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Civil Society: All Countries (Type: Studies, Reports, Books and Programmes, Provider: All)

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Algeria - Algeria: Strengthening Political Parties & Civil Society Organizations [English]. 2005
This report shows how the Public confidence in the Algerian state and political class are at an all time low. While the security situation has considerably improved in recent years, many Algerians’ quality of life has not increased commensurately.
Algeria - National Assessment of Citizens, Civil Society and Public Sector Reform in Algeria [Arabic]. 2007
Bahrain - Bahrain: reaching a Threshold [English]. 2009
As the 10th year of King Hamad’s reign approaches, this working paper argues that Bahrain has reached an impasse in its reform process. Institutionalized sectarianism and a weak elected parliament have led to rising frustration in Bahrain and while many Bahrainis remain grateful to King Hamad for his initial reforms in 2001 and 2002, there is now a demand for an end to discrimination and for government accountability, the introduction of legislation and judicial reform that defends citizens’ rights and a parliament that has primary legislative power.
Bahrain - Internet Filtering in Bahrain in 2004-2005 [English]. 2005
This study suggests that overall, while Bahrain does implement Internet filtering through its primary Internet Service Provider (ISP), Batelco, the level of blocking is extremely low, indicating that this effort is likely symbolic in nature and does not present a serious challenge for its citizens in finding Internet content. However, the regulatory and technical infrastructure in Bahrain is such that more extensive filtering could be swiftly introduced, should the government choose to do so.
Bahrain - National Assessment of Citizens, Civil Society and Public Sector Reform in Bahrain [Arabic]. 2007
Bahrain - National Democratic Institute - Assistance Program to Bahrain [English].
The NDI governance program in Bahrain encourages political and civil society development.
Comoros - Comoros - UNDP Projects - Poverty Reduction [French].
Comoros - Organization of International Solidarity - Comoros Program [French].
A French non-governmental organization founded in 1989 and active in the field of international solidarity and development.
Egypt - Civil Society Participation in the Law Making Process in Egypt [English]. 2005
Law-making for economic reform is a process whose effectiveness depends on the law makers’ ability to study the impact of laws and regulations on the market, anticipate blockages whether among the public or in bureaucracies and act accordingly. This points towards a need for good information provision and knowledge creation systems.
Egypt - Coptic Evangelical Organization for Social Services [English].
The Coptic Evangelical Organization for Social Services, started as a literacy project in 1950, is currently one of Egypt's largest development organizations. The organization provides integrated approaches to poor communities in areas of economic, agricultural and environmental development, health care, and education.
Egypt - Egypt - Promoting the Rights of Women and Children Through Information  [Arabic].
The project of women's legal rights aims at eliminating Egyptian women's legal illiteracy through enabling them to obtain the necessary legal information on personal status laws relating to marriage, divorce, custody and alimony. The project targets rural and other women who did not receive sufficient education. It works on making these women aware of the role of "family courts" in resolving family disputes, as well as informing women of the new methods and concepts in this area.
Egypt - Egypt: Margin of Repression, State Limits on Nongovernmental Organization Activism [English]. 2005
This report discusses the impact of the law governing associations, Law 84/2002, which came into effect in June 2003. The report concludes that the most serious barrier to meaningful freedom of association in Egypt is the extra-legal role of the security services.
Egypt - Freedom of association and civil society in Egypt [English]. 2009
This paper by Kristina Kausch analyses freedom of association in Egypt and identifies the main obstacles that Egyptian NGOs, political parties and unions are facing. The planned amendments to the already restrictive Associations Law are likely to further limit the space in which civil society is able to operate. The extralegal role of the Security Services in monitoring and harassing political activists impedes the latter from taking any legal action.
Egypt - Freedom of Association and Human Rights Organization in Egypt [English][French]. 1999
This report summarizes the main results of the two latest missions to Cairo undertaken by the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN) and the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) regarding the Draft Law on Private Association and Institutions.
Egypt - Friedrich Eburt Stiftung Organization: Egypt Office [English].
Inspired by its general aims and concern about civil societal organizations within a governmental framework, the Friedrich Eburt Stiftung Organization (FES) started its cooperation with the Egyptian government in 1976 and established its office in Cairo in the same year. Presidential Decree 139/1976 and 80/1988 legalize the activities of FES Egypt.
Egypt - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Egypt [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Egypt offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Egypt.
Egypt - National Assessment of Citizens, Civil Society and Public Sector Reform in Egypt [Arabic]. 2007
Egypt - National Democratic Institute - Assistance Program to Egypt [English].
The NDI governance program in Egypt is directed at funding, training and technical assistance to the grass roots organizations in their efforts to develop civic education programs aimed at encouraging greater popular interest in the political processes.
Egypt - Putting Education to Work in Egypt [English]. 1999
This paper explores the reasons behind Egypt's anomalously low return to its education investments, and suggests what steps would help ensure that over the next decade and beyond, education in Egypt delivers, because it is an instrument not only of sensible social policy but of productivity-based increases in economic growth and of a more equitable sharing of that productive growth.
Egypt - Restrictions on foreign funding of civil society [English]. 2010
The author, Mohamed ElAgati, analyzes the regulatory principles relating to foreign funding the case of Egypt in a Special Section: Restrictions on Foreign Funding of Civil Society that is published by the International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law. Volume 12, Issue 3, May 2010.
Egypt - Telecoms and Media: An overview of regulation in Egypt [English]. 2009
Egypt - Undermining Standards of Good Governance: Egypt ’s NGO Law and Its Impact on the Transparency and Accountability of CSOs [English]. 2007
The article considers the effects of Law No. 84/2002 on Non-Governmental Organizations (hereinafter “ Egypt’s NGO Law” or “Law No. 84”) on Egypt’s civil society from two perspectives. First is the ability of civil society organizations (CSOs) to advocate and conduct activities pursuant to their missions. Second is the law's influence on good governance practices among CSOs.
Iraq - An Action Plan for Iraq: The Perspective of Iraqi Civil Society [English]. 2005
An Interpretative Report by Rouzbeh Pirouz and Zoe Nautre. The report of a three day retreat held by the Civility Programme at the Foreign Policy Centre in October 2004. The retreat intended to elucidate the views of selected Iraqi civil society representatives on the re-establishment of security, rule of law and institutional reform. The report contains 24 recommendations for action on promoting awareness of democratic reform and political processes, assistance to and development of Iraqi media, effective provision of services, greater European Union involvement and increased security and justice in Iraqi towns and cities.
Iraq - Civil Society and Media Development Program in Iraq [English].
This program sponsored by the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) focuses on civic education, women's advocacy, anticorruption, and human rights. The media support component focuses on providing technical assistance to the emerging Iraqi commercial media sector and emphasizes the development of news and public affairs reporting capacities.
Iraq - Civil Society Judges the Iraq War [English]. 2005
By Richard Fall. The author argues that the World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) is telling the world what it should know about the moral, political, and legal character of the Iraq War, and in a manner designed to motivate citizens and governments to take action to end the foreign occupation of Iraq.
Iraq - Donor Activities and Civil Society Potential in Iraq [English][Arabic]. 2004
This report provides a snapshot of donor activities in Iraq as of early May 2004. It is unclear to what extent the security environment has affected the planned reconstruction activities in Iraq.
Iraq - Expanding Cooperation for More Effective International Assistance [English]. 2006
The report of the Iraq Civil Society Conference II that focused on expanding cooperation between international organizations, Iraqi civil society organizations (CSOs) and the Government of Iraq to more effectively strengthen Iraq’s CSOs and their role in addressing key issues facing the country. The conference was held on 20 and 21 November in Amman, Jordan.
Iraq - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Iraq [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Iraq offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Iraq.
Iraq - Iraq Civil Society Program  [English].
The objective of the Iraq Civil Society Program is to promote an informed, sustainable, and active indigenous Iraqi civil society that effectively and responsibly participates within a democratic system of governance. 
Iraq - Iraq Foundation: Civil Society Program [English].
The Iraq Foundation Civil Society Program aims to promote an active and informed Iraqi civil society capable of participating effectively and responsibly in Iraq’s emerging democratic system of governance. The program is made possible through a partnership with America's Development Foundation (ADF) on the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
Iraq - Iraq Institute for Legislation and Public Policies [English].
Iraq - Statistical Analysis of the Public Opinion Poll on the Situation and Future of the Media in Iraq [Arabic]. 2009
Iraq - The Brussels Tribunal: Statement and Reports of the Iraqi Civil Society [English].
This page, a key section of the Brussels Tribunal website, offers press releases, articles and correspondence between Dr. Wamidh Jamal Nadhmi, the official spokesman of the Iraqi National Foundation Congress, and the United Nations Secretary General, Kofi Annan, regarding the security issues in Iraq in general, and in Fallujah in particular.
Jordan - Arab Thought Forum [English][Arabic].
The Arab Thought Forum is an independent, intellectual, pan-Arab, nongovernmental organization. The Forum investigates the Arab world's current state of affairs, prepares forecasts, and formulates practical solutions and viable options on issues such as unity, development, national security, liberalization, and progress.
Jordan - Arab Women and the Media [English]. 2007
The report aims to examine Arab research studies and their outputs with an emphasis on learning about methodologies applied in subject studies. Their objective is to contribute to improving studies that are likely to serve the practical and training activities.
Jordan - Civil Society and Gender Assessment and Program Design (Jordan) [English]. 2006
This assessment provides a detailed gender program within the mission that adopts a Gender and Development approach, integrates gender mainstreaming and gender budget performance in mission programs, develops the mission’s gender equity analytic and policy frameworks, and works closely with government agencies, notably the Ministry of Planning’s gender division and other donor agencies to promote gender mainstreaming.
Jordan - Friedrich Eburt Stiftung Organization: Amman Office [English][Arabic].
Registered as an independent, non-governmental organisation since 1986, the Friedrich Eburt Stiftung Organization's Amman office has been accredited to Jordan through its longstanding partnership with the Royal Scientific Society. The Foundation’s goals and activities are as varied as they are ambitious, all aiming at supporting Jordan in its efforts for sustainable peace in the region and on its way to democracy and modernisation.
Jordan - Impact of Soft Containment On Freedom of Journalism and Independence of the Media in Jordan [English].
Jordan - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Jordan [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Jordan offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Jordan.
Jordan - Jordan: Draft Bill Would Muzzle Civil Society [English]. 2005
Human Rights Watch expressed concern with several provisions of Jordan’s new draft association law that was presented to the parliament on March 6, 2005. The draft law requires professional associations to obtain pre-written approval from the Interior Ministry to hold a public gathering or meeting and to limit the topics discussed at any of their professional meetings, councils and committee meetings exclusively to "professional matters."
Jordan - National Assessment of Citizens, Civil Society and Public Sector Reform in Jordan [Arabic]. 2007
Jordan - National Democratic Institute - Assistance Program to Jordan [English].
The NDI governance program in Jordan is directed at encouraging the election of women with focused programs for training women candidates and helping journalists to provide better election coverage.
Jordan - Role of Civil Society Institutions in Resisting Normalization with Israel [English]. 2000
A case study of the Jordanian civil society institutions, political parties, professional associations, societies, and the press, as they faced the issue of normalization and openness with Israel at the political, social and economic levels.
Kuwait - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Kuwait [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Kuwait offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Kuwait.
Kuwait - Kuwaiti NGOs: their Role in Aid Flows to Developing Countries [English]. 1990
This report studies the flow of Kuwaiti private aid to developing countries. It tackles the motivational reasons that lead to the growth of Kuwaiti private aid giving, the geographical distribution of these aids, sources of donation and the government's support of these aid efforts.
Lebanon - Civic Participation Terminology: A Guide to Frequently Used Terms and Phrases [English]. 2009
This Glossary was developed by the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) as part of the Citizen Lebanon: Civic Education and Advocacy Program. Building on decades of experience working with citizens and civil society organizations, NDI has developed numerous tools and approaches to enhance the quality and consistency of citizen input in political processes. Citizen Lebanon works to increase citizens’ understanding of democratic principles, facilitate their identification and conceptualization of issues that most affect them, and then support direct interaction between citizens and public officials to address these issues.
Lebanon - Friedrich Eburt Stiftung Organization: Lebanon Office [English].
The Friedrich Eburt Stiftung Organization (FES) in Lebanon is dedicated to develop and strengthen democratic structures and processes at the political and social level in Lebanon by means of consulting, training and advanced training courses, as well as providing information and resources. Special attention is paid to the integration of civil society in the context of a local, regional and international socio-political dialogue..
Lebanon - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Lebanon [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Lebanon offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Lebanon.
Lebanon - Israel/Lebanon: Deliberate Destruction or "Collateral Damage"? Israeli attacks on civilian Infrastructure [English][Arabic][French]. 2006
This article “Israel/Lebanon: Deliberate destruction or “collateral damage”?” is written by Jan Egeland, a UN under Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs on August 10th, 2006.
Lebanon - Lebanese Center for Policy Studies: Civil Society Index [English].
The Lebanese Center for Policy Studies (LCPS) has an extensive record of public policy work in Lebanon and the MENA region. LCPS is a non-partisan, non-profit think tank that produces research and publications, and provides advocacy, training, and capacity building. This Civil Society Index includes the center's civil society programs and reports.
Lebanon - Management and Implementation of CDR Project [English][Arabic][French]. 2005
This report details the progress of the Lebanese Council for Development and Reconstruction in the management and implementation of its reconstruction projects.
Lebanon - National Assessment of Citizens, Civil Society and Public Sector Reform in Lebanon [Arabic]. 2007
Lebanon - Print Media and Corruption in Lebanon [English]. 2001
This paper details the activities initiated by civil society organizations to express their frustration and call for change concerning corruption and administrative reform in Lebanon.
Libya - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Libya [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Libya offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Libya.
Libya - People's Court and Hostility against the Right of Political Organization in Libya [English]. 2002
This paper explores the hostility in Libya against the Right of Political Organization.
Mauritania - Directory of Development Organizations [English].
The Directory of Development Organizations, listing 47.500 development organizations, has been prepared to facilitate international cooperation and knowledge sharing in development work, both among civil society organizations, research institutions, governments and the private sector.
Mauritania - Report on the Freedom of Expression [French]. 2007
Since August 2005, a legal and institutional framework designed to promote freedom of expression was created but there are numerous challenges to be addressed in Mauritania. This article outlines the efforts deployed to support the process of freedom underway in Mauritania.
Morocco - Consultations with Moroccan Political Parties and Civic Organizations: Trip Report [English]. 1997
This Report covers the series of consultations conducted by NDI, with political leaders and representatives from Moroccan NGOs. The consultations aimed at providing political actors with information on election monitoring and assessing opportunities for future democratic institution building
Morocco - Friedrich Eburt Stiftung Organization: Morocco Office [French].
The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) is engaged in projects in the fields of socio-political development and economic and social promotion. It fosters the dialogue between democratic forces with the aim of bringing about a balance of interests, resolving conflicts and drawing up policy options.
Morocco - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Morocco [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Morocco offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Morocco.
Morocco - International Republican Institute - Assistance program to Morocco [English].
This is a review of IRI's assistance activities in Morocco 1997-2001.
Morocco - Morocco: negotiating change with the Makhzen [English]. 2008
The paper argues that thought Morocco is ahead in terms of progressive political liberalization and civil society is vibrant and able to develop its activities without large-scale repressive measures. However, the predominance of informal rules, as well as a range of unnecessary administrative hindrances, demonstrates a still considerably flawed reality under the shining surface of the Moroccan success story. Key obstacles are often rooted not only in deficient laws regulating free association, but in broader structural democratic deficits such as the lack of the rule of law, corruption, the weakness of parliament and the concentration of state powers in the palace
Morocco - Morocco's Future: Arab, African, or European? [English]. 2001
By Bradford Dillman. The author maintains that Morocco's future identity, as a crossroad between Europe, Africa, and the Middle East, will depend on how politicians and citizens respond to global pressures for democratization, economic reform, and human resource development. By balancing and absorbing the cultural, political, and economic influences from surrounding regions, Morocco may remain one of the most peaceful, stable, and pluralistic countries in the Arab and African world.
Morocco - National Assessment of Citizens, Civil Society and Public Sector Reform in Morocco [Arabic]. 2007
Morocco - The Moroccan Façade [English][Arabic][French]. 2007
This is a special report of the committee to Protect Journalists. It exposes the politicized court cases, media laws, and the harassment that is undermining a nation’s press gains.
Oman - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Oman [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Oman offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Oman.
Occupied Palestinian Territories - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Palestine [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Palestine offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Palestine.
Occupied Palestinian Territories - International Republican Institute - Assistance Program to the West Bank and Gaza [English].
This is a review of IRI's activities in the West Bank and Gaza 1996-2001.
Occupied Palestinian Territories - National Assessment of Citizens, Civil Society and Public Sector Reform in Palestine [Arabic]. 2007
Occupied Palestinian Territories - TAMKEEN: Strengthening Civil Society Networks in the West Bank and Gaza [English][Arabic].
Funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Civil Society and Democracy Strengthening project known as Tamkeen — “empowerment” in Arabic — is a five-year activity aimed at preserving the “political space” occupied by Palestinian civil society organizations and promoting their crucial role in public discourse.
Occupied Palestinian Territories - West Bank and Gaza: Political Party Assessment [English]. 2006
This political party assessment was conducted during the beginning of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) elections. It provides technical assistance programs and assignments and suggests that they should be assigned to implementers that are working on the ground and are engaged with the PLC.
Qatar - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Qatar [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Qatar offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Qatar.
Saudi Arabia - Civil Society: Active or Passive? [English].
This chapter examines the emergence of the Saudi state from a tribally based stateless society to a kingdom with rulers drawn from the Saud family. The twin pillars of dynastic legitimacy are Islam and oil; both have consequences for the limited character of civil society. Two political tendencies have emerged: liberal reformist and conservative Islamist. The ruling family has pursued policies balancing between them with uneven results for the evolution of civil society.
Saudi Arabia - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Saudi Arabia [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Saudi Arabia offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia - Internet Filtering in Saudi Arabia in 2004 [English]. 2004
This study is based on three years of testing that the OpenNet Initiative conducted on Saudi Arabia’s internet filtering systems. This testing concluded that whilst these systems are highly sophisticated and block a wide range of sites, the policies, procedures, and philosophy for Saudi Arabia's filtering system are relatively transparent and documented on the Web site of its Internet Services Unit (ISU).
Saudi Arabia - Strong foundations'?: The imperative for reform in Saudi Arabia [English]. 2009
The report argues that King Abdullah has recognized that demography and the demands of a new generation of Saudi citizens have rendered the kingdom’s old oil-dependent ‘rentier’ habits redundant for the future. The report argues however that moves to diversify Saudi Arabia’s economy and empower its youth with the skills to prosper in a global competitive environment cannot be separated from wider political reform that will sustain progress by ushering in a new era of participatory and accountable government. It concludes that Saudi Arabia must move away from its current almost total reliance upon the fortunes of its founding and ruling family towards a shared responsibility in charting the country’s future direction.
Somalia - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Somalia [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Somalia offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Somalia.
Sudan - Darfur Dream Team: Sister Schools Program [English].
The Darfur Dream Team is a dynamic partnership of organizations and professional basketball players working together on the Sister Schools Program, an initiative to connect American middle schools, high schools, colleges, and universities with sister schools in the 12 refugee camps in Chad.
Sudan - Embracing the Promise of Peace: Citizen Views on Sudan's Future after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) [English]. 2005
This report explores the opinions of the people in northern Sudan as they react to and absorb the many changes Sudan is currently undergoing.
Syria - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Syria [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Syria offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Syria.
Tunisia - Authoritarianism and Civil Society in Tunisia [English]. 2002
Ben 'Ali, the new president of Tunisia promised, after he took power in November 7, 1987’s coup, to establish rule of law, to respect human rights, and to implement the kind of democratic political reforms that Habib Bourguiba had steadfastly refused. The author argues that ten years later, it is noticeable that the country has moved far from a democratic transition.
Tunisia - Deception and Lies: Freedom of Expression in Tunisia Remains under Siege Six Months after the World Summit on the Information Society [English][Arabic]. 2006
This report is based on a fact-finding mission to Tunisia undertaken from 18 to 22 April 2006 by members of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) Tunisia Monitoring Group (IFEX-TMG) to follow up on progress made on the status of freedom of expression in Tunisia after the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was held in Tunisia in November 2005.
Tunisia - Freedom of Expression in Tunisia: the Siege Intensifies [English][French]. 2005
This is the second report of the Tunisian Monitoring Group (TMG) and follows the latest of a series of fact-finding missions to Tunisia by members of the group in the run to the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).
Tunisia - Freedom of Expression, Freedom of Association and Unfair Trials in Tunisia [English]. 2001
This report aims to document the specific events relating to the trials of Dr. Moncef Marzouki, Attorney Nejib Hosni and the Tunisian League for Human Rights and also to raise awareness of the wider issues of the rule of law and freedom of expression in Tunisia.
Tunisia - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Tunisia [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Tunisia offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Tunisia.
Tunisia - Internet Filtering in Tunisia in 2005: A Country Study [English]. 2005
This study overviews internet filtering in Tunisia in light of the United Nations World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) that was held there. It observes four main types of material in particular that users are denied access to: political opposition to the ruling government, sites on human rights in Tunisia, tools that enable users to circumvent the filtering controls, and pages containing pornography or other sexually explicit content. This issue caused serious criticism from human rights and media organizations that were preparing to express their disdain at the WSIS.
Tunisia - Press Kit - Tunisia [French].
This press file addresses the following topics: the principal economic and social indicators, the economic and social development, women’s status, the educational reform, the media and press freedom, the struggle against extremism, the world solidarity fund, foreign politics, the Tunisian- French relations, and Tunisia in the Euro-Mediterranean.
Tunisia - Tunisia: The life of others [English]. 2009
This paper by Kristina Kausch outlines a number of key obstacles to free association in the everyday practice of Tunisian civic rights activism. These include the extra-legal position of the majority of political civil society; the regime’s policy of systematic surveillance and harassment of activists and opposition; the tight governmental control over the media and telecommunication channels; and the regime’s persistent policy of repression towards any political actors with an Islamist leaning.
United Arab Emirates - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - United Arab Emirates [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on United Arab Emirates offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in United Arab Emirates.
United Arab Emirates - Internet Filtering in the United Arab Emirates in 2004-2005: A Country Study [English]. 2005
This study states that although the United Arab Emirate’s (UAE) sole Internet Service Provider (ISP), blocks material that it considers objectionable for religious and cultural reasons, it does not block material related to political dissent. It concludes that the state's broad content controls unintentionally block information unrelated to UAE's stated goals.
Yemen - International Freedom of Expression Exchange "IFEX" - Yemen [English].
The International Freedom of Expression Exchange works to promote and emphasize the importance of Freedom of Expression. This page on Yemen offers press releases, articles, reports and related sites discussing recent issues related to freedom of expression in Yemen.
Yemen - Internet Filtering in Yemen in 2004-2005: A Country Study [English]. 2006
This study conducted by the OpenNet Initiative (ONI) analyzes the filtering systems of both Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in Yemen. It suggests that while these systems do indeed sensor material on topics related to sex, sexuality and gambling, they do not block political content and the blocking of religious content is limited, focusing only on a small number of anti-Islam sites.
Yemen - Pollwatching: A Handbook for Political Parties in Yemen [English]. 1997
This handbook, prepared by NDI, explains the concept importance and mechanism of pollwatching. It highlights the importance of the role political parties play in poll watching, and outlines a strategy that political parties can use on election day.
Yemen - Yemen - Political Parties Law, 1991- Commentary [English].
Arab Countries - Annual Report on Freedom of the Media in the Arab Countries, 2008 [English][Arabic]. 2008
Arab Countries - Annual Report on the Freedom of Expression in the Arab Countries, 2005 [Arabic]. 2005
This report issued by the Amman Center for Human Rights Studies, shows that the vast majority of Arab countries is still firmly in control of all the press and media, impeding their independence, and imposing severe restrictions on their freedom, in a way that prevents them from assuming their responsibilities in the terms of holding the government accountable and in the fight against corruption.
Arab Countries - Annual Report on the Freedom of Expression in the Arab Countries, 2006 [Arabic]. 2006
Arab Countries - Annual Report on the Freedom of Expression in the Arab Countries, 2007 [Arabic]. 2007
Arab Countries - Arab Information Project [English].
This project conducts research on the social, cultural, economic and political life of advanced communication and information technologies in the Middle East and in the "Middle East" overseas.
Arab Countries - Bastion of Impunity, Mirage of Reform [English][Arabic]. 2009
This report, published by the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies, documents the most significant developments in the Arab region from September 2008 to October 2009 and the assesses breakthroughs and failures in the observance of human rights. The report gives close attention to developments related to the following issues: freedom of expression in various media, the right to organize in political parties, civic associations, and trade unions, the way in which the state deals with political protest, social ferment, and labor and professional freedoms, which includes the authorities’ response to demonstrations, protests, sit-ins, and strikes, the nature of pressures, threats, and assaults targeting human rights defenders and reform advocates, the nature of pressures on religious freedom, the status of minority rights, various forms of discrimination—religious, sectarian, and ethnic—and assaults on defenders of minority rights, the application of exceptional counterterrorism legislation and its impact on personal freedom and security and due process, as well as the use of such measures to crack down on peaceful political or oppositional activities and restrict freedom of expression, the extent to which legislation, policies, and practices foster a culture of impunity for grave human rights violations, which entails a close look at the torture and ill treatment of prisoners, extrajudicial killings, and various forms of collective punishment the right to participate in public affairs, fair and equal opportunity in general elections, and the political ramifications of election results.
Arab Countries - BUNIAN - Capacity Building and Networking of NGO [English][Arabic].
A programme designed to enhance the capacity of NGOs through managerial training, and by enhancing cooperation and coordination between NGOS through networking. BUNIAN covers Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria.
Arab Countries - BUNIAN - Good Governance and Participation in Public Policies (2002 - 2003) [English][Arabic].
The Bunian II programme aims at strengthening civil society actors in the Arab countries to participate effectively in the socio-economic development and the democratic transformation of their societies. Bunian II tackles Good Governance and internal democracy of civil society organizations through regional and national activities
Arab Countries - Civil Society, Media and Accountability in the Arab Region [English]. 2001
This study shows how civil society players can hold those in power to account. In comparing the achievements of civil society groups in promoting women's political participation, the study identified two contexts (Palestinian and Moroccan) where perseverance in a multi-party system, with laws being drafted or reformed, brought some positive results.
Arab Countries - Critiquing NGOs- Assessing the Last Decade [English]. 2000
The MERIP Report #214, Spring 2000 - Reviews a decade of NGOs' work in the Middle East.
Arab Countries - Living in a Lie and Dying in Silence: The Trauma of Civil Society in the Middle East and North Africa [English].
Analysis of current civil society crisis in few Arab countries [Egypt, Syria, Morocco, Tunisia, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and Algeria] as a result of government restrictive policies and discussion of reform options of these policies that will enable free participation and expression of civil society groups.
Arab Countries - Media and Human Rights [Arabic]. 2003
This book discusses the work of the Arab Roundtable on Media and Human Rights in the Arab Countries, which was held in Cairo, Egypt, on June 21 & 22, 2003.
Arab Countries - NGOs, Governance and Development in the Arab World [English][French]. 2002
From the MOST Clearinghouse. This is an overview of the difficulties that associations and NGOs in the Arab world are facing to be recognized as true actors of development by Sarah Ben Néfissa. UNESCO- Discussion Paper No. 46, 2002
Arab Countries - Promoting the Rights of Women and Children Through Information  [Arabic].
This project aims at benefiting from modern technology to support women's and children's rights through disseminating knowledge and combating legal illiteracy among various social groups and in different regions. The project also aims at creating awareness of international agreements and charters on human rights, women's and children's rights.
Arab Countries - Regional Study on Political Party Laws: International and Arab Experiences [Arabic]. 2006
This paper, commissioned by UNDP as a background paper for the workshop on Parliaments and the Reform of Political Party Legislation: First Working Group Meeting, sheds light on the international experience in legislating political party laws, and focuses on this experience in several Arab countries. It discusses the different types of political party legislation, ranging from laws that prohibit political parties, to laws that encourage their activity through different methods such as the electoral law and party finance.
Arab Countries - Reporters without Borders - Middle East and North Africa Annual Report [English][Arabic]. 2008
"Between Repression and Servility" - The region’s instability is used by political leaders as a permanent excuse to silence journalists, whose every criticism is seen as wilfully destabilising their regimes. This situation renders journalists among the first witnesses, and the first victims, of the instability in the Middle East.
Arab Countries - Reporters Without Borders - World Press Freedom Index - Maghreb / Middle East [English].
The index reports on the level of censorship and other form of repression journalists are subjected too in each country in the region.
Arab Countries - Restructuring Broadcasting in Arab Countries [English]. 2006
This report highlights the main issues and overall trends of the restructuring process of radio broadcasting and its consequences, focusing on five countries in the Middle East: Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, and Jordan.
Arab Countries - The Internet in the Arab World: A New Space of Repression? [English].
This study overviews the internet as the key tool for expression, whether it be religious, political or social, in the Arab world as well as a major threat against the controlling Arab governments. It discusses the various techniques the governments have used in efforts to censor and control this medium and the tensions this has created between the users and their rulers.
Arab Countries - The Islamic Shari'a as a Legal Source for Civil Transactions [Arabic].
There are at least two trends with regard to the law of civil transactions. The first trend calls for enforcing the provisions of shari'a (Islamic law) as stipulated by various sources, most notably the Quran and the Sunna (the prophet's statements). The second trend calls for enforcing modern laws regardless of the stance of Islamic law. Disagreement between the two trends is due to several different political, cultural, social, historical and religious factors, of which the religious factors are probably the most important.
International - A Handbook on NGO Governance [English]. 2004
This handbook represents a set of guidelines that could promote a shared understanding of good governance while showing how to turn abstract theory into workable practice. It is based on eight basic principles that are considered essential to NGO governance around the world.
International - Assessing Women’s Political Party Programs: Best Practices and Recommendations [English]. 2009
National Democratic Institute (NDI) embarked on this assessment in an effort to better understand effective approaches to women’s political party programs across a number of regions and to measure the impact of such programs. The assessment is designed to identify the specific elements and approaches which were most effective in encouraging women’s participation and leadership in political parties. Although drawn from NDI programs, the information gathered in this assessment is intended to be used by both individuals and organizations as a road map to help facilitate women’s political leadership worldwide.
International - Beyond Multilateralism: Global Public Policy Networks [English]. 2000
By Jan Martin Witte, Wolfgang H. Reinicke and Thorsten Benner. A publication of the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Foundation: International Politics and Society series. The paper argues "that global public policy networks are one promising answer to the growing organizational vacuum at the global level. In these trisectoral networks, states, international organizations, civil society actors and the private sector are collaborating to achieve what none of the single actors is able to achieve on its own."
International - Building Better Democracies: Why Political Parties Matter [English]. 2004
A discussion of political parties in emerging democracies by Peter Burnell.
International - Business and Civil Society in Global Governance: Defining New Roles and Responsibilities [English]. 2003
The author argues that focusing on the role of companies and NGOs in global governance is timely and important as it forces us to re-think the roles of the public sector, business and NGOs.
International - Checklist for CSO Laws [English]. 2006
This basic checklist of provisions is a tool for the assessment of current CSO legislation to ensure that it meets generally accepted international practices
International - Civic Participation in National Governance [English]. 2001
This governance module has been designed to provide civil society organizations and individuals, and public officials’ representatives with a set of tools and techniques enacted to promote good governance at the national level. This is the first draft for discussion.
International - CIVICUS Assessing the Health of Civil Society [English]. 2001
By Richard Holloway. The Handbook is a self-assessment tool based on CIVICUS' vision and conception of civil society's role as a legitimate public actor. The handbook is composed of indicators to assess or self-assess civil society at the country level and evaluate the health of civil society and its impact in the construction of a healthy public life.
International - CIVICUS Toolkits [English].
The web site of the CIVICUS Index on Civil Society including the Civil Society Index Survey a diagnostic tool designed to assess the health of civil society at a national level. The toolkits are meant to enable organizations to improve their capacity in communications and planning skills to writing funding proposals.
International - Civil Society and Civil Economy: the Next Decade of Corporate Governance [English][Arabic]. 2004
by Stephen Davis, The author argues that the formulation of civil society and civil economy necessitates strong institutions - similar to those involved in creating a strong civil society- accountable to their investors that work to build institutions that promote the fusion of accountability and commerce and promote corporate governance.
International - Civil Society at a Time of Global Uncertainty [English]. 2003
The author argues that democracy, freedom and nation building by free citizens appear to be under threat by the actions of some of older democracies and calls for restoring civil society’s space.
International - Communication for Empowerment: Developing Media Strategies in Support of Vulnerable Groups - Practical Guidance Note [English]. 2005
This practical guidance note identifies trends in the media, and highlights key opportunities and challenges, including the impact of liberalization and the ongoing struggle many media face in holding onto hard fought media freedoms.
International - Corruption Fighters’ Tool Kit – Civil Society Experiences and Emerging Strategies [English]. 2002
This Kit presents a number of innovative anti-corruption tools developed and implemented by civil society, and makes the tools available to interested parties.
International - Freedom of Association in the Euro-Mediterranean region [English][Arabic]. 2009
This publication of the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network provides an overview of the freedom of association in 11 countries of the Middle East and an assessment of the different legal framework and inherent political barriers.
International - Handbook on Good Practices for Laws Relating to NGOs- Relationship of NGOs to Society [Arabic]. 1997
Arabic translation of Chapter A available at the website of the NGO Center for Excellence. The World Bank's Handbook on Good Practices for Laws Relating to NGOs, 1997.
International - Incorporating Gender into your NGO [Arabic]. 2006
International - Maghreb Round Table: Civil Society Recommends Ways to Build a More Prosperous and Integrated North Africa [English][French]. 2005
In a unique attempt to develop dialogue between key thinkers and practitioners from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, the Round Table adopted an innovative approach, which relied almost solely on input and contributions from civil society participants. Over 250 members of civil society, private sector, academia and, to a lesser extent, government, got together to work on building a common vision of the future of the Maghreb countries. The World Bank acted solely as a facilitator, leaving total control of the agenda to the participants.
International - Many Roads to Justice: the law-related work of the Ford Foundation grantees around the world [English]. 2000
This volume comprises papers produced under the Ford Foundation's Global Law Programs Learning Initiative (GLPLI). The volume offers experience and insights of the activities of a number of grantees and provides access to a variety of case studies and learning lessons of law-related programs pertaining to governance and civil society.
International - Money in Politics: A Study of Party Financing Practices in 22 Countries [English]. 2005
This study, prepared by NDI, compares the information gathered from 22 countries on party financing practices, highlighting themes common to most countries, yet indicating differences based on a country or region. It also profiles each of the countries individually, providing current information about the nature of political parties; a description of electoral system; a discussion of relevant party financing laws; a summary of research findings; and recom­mendations for reform.
International - National Democratic Institute - Global Programs - Citizen Participation [English].
The National Democratic Institute's programs are intended to increase informed citizen participation in political processes and to establish strong civic cultures.
International - Networklearning [English].
NetworkLearning provides NGOs working in the development or humanitarian fields with resources freely available to help them build their skills as they work in the field.
International - News Media and Peace Processes: the Middle East and Northern Ireland [English]. 2001
This report explains how and when the media takes the central role in the promotion of peace. As well as, how and when it can serve as destructive agents in the peace process.
International - NGOs and Global Policy-Making, 2002 [English]. 2002
An analysis by James A. Paul that provides historical background highlighting NGOs' growing contemporary importance, diversity, impact on policy.
International - Policy Development Manual [Arabic]. 2009
International - Political Activities of NGOs: International Law and Best Practices [English]. 2009
The article discusses how many government leaders are speaking out against the engagement of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in “political activities” and thereby seeking to justify legal restrictions imposed on the NGO sector.
International - Political Party Capacity Building Programme: Manual [English]. 2004
This manual published by NDI aims at providing information on why parties exist, their importance, and how they function in Namibia.
International - Regulating Not-For-Profit Organizations [English].
The paper considers the regulatory concerns confronted by countries seeking to encourage the growth of an independent, voluntary not-for-profit sector.
International - UNDP - Civil Society Division [English].
The Division works with Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in six priority areas, Democratic Governance, Poverty Reduction, Crisis Prevention and Recovery, Energy and Environment, Information and Communications Technology, HIV/AIDS.
International - Use and Abuse of Media in Vulnerable Societies [English]. 2003
The report examines how media have been used -across the globe- as tools to inflame grievances and accelerate the escalation towards violent conflict. In Rwanda, radio was used to lay the groundwork for genocide. In the Former Republic of Yugoslavia, television was manipulated to stir ethnic tensions prior to civil war.
International - Web Access for Civil Society Initiatives [English].
This is a valuable resource for organizations working on societal improvement, increased economic development, women’s empowerment, improved educational institutions, religious tolerance.
International - World Bank and Civil Society - the Bank's Relations with NGOs [English]. 1998
This page documents the issues, directions and cooperation between the World Bank and the non-governmental organizations (NGOs). FY Progress Report, Paper No. 28, August 11, 1998.
UN Agencies - Civil Society in United Nations Conferences: A Literature Review [English]. 2005
In this paper, Constanza Tabbush reviews the current literature on the role of civil society at UN conferences, provides a first attempt to discuss the key concepts involved, assesses the scope of the literature on civil society engagement, and identifies some of the gaps that might usefully be addressed by further analysis.
UN Agencies - Civil Society Organizations and Service Provision [English]. 2000
This study identifies and analyses the operational lessons concerning civil society organizations (CSOs) and service provision that have emerged to date. The analysis is based on a range of criteria: targeting the poor, quality of services provided, efficiency and sustainability. The study also examines a number of broader issues that can influence the performance of CSOs in service provision: the nature of the contracts that CSOs have with governments to provide services; government legislation affecting CSOs ability to provide services to the poor; and how CSOs can use their work in service provision to influence policy.
UN Agencies - The United Nations Development Programme's Engagement with Political Parties [English]. 2005
This report, which is intended for United Nations Development Programme democratic governance practitioners, analyses and summarizes a mapping of UNDP’s engagement with political parties that was conducted in October 2003 and updated in May 2005.
UN Agencies - United Nations Development Program: E-Governance and Access to Information for Citizens' Participation  [English].
The E-Governance and Access to Information for Citizens' Participation is an element in the democratic governance practice of the United Nations Development Programme. It works on strengthening the capacity of civil society to raise awareness as well as promoting communication mechanisms that enable effective participation in the governance processes. 
UN Agencies - Working with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights A Handbook for NGOs [English]. 2008
This Handbook aims to facilitate the participation of Non-Governmental Groups (NGOs) in the United Nations human rights system and to guide their interaction with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).The publication informs these essential partners about key information on human rights mechanisms, entry points for NGOs, contact details and links to additional information to help NGOs identify areas of cooperation and partnership with OHCHR.
UN Agencies - Working with the United Nations Human Rights Programme: A Handbook for Civil Society [English][Arabic][French]. 2008
This Handbook aims at facilitating the work of human rights defenders, non-governmental organizations and all other civil society stakeholders in carrying out their human rights work. The Handbook explains how civil society can engage with various United Nations human rights bodies and mechanisms.
UN Agencies - Working with the United Nations Human Rights Programme: A Handbook for Civil Society [English][Arabic]. 2008
This handbook discusses the contribution that civil society has made towards the development of international human rights standards, their advocacy and the functioning of the human rights mechanisms.
Middle East - Civil Society, Democracy and the Middle East [English]. 1998
This paper argues that democracy's onset is more a function of the distribution of socioeconomic and political resources among organized groups--including the state--than of such groups' mere existence. It also offers some explanatory variables to help measure prospects for the democratization of countries in the Middle East.
Middle East - Middle Eastern Democracy: Is Civil Society the Answer? [English]. 2004
For civil society to contribute to democratic political change, a critical mass of civil society organizations must develop three main attributes: autonomy from regimes, a pro-democracy agenda, and the ability to build coalitions. The author, Hawthorne, recommends several ways in which Middle East civil society aid can be improved, while cautioning that modest expectations should be the watchword of such assistance.
Middle East - The Use of Internet for Political Action by Non-State Dissident Actors in the Middle East [English].
This paper examines how non-state dissident actors in the Middle East use the Internet for political action in the face of state-imposed constraints on Internet access. The author argues that states seek to limit the effectiveness of these dissident objectives and can use various methods to oppose them, such as limiting Internet infrastructure or imposing censorship constraints. In response, dedicated dissidents can find ways to overcome these state-imposed constraints and continue with their dissident activities.
Not Assigned - Arab Media: Tools of the Government; Tools for the People? [English][Arabic]. 2005
This paper was written as part of a workshop series held by the United States Institute for Peace (USIP) in 2004 as part of its Muslim World Initiative. It aims to analyze the role of Arab media in shaping the information environment that encourages popular hostility in the region towards the West.
Publications Added Recently
Arab Countries - The Upper Houses in Arab Parliaments: Their Representative, Legislative, and Oversight Functions and Their Role in the Budget Process. Comparative Study of the Constitutional and Legal Framework [English][Arabic][French]
Arab Countries - strengthening the Oversight Function of Arab Parliaments. Developing the Legal Framework [English][Arabic]
Arab Countries - Energy Subsidies in the Arab World [English]
Arab Countries - Arab Parliamentary Bulletin - Issue 9 [English][Arabic]
UN Agencies - Making the State Responsive:Experience with Democratic Governance Assessments [English]