to refugees and human rights.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Report of the Observation Mission on Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Territories [French]. 2002
This is a mission report of the Arab Commission for Human Rights to the occupied territories that evaluated the sanitary situation of the Palestinians and assessed their medical needs.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Report on the Situation of the Palestinian Children in the Israeli Prisons [French]. 2003
This report gives particular interest to the judicial framework that assures the protection and assistance of children. The report was prepared for the Al-Dameer Association for Human Rights -Gaza.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Second Class: Discrimination against Palestinian Arab Children in Israel's Schools [English][Arabic]. 2001
This report is about Israel’s discrimination against its Palestinian Arab children in guaranteeing the right to education.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Status of Palestinian Citizens' Rights, 2005 [English]. 2005
The annual report produced by the Palestinian Independent Commission for Citizens’ Rights covers the period from January 1, 2005 until December 31, 2005.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - The Report on the Survey in Palestine Of Children’s literature and the Promotion of Reading among Children (The West Bank and the Gaza Sector) [English]. 2007
This report is concerned with the presentation of the results of a survey on children’s literature and encouraging reading in Palestine as represented by the West Bank and the Gaza Sector.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - The Status of Palestinian Citizens' Rights, 2003 [English][Arabic]. 2004
The annual report produced by the Palestinian Independent Commission for Citizens’ Rights covers the period from January 1, 2003 until December 31, 2003.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - The Use of Force by the Israeli Security Force: A Legal Approach [French]. 2001
This paper is an analysis of the increasing record of casualties in the Palestinian civil population. It assesses the use of force of the Israelis relatively to the fourth Geneva Convention and the international principals that are supposed to control the use of force of the State agents.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Torture of Palestinian Political Prisoners in Israeli Prisons [English]. 2003
This report attempts to draw from international agreements and conventions concerning torture to compare Israel's applicability of these standards within the context of the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). It focuses specifically on the torture of Palestinian prisoners within Israeli prisons, interrogation and detention centers, one of the more serious violations of human rights within the OPT.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Violence against Palestinian Women: Alternative Country Report to the United Nations Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women [English]. 2005
This report addresses the violence against Palestinian women committed by the Israeli authorities in and includes the gender-related impact of the violence against Palestinian women and girls.
 
Qatar - Annual Report on Human Rights & Activities of the Committee for the Year 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2006
This is a report on the situation of Human Rights, activities and findings of the National Human Rights Committee of Qatar during the year 2005. It is supported by proposals and recommendations that the Committee deems appropriate for the enhancement of Human Rights in the State of Qatar.
 
Qatar - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [English]. 2000
This report examines Qatar’s plan which aimed at upgrading and improving the level of safety, survival, protection and development of children during the 1990s.
 
Qatar - Women and Development in Qatari Society [Arabic]. 2003
This is an analytical study of the condition of Qatari women and human development opportunities open to Qatari women.
 
Qatar - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Qatar [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Saudi Arabia - Bad Dreams: Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia [English]. 2004
This report is the first comprehensive examination of the human rights abuses that foreign workers experience in Saudi Arabia. The stories in this report illustrate why so many migrant workers, including Muslims, return to their home countries deeply aggrieved by the lack of equality and due process of law in the Kingdom.
 
Saudi Arabia - Human Rights in Saudi Arabia: a Deafening Silence [English]. 2001
This Human Rights Watch backgrounder on Saudi Arabia provides an analysis and breakdown of human rights violations in the country including Discrimination against Women, Justice System Flaws and Cruel, Inhumane and Degrading Punishment.
 
Saudi Arabia - Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia [English]. 2003
The present report documents the various violations of the International Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) regarding those workers. It is illustrated with summaries of testimonies collected by the Egyptian Organization for human Rights, an independent human rights NGO affiliated to the FIDH.
 
Saudi Arabia - Report of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on Childhood End-Decade (1990-2000) [English]. 2000
This report examines how the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has assumed full responsibility for the development of its people. It succeeded in asserting a real political will and proved its commitment in achieving a part of the objectives of the World Declaration in favor of the survival, protection and development of children.
 
Saudi Arabia - The First Report on Human Rights Conditions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia [Arabic]. 2006
 
Saudi Arabia - The Second Report on Human Rights Conditions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia [Arabic]. 2008
 
Saudi Arabia - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Saudi Arabia [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Somalia - Formalizing the Informal Economy: Somalia Refugee and Migrant Trade Networks in Nairobi [English]. 2005
This paper aims to contextualize urban refugees locally within the specific history and development of Nairobi and globally within the framework of economic globalization and transnational migration flows.
 
Somalia - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Somalia [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Somalia offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Somalia.
 
Somalia - Nomads, Sailors and Refugees. a Century of Somali Migration [English]. 2004
This working paper offers an outline of Somali migration in the 20th Century, primarily to the West. It argues that the overall geopolitical development from colonialism to the so-called new post cold war world order significantly has structured migration from the Somali region to the West.
 
Somalia - Somalia: A Situation Analysis [English]. 2000
This paper describes and assesses the political and economic situation in Somalia. It provides a detailed analysis of the recently formed Government, its political influence and its economic and developmental implications on the various regions of Somalia.
 
Somalia - Somalia: A Situation Analysis and Trend Assessment [English]. 2003
This paper describes and assesses the most significant political, developmental and human rights trends and changes in Somalia in recent years and provides a current situation analysis of the country as of mid-2003.
 
Somalia - The Importance of Overseas Connections in the Livelihoods of Somali Refugees in the Dadaab Refugee Camps of Kenya [English]. 2003
This paper takes account of transnational migrants sending remittances, the potential and pitfalls of migrant remittances and the high investments in keeping connected the Somali diaspora.
 
Somalia - UN High Commissioner for Refugees - Real Time Evaluation Policy of UNHCR's IDP Operation in Somalia [English]. 2007
 
Sudan - "If We Return, We Will Be Killed": Consolidation of Ethnic Cleansing in Darfur, Sudan [English]. 2004
This report documents and analyzes the continuing violence by all parties to the conflict, obstacles to return and to the reversal of ethnic cleansing, the government’s efforts to end impunity and the international community’s response so far to the ongoing human rights crisis in Darfur.
 
Sudan - Addressing Crimes Against Humanity and " Ethnic Cleansing" in Darfur, Sudan [English].
This is a Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper to the United Nations Security Council on the crisis of ethnic cleansing that has destroyed the lives of thousands in Darfur. It reports on the many racial crimes committed by the Janjaweed militias, their connection with the government and the famine, torture, and climbing death toll that have resulted from the crisis.
 
Sudan - Annual Human Rights Report [English]. 2002
This report provides an update on the situation in Darfur for the period of March 2001 through March 2002. It discusses the various human rights abuses that took place, focusing on: torture, freedom of expression, persecution of journalists and students, abuse of women, arrest and detention of opposition leaders and political activists, and the crack down on human rights defenders and lawyers that have resulted from the civil war and tribal conflict in Darfur.
 
Sudan - Background Paper on Refugees and Asylum Seekers from Sudan [English]. 1997
This paper provides a statistical overview of refugees and asylum-seekers in Western Europe and North America in general and of Sudanese refugees and asylum-seekers in particular. It is based on official government statistics provided to UNHCR.
 
Sudan - Background Paper on Refugees and Asylum Seekers from Sudan [English]. 2000
This paper provides a statistical overview of refugees and asylum-seekers in Western Europe and North America in general and of Sudanese refugees and asylum-seekers in particular. It is based on official government statistics provided to UNHCR.
 
Sudan - Children in Sudan: Slaves, Street Children and Child Soldiers [English]. 1995
The children of Sudan, north and south, have been denied their basic rights by all parties to the conflict, and by the government of Sudan even in areas such as Khartoum where there is no war. Many who are considered street children, mostly southerners and Nuba, are removed from their families without notice. This report details violations of children’s rights in Sudan and provides recommendations to help improve the situation.
 
Sudan - Country Report on the Human Rights Situation in Sudan [English]. 2004
This report contains information and findings of that are based on information collected and verified by Sudanese Organization against Torture's human rights monitors, in the fields in different parts of Sudan, between March 2003 and March 2004.
 
Sudan - Darfur - The Tragedy Continues: An Update on the Situation of Human Rights in Darfur [English]. 2004
This report provides an update on the situation in Darfur for the period of April through November 2004. It discusses the various human rights violations including the mass killings, rape, displacement and torture that have resulted from the political unrest in Darfur and provides recommendations for improving the situation.
 
Sudan - Darfur Destroyed: Ethnic Cleansing by Government and Militia Forces in Western Sudan [English]. 2004
Human Rights Watch (HRW) spent twenty-five days in and on the edges of West Darfur, documenting abuses in rural areas that were previously well-populated with Masalit and Fur farmers. Since August 2003, wide swathes of their homelands, among the most fertile in the region, have been burned and depopulated. This report documents the findings and recommendations of HRW for the case of West Darfur.
 
Sudan - Darfur in Flames: Atrocities in Western Sudan [English][French]. 2004
This report is based on a three-week Human Rights Watch research trip to Chad in February and March 2004. Militias backed by the government of Sudan are committing crimes against humanity in Darfur, western Sudan, in response to a year-long insurgency. The past three months of escalating violence threaten to turn the current human rights and humanitarian crisis into a man-made famine and humanitarian catastrophe.
 
Sudan - Empty Promises? Continuing Abuses in Darfur, Sudan [English]. 2004
This report documents and analyzes the ongoing violence and the government’s claims of progress to address the human rights crisis in Darfur in more detail based on recent Human Rights Watch research in Chad and Darfur.
 
Sudan - Entrenching Impunity: Government Responsibility for International Crimes in Darfur [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report examines the legal responsibility of senior and mid-level civilian and military officials for serious international crimes committed in Darfur. It looks at how the Sudanese leadership in Khartoum has used the security forces and informal networks of political and ethnic groups to implement a policy of crimes against humanity and war crimes against civilians of the same ethnicity as rebel groups.
 
Sudan - Human Rights Report on Darfur May 2004 - October 2004 [English]. 2004
This report identifies significant human rights issues and violations in Darfur, drawing on events through May 2004 – October 2004. It provides statistical information on the damage that has resulted from the conflict in Darfur along with recommendations to improve this situation.
 
Sudan - Human Rights Situation in Sudan [English]. 2001
This report provides an update on the situation in Darfur for the period of March 2000 through March 2001. It discusses the various human rights abuses that took place, focusing on: torture, freedom of expression, persecution of students, abuse of women, and the crack down on human rights defenders that have resulted from the political unrest and corruption in Darfur.
 
Sudan - Human Rights Situation in Sudan: Progress or Tactical Tricks? [English]. 2000
This report provides an update on the situation in Darfur for the period of March 1999 through March 2000. It discusses the various human rights violations that took place, focusing on: torture, freedom of expression, persecution of students, abuse of women, and the crack down on human rights defenders that have resulted from the political unrest in Darfur.
 
Sudan - National and International Remedies for Torture: A Handbook for Sudanese Lawyers [English][Arabic]. 2005
This handbook suggests a series of practical ways in which lawyers and others may meet the numerous challenges within the local justice system to access civil and criminal remedies, including legal and practical obstacles in the investigation and prosecution of torture cases and other legal impediments to the resolution of torture cases.
 
Sudan - Race, Discrimination, Slavery and Citizenship in the Afro-Arab Borderlands: with Particular Reference to the Sudan [English]. 2001
This paper attempts to historically trace and raise issues concerning tensions in the Afro-Arab Borderlands, (with particular reference to the Sudan) which are generally avoided in public discussions because too many people regard these issues as sensitive and unsuitable for discussion in polite company.
 
Sudan - Report on Human Rights Violations in Darfur 1998 [English]. 1998
This report provides an overview on the situation in Darfur for in 1998. It discusses the various human rights violations that have resulted from the political unrest in Darfur and provides real life accounts of torture that represent the horror and reality of the situation there.
 
Sudan - Sudan - Human Development and Millennium Development Goal [English]. 2003
The focus of the paper is basically to answer how far gender sensitive policies are operationalized in Sudan. The objective of the paper therefore, is to come up with policies frameworks to enhance women’s empowerment and gender quality at the national level.
 
Sudan - Sudan National Report on Follow-up to the World Summit for Children 1990-2000 [English]. 2001
This report was compiled in response to the Sudan permanent mission in New York correspondence, and in the light of the directives of the UNICEF Executive Director on behalf of the UN Secretary General, requesting all member states to write reports on their achievements in accordance to the indicators of the end of the decade from 1990 – 2000.
 
Sudan - Sudan Organisation Against Torture - Annual Report on the Human Rights Situation in Sudan [English]. 2005
This report identifies significant human rights issues in Sudan, drawing on events through March 2004 – March 2005. It is intended to provide detailed information on the human rights situation over the past year and it provides comprehensive recommendations for the government of Sudan, rebel opposition groups within the country and the international community.
 
Sudan - Sudan Organisation Against Torture's 2001 Annual Review [English]. 2001
This annual report provides a detailed overview of the organization’s program activities and accomplishments in 2001. This includes projects, rehabilitation efforts, training and education, documentation, research and knowledge dissemination.
 
Sudan - Sudan Organisation Against Torture's 2002 Annual Review [English]. 2003
This annual report provides a detailed overview of the organization’s program activities and accomplishments in 2002. This includes projects, legal aid, training and education, documentation and research, and lobbying and campaigning.
 
Sudan - Sudan, Oil, and Human Rights [English]. 2003
This report is about the human cost of the oil—and corporate complicity in the Sudanese government’s human rights abuses, including its policy of sponsored ethnic conflict and forced displacement to clear tens of thousands of southern Sudanese from their homes atop the oilfields.
 
Sudan - Sudan: One Step Forward, Many Steps Back [English]. 2004
This report highlights, article by article of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, the violations of human rights committed by the authorities.
 
Sudan - Sudan: Prospects for Peace [English]. 2005
This report studies the possibility for Peace in Sudan.
 
Sudan - Targeting the Fur: Mass Killings in Darfur [English]. 2005
This paper discusses the grave atrocities committed against the Fur populations in Darfur; mass executions, detention, and torture are some of the ethnic cleansing crimes committed against them. It calls for immediate action to put an end to such crimes including- but no limited to- an increased international presence in the rural areas of Darfur and international prosecutions for those responsible for these crimes.
 
Sudan - The Darfur Tragedy [English]. 2004
 
Sudan - UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) - Evaluation of UNHCR's Returnee Reintegration Programme in Southern Sudan [English]. 2008
 
Syria - Amnesty International's Briefing to the Human Rights Committee on the Syrian Arab Republic [English]. 2001
In this report Amnesty International expresses its concern that the mechanisms which facilitate human rights violations, as provided for under the Emergency legislation, including the excessive powers given to the security forces, are still intact. Furthermore, the organization is concerned that thus far no step has been taken by the authorities to redress past and continuing human rights violations; there has been no investigation of “disappearances”, extra-judicial executions, or torture and ill-treatment, including deaths in custody.
 
Syria - Democracy and Human Rights in Syria [English]. 2002
This report, a collective work of 18 Syrian researchers, reviews the mechanisms the State is possessing and uses to reinforce its authority and describes the social foundation of the political and totalitarian system of Syria.
 
Syria - Elections and Human Rights - Report on the Syrian Legislative Elections 2007 [Arabic]. 2007
This is the report of the Damascus Center for Theoretical and Civil Rights Studies on the Syrian Legislative Elections held on 22 April 2007.
 
Syria - Human Rights Violations in Syria [English]. 2004
This report was prepared for the Committee for the Defense of Democratic Liberties and Human Rights in Syria (CDF) in order to assist it with the fight against the serious human rights abuses, which include the widespread use of torture and ill-treatment in detention, poor prison conditions, arbitrary arrests, prolonged detention without a trial, and unfair trials before exceptional jurisdictions.
 
Syria - Making Children's Rights Work: Country Profile on Syria [English].
 
Syria - National End-of-Decade Report on Follow-Up of the World Declaration Issued at the Conclusion of the World Summit for Children [English]. 2000
This report examines the basic issues to which the Syrian Arab Republic directs special attention include those related to childhood, the provision of the necessary means for childcare, and meeting the needs of children.
 
Syria - State of Human Rights in Syria 2003 [Arabic]. 2003
Prepared by the Committee of Human Rights in Syria,
 
Syria - Syria: The Price of Dissent [English]. 1995
This report focuses on the state security court and the continuing trials of individuals accused of membership in unauthorized political groups. It also examines the practice of torture in Syria, and the continuing pressure on political prisoners after release.
 
Syria - Syria: The Silenced Kurds [English]. 1996
This report documents the situation of stateless Syrian-born Kurds -- 142,465 by the government's count, and well over 200,000 according to Kurdish sources -- who have been arbitrarily denied the right to Syrian nationality in violation of international law.
 
Tunisia - Administration of Justice in Tunisia: Torture, Trumped-Up Charges and a Tainted Trial [English][Arabic]. 2000
This report focuses on the prosecution of suspected political opponents without solid evidence and arguments, analyzing the case of human rights lawyer, Radhia Nasraoui, as a strong example.
 
Tunisia - CEDAW Tunisia Report 2000 [English]. 2000
The strategic objective of the Ninth Economic and Social Development Plan’s (1997-2001) was to enhance the integration of women into the development process. The priorities set within the framework of this plan were based on three major parameters: equality in public life, partnership in the family and access to decision-making positions.
 
Tunisia - Deception and Lies: Freedom of Expression in Tunisia Remains under Siege Six Months after the World Summit on the Information Society [English][Arabic]. 2006
This report is based on a fact-finding mission to Tunisia undertaken from 18 to 22 April 2006 by members of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) Tunisia Monitoring Group (IFEX-TMG) to follow up on progress made on the status of freedom of expression in Tunisia after the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was held in Tunisia in November 2005.
 
Tunisia - Freedom of Expression in Tunisia: the Siege Intensifies [English][French]. 2005
This is the second report of the Tunisian Monitoring Group (TMG) and follows the latest of a series of fact-finding missions to Tunisia by members of the group in the run to the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).
 
Tunisia - Human Rights in Tunisia: Options and Accomplishments - Women's Rights [English][French]. 1987
Chapter 3 of the declaration of human rights of November 7, 1987 covers the human rights of the Tunisian women.
 
Tunisia - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Tunisia [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Tunisia offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Tunisia.
 
Tunisia - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Tunisia [English]. 2002
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Tunisia to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Tunisia - National Report on Follow-Up to the World Summit for Children [French]. 2000
This report stresses the Tunisian achievements made in reducing rates of morbidity and mortality for children less than 5 years old. It stresses the development of school enrollment level and the educational quality, as well as, the protection of children.
 
Tunisia - State of Liberties and Human Rights in Tunisia [English][French]. 1999
This report is a collection of facts which seek to answer the following questions: are the obligations of the State of Tunisia, which has ratified nearly all international human rights treaties and conventions, being respected generally? Is the obligation contracted to by the Tunisian Government in article 2 of the Association Agreement with the 15 States of the European Union with regard to respect for democratic principles and human rights being respected generally?
 
Tunisia - Tunisia: Crushing the Person, Crushing a Movement - the Solitary Confinement of Political Prisoners [English][Arabic]. 2005
Interviews with three recently released prisoners provide new details of the cruel and inhumane policy of isolation practiced by Tunisian authorities. These interviews, with men who had served up to eleven years in solitary confinement almost without interruption, confirm earlier findings that the placement in prolonged isolation of some forty political prisoners is a clear violation of both Tunisia’s domestic laws and international standards governing the treatment of prisoners.
 
Tunisia - Tunisia: Long-Term Solitary Confinement of Political Prisoners [English][French]. 2004
This report is based on a research mission that human Right Watch conducted in April, 2003 and on phone interviews conducted in March and April 2004 with the relatives of ten prisoners who are currently being held in isolation. It aims to portray how the arbitrariness and open-ended nature of the isolation policy compounds the cruelty inflicted on inmates cut off from virtually all human contact.
 
United Arab Emirates - United Arab Emirates: Migrant Women in the United Arab Emirates, the Case of Female Domestic workers [English].
This paper focuses on the situation of the women migrant workers in their families, workplaces, communities and societies in sending and receiving countries and also on the initiatives, policies and programmes, “good” and “bad” practices implemented by government, private recruitment and employment agencies and a wide range of social actors to assist and protect women migrants against exploitation and abuse and to prevent them from being trafficked.
 
United Arab Emirates - Women’s Image In Stories Written by Emirates Females [Arabic]. 2006
This study discusses how female writers present the image of women in their stories and novels from a feminist outlook.
 
United Arab Emirates - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - United Arab Emirates [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Yemen - Building Democracy in Yemen: Women's Political Participation, Political Party Life and Democratic Elections [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report discussed the political participation by Yemeni women, the constitutional and legal Bases of Party Pluralism in Yemen and the impact of their implementation.
 
Yemen - End of Decade Review: Republic of Yemen [English]. 2001
This report examines how the Republic of Yemen succeeded in asserting a real political will and proved its commitment in achieving a part of the objectives of the World Declaration in favor of the survival, protection and development of children.
 
Yemen - Legislations and Laws Concerning the Work of Yemeni Women [Arabic]. 2006
This specialized analytical study provides a detailed explanation of legislation and laws concerning the work of Yemeni women.
 
Yemen - Street Children in Yemen [Arabic]. 2008
A Socio-Economic-Pyschological Study of Educating a Psychological Specialist. By Abdul Rahman AbdulWahhab Ali, a lecturer in the Psychology of Communication, University of Eden.
 
Yemen - The Rule of Law Sidelined in the Name of Security [English]. 2003
In this report Amnesty International calls on the Yemeni and US Governments to ensure that their security cooperation is not purchased at the expense of human rights and urge them to take immediate steps to restore the rule of law and the human rights of the detainees held both in Yemen and in Guantanamo Bay. And urges the international community to bring pressure on the Governments of Yemen and the US to address the human rights violations documented in this report.
 
Yemen - UNHCR - Country Operations Plan: Yemen 2006 [English]. 2006
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ Operation Plan for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in Yemen for the year 2006.
 
Yemen - Violence Culture in Yemen [Arabic]. 2006
This study discusses the meaning of violence and of culture, and considers the nature of cultural tendencies prevailing in Yemeni society that contribute to the prevalence of violence in its material and symbolic terms.
 
Arab Countries - After Cairo: From the Vision of the Cairo Speech to Active Support for Human Dignity [English]. 2010
This publication is a result of a series of dialogues with young Arab and American leaders in Jordan, Egypt, and Lebanon in the fall of 2009. These dialogues were organized by the Project on Middle East Democracy to engage Middle Eastern youth in the discussion and recommendation of concrete ideals such as democracy, religious freedom, woman’s rights, and fundamental human development with special focus on those political roots of causing economic stagnation in the region.
 
Arab Countries - An Introduction to Human Rights in the Middle East & North Africa – a Guide for NGOs [English]. 2010
This manual is designed to help NGOs in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) who may be interested in the field of Human Rights but feel that they do not know enough about it or where to start. Sections include: understanding the problem, the skills a human rights NGO needs, building cultures that favour Human Rights, interventions, working in co-operation, helping the damaged, further information (web links).
 
Arab Countries - Annual Report on Freedom of the Media in the Arab Countries, 2008 [English][Arabic]. 2008
 
Arab Countries - Annual Report on the Freedom of Expression in the Arab Countries, 2005 [Arabic]. 2005
This report issued by the Amman Center for Human Rights Studies, shows that the vast majority of Arab countries is still firmly in control of all the press and media, impeding their independence, and imposing severe restrictions on their freedom, in a way that prevents them from assuming their responsibilities in the terms of holding the government accountable and in the fight against corruption.
 
Arab Countries - Annual Report on the Freedom of Expression in the Arab Countries, 2006 [Arabic]. 2006
 
Arab Countries - Annual Report on the Freedom of Expression in the Arab Countries, 2007 [Arabic]. 2007
 
Arab Countries - Arab Association for Human Rights - Annual Report 2001 [English]. 2001
This report describes how the Arab Association for Human Rights (HRA) tried to ensure through education, women's rights and international advocacy programmes that international human rights norms and standards remained present in our community, accessible to our community, and useful for the Arab community.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Association for Human Rights - Annual Report 2003 [English]. 2003
In its report, “The Right for Muslims to Take Part in Politics,” the Arab Association for Human Rights (HRA) notes that the political Islam practiced by the Northern Islamic Movement in Israel is focused on social welfare projects that are part of an effort to close the service gap between Jewish and Arab citizens in Israel which is a result of systematic state of discrimination in budgetary allocations to Arab citizens.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Association for Human Rights - Annual Report 2004 [English]. 2004
The Arab Association for Human Rights (HRA) envisions a situation in which the Palestinian Arab minority inside Israel is free of all forms of discrimination and is free of fear, having the present and future security to exist and to develop. In 2004, HRA worked towards this vision through three main programme strands: Education and Community Outreach, International Advocacy and Research and Reporting.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Charter on Human Rights, 1994 [English][Arabic]. 1994
This is an old version of the Charter as was adopted by the Arab League in 1994.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Charter on Human Rights, 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
This is the text of the 2004 Arab Charter for Human Rights. It also includes a very brief review of how the 2004 Charter came into being following the adoption of the first version of the Arab Charter on Human Rights by the League of Arab States at its 50th anniversary in 1994. The article and translation is by Dr. Mohammed Amin Al-Midani and Mathilde Cabanettes.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Charter on Human Rights, 2004 [draft] [English][Arabic]. 2004
Text adopted by the Arab Standing Committee for Human Rights. January 5-14, 2004
 
Arab Countries - Arab Human Development Report 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
"Towards Freedom in the Arab World." The report focuses on the deficit of freedom and good governance and calls for far-reaching legal and political reforms.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Human Development Report 2005 – The Advancement of Arab Women [Arabic]. 2007
This report discusses issues and principles concerning women and their role. It calls for comprehensive development in the Arab world. It focuses on the rise or advancement of women by themselves as a central prerequisite for societal progress.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Institute for Human Rights Information [English][Arabic].
An initiative by the Arab Organization for Human Rights and the Union of Arab Lawyers. Founded in 1989 with the support of the United Nations Human Rights Center, UNESCO, UNICEF and the Tunisian Association in Defense of Human Rights
 
Arab Countries - Arab Organization for Human Rights - Annual Report 1997 [English]. 1997
In this report, considered the 12th issued by the Arab Organization for Human Rights (AOHR), the Organization monitors the status of Human Rights in the Arab World. As in previous reports, this offers a comprehensive assessment of developments in this field in the Arab World as a whole, and focuses on the stability of some, and the development of others. Unlike previous reports, where regional reports were analytically reviewed and documented, this report focuses on the major points in development without dwelling on the details.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Organization for Human Rights - Annual Report 1998 [English]. 1998
The Arab Organization for Human Rights’ (AOHR) Annual Report has two sections: the first reviews the main events that defined the path of human rights in the Arab world from a global perspective, while the second reviews the status of human rights in Arab countries in details.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Organization for Human Rights - Annual Report 1999 [English][Arabic]. 1999
The Arab Organization for Human Rights’ (AOHR) Annual Report has two sections: the first reviews the main events that defined the path of human rights in the Arab world from a global perspective, while the second reviews the status of human rights in Arab countries in details.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Organization for Human Rights - Annual Report 2000 [English][Arabic]. 2000
The Arab Organization for Human Rights’ (AOHR) Annual Report has two sections: the first reviews the main events that defined the path of human rights in the Arab world from a global perspective, while the second reviews the status of human rights in Arab countries in details.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Organization for Human Rights - Annual Report 2001 [English][Arabic]. 2001
The Arab Organization for Human Rights’ (AOHR) Annual Report has three sections, the first deals with the status of human rights in the Arab world from a global perspective, the second deals with this status in a more detailed manner through countries' reports, while the third includes a comprehensive report about the Third World Conference to Fight Racism and Racial Discrimination.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Organization for Human Rights - Annual Report 2002 [English][Arabic]. 2002
The Arab Organization for Human Rights’ (AOHR) Annual Report has two sections: the first reviews the main events that defined the path of human rights in the Arab world from a global perspective, while the second reviews the status of human rights in Arab countries in details.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Organization for Human Rights - Annual Report 2003 [English][Arabic]. 2003
The Arab Organization for Human Rights’ (AOHR) Annual Report has two sections: the first reviews the main events that defined the path of human rights in the Arab world from a global perspective, while the second reviews the status of human rights in Arab countries in details.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Organization for Human Rights - Annual Report 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
The Arab Organization for Human Rights’ (AOHR) - the eighteenth annual report published since 1987 - discusses the status of Human Rights in the Arab nation, and monitors aspects of positive and negative development, as well as basic trends and problems impeding the activation and implementation of the principles and standards stipulated by human rights international conventions in Arab countries.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2000 [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
The Arab Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2000 adopted at the Regional Preparatory meeting held at Amman on 9 and 10 November 1994, formulates a framework of common Arab visions and positions for presentation to the Fourth World Conference on Women to be held in Beijing in 1995.
 
Arab Countries - Bastion of Impunity, Mirage of Reform [English][Arabic]. 2009
This report, published by the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies, documents the most significant developments in the Arab region from September 2008 to October 2009 and the assesses breakthroughs and failures in the observance of human rights. The report gives close attention to developments related to the following issues: freedom of expression in various media, the right to organize in political parties, civic associations, and trade unions, the way in which the state deals with political protest, social ferment, and labor and professional freedoms, which includes the authorities’ response to demonstrations, protests, sit-ins, and strikes, the nature of pressures, threats, and assaults targeting human rights defenders and reform advocates, the nature of pressures on religious freedom, the status of minority rights, various forms of discrimination—religious, sectarian, and ethnic—and assaults on defenders of minority rights, the application of exceptional counterterrorism legislation and its impact on personal freedom and security and due process, as well as the use of such measures to crack down on peaceful political or oppositional activities and restrict freedom of expression, the extent to which legislation, policies, and practices foster a culture of impunity for grave human rights violations, which entails a close look at the torture and ill treatment of prisoners, extrajudicial killings, and various forms of collective punishment the right to participate in public affairs, fair and equal opportunity in general elections, and the political ramifications of election results.
 
Arab Countries - Comparative Assessment of Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa [English]. 2001
Freedom House comparative assessment of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa. The goal of this survey is to facilitate and support national and international efforts to empower women in the Middle East and North Africa region through the comparative evaluation of women’s rights in 17 selected countries and territories. These countries, where women’s rights remain a salient issue, are: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine (Palestinian Authority and Israeli-Occupied Territories), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Comparative Study on Juvenile Justice in some Arab States [Arabic]. 2009
This study talks about the general principles of juvenile justice in each of Lebanon, Jordan, Morocco, Yemen, Algeria, Egypt, and Iraq, and delves into the needed reforms with regards to juvenile legislation. The study also addresses the following themes: age of criminal responsibility, rules that govern juvenile justice, sanction and pretrial detention in juvenile cases, alternative measures, as well as practical applications of juvenile laws.
 
Arab Countries - Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: Weakening the Protection of Women from Violence in the Middle East and North Africa Region [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
This Amnesty International report maintains that despite the fact that a number of countries in the Middle East and North Africa ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), yet the reservations they made diminish the domestic applicability of the convention and weaken the protection of women in the region.
 
Arab Countries - Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in the Arab region [Arabic]. 2003
The book discusses the Arab Roundtable on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights that was held in Casablanca on July 16-17, 2003.
 
Arab Countries - False Freedom: Online Censorship in the Middle East and North Africa [English]. 2005
This report examines Internet trends and policies in the Middle East and North Africa region as they affect freedom of expression, focusing particularly on Egypt, Iran, Syria, and Tunisia. Human Rights Watch selected these four countries for closer scrutiny as much for their differences as for their similarities, and their inclusion should not suggest that their policies are worse than those of other countries in the region.
 
Arab Countries - Gender and Development in Middle East and North Africa: Women in the Public Sphere [English][Arabic]. 2004
This book seeks to advance the gender equality discussion in the region by framing the issues in terms of economic necessity. It analyzes the potential for women’s greater economic contribution to the region’s new development model and identifies key economic and sociopolitical impediments to women’s increased labor force participation and empowerment, and it suggests a way forward in developing an agenda for change.
 
Arab Countries - Human Rights Manual for Prosecutors [Arabic]. 2003
This guide, published by the International Association of Prosecutors (IAP), contains all international stipulations and fundamental principles, whether at the United Nations level or at the regional level, that could be of importance to prosecutors all over the world. The United Nations Development Programme-Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR) translated this manual from English to Arabic in agreement with the IAP.
 
Arab Countries - Ijtihad and its Role in Reducing the CEDAW Reservations of the Arab Countries [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Islam and Women's Rights [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Limitation of Personal Freedom [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Media and Human Rights [Arabic]. 2003
This book discusses the work of the Arab Roundtable on Media and Human Rights in the Arab Countries, which was held in Cairo, Egypt, on June 21 & 22, 2003.
 
Arab Countries - Monitoring Places of Detention – A Practical Guide [English][Arabic]. 2006
The guide is prepared for dealing with monitoring of any place of incarceration, with special focus on prisons and police stations. The book was published in English by the Association for the Prevention of Torture and translated into Arabic by UNDP-POGAR.
 
Arab Countries - National Human Rights Institutions in the Arab World [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Observatory of North-Africa and Middle East for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders - Annual Report 2010 [French]. 2010
 
Arab Countries - On the Way to Improved Legal Reality: Strategies and Instruments Used to Tackle Discrimination against Women in the Arab World [English]. 2008
This publication uses project examples to present innovative approaches that development cooperation can take in order to help women assert their rights and overcome gender-based discrimination. To this end, project and evaluation reports were examined to identify good practices and individuals involved were interviewed in partner countries. The primary aim was to identify successful strategies and instruments and make these available in a concise form.
 
Arab Countries - Progress of Arab Women 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
The report follows the framework of the United Nations Development Fund for Women’s (UNIFEM) biennial report, Progress of the World’s Women, in evaluating women’s progress along a number of critical indicators. It also monitors the implementation of commitments made in the Beijing Platform for Action in 1995 and of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women.
 
Arab Countries - Racism and Mismanagement of Ethnic Diversity in the Arab World [English]. 1999
This paper analyzes the dynamic of ethnic and racial differences throughout the Arab world and discusses its social, political and economic implications.
 
Arab Countries - Regional Programme to Promote Women's Human Rights in the Maghreb and Machreq Areas [English].
This programme aims to contribute to the creation of an enabling environment for the promotion, defense and exercise of Women’s Human Rights (WHR) in the Maghreb and Mashreq areas and focuses on increasing the knowledge, awareness and capacity of NGOs and governmental institutions in addressing WHR. It was executed by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
 
Arab Countries - Report of the Arab Organization for Human Rights on the Human Rights Situation in the Arab World, 2008-2009 [Arabic]. 2009
 
Arab Countries - Report on Elections in the Arab World 2006 - A Human Rights Evaluation [English]. 2006
This report analyses the parliamentary elections that have taken place in 2006 in six Arab countries: Bahrain, Kuwait, Mauritania, Palestine, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. It also investigates the relationship between elections, democracy and human rights.
 
Arab Countries - Rise of the Arab Women Towards Expansion of Freedom Values [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Role of Public Prosecution in Protecting Human Rights and Freedoms (Analytical field study) [Arabic]. 2004
This study examines the historical evolution of the role of public prosecution in some Arab countries, and its effectiveness in upholding justice and protecting freedoms and human rights. The results and findings of this study are based on legal texts and on field research that covers Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Morocco, and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Abuse of Islamic Interpretations to Weaken Women [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - The last holdouts: ending the juvenile death penalty in Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Pakistan, and Yemen [English][Arabic]. 2008
In this 20-page report, Human Rights Watch documents failures in law and practice that since January 2005 have resulted in 32 executions of juvenile offenders in five countries: Iran (26), Saudi Arabia (2), Sudan (2), Pakistan (1), and Yemen (1). The report also highlights cases of individuals recently executed or facing execution in the five countries, where well over 100 juvenile offenders are currently on death row, awaiting the outcome of a judicial appeal, or in some murder cases, the outcome of negotiations for pardons in exchange for financial compensation.
 
Arab Countries - United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region - Gender & Citizenship Initiative [English][Arabic].
The G&C; initiative works to raise public and media awareness about the gender inequalities that are inherent in key legislations, such as nationality laws and promote overall women's rights in the Arab region.
 
Arab Countries - Violations of Human Rights in Arab World [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Violence against migrant and refugee women in the European Region [English]. 2008
This report, with case studies related to France, Italy, Egypt and Morocco, argues that a key element in analysing all types of violence against migrants and refugee women is the role of immigration and asylum policies, both at national and supranational (EU or Euromed) level.
 
Arab Countries - Women in Islamist Movements: Toward an Islamist Model of Women's Activism [English][Arabic]. 2007
Through interviews and conversations with women belonging to Lebanon’s Hizballah, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, and other Islamist organizations across numerous Arab nations, the authors found an energetic debate among women activists on their new found role as political actors.
 
Arab Countries - Women's Court: the Permanent Arab Court To Resist Violence Against Women [English].
The Women's Court is a symbolic popular court that aims at fighting all forms of violence practiced against women in Arab societies. The Court was established by a group of Arab NGOs. The main purpose of the Court is to put an end to the violence against women through a number of means including the introduction of the necessary changes on the existing laws and creating new laws to provide full protection for women victims of violence.
 
Arab Countries - Women's Freedom in Arab World: Challenges and Prospects [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Women's Rights [Arabic]. 2004
The proceedings of the regional workshop on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, Beirut, 26-27 January 2004.
 
Arab Countries - Women's Rights in Islam [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa [English][Arabic]. 2009
This study presents detailed reports and quantitative ratings on the state of women’s rights in the member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is the first installment of a larger project encompassing the entire MENA region, which will be completed in November 2009. Although the study indicates that a substantial deficit in women’s rights persists in every country of the Gulf region and is reflected in practically every facet of their societies, its findings also include the notable progress achieved over the last five years, particularly in terms of economic and political rights.
 
Arab Countries - Working Women's Rights Manual [Arabic].
This manual seeks to inform male and female workers of their rights at work and to raise their awareness of these rights. It also aims to raise awareness that leads to improving women's status at the workplace and contributes to obtaining their rights.
 
North Africa - Making Children's Rights Work in North Africa: Country Profiles on Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia [English][Arabic]. 2007
 
North Africa - Making Children's Rights Work in North Africa: Country Profiles on Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia [English][Arabic]. 2007
The Programme on Country Profiles on the Status of the Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is one of the core IBCR activities. It involves analysis and reporting on the status of implementation of the CRC and its Optional Protocols. It particularly aims to detect the existing challenges and gaps, highlight the progress made and identify the commendable practices that are developed in the area of children’s rights by States parties.
 
North Africa - Migration from the Maghreb and Migration Pressures: Current Situation and Future Prospects [English]. 1997
This paper combines theory with observation of socio-economic developments, in order to arrive at an interpretation of the factors that drive individuals to emigrate. The purpose of this research project is to provide political decision-makers in both developing and industrialized countries with elements that may help them to understand actual and potential migration movements from the Maghreb, with their determinants and characteristics.
 
International - A Guide for Non-Governmental Agencies Reporting to the Committee on the Rights of the Child [English]. 1998
This guide provides detailed recommendations for Non-Governmental Organization on how to prepare effective national reports for the Committee on the Rights of the Child. The guide was produced with the financial assistance of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA).
 
International - A Guide for Non-Governmental Organizations on the Implementation of the United Nations Migrant Workers' Convention [English][French]. 2005
This guide aims at enabling national or regional non-governmental organizations, coalitions and individual organizations to effectively use the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrants Workers and Members of Their Families as a tool for the promotion and protection of the rights of migrant workers and their families.
 
International - A Handbook on State Obligations Under the United Nations Convention Against Torture [English]. 2002
This handbook aims to provide easily accessible, yet comprehensive information about the substantive provisions of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment to people concerned with the issue of torture.
 
International - A Life Free of Violence Is Our Right! [English]. 2007
This booklet seeks to demonstrate how garantees have succeeded in breaking intergenerational cycles of violence, in empowering survivors to make changes in their lives, in transforming communities and institutions into advocates for change, and in advocating for enabling policies and legislation.
 
International - A Manual for Integrating Gender into Reproductive Health and HIV Programs: From Commitment to Action [English]. 2003
This Manual aims to orient program managers and technical staff on how to integrate gender concerns into program design, implementation, and evaluation. It promotes greater understanding of how gender relations and identities affect individuals’ and groups’ capacity to negotiate and obtain better RH/HIV/AIDS decisions and outcomes.
 
International - A Road Strewn with Stones: Migrants' Access to Human Rights [English]. 2003
This paper seeks to discuss the common causes that between the lack of many migrants’ adequate access to human rights and their vulnerability to the abuse of such rights.
 
International - Accelerating Change: Resources for Gender Mainstreaming [English]. 2000
This manual is the tangible resource that emerged from the proceedings of the Technical Workshop on Gender Mainstreaming, Sanur, Indonesia, February 20-25, 2000. The manual is intended to be a practical resource for those engaged in mainstreaming gender equality in a variety of contexts.
 
International - Achieving Dignity: Campaigner's Handbook for the Migrants Rights Convention [English]. 1998
This handbook aims to help organizers take action to build local and national activities and campaigns to ensure that basic international human rights standards are implemented country by country to protect the lives and dignity of migrants.
 
International - An Information Guide - Preventing Discrimination, Exploitation and Abuse of Women Migrant Workers [English].
This Information Guide aims to enhance knowledge and understanding of the vulnerability of migrant workers, especially women, to discrimination, exploitation and abuse and to promote and improve legislation, policies and action to prevent such discrimination.
 
International - An Overview of Proposals Addressing Migrant Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons [English]. 2001
This document provides an overview of proposals addressing migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons.
 
International - Asian Labour Migration: Issues and Challenges in an Era of Globalization [English]. 2002
This paper examines the trends and issues in Asian labour migration and challenges faced by countries and the trade union movement in protection of migrant workers. It is part of a working papers series that aims to contribute to an informed debate on how best to manage labour migration.
 
International - Association for Women's Rights in Development [English][French].
AWID is a network of women and men around the world, AWID is an international membership organization connecting, informing and mobilizing people and organizations committed to achieving gender equality, sustainable development and women's human rights. The goal of AWID is to cause policy, institutional and individual change that will improve the lives of women and girls everywhere.
 
International - Attorney General Guidelines for Victim and Witness Assistance [English]. 2005
These guidelines incorporate the provisions for crime victims’ rights and remedies, including the Justice for All Act of 2004. They also include new guidance on assisting the victims of certain crimes, such as human trafficking and identity theft.
 
International - Bellevue/New York University Program for Survivors of Torture [English].
The Bellevue/New York University Program for Survivors of Torture aims to provide an integrated treatment approach designed to address the ongoing comprehensive medical and mental health needs of the survivors of torture and their immediate family members.
 
International - Beyond the Bounds of Responsibility: Western States and Measures to prevent the Arrival of Refugees [English]. 2005
This paper aims to highlight the techniques states use to prevent arrivals, as well as evaluate ethically how they are justified and what their significance might be. It proposes ways in which non-arrival measures might be operated so that they are not radically in conflict with the provision of protection for refugees.
 
International - Biometrics, International Migrants and Human Rights [English]. 2005
The incorporation of biometric technology into travel and other identity documents is likely to have a crucial impact on migrants, a people defined by their very movement across borders. This paper analyzes the possible consequences of the development of biometrics, which aim to tackle illegal migration.
 
International - Blueprints for an Ideal Legal Immigration Policy [English]. 2001
This publication seeks to provide a forum for competing blueprints of a comprehensive U.S. immigration policy. It is comprised of 15 essays that serve as a distillation of competing views, providing readers the opportunity to explore further, if they desire.
 
International - Brain Drain and Beyond: Returns and Remittances of Highly Skilled Migrants [English]. 2005
This paper endeavours to specifically focus on acute, emigration-induced problems, and on the lack of, and limitations to, migrant return and remittances for the small, developing and vulnerable sending country.
 
International - Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Recommendations to Improve the Criminal Justice Response to Child Victims and Witnesses [English]. 1999
This monograph describes the best practices and programs that focus on the response to child victims and witnesses. It aims to serve as a blueprint for policymakers and criminal justice professionals.
 
International - Child and Youth Participation Programme [English][French].
This project, which is undertaken by The End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT) Organization, aims to promote the participation of children and young people in order to empower them to express their views and take action against sexual exploitation of children.
 
International - Child Soldier Use, 2003 [English]. 2004
This report aims to assist the Security Council and other UN member states in formulating a concerted strategy and the implementation of firm measures to stop the use of children in wars which threaten their life, survival and development in many countries across the world.
 
International - Child Soldiers Global Report [English]. 2004
This report is based on extensive research on child recruitment legislation, policy and practice in 196 countries. It covers the period from April 2001 to March 2004. It reviews trends and developments related to the use of child soldiers since the publication of the Coalition’s last global report in 2001, and highlights failures – by the international community, governments and armed groups – to protect children’s fundamental human rights.
 
International - Child Trafficking: The Worst Face of the World [English]. 2005
This paper aims to offer an overview on child trafficking; it briefly analyses the global phenomenon of trafficking in human beings and focuses on the major regional trends in child trafficking and the international response to this phenomenon.
 
International - Children as Partners: Child Participation Promoting Social Change [English]. 2004
The present report examines current literature and examples of good practice programming supporting child and adolescent meaningful participation in the context of children’s rights. It is aimed at development agencies wishing to support children’s participation in designing, implanting and evaluating programs in the context on meaningful effective partnerships that take place across various socio-cultural contexts.
 
International - Children in Combat [English]. 1996
This report concerns the ways in which children are recruited, the possible reasons for their recruitment and participation, the roles children play in combat and in violence against civilians, and their treatment by the groups that recruit them.
 
International - Children Rights Information Network - Annual Report 2000-2001 [English]. 2001
This annual report provides a narrative and financial report of activities for the year from 1 April 2000 to 31 March 2001.
 
International - Children Rights Information Network - Annual Report 2001-2002 [English]. 2002
This annual report, which provides a narrative and financial report of activities for the year from 1 April 2001 to 31 March 2002, will give readers a sense of what the Children Rights Information Network’s coordinating unit in London is doing with its partners and members. This includes work to maintain services composing a core programme dating back to 1991, preparations for the Special Session on Children, and research.
 
International - Children Rights Information Network - Annual Report 2003-2004 [English]. 2003
This annual report provides a narrative and financial report of activities for the year from 1 April 2003 to 31 March 2004. This includes a core programme dating back to 1995 as well as special projects carried out during this year.
 
International - Children’s Rights Programme [English][French].
The World Organization Against Torture’s Children’s Rights Programme aims at protecting children from torture and other forms of violence through prevention, denunciation, redress, advocacy at the international level.
 
International - Citizenship Policies: International, State, Migrant and Democratic Perspectives [English]. 2005
This paper builds on existing analyses on legal and political developments regarding citizenship policies and suggests principles for more consistent and inclusive citizenship policies that do not ignore state concerns about self-determination of their own nationals.
 
International - Combating Crime and Respecting Human Rights: An Illusive Balance or the Search for a Durable Solution [English]. 2002
This paper reviews the system of democratic governance that the South African government put into place in 1994 based on universal suffrage and underpinned by a Bill of Rights. It examines the laws and institutions that were in place, which were designed to the new legal and social order.
 
International - Combating Discrimination against Migrant and Minority Workers Programme [English].
The International Labor Organization (ILO) conducted this seven year research project, which culminated in a High Level Meeting on "Achieving Equality in Employment for Migrant Workers" in March 2000 in Geneva where the findings and implications of the ILO research were examined.
 
International - Combating Torture [English][Arabic][French]. 2003
The Fact Sheet #4 (Rev.1) - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
 
International - Combating Torture: A Manual for Action [English][French]. 2001
This manual brings together the standards and recommendations of the United Nations, the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and other sources from around the world, as well as Amnesty International’s recommendations, concerning the prevention of torture and ill-treatment. There are chapters on the prohibition of torture under international law, safeguards in custody, conditions of detention, torture in other settings, and overcoming impunity.
 
International - Concept of 'Effective Protection' in the Context of Irregular Secondary Movements and Protection in Regions of Origin [English]. 2005
This paper is focused on the legal content of the concept of 'effective protection', which should form the starting point of any serious discussion of the recent proposals on refugee protection.
 
International - Constraints on the Waging of War: An Introduction to International Humanitarian Law [English]. 2001
The present book aims to provide some basic information about the origin, character, content and current problems of the International Humanitarian law.
 
International - Convergence and Divergence in Migration Policy: The Role of Regional Consultative Processes [English]. 2005
This paper describes the evolution of inter-governmental co-operation in the field of migration, highlights some of the weaknesses in the modalities of inter-governmental co-operation and looks at some of the international initiatives that have emerged to develop cooperation between states on migration policy.
 
International - Costs of Human Smuggling and Trafficking [English]. 2005
This paper attempts to draw together some of this scattered information on human smuggling and trafficking. It is concerned specifically with the costs of human smuggling and trafficking, and adopts a longitudinal and global perspective asking how costs vary across the world, how they have changed over time and what factors other than origin and destination determine their level.
 
International - Crime and Immigration in Europe [French].
This report examines the phenomenon of immigration and associates it with a multitude of social problems, which form four axes: the socio-economic axis, the security axis, the identity axis, and the political axis.
 
International - Crime, Public Order and Human Rights [English]. 2003
This report examines the problems that surges in criminality pose for the provision of security and the safeguard of human rights. It aims to analyze the challenges that human rights groups must address in the context of rising crime.
 
International - Demographic Changes and the Consequences for Europe's Future - Is Immigration an Option? [English][French]. 2002
This paper argues that immigration should be considered as an option in the policy debates on strategic economic and social goals and fundamental values that underpin Europe's social market economy. It aims to make the case for including immigration in debates on Europe's social and economic goals and objectives.
 
International - Designing Viable and Ethical Labour Immigration Policies [English]. 2005
This paper categorizes the main consequences of international labour migration and identifies the most important potential trade-offs between them. It outlines some ethical issues to be addressed when evaluating these consequences and choosing policy objectives.
 
International - Development Gateway - Gender and Development Portal [English][French].
The gender page is envisioned as an Internet platform for gender and development-related resources, information, and dialogue. The objective is to enhance the effectiveness of development efforts worldwide through sharing knowledge of gender-sensitive analysis, actions and policies.
 
International - Development-Visa Scheme: A Proposal for a Market-Based Migration Control Policy [English]. 2005
This paper aims to suggest a novel approach to managing migration challenges. It proposes the introduction of the “Development-Visa (DV)” scheme and outlines a clear set of rules, procedures and sanctions necessary to make this new type of migration control instrument work.
 
International - Documenting Women’s Rights Violations By Non-State Actors [English]. 2006
This manual, provides tools to human rights activists and defenders who investigate violence perpetrated against women by non-state actors. Its goal is to offer guidance with regard to the legal definitions and human rights protection mechanisms that may help them compel States to fulfill their obligation to protect. It presents concrete examples of particular forms of violence committed against women by non-state actors and models of strategies that have been used effectively, particularly in Muslim communities.
 
International - Does Policy Matter? On Governments' Attempts to Control Unwanted Migration [English]. 2004
This paper overviews recent public policy responses, analyzes theoretical literature on migration, generates a number of hypotheses, and finally develops and explains the model which is subsequently used to test the hypotheses based on 20 countries over the period 1986-1999.
 
International - Domestic Slavery versus Workers Rights: Political Mobilizations of Migrant Domestic Workers in the European Union [English]. 2005
This paper identifies and analyzes different ways and sometimes contradicting strategies of how the European network of migrant domestic workers, RESPECT, and other state and non-state actors mobilize and advocate for female migrant workers rights on the European Union’s level.
 
International - Durban Review Conference [English][Arabic][French]. 2009
The Durban Review Conference took place between 20 and 24 April 2009 in Geneva, Switzerland. It evaluated progress towards the goals set by the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance in Durban, South Africa, in 2001.
 
International - Duties Sans Frontieres: Human Rights and Global Social Justice [English]. 2003
This publication suggests that human rights arguments can strengthen more familiar appeals to ethics and legitimate self-interest. It offers additional tools that citizens and officials can use to generate the dynamic and effective action that will be required to solve the numerous injustices and inequities that afflict the world’s societies, and pass on a more fitting world to future generations.
 
International - Easy Targets: Violence against Children Worldwide [English][Arabic]. 2001
This report is based on investigations conducted by Human Rights Watch (HRW) since 1996 on violence against children. It identifies violations arising through the failure of governments to take adequate steps to protect children from violence in the workplace, in the streets, and in situations of armed conflict.
 
International - Efficient Practices for the Selection of Economic Migrants [English]. 2004
This essay discusses various strategies that have been developed for recruiting, selecting, and admitting economically active immigrants, and examines the advantages, pitfalls, and potential of each.
 
International - Empty Promises: Diplomatic Assurances No Safeguard Against Torture [English]. 2004
This report analyzes the use of diplomatic assurances by governments and commentary on their use from the U.N. system, North America, and the Council of Europe region. It examines cases in which courts have ruled on the adequacy of such assurances, frequently finding that diplomatic assurances are not an effective safeguard against torture.
 
International - Ends and Means: Human Rights Approaches to Armed Groups [English]. 2000
This report aims to provide a framework that will be useful to those grappling with the problem of reducing or ending human rights abuses committed by armed groups. It sets out a list of actions that might be taken to influence the behavior of armed groups, and assesses their relative strengths and weaknesses.
 
International - Enhancing Access to Human Rights [English]. 2004
This report examines why so many people, sometimes including large groups, do not enjoy rights to which they are entitled, even when those rights are protected in law and when officials do not intentionally violate them.
 
International - Ensuring the Effective Participation of Victims Before the International Criminal Court [English]. 2005
This report aims to draw attention to the key challenges that the International Criminal Court faces in making operational an effective system for legal representation for victims and provides a number of comments and recommendations.
 
International - Entrenched Relations and the Permanence of Long-Term Refugee Camp Situations [English].
This paper reviews literature on protracted refugee situations and constructs a theoretical structure to explain the entrenched nature of refugee camps – a de facto fourth ‘durable solution.’
 
International - Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network - Annual Reports [English][Arabic][French].
The recommendations by the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN) to the European Commission, the European Parliament and the EU member states regarding the MEDA Democracy Programme.
 
International - European Neighborhood Policy: Human Rights in EU-Egypt Relations [English]. 2006
This document presents the recommendation of Egyptian Non-Governmental Organizations for the EU-Egypt Action Plan. It outlines action plans that cover a timeframe of 3 to 5 years and contains a set of priorities and actions in the field of democratization, rule of law and human rights.
 
International - Explaining Change in Established Migration Systems: The Movement of Algerians to France and the UK [English]. 2003
The thesis on which this paper is based sets out to explain this new geography of migration to Europe using the recent migration of Algerians to the United Kingdom as an example. This paper summarizes the main findings of the thesis.
 
International - Exploring the Asylum-Migration Nexus: A Case Study of Transit Migrants in Europe [English]. 2005
This paper aims to unravel the complexity of the relationship between irregular migration and asylum by approaching irregular, ‘transit’ and asylum migration as a continuum in the experience of forced migration.
 
International - Failing Our Children: Barriers to the Right to Education [English]. 2005
This report is based on more than thirty investigations conducted by Human Rights Watch (HRW) in over twenty countries since 1998. HRW found that migrant children, children from rural areas, ethnic or religious minorities, internally displaced and refugee children, indigenous children, and low-caste children were often denied equal access to education, or in some cases, access to any education at all.
 
International - Feminist Movements and Organizations Program [English][French].
Through the "Feminist Movements and Organizations" program, the Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) promotes reflection and action on ways to strengthen women's movements and organizations worldwide. The goal of this program is to assist them in their struggles and help them develop ways to work that support their values.
 
International - Fourth World Conference on Women (1995): Conference Report [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
Beijing, 4-15 September 1995.
 
International - Frequently Asked Questions on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights [English][Arabic][French]. 2008
The Fact Sheet #33 - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
 
International - Gender and Crime Prevention: Where are we Now? [English]. 2006
The paper discusses the parallel streams of work on violence against women and women’s safety which have emerged over the past twenty or more years, and the more recent, and often misunderstood, concept of gender. It argues that there is a need to integrate.
 
International - Gender and Media Handbook [English]. 2005
This manual contains critical background on the current challenges and opportunities around gender and media issues (representation, employment, ownership, and so on); contemporary activist and academic thinking on how gender issues are linked to questions around media power and social change; and advice on how to address gender issues in media institutions in order to transform organizational structures, policies and professional associations.
 
International - Gender and Migration [English]. 2005
This paper discusses the main issues that have been highlighted in the literature on gendered migration in the context of eight broad themes set out by the Global Commission on International Migration (GCIM): migrants in the global labour market; migration, development and poverty reduction; irregular migration, state security and human security; migration, development and poverty reduction; migrants in society; migration and human rights; migration and health; the legal and normative framework of international migration; and governance of migration.
 
International - Gender Dimensions of International Migration [English]. 2005
This paper discusses the different types of causal relationships between gender and migration and suggests a framework for analysis. It concentrates on international migration originating in developing countries.
 
International - Gender Equality and New Technologies Program [English][French].
The Association for Women's Rights in Development’s (AWID) Gender Equality and New Technologies program develops analyses, frameworks and arguments that ensure technological change supports, rather than threatens, the drive towards gender equality.
 
International - Gender Issues in the Challenge of Access to Human Rights [English]. 2003
This paper aims to provide an overview of the major gender-related issues that arise in problems of access to those human rights that are written in law and which are in theory protected by local, national and international institutions.
 
International - Gender, Age and Generations [English]. 2004
This state of the art report examines the time dimension of migration and integration, as well as several cross-cutting categorizations – gender, age, generations and changing family structures – which are, to a greater or lesser extent, time-dependent.
 
International - Geneva Humanitarian Forum [English].
The Geneva Humanitarian Forum portal distills information into an accessible and useful resource for humanitarian actors in Geneva and elsewhere. Users access a comprehensive range of data and analytic resources of relevance to the portal's key topics and enhance informed debate and policy making.
 
International - Getting at the Roots: Stopping Exploitation of Migrant Workers by Organized Crime [English]. 2003
This paper outlines labour migration demand and push factors, describes incentives for trafficking arising from absence of regular migration channels, offers specific examples of migrant abuse, and presents proposals for comprehensive migration measures to combat trafficking and reduce underlying pressures.
 
International - Getting Away with Torture? Command Responsibility for the U.S. Abuse of Detainees [English]. 2005
This report shows evidence that high-ranking U.S. civilian and military leaders — including Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, former CIA Director George Tenet, Lieutenant General Ricardo Sanchez, formerly the top U.S. commander in Iraq, and Major General Geoffrey Miller, the former commander of the prison camp at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba — made decisions and issued policies that facilitated serious and widespread violations of the law and abuse of detainees.
 
International - Global Corruption Report - Corruption in the water sector [English][Arabic]. 2008
Corruption in the water sector puts the lives and livelihoods of billions of people at risk. As the Global Corruption Report 2008 demonstrates, the onset of climate change and the increasing stress on water supply around the world make the fight against corruption in water more urgent than ever. Without increased advocacy to stop corruption in water, there will be high costs to economic and human development, the destruction of vital ecosystems, and the fueling of social tension or even conflict over this essential resource. This report clearly shows that the corruption challenge needs to be recognized in the many global policy initiatives for environmental sustainability, development and security that relate to water.
 
International - Global Governance for Migration and the Environment: What Can We Learn from Each Other? [English]. 2005
This paper aims to reflect on major governance-related developments in the fields of global environmental governance (GEG) and global migration governance (GMG) and to draw out what practitioners can learn from each other.
 
International - Global Migration Futures [English]. 2004
This is the report of the Global Commission for International Migration’s workshop titled “Global Migration Futures”, which was held in Oxford, United Kingdom on the 10th of December, 2004. The objective of this workshop was to consider the future of international migration, in terms of the facts, forces and variables that will affect immigration in the next fifty years.
 
International - Global Migration Trends and Asylum [English]. 2001
This paper assesses trends in global migration that have particular import for the asylum system. It reviews the scale of international migration today and discusses major trends and influences on migration patterns and the importance of these trends for asylum policies and practices.
 
International - Globalization, Labour and Migration: Protection is Paramount [English][French]. 2003
This paper argues that democratic governance depends on the rule of law; governance of migration and requisite regulation of the labour market are viable only to the extent they derive from a legislative foundation in turn based on sound international standards.
 
International - Globalization, Skilled Migration and Poverty Alleviation: Brain Drains in Context [English]. 2005
This paper reviews the data available for the analysis of skilled migration and identifies the main global trends. It examines the case for a two-tiered health training system, one for global markets and the other for local markets.
 
International - Governance of International Migration: Mechanisms, Processes and Institutions [English]. 2005
The paper discusses two contrasting concepts of international governance and how they apply to international migration. It also assesses some of the specific proposals for new institutional arrangements for governance of international migration.
 
International - Governing International Migration in the City of the South [English]. 2005
This paper discusses the complexity of international migration in a selected range of cities in developing countries, presenting the emerging issues it raises in different urban contexts, and exploring how the phenomenon is perceived and managed at the urban level.
 
International - Handbook for Applying the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement [English]. 1999
This handbook aims to draw international attention to the needs of internally displaced persons, enhance protection for them, measure conditions on the ground, train staff in working with the displaced and promote compliance by governments and non-state actors with the provisions of the Guiding Principles.
 
International - Handbook for Parliamentarians: Combating Child Trafficking [English][French]. 2005
Jointly produced by the IPU and UNICEF, this Handbook focuses on concrete measures that parliamentarians can take to combat child trafficking. The Handbook serves as a catalyst for action, providing concrete examples of ways and means of building a protective environment for children and parliamentarians' role in this regard.
 
International - Handbook for Working with Refugees Who May be Torture or War Trauma Survivors [English]. 2001
This handbook provides basic content in addressing the implications of torture and war trauma experiences for refugees who are clients or workers, as well as a “starter set” of Twin Cities/metropolitan agency referrals for traumatized refugees that agencies can use in order to supplement their work.
 
International - Handbook on Integration for Policy-makers and Practitioners [English]. 2004
This handbook depicts best practices and offers lessons drawn from practices in Member States of the European Union on two kinds of integration programmes, namely introduction courses for newly arrived immigrants and recognized refugees and civic participation.
 
International - Handbook: Child Protection [English][French]. 2004
Jointly produced by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and UNICEF, this Handbook covers a wide range of themes related to child protection, including trafficking of children, violence against children, female genital mutilation, the sexual exploitation of children, children and war, and juvenile justice. The Handbook serves as a catalyst for action, providing concrete examples of ways and means of building a protective environment for children.
 
International - Hard Cases: Bringing Human Rights Violators to Justice Abroad: A Guide to Universal Jurisdiction [English]. 2000
This publication aims to provide a straightforward explanation of the Universal Jurisdiction Rule, setting out the arguments that support its use and examining some of the ethical, practical, and legal problems that arise in trying to apply it.
 
International - Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children [English].
The Fact Sheet #23 - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
 
International - Healing the Hurt: A Guide for Developing Services for Torture Survivors [English]. 2005
This publication is a multidisciplinary guide that addresses some basic considerations when working with torture survivors. It presents options for providers along a continuum of services, from implementing a helpful service component to developing a full-service torture rehabilitation program.
 
International - Helping Refugee Trauma Survivors in the Primary Care Setting [English]. 2005
This is a clinical resource that is meant for primary health care providers working with refugees or other survivors of war trauma and torture to help them ease refugees’ suffering and help them to begin the process of healing.
 
International - How Does Poverty Affect Migration Choice? A Review of Literature [English]. 2003
The literature review aims to examine the links between poverty and migration. It investigates poverty and vulnerability as determinants of migration.
 
International - Human Rights - Handbook for Parliamentarians [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
This handbook provides an overview of the general principles governing human rights law and the obligations States have entered into under international this law. It discusses parliamentary action for the promotion and protection of human rights by giving examples of what parliaments and their members can do in this area.
 
International - Human Rights after September 11 [English]. 2002
This report is based on an international seminar which the International Council on Human Rights Policy organized in January 2002 to discuss the longer-term implications, for those who work on human rights, of the suicide attacks against targets in the United States on September 11, 2001. It focuses on important general trends that preoccupied the participants, coming as they did from different regions of the world; and on practical implications for human rights work.
 
International - Human Rights and Refugees [English].
The Fact Sheet #20 - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
 
International - Human Rights Clause in the Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreement between the EU and Arab States [English].
 
International - Human Rights Crises: Non-Governmental Organization Responses to Military Interventions [English]. 2002
This report draws on discussions that took place at a meeting hosted by the International Council on Human Rights Policy on 31 March and 1 April 2001 in Geneva. It aims to describe and analyze the debate within and among Non-Governmental Organizations on the use of force.
 
International - Human Rights Defenders on the Front Line: Annual report 2004 [English][French]. 2004
This 2004 Annual Report discusses the challenges that Human Rights Defenders have been forced to deal with in the past couple of years in the face of the “war against terrorism”. Their task has increased in importance with the rise of social inequalities and violations concomitant with the "security first" principle; yet the values they defend are undergoing constant erosion and their freedom of expression is considerably curtailed.
 
International - Human Rights Defenders: Protecting the Right to Defend Human Rights [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
The Fact Sheet # 29 - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
 
International - Human Rights in Foreign Policy: Current Dilemmas [English]. 2002
This paper discusses the implications of governments’ political activities, relations and tensions on the countries’ capacities to realize and practice human rights. It argues that globalization of the economy and affects human rights directly and indirectly, as does the US political dominance unilaterally and within multilateral institutions.
 
International - Human Rights Watch - World Report 1997 [English]. 1997
This report is Human Rights Watch's (HRW) seventh World Report on global human rights practices. The countries and issues treated reflect the main focus of HRW's work in 1996, which in turn was determined by the severity of abuses, the organization’s access to information about them, its ability to influence abusive practices, and its desire to balance its work across various political and regional divides and to address certain key concerns, such as women's rights, children's rights, and arms transfers to abusive governments.
 
International - Human Rights Watch - World Report 1999 [Arabic]. 1999
This report is Human Rights Watch's thirteenth annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It addresses developments in fifty-eight countries, covering the period from December 1997 through November 1998. Most chapters examine significant human rights developments in a particular country, the response of global actors, and the freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work.
 
International - Human Rights Watch - World Report 2000 [English][Arabic]. 2000
This report is Human Rights Watch's thirteenth annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It addresses developments in fifty-eight countries, covering the period from November 1998 through October 1999. Most chapters examine significant human rights developments in a particular country, the response of global actors, and the freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work.
 
International - Human Rights Watch - World Report 2001 [English][Arabic]. 2001
This report is Human Rights Watch's thirteenth annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It addresses developments in fifty-eight countries, covering the period from November 1999 through October 2000. Most chapters examine significant human rights developments in a particular country, the response of global actors, and the freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work.
 
International - Human Rights Watch - World Report 2002 [English][Arabic][French]. 2002
This report is Human Rights Watch's thirteenth annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It addresses developments in fifty-eight countries, covering the period from November 2000 through November 2001. Most chapters examine significant human rights developments in a particular country, the response of global actors, and the freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work.
 
International - Human Rights Watch - World Report 2003 [English][Arabic][French]. 2003
This report is Human Rights Watch's thirteenth annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It addresses developments in fifty-eight countries, covering the period from November 2001 through November 2002. Most chapters examine significant human rights developments in a particular country, the response of global actors, and the freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work.
 
International - Human Rights Watch - World Report 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
This 2004 report, the year that marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of Human Rights Watch, focuses on a single chosen theme—human rights and armed conflict—and contains a series of more analytical, reflective essays. Each essay takes stock of developments in a specific area and offers suggestions on the way forward.
 
International - Human Rights Watch - World Report 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report is Human Rights Watch’s fifteenth annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It summarizes key human rights issues in sixty-four countries, drawing on events through November 2004.
 
International - Human Rights: Handbook for Parliamentarians [English][French]. 2005
Published jointly by the IPU and Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the handbook is intended for parliamentarians who want to familiarize themselves with the framework that has been set up since 1945 by the United Nations and regional organizations to protect and promote human rights. It presents the notion of human rights and the core contents of the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It specifies the obligations of states to protect and promote human rights, and contains suggestions as to action that parliaments and their members may take to contribute to their implementation.
 
International - Human Rights: Questions and Answers [English][Arabic][French]. 2009
 
International - Humanitarian Law and Policy Forum [English].
 
International - 'I Went As Far As My Money Would Take Me': Conflict, Forced Migration and Class [English]. 2004
This paper seeks to reinstate consideration of class into analysis of forced migration, a consideration somewhat obscured by the current preoccupation in refugee studies with questions of identity, space and place.
 
International - Immigrants and Politics [English]. 2004
This essay reviews political science explanations for unmet demands for immigration control, and for variations in immigration policy more generally. It argues that even though states’ ability to control inflows is imperfect, migration policy affects both the nature of migration and the distribution of its costs and benefits.
 
International - Immigration and Asylum or Foreign Policy: The European Union's Approach to Migrants and their Countries of Origin [English]. 2002
This paper seeks to respond to the question of whether a comprehensive approach to asylum and immigration policy is evolving into a transformed foreign policy approach.
 
International - Immigration and Human Rights Program [English].
This Center for Multicultural Human Rights Services’ Immigration and Human Rights Program seeks to provide services traditionally associated with low-cost legal providers, including assisting recent immigrants with asylum applications and family based immigration petitions.
 
International - Immigration Policy: Methods of Economic Assessment [English]. 2004
This paper aims to search for some general economic principles to assess a country’s immigration policy from three viewpoints: the immigrant-receiving country, the immigrant’s and the sending region.
 
International - Informal Obstacles to Accessing Human Rights [English]. 2003
This paper focuses only on the informal obstacles to accessing human rights. “Informal Obstacles” here refers to any factors other than substantive or procedural legal barriers preventing the free and full exercise of one’s human rights.
 
International - Informal Responses to Access to Human Rights [English]. 2003
This paper seeks to provide a method for approaching the problems of human rights in non-formal settlements.
 
International - Integration of Immigrants: Discourse and Method [French]. 2005
This paper examines the migration question, which is no longer confined to the economic aspect; it involves the cultural aspect as well as the religious. It argues that migration is bound to increase in parallel to the ongoing globalization.
 
International - Integration of Migrant Workers in the Labour Market: Policies and Their Impact [English]. 1995
This study contains 3 papers with the underlying theme of the integration of migrant workers into the society of the country in which they have settled. They focus on integration in the labour market, which is at the core of the International Labour Organization's concern with integration questions.
 
International - International Agenda for Migration Management: Common Understandings and Effective Practices for a Planned, Balanced, and Comprehensive Approach to the Management of Migration [English]. 2004
The International Agenda for Migration Management offers a comprehensive overview of migration issues that need to be considered when developing a migration policy.
 
International - International Center for Transitional Justice - Annual Report 2003-2004 [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
The report provides a quick glance at transitional justice developments in the countries in which ICTJ works such as Algeria, Morocco and Iraq.
 
International - International Committee of the Red Cross - Annual Report 2004 [English]. 2004
This report is primarily an account of the International Committee of the Red Cross’ (ICRC) work in the field and its activities to promote international humanitarian law.
 
International - International Criminal Court's Trust Fund for Victims [English]. 2003
This report summarizes existing expertise and experience in primarily collective, financial reparation processes, and begins to provide concrete suggestions to the International Criminal Court’s Board of Directors in their task of developing the criteria for some of the Trust Fund for Victims’ operations.
 
International - International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) - Annual Report [English][French]. 2002
From Italy to Azerbaijan, via Algeria and Argentina, movements of social protest are put down with excessive force. Some governments refuse to acknowledge the social and economic motivation of these movements or to recognize their legitimacy. Organizers of demonstrations, associations that complain to the authorities about excessive use of force or inquire about the welfare of detainees, and people who document these events (journalists and photographers) are particularly vulnerable to reprisals from those responsible for abuses.
 
International - International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) - Annual Report 1999 [English][French]. 1999
This report demonstrates the concerns and particularities of repression aimed at human rights defenders on each continent. It also looks at the work on the international and regional scene toward establishing effective efficient mechanisms to protect human rights defenders.
 
International - International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) - Annual Report 2000 [English][French]. 2000
The facts documented in this report of more than 350 human rights defenders repressed in 52 countries prove that the adoption of texts does not stop the violation of the rights they are designed to protect. For the effective protection of defenders, mobilization is essential at both the universal and regional levels in particular by the States that have primary responsibility when it comes to guaranteeing the right to defend fundamental rights and freedoms.
 
International - International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) - Annual Report 2003 [English][French]. 2003
Human rights defenders who extol the universality of human rights, who combat the death penalty or who denounce liberticidal legislation enacted by their States, find it increasingly difficult to make their message heard. This year’s report is titled: Human Rights Defenders in a “Security First” Environment.
 
International - International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) - Annual Report 2004 [En