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Financial Transparency: All Countries (Type: Studies, Reports, Books and Programmes, Provider: All)

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Algeria - Constructing together a system of "political globalization" [English]. 2002
By H,E. Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, in Finance for Development: An OPEC Presence, 2002.
 
Algeria - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Algeria [English][Arabic][French].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Bahrain - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Bahrain [English].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Djibouti - International Monetary Fund - Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper [English]. 2004
The paper is structured around a long-term vision that builds on the country’s strategic strengths, its geographic location and its port. The paper seeks to develop human resources and to ensure that competitiveness is radically improved to enable the country to be integrated into the world economy.
 
Djibouti - Social Development and Public Works Project Vol.1 [English]. 2003
This report, based on the findings of the supervision activities of the World Bank's operation in Djibouti, proposes credit to the Republic of Djibouti for a supplemental financing to the Social Development and Public Works Project.
 
Djibouti - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Djibouti [English][French].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Egypt - Economic Developments: Impacts of International and Domestic Crises on Egypt Tourism [English]. 2002
By the National Bank of Egypt in Economic Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2002.
 
Egypt - Egypt - Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) for Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Fiscal Transparency, and Banking Supervision Country Membership [English]. 2005
This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes on Data Module for the Arab Republic of Egypt was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information available at the time it was completed on July 11, 2005.
 
Egypt - Legal Review: Licensing, Regulations and Central Bank of Egypt - Oversight of Credit Bureau Operations [English]. 2005
The main issues of this study are privacy considerations and laws pertaining to exchange of information which can impact on the work of credit bureaus with special attention given to the banking law and the recent amendments approved by the Egyptian Parliament.
 
Egypt - Poverty and Economic Growth, 1995-2000 [English]. 2003
This paper offers the first analysis of the evolution of poverty in Egypt in late 1990s, and addresses the methodological problems in relation to economies of scale and regional differences and provides an example of a methodology that can be useful for similar work in other countries.
 
Egypt - Public Finance in Egypt: It’s Structure and Trends [English]. 1984
The paper focuses on a number of key issues pertaining to Egypt's public finances. Key among them are: recent budgetary trends, the structure of taxes, composition and trend of public expenditure, the implications of the government budget for income distribution and resource allocation, and the financing of the budget deficit. The paper makes specific recommendations relating to each key aspect discussed.
 
Egypt - Rules, Regulations and Licensing for Egyptian Credit Bureaus: Final Report [English]. 2006
This report contains the rules organizing the operations of credit bureaus, the rules organizing data exchange the Central Bank of Egypt, banks, mortgage finance companies, financial leasing companies and credit bureaus.
 
Egypt - Transparency, Accountability & Strengthening Anti-Corruption Mechanisms in Egypt [English][Arabic].
This research project aims to produce a deeper understanding of the scope and dynamics of transparency in Egypt, and of the shortcomings and weaknesses of existing anti-corruption mechanisms. This project also aims to acquaint Egyptian auditing agencies with measures adopted by other countries to curb corruption and to propose policy recommendations aimed at strengthening the role of Egyptian institutions in fighting corruption and enhancing transparency.
 
Egypt - World Bank Country Assistance Strategy Vol.1 (2001) [English]. 2001
This Assistance Strategy focuses on a number of concerns that have emerged as to the sustainability of the economic performance in Egypt. Major among these concerns are: the short-term concern regarding the macroeconomic framework, the fact that the fastest growing sectors have been generally non-tradable, and the stagnation of export merchandise during the 1990s.
 
Egypt - World Bank Country Assistance Strategy Vol.1 (2005) [English]. 2005
This is the report of the country assistance strategy for the Republic of Egypt for the fiscal years 2006-2009 that is prepared by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Finance Corporation. The report states that the growth-enhancing potential of Egypt's private sector is to be harnessed through improving the business climate across a broad range of policies (covering trade, finance, and taxation, among others) while the complementary role of the public sector is to be strengthened through enhancing the provision of public services such as infrastructure, education, and macroeconomic stability, among others.
 
Iraq - Issues of Economic Reconstruction in Iraq: the Larger View [English]. 2003
By Abdel Fadil. The author discusses the key issues regarding the economic reconstruction of Iraq and focuses on the recovery and rehabilitation activities, the challenges of reconstruction, Iraq's foreign debt problems and future prospects, the future of the oil sector, sectoral priorities. The paper explores the future economic policies and maps out the role of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) in the post-war era.
 
Iraq - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Iraq [English][Arabic].
 
Jordan - Development Alternatives, Inc. - Financial Accounting System [English].
Jordan Financial Accounting System (2002-2005) project plan to implement a financial accounting system, and provide equipment and training for the Water Authority and the Ministry of Water and Irrigation to achieve the highest possible efficiency in the conveyance, distribution, application, and use of the Kingdom's domestic water supplies.
 
Jordan - Jordan - Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) for Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Fiscal Transparency, and Banking Supervision Country Membership [English]. 2002
This Report on the Observance of standards and Codes on Data Module for Jordan was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information available at the time it was completed on October 7, 2002.
 
Jordan - Organization's Social Responsibilities and the Transparency of the Information System [Arabic]. 2001
A study by Dr. Taher Al-Ghalibi and Dr. Saleh Al-Ameri on a sample of Jordanian commercial banks.
 
Jordan - Public Policy Advocacy for Jordanian Business Associations: Final Report [English]. 2005
Jordanian associations are employing a wide variety of advocacy methods and tactics. However, most efforts are ad hoc, reactive, lacking in a long-term strategy, and disconnected from any systematic assessment of associations’ member needs.
 
Jordan - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Jordan [English][Arabic].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Kuwait - Labor and Human Capital Policies in Arab Countries: Analysis of the Kuwaiti Experience [Arabic]. 2002
This paper reviews major developments Kuwaiti economy has passed through. The review is meant to identify that economy's deficiencies, especially the imbalance in population composition and in the structure of labor force. These deficiencies, threaten Kuwait's development efforts, especially in the area of human development. The paper also aims at identifying the causes that led to these deficiencies and at proposing proper remedies.
 
Lebanon - Corporate Governance and Business Ethics in Lebanon [English]. 2004
A speech delivered by Dr. Saidi, the Chair of Lebanon's Corporate Governance Task Force, at the meeting of the Lebanese Managers and Business Leaders Gathering to launch their "Code of Business Ethics" initiative. The initiative is meant to be a voluntary instrument and tool to promote business ethics, professional integrity, transparency in conduct and transactions, and the respect of contracts and commitments."
 
Lebanon - The Public's Right to Knowledge: Access to Official Information and Documents [Arabic]. 2002
This booklet discusses a number of legal, constitutional and political aspects pertaining to freedom of information and the right to be informed. It also discusses some sectors that directly benefit from passing such a law, for example the environmental and media sectors.
 
Lebanon - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Lebanon [English][Arabic][French].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Lebanon - World Bank Urges Lebanon to Reduce Size of Public Sector [English]. 2005
The Daily Star coverage of the World Bank call for Lebanon's to reduce the size of its public sector by offering some of the staff early retirement.
 
Libya - IMF Executive Board Concludes Article IV Consultation with the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya [English]. 2005
The pace of economic and structural reforms in Libya picked up with the implementation of measures aimed at enhancing the role of the private sector in the economy. However, these reforms continue to be implemented in an ad hoc and non-transparent manner. This International Monetary Fund (IMF) assessment stressed that proper planning, coordination, and sequencing of policies in the context of a comprehensive reform program will be essential for the success of the reform efforts.
 
Libya - The Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Peace Security and Stability [English]. 2002
By H,E. Mr. Badurrahman M. Shalghem, the Secretary of the General People's Committee for Foreign Liaison and International Cooperation in Finance for Development, An OPEC Presence, 2002.
 
Libya - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa -Libya [English].
 
Mauritania - An Investment Guide to Mauritania [English]. 2004
This document is published as part of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) – International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) series of investment guides. It offers overviews of potential locations for investment, as well as pointers to sources of further information in the private as well as the public sector.
 
Mauritania - Enhanced International Assistance Would Help Mauritania Reap More Benefits from its Trade Liberalization Efforts [English]. 2002
This World Trade Organization (WTO) press release suggests that Mauritania needs international support and a coherent programme of integrated technical assistance for a more effective participation in the multilateral trading system and to reap the benefits of the liberalization efforts undertaken so far, according to a WTO Secretariat Report on the trade policies and practices of Mauritania.
 
Mauritania - IMF Executive Board Concludes 2005 Article IV Consultation with the Islamic Republic of Mauritania and Reviews Non-complying Disbursement [English]. 2005
This notice states that the initial disbursement that arose in the context of Mauritania's 2003 Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) arrangement, which the authorities voluntarily repaid on November 4, 2004, was found to be non-complying as a result of inaccurate information provided to the Executive Board on the implementation of one of the prior actions required for the approval of the arrangement.
 
Mauritania - Integrated Framework Diagnostic Trade Integration Study [English]. 2001
This report follows from the initiative taken several years ago by six UN Agencies to assist Least Developed Countries (LDC) in defining their technical assistance needs for trade development. It reflects the findings of a team of international and local consultants that visited Nouakchott in June 2001.
 
Mauritania - International Monetary Fund Completes in Principle Mauritania Review [English]. 2001
On the 26th of January, 2001, the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) completed in principle the second review of Mauritania's economic performance under the three-year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) arrangement and approved in principle the disbursement of an amount equivalent to SDR 6.1 million (about US$8 million).
 
Mauritania - The Islamic Republic of Mauritania Country Assistance Evaluation [English]. 2005
This country assistance evaluation (CAE) provides an independent assessment of World Bank1 assistance to Mauritania during the period 1992–2003. It examines if the objectives of Bank assistance were relevant, if its assistance program was effectively designed and consistent with its objectives and if its program achieved its objectives.
 
Mauritania - Trade Policy Review Body (TPRB): Review of Mauritania TPRB's Evaluation [English].
This review covers all aspects of the country’s trade policies, including its domestic laws and regulations, the institutional framework, bilateral, regional and other preferential agreements, the wider economic needs and the external environment.
 
Morocco - Enhancing Integrity in Public Procurement OECD Joint Learning Study on Morocco [English][French]. 2009
The aim of this Initiative is to modernize public governance in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) through a programme divided into seven key areas: integrity and prevention of corruption in the public sector; human resource management; e-government and administrative simplification; regulatory quality; relations between national, regional and local authorities; management of public finance; public service delivery and public private partnerships.
 
Morocco - Institutional Reform and Efficiency of the Budget Process: A Case Study of Morocco [English]. 2001
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate Morocco's ability to maintain its control of the budget deficits. The author discusses how the budget is designed and applied using a new institutional economics approach. The objective is to estimate the aggregate fiscal discipline and the allocation and technical efficiency of the budget in Morocco.
 
Morocco - Morocco - Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) for Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Fiscal Transparency, and Banking Supervision Country Membership [English]. 2003
This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes on Data Module for Morocco was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information available at the time it was completed on March 26, 2003.
 
Morocco - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Morocco [English][Arabic][French].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Oman - Corporate Governance and Accounting Standards in Oman: an Empirical Study on Practices [English]. 2004
The paper discusses the practice of accounting standards as one of the important elements of good corporate governance, with an objective to make accounting standards useful to ensure better disclosure for good corporate governance.
 
Oman - Oman - Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) for Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Fiscal Transparency, and Banking Supervision Country Membership [English]. 2005
This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes on Data Module for Oman was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information available at the time it was completed on December 1, 2005.
 
Oman - Oman: Sustainable Growth and Economic Diversification [English]. 1994
This is a report prepared by the World Bank at the request of the Government of Oman to examine Oman's longer-term economic prospects, provide an assessment of its economic policies, and suggest needed changes.
 
Oman - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Oman [English].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - West Bank and Gaza [English][Arabic].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Qatar - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Qatar [English].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Saudi Arabia - Budget '06: Oil Revenues Flow into Social Infrastructure [English]. 2006
This is an assessment of the economic performance of the Saudi Arabia Kingdom during the year 2005 and forecasts based on the government's budget 2006.
 
Sudan - The Impact of the Public Enterprise Reforms on the State Budget in Sudan, 2002 [English]. 2002
By El Khider Ali Musa, The African Training and Research Centre in Administration for Development (CAFRAD) - Tangier, Morocco, 2002.
 
Syria - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Syria [English].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Tunisia - The Political Economy of Development Policy in Tunisia [English]. 2003
This economic policy analysis focuses on foreign trade, credit and foreign exchange regimes as well as on gender issues and population control that played a crucial role in the improvements of per capita income in Tunisia.
 
Tunisia - Tunisia - Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) for Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Fiscal Transparency, and Banking Supervision Country Membership [English]. 2006
This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes on Data Module for Tunisia was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information available at the time it was completed on July 27, 2006.
 
Tunisia - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Tunisia [English][Arabic][French].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
United Arab Emirates - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - United Arab Emirates [English].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Yemen - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa - Yemen [English][Arabic].
The web site provides access to selected reports, country and projects overviews, data, news and events and the World Bank's related publications and country reports.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Monetary Fund: Annual Report [English][Arabic].
The Report assists member countries in their endeavors to achieve sustainable growth rates and promote economic and monetary integration.
 
Arab Countries - Articles by Georges Corm [English][Arabic][French].
Former Finance Minister of Lebanon (1998-2000). Studies and articles devoted to development problems, in particular to the issues of foreign indebtedness, lack of efficient technology transfer and misuse of human resources. Most of the studies focus on the Arab and Mediterranean world and their relation with industrialized countries.
 
Arab Countries - Changing financial Structures in the Arab World: Some Implications for Oil and Gas [English]. 2005
The paper relates changes in Arab financial structures to financing patterns in oil and gas. It examines the interactions between recent changes in domestic and external finance in Arab countries and developments in their hydrocarbon (oil and gas) sectors.
 
Arab Countries - Corporate Governance in MENA Countries: Improving Transparency and Disclosure [English]. 2004
This publication is a summary of the proceedings, presentations and discussions made at the second MENA Regional Corporate Governance Forum held in June 2004 in Beirut, Lebanon. The purpose of the regional Forum is to bring together practitioners and explore practical ways to implement corporate governance reform in the Arab World.
 
Arab Countries - Corporate Governance in the Arab Countries: Role of the Banking Systems in Ensuring Transparency and Disclosure [English]. 2005
Dr. Saidi stressed three issues in his speech: the importance of corporate governance principles, the special governance problems of the banking and financial sector, and an action plan for promoting Corporate Governance in the MENA countries. The speech was delivered at the Forum on Corporate Governance in Banks and Financial Institutions in Line with International Standards and Practices held in Muscat, Oman in January 2005.
 
Arab Countries - Growth, Governance and Poverty: A Cross-Country Analysis [English]. 2001
The study focuses on the interface between economic growth and the institutions of governance related to poverty alleviation. The study was presented at Conference on Growth and Poverty held in May 2001, sponsored by the United Nations University and the World Institute for Development Economics Research Development.
 
Arab Countries - MENA-OECD Initiative on Governance and Investment for Development [English].
The MENA (Middle East and North Africa) and OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) initiative is aimed at improving the public governance and increasing investment opportunities of the MENA countries.
 
Arab Countries - Money Laundering: Its Impact and Combat Controls [Arabic]. 2000
This abstract considers the problem of money laundering world wide, its economic impact, and means of combating it in some Arab and foreign countries and by international organizations.
 
Arab Countries - Privatization and GATS: A Threat to Development? A Focused Dialogue [English]. 2003
The report represents the debate about the costs, benefits, and trade-offs of privatization. It examines important political and institutional questions surrounding the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)—the WTO agreement that liberalizes foreign participation and investment in a wide range of services.
 
Arab Countries - Trade, Investment, and Development in the Middle East and North Africa [English]. 2003
Engaging with the World. This is one of four reports produced by the Middle East and North Africa Region of the World Bank on the occasion of the World Bank-International Monetary Fund annual meetings in Dubai in September 2003.
 
Arab Countries - World Bank Group - Middle East and North Africa [English][Arabic][French].
The mission of the MENA is to help the governments and peoples of the Middle East and North Africa to achieve a rapid, equitable and sustainable economic growth. The Bank's development initiatives include maintaining the macroeconomic stability; building the human capital and labor force competitiveness; promoting social cohesion; upgrading the physical infrastructure on which efficient private sector development depends; fostering the wise use of natural resources, combating environmental degradation and helping preserve the Region’s cultural heritage.
 
International - A Contemporary Approach to Public Expenditure Management (1998) [English]. 1998
The paper studies Public expenditure Management (PEM) as a new approach to the old problem of allocation of public money through collective choice.
 
International - An Anticorruption Reader: Supplemental Sources on Transparency, Accountability, Prevention, Enforcement and Education [English]. 2005
Designed as a quick reference source, the Reader collects and summarizes key books and articles on corruption and anticorruption programs. It provides background analysis and information to deepen the understanding of the symptoms, causes, and effects of corruption, as well as successful strategies for attacking it.
 
International - Battling International Bribery 2003 [English]. 2003
The US Department of State's reports to the Congress reviewing implementation and enforcement of the OECD's Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.
 
International - Corporate Governance and Transparency, Role of Disclosure: How to Prevent New Financial Scandals and Crimes? [English]. 2005
The author argues that transparency is a necessity for all economic communities and that only with transparency will it be possible to deter frauds, embezzlement and financial scandals, and foster efficiency in the allocation of investments across corporations and countries.
 
International - Developing a Framework: Concept and Research Priorities for Partnership Accountability [English]. 2005
The paper argues that accountability mechanisms have important drawbacks for partnerships and that accountability requirements differ depending on the political function of a partnership. It concludes that the challenge is not simply to make partnerships more accountable, but to find the right level of accountability.
 
International - Effect of Government Funding on Nonprofit Administrative Efficiency: An Empirical Test [English]. 2002
This article draws on a large longitudinal dataset of nonprofit organizations in order to shed light on the consequences of government funding on nonprofit administrative efficiency. The article proceeds in three steps: 1) it surveys the literature on the nature of public funding and its impact on the administrative efficiency of nonprofits, 2) it presents the data and analyzes the impact of public funding on a group of nonprofit organizations over an 11-year period, and 3) it interprets the results and explores the implications of the findings for future research on public-nonprofit relations.
 
International - Feasibility Assessment [English]. 2005
Presented by Francois Lacasse, Consultant at the Budgeting Division of the Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate
 
International - Fighting Corruption in Developing Countries and Emerging Economies [English]. 1999
This is the final report of the 1999 conference, a joint project of the OECD's Development Center and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The conference addressed the role of the private sector in the fight against corruption in developing countries and emerging economies.
 
International - Finance and Competitiveness in Developing Countries [English]. 2002
This book examines the link between finance and competitiveness at the macro and sectoral levels in seven different countries: Argentina, Brazil, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, South Africa, and Tunisia, and investigates key international issues, such as the evidence of the impact of exchange rate variability on trade, patterns in bank lending, and trade openness and development.
 
International - Financial System Soundness - Fact-sheet [English].
IMF fact-sheet stressing the importance of sound banking practices.
 
International - Global Competitiveness Report 2004-2005 [English]. 2004
The Global Competitiveness Report contributes to enhancing the world’s understanding of the key ingredients of economic growth and prosperity. By highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of an economy, policymakers and business leaders are offered an important tool to assist them in the formulation of improved economic policies and institutional reforms.
 
International - Global Competitiveness Report 2005-2006 [English]. 2005
The Global Competitiveness Report contributes to enhancing the world’s understanding of the key ingredients of economic growth and prosperity. By highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of an economy, policymakers and business leaders are offered an important tool to assist them in the formulation of improved economic policies and institutional reforms.
 
International - Global Corruption Report - Corruption and the Private Sector [English]. 2009
The private sector plays a pivotal role in fighting corruption worldwide. Transparency International’s Global Corruption Report 2009 documents in unique detail the many corruption risks for businesses, ranging from small entrepreneurs in Sub-Saharan Africa to multinationals from Europe and North America.
 
International - Global Corruption Report 2007 [English]. 2007
Corruption is undermining justice in many parts of the world, denying victims and the accused the basic human right to a fair and impartial trial. This is the critical conclusion of TI’s Global Corruption Report 2007.
 
International - Good Enough Governance: Poverty Reduction and Reform in Developing Countries [English]. 2005
A discussion of the governance imperative or “good enough governance,” of minimally acceptable government performance and civil society engagement that does not hinder economic and political development and permits poverty reduction initiatives to go forward.
 
International - Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 [English][Arabic][French]. 2001
The Manual is intended to be a reference volume describing the IMF-Government Financial Statistics system. The Manual covers concepts, definitions, classifications, and accounting rules. It provides a comprehensive analytic framework within which the statistics can be summarized and presented in a form appropriate for analysis, planning, and policy determination. The concepts and principles set out in the Manual are harmonized with those of the System of National Accounts 1993.
 
International - Handbook on Instituting Corporate Governance in Developing, Emerging and Transitional Economies [English]. 2002
This handbook provides readers with a variety of useful tools to develop and implement effective corporate governance systems tailored to their local realities.
 
International - Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least-Developed Countries [English][French].
The Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to least-developed countries (IF) is a multi-agency, multi-donor program that assists the least developed countries to expand their participation in the global economy in order to enhance their economic growth and their poverty reduction strategies. 
 
International - International Budget Project [English].
The project was formed within the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities in 1997 to nurture the growth of civil society capacity to analyze and influence government budget processes, institutions and outcomes.
 
International - International Monetary Fund - Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes [English].
The Reports summarize the extent to which countries observe certain internationally recognized standards. The Reports summarize countries' observance of these standards, which include, data dissemination, monetary and financial policy transparency; fiscal transparency; banking supervision; securities; insurance; payments systems; corporate governance; accounting; auditing; and insolvency and creditor rights.
 
International - International Monetary Fund and Good Governance [English]. 2001
The author provides a critical analysis of the operations of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and calls for broader transparency and accountability throughout the Fund. Foreign Policy - In Focus, Vol 5, No. 13, September 2001.
 
International - International Monetary Fund: Manual on Fiscal Transparency [English][Arabic][French]. 2001
The International Monetary Funds Manual assists policy-makers responsible for the design and implementation of fiscal policies be more accountable and establish credible fiscal policies capable of attracting the support of a well-informed public, and leading to a more favorable access to domestic and international capital markets.The Manual on Fiscal Transparency provides systematic means for country authorities to review the transparency of their country’s fiscal management system in relation to the Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency. 
 
International - Islamic Law and Finance [English].
Introduction: Islamic Law And Financial Transactions In Contemporary Perspective by William Ballantyne.
 
International - Linking Corporate Social Responsibility, Good Governance and Corporate Accountability Through Dialogue [English]. 2008
This paper is intended to generate discussion on the potential for creating an international multi stakeholder process to address some of the key gaps in the contemporary agenda on ‘corporate responsibility’ or ‘corporate social responsibility’. It argues the issue that there is still no comprehensive institutional setting or process within which to build understanding on the relationship between good governance, market-based corporate social responsibility, and corporate accountability.
 
International - Monetary and Financial Statistics - Manual 2000 [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
This is a redraft of the Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual. It provides a set of tools for identifying, classifying, and recording stocks and flows of financial assets and liabilities and describes standard, analytically oriented frameworks in which the statistics may be presented and identifies a set of analytically useful aggregates within those frameworks.
 
International - Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development - Fiscal Decentralization Initiative [English][French].
The main objectives of the OECD's Fiscal Decentralization Initiative (FDI) are: to encourage local democracies to improve the capacity of local governments to plan and administer expenditures and raise revenues; and to support local governments in their efforts to become more responsive and accountable to their constituencies.
 
International - Political Economy of Transparency: What Makes Disclosure Policies Sustainable? [English]. 2002
This paper explores the dynamics of transparency. It asks why some government-created systems improve over time while others stagnate or degenerate into costly paperwork exercises. As products of the political process, transparency policies inevitably begin as unlikely compromises. Transparency's particular applications frequently conflict with other societal values or powerful political interests. At the same time, the benefits of disclosure are often diffuse.
 
International - Program on Political Finance and Public Ethics [English].
IFES’ Program on Political Finance and Public Ethics encourages accountability of elected officials, candidates, and political parties and organizations through legal and procedural reform, information technology, training, and public information.
 
International - Public Expenditure Management Handbook (1998) [English]. 1998
This handbook provides a framework for thinking about how governments can attain sound budget performance and gives guidance on the key elements of a well-performing Public Expenditure Management (PEM) system.
 
International - Public Sector Transparency: What Works? [English].
The Development Gateway Foundation Special Report on public sector transparency. The special report explores the practical issues of ensuring openness in government, how transparency is being promoted and monitored around the world and illustrates the current international trends in advancing transparency through civil society, government and the media.
 
International - Structural Adjustment Participatory Review Initiative [English].
SAPRI II is a participatory review involving civil society, the World Bank, and select governments in a consultative process as well as in research to review structural adjustment policies. The review intended to facilitate the full participation of those that have traditionally been excluded from decision-making in the assessment, deliberations, and research on structural adjustment programs in the participating countries.
 
International - The Paradox of Governance: Objective or Condition of Multilateral Development Finance? [English]. 2003
This essay examines the international financial institutions’ efforts at promoting governance reform in developing countries. It argues that a fundamental paradox plagues the International Financial Institutions’ approach to governance reform, as the strengthening of governance institutions is conceived both as a condition and an objective of development finance.
 
International - What's Behind the Budget? Politics, Rights and Accountability in the Budget Process [English]. 2002
The purpose of the paper is to contribute to the evolving understanding of public expenditure management as a political, rather than a purely technical, process. The paper identifies issues, partners, tool and methods that may help development actors to support citizen accountability and a pro-poor, gender-equitable, focus in public expenditure management.
 
UN Agencies - Dimensions of Transparency in Governance [English]. 2005
The more informed citizens can be, the more meaningful the role they will play in dialogue with their governments and with each other. This suggests not only that there should be clear definitions as to what is and what is not in the public domain, but also that there should be clear and cogent reasons for any secrecy, justified by the demands of the “public interest” – and not just the interests of those holding power.
 
UN Agencies - Fiscal Decentralization in Developing Countries: A Review of Current Concepts and Practice [English]. 2001
This paper examines the origins, conceptual foundations and practice of fiscal decentralization in developing countries. It reviews some popular claims made for and against fiscal decentralization, and considers the available empirical evidence.
 
UN Agencies - Fiscal Decentralization in Developing Countries: A Review of Current Concepts and Practice [English]. 2001
This paper examines the origins, conceptual foundations and practice of fiscal decentralization in developing countries. First, it considers why fiscal centralization has been so prominent historically in developing countries, and why this trend has been reversing. Second, it summarizes conventional fiscal decentralization theory and considers its relevance for developing countries. Third, it reviews some popular claims made for and against fiscal decentralization, and considers the available empirical evidence. Fourth, it outlines some key elements of fiscal decentralization as it is being promoted in selected countries, including some of the problems being faced and successes being realized. The paper concludes with some observations on how to think about designing more appropriate and effective fiscal decentralization in developing countries.
 
UN Agencies - Fiscal Policy, Accountability and Voice - the Example of Gender Responsive Budget Initiatives [English]. 2002
This is a background paper of the Human Development Report 2002. The paper analyses participatory budgeting and analysis -whether it is pro-poor, environment-sensitive or gender responsive – and offers innovative means for ensuring government accountability to international and national commitments as well as a more balanced distribution of public resources.
 
UN Agencies - Growth Without Governance [English]. 2002
It is known that there is a strong, positive correlation between per capita incomes and the quality of governance across countries. The authors propose an empirical strategy that allows separation of this correlation: 1) a strong positive casual effect running from better governance to higher per capita incomes, and, perhaps surprisingly at first 2) a weak and even negative casual effect running in the opposite direction from per capita incomes to governance.
 
UN Agencies - Public Sector Restructuring: The Institutional and Social Effects of Fiscal, Managerial and Capacity- Building Reforms [English]. 2000
This paper provides an overview of the major issues, trends and problems in public sector reform. It examines four global issues that are driving public sector reforms: financial globalization, fiscal deficits, the adjustment programmes of multilateral agencies, and democratization.
 
UN Agencies - Public Sector Transparency and Accountability in Selected Arab Countries: Policies and Practices [English][Arabic]. 2004
The study of a joint project by the UNDESA -United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs- and the UNDP-RBAS -United Nations Development Programme-Regional Bureau for Arab States. The study aimed to assist national or central governments in the Arab region to improve transparency and accountability in the public sector, through comparing existing policies and practices in public sector financial, human resources and financial management.
 
UN Agencies - Public Spending and Outcomes: Does Governance Matter? [English].
The authors examine the role of governance- measured by level of corruption and quality of bureaucracy- and ask how it affects the relationship between public spending and outcomes. Their main innovation is to see if differences in efficiency of public spending can be explained by quality of governance.
 
UN Agencies - The New Public Finance [an overview] [English][French]. 2006
The book takes stock of how public finance has responded to the policy challenges of greater openness. It focuses on how public finance has responded to the interlocking of national policy domains and the resultant globalization of its main “deliverables”: public goods and equity in development, or fair life chances for all, including poverty reduction.
 
UN Agencies - Transparenting Transparency: Initial Empirics and Policy Applications [English]. 2005
This paper presents various definitions of transparency, provides an initial empirical framework towards worldwide indicators on various dimensions of transparency, suggests some initial empirical results, and addresses concrete policy and institutional innovations related to transparency reforms.
 
UN Agencies - World Economic Situation and Prospects 2006 [English][Arabic][French]. 2006
This report provides an overview of recent global economic performance and short-term prospects for the world economy and of some key global economic policy and development issues. One of its purposes is to serve as a point of reference for discussions on economic, social and related issues taking place in various United Nations entities in 2006.
 
Middle East - External Finance in the Middle East: Trends and Prospects [English]. 1993
This paper examines recent financial flows to and from the Middle East with two objectives in mind: first, to assess the levels and types of recent flows in order to understand their past contribution to investment and growth, and to gain insight for the future; and second, to explore the need for a new approach to external finance and to identify the related actions that should be pursued by domestic policy makers and the international community.
Publications Added Recently
Arab Countries - The Upper Houses in Arab Parliaments: Their Representative, Legislative, and Oversight Functions and Their Role in the Budget Process. Comparative Study of the Constitutional and Legal Framework [English][Arabic][French]
 
Arab Countries - strengthening the Oversight Function of Arab Parliaments. Developing the Legal Framework [English][Arabic]
 
Arab Countries - Energy Subsidies in the Arab World [English]
 
Arab Countries - Arab Parliamentary Bulletin - Issue 9 [English][Arabic]
 
UN Agencies - Making the State Responsive:Experience with Democratic Governance Assessments [English]