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Elections: All Countries (Type: Studies, Reports, Books and Programmes, Provider: All)

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Algeria - Algeria's Contested Elections [English]. 1998
By Hugh Roberts.
 
Algeria - Algeria's May 17, 2007 Parliamentary Elections or the Political Representation Crisis [English][Arabic]. 2007
The following study analyses the electoral exercise in light of realities on the ground: a voting process devoid of democracy, the obvious manifestation of the political representation crisis that has besets the Algerian political system since the collapse of “revolutionary legitimacy” in October 1988.
 
Algeria - Algeria's Presidential Elections: The Stakes Have Been Set in Advance [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Algeria - Assessment of the Electoral Framework in Algeria - Final Report [English][Arabic][French]. 2007
This report was prepared by Democracy Reporting International (DRI) on the Electoral Framework of Algeria.
 
Algeria - National Democratic Institute - Assistance Program to Algeria [English].
The NDI governance program in Algeria provides assistance to political parties, civic organizations, journalists, and ordinary citizens through a comprehensive party building, election monitoring, and voter education effort.
 
Bahrain - Report on Bahrain Elections 2006 [Arabic]. 2007
This is the report of the Bahrain Jurists Society on the Parliamentary and Municipal Elections held in Bahrain in 2006.
 
Djibouti - Djibouti: 2005 Pre-Election Assessment Mission Report [English]. 2005
This is the report of a pre-election assessment conducted in Djibouti by a four-person team from the International Republican Institute (IRI) and IFES, in advance of the presidential election, which was scheduled for 8 April 2005. The report highlights flaws in the electoral process, technical expertise, financial resources and governmental structures and offers recommendations to assist the government while improving its governance record.
 
Egypt - 2005 Parliamentary Election Assessment in Egypt, November 15 - 21, 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
In this report on the Egyptian parliamentary elections 2005, IRI seeks to outline the primary findings from its assessment mission and to put forward suggestions to improve the conduct of elections in the future.
 
Egypt - Assessment of the Electoral Framework in Egypt - Final Report [English][Arabic]. 2007
This report is issued by Democracy Reporting International and the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights. It explores the political environment in which elections in Egypt take place and includes recommendations on how elections processes could be adjusted following the recent constitutional amendments to bring secondary legislation more in line with international standards.
 
Egypt - Can Egypt's Troubled Elections Produce a More Democratic Future? [English]. 2005
This paper argues that the Mubarak regime has three choices: to resort to escalating repressive measures, to accept the new role of the Brotherhood and integrate it fully, or to accommodate it in a rather cautious way. Given the new weight of the Brotherhood as the dominant bloc within the opposition camp, the movement might be tempted to press for immediate political gains, which could raise acute policy dilemmas for the Egyptian government, the U.S. and others.
 
Egypt - Development of Women's Representation in the Egyptian Parliament (1979-2005) . 2010
This study is issued by the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights (ECWR) on the development of women's representation in the Egyptian Parliament from 1979 till 2005.
 
Egypt - Egypt's Bewildering Parliamentary Elections: Two steps forward, one backward on the way to Egyptian democracy [English]. 2006
The success of the Muslim Brothers in Egypt's parliamentary elections, the crisis faced by the ruling party, the disintegration of the traditional opposition parties, and the unprecedented violence turned the elections into a turbulent operation. Despite it all the Egyptian political process has evolved tremendously.
 
Egypt - Electoral Systems in Egypt [Arabic]. 2003
By Dr. Amro Hashem Rabi.
 
Egypt - Final Report 2005 Presidential Elections Assessment in Egypt, August 15 - September 9, 2005 [English]. 2005
This report on the Egyptian 2005 presidential elections outlines the primary findings from IRI's assessment mission and puts forward suggestions to improve the conduct of elections in the future.
 
Egypt - First Report on the September 7, 2005 Presidential Election [English][Arabic]. 2005
This is the preleminary report of the Civil Coalition for Monitoring Elections which includes 22 civil society associations and organizations.
 
Egypt - Handbook for Parliamentary Elections Observer [Arabic]. 2005
This guide lays out the basic principles that an observer should follow during elections and describes all the aspects of the electoral process that should be monitored.
 
Egypt - Media and Parliamentary Elections - Monitoring the Media Coverage of Egypt's Parliamentary Elections 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
This is the final report of CIHRS' Media Monitoring Team on the parliamentary elections in Egypt from 9 November to 7 December 2005.
 
Egypt - Media and Presidential Elections - Monitoring the Media Coverage of Egypt's Presidential Campaigns 2005 [English][Arabic]. 2005
This is the report of the Cairo institute for Human Rights Studies' Team working on monitoring mass media performance during the Egyptian electoral campaigns from August 17 to 4 September 2005.
 
Egypt - Presidential Election in Egypt: Limits of the Reform Process [English]. 2006
This article examines the recent battle for presidential elections in Egypt, which reflects the importance of public demand for political reform. The constitutional amendment of article 76 that allowed for the first time several candidates to run for the presidential election opened the door to a genuine electoral process.
 
Egypt - Report of the National Council for Human Rights on the Parliamentary Elections, 2005 [Arabic]. 2005
This report outlines the legislative framework of the electoral process and sheds lights on the Council’s work in following and monitoring parliamentary elections.
 
Egypt - Report of the National Council for Human Rights on the Presidential Elections [Arabic]. 2005
This report on the presidential elections in Egypt focuses on the following subjects: the preparation phase ahead of the monitoring process, the monitoring process, international attention and the Council’s observations.
 
Egypt - Report of the National Council for Human Rights on the Presidential Elections, 2005 [Arabic]. 2005
This report on the presidential elections in Egypt focuses on the following subjects: the preparation phase ahead of the monitoring process, the monitoring process, international attention and, finally, the Council’s observations.
 
Egypt - Report on the Presidential Elections held in Egypt in September 2005 [Arabic]. 2005
This is the report of the National Council for Human Rights on the presidential elections held in Egypt in September 2005.
 
Egypt - Report on the Referendum on Constitutional Amendments 2007 [Arabic]. 2007
This is the report of the National Council for Human Rights on Egypt's National Referendum on the constitutional amendments, held on the 26th of March 2007.
 
Egypt - Report on Women in the 2005 Parliamentary Elections [English]. 2005
This is a report conducted by the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights on the Egyptian parliamentary elections 2005.
 
Egypt - Shura Council Elections (June 11, 2007) [English][Arabic][French]. 2007
 
Egypt - The 2005 Presidential Election: A Critical Analysis [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights contains an evaluation of the 2005 presidential election, the political environment in which it was carried out and the constitutional amendments which preceded it. It also provides examples illustrating the scale of violations and transgressions committed.
 
Egypt - The Brotherhood Goes to Parliament [English]. 2006
This article of the Middle East Report (MERIP) illustrates how the Muslim Brotherhood members of Parliament (MPs) are attempting to transform the Egyptian parliament into a real legislative body, as well as an institution that represents citizens and a mechanism that keeps government accountable.
 
Egypt - The Independent Elections Committee: a Comparative Study and Proposed Framework [Arabic]. 2006
This study focuses on a number of issues dealing with the electoral process and how to enhance the performance of electoral management bodies. It attempts to clarify the process by analyzing the work of independent electoral commissions in several other countries.
 
Iraq - Can the Iraqi elections save the state? [English]. 2005
The elections taking place today in Iraq are a turning point for the country, but not a democratic turning point. An election, particularly one marred by such an unprecedented level of violence and fear, does not turn a country into a democracy. But no matter how flawed, the voting will force the various ethnic, religious and political groups in Iraq to confront each other and decide whether they can stay together in one country.
 
Iraq - Council of Representatives Election Composite Report Iraq [English]. 2005
This report illustrates how the trend lines for political participation have remained positive during the course of the transition in Iraq. It concludes that this consistent and positive baseline of participation can be seen as an indicator of widespread support for self-governance and elected representation.
 
Iraq - Final Report on the December 15, 2005, Iraqi Council of Representatives Elections [English][Arabic]. 2006
This report highlights the strength of December 15 election process and makes clear recommendations to the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq and the Council of Representatives, for improving furure electoral events.
 
Iraq - Focus on Elections [English]. 2005
Sunday, 30 January, 2005, will go down in history as the day many Iraqi voters showed their determination to go to the polls in the face of threats and intimidation from insurgents bent on making the first free election in 50 years fail.
 
Iraq - International Mission for Iraqi Elections [English]. 2005
With the support of the United Nations (UN) and the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq (IECI), the International Mission for Iraqi Elections (IMIE) was formed in December 2004 to assess Iraq‘s electoral preparations, offer expertise and informed judgments, and contribute to electoral capacity in the course of Iraq‘s 2005 election cycle.
 
Iraq - Iraq Election Scenarios: Anticipating Alternative Futures [English]. 2005
This paper illustrates how scenario planning can help policymakers tackle great uncertainty and complex political environments. It describes the project of the United States Institute of Peace that was launched in August 2004 in which it sought to develop multiple scenarios for the Iraq elections.
 
Iraq - Iraq: Between Referendum and Elections [English]. 2005
This is United States Institute of Peace current issue briefing on referendum and elections. The briefing maintains that following the ratification of Iraq's national constitution in the October 15, 2005 referendum, the December 15 parliamentary elections were set as the milestone in Iraq's democratic political processes.
 
Iraq - Iraqi Elections: Farce of the Century [English]. 2005
Registration for ex-patriate Iraqis to vote in the Iraq elections began on Monday in fourteen countries. However, according to a renowned expert on international law, Sabah Al Mukhtar, the London based President of the League of Arab Lawyers, the election is not alone fatally flawed, it is illegal.
 
Iraq - Iraq's Provincial Elections - The Stakes [English]. 2009
This background report issued by the International Crisis Group is accordingly designed as a guide to elections that could help put Iraq on more stable, albeit still fragile footing.
 
Iraq - The Election in Iraq: the US Propaganda System is Still Working in High Gear [English]. 2005
Throughout the history of American Occupied nations, such as The Dominican Republic, Vietnam, and El Salvador, elections helped consolidate the power of the U.S.-chosen leaders, but its most important function was to demonstrate to the U.S. public that they were on the right track in the occupied countries, helping them on the road to democracy.
 
Iraq - UN Technical Assistance to the Iraqi Elections [English].
 
Iraq - What They're Not Telling You About the "Elections" [English]. 2005
When asked about the accuracy of the estimate of voter turnout during a press conference, Ayar, the spokesman for the Independent Electoral Commission for Iraq (IECI), backtracked on his earlier figure, saying that a closer estimate was lower than his initial estimate and would be more like 60% of registered voters.
 
Jordan - Assessment of the Electoral Framework in Jordan - Final Report [English][Arabic]. 2007
This report explores the political environment in which the parliamentary elections in Jordan take place. It includes analysis of the electoral processes as well as recommendations on how to adjust and improve them.
 
Jordan - Jordan: Electoral System Design in the Arab World [English][French]. 1997
A brief analysis of Jordan’s electoral system from the Administration and Cost of Elections Project.
 
Jordan - Jordan’s New Election Law: New Tactics, Old Strategy [English]. 2001
In 2001, Jordan's King Abdullah approved a new election law; two days later, he issued a decree indefinitely postponing parliamentary elections. Taken together, those moves appeared designed to bolster the stability of the kingdom.
 
Jordan - Jordanian Parliament Elections Website [Arabic]. 2003
This website includes all the basic information relating to Jordan's 2003 Parliamentary Elections. It offers electoral laws, a list of candidates, related news and studies on elections.
 
Jordan - Report on the 2007 Municipal Elections in Jordan [English][Arabic]. 2007
This is the report of the Amman Center for Human Rights Studies on the municipal elections held in Jordan on 31 July 2007.
 
Jordan - Report on the Elections of the 15th House of Representatives in Jordan [Arabic]. 2008
Report prepared by the Elections Network in the Arab Region on the elections of the 15th House of Representatives in Jordan in 2007.
 
Jordan - Report on the Monitoring of the Media Coverage of the 2007 Jordanian Parliamentary Elections [English]. 2007
Summary of the Report issued by the Amman Center for Human Rights Studies (ACHRS) on the Monitoring of the Media Coverage of the 2007 Jordanian Parliamentary Elections.
 
Kuwait - Assessment of the Electoral Framework in Kuwait - Final Report [English][Arabic]. 2008
This report was prepared by Democracy Reporting International (DRI) in cooperation with Kuwait Transparency Society.
 
Kuwait - Final Report on Monitoring the 2008 National Assembly Elections [Arabic]. 2008
Final report issied by the Kuwait Transparency Society on the National Assembly Elections held on 17 May 2008.
 
Kuwait - Kuwaitis Vote for a New Parliament… And Maybe a New Electoral System [English]. 2006
This paper discusses this year’s Kuwaiti elections that led to controversy over the size of electoral districts with significant implications for Kuwaiti political life and the rare alliance of the liberals and Islamists.
 
Lebanon - A Human Rights Agenda for the Elections [English][Arabic]. 2009
In this report, Amnesty International highlights five key areas where it believes human rights improvements are required and specific recommendations for how to address the concerns, amounting to a clear agenda for human rights reform.
 
Lebanon - Assessment of the Electoral Framework in Lebanon - Final Report [English][Arabic]. 2008
This report is prepared by Democracy Reporting International (DRI) in cooperation with the Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections (LADE). It assesses the Electoral Framework in Lebanon including the election law of 2000 and the draft law by the National Commission on Electoral Law.
 
Lebanon - Civil War Casts a Sinister Shadow on Lebanon's Election [English]. 2005
Despite the recent solidarity and unity of the Lebanese people brought on by the assassination of Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri, the upcoming elections will undoubtedly be tainted by the sectarianism instilled in the people during the civil war.
 
Lebanon - Elections by Forceps: Civil Society, State Reluctance and the Local Elections of 1998 [English]. 1998
This case study examines the ways and means used by civil society to push for 1998 local elections and the contributing factors in the relative success of this campaign.
 
Lebanon - Electoral Law Reform in Lebanon: The Experience and Recommendations of the National Commission [English]. 2006
This report portrays how the parliamentary elections of 2005 in Lebanon following Syria’s military withdrawal were a great missed opportunity for the holding of elections away from foreign manipulation, intimidation, and bargaining practices.
 
Lebanon - European Union Election Observation Mission – Parliamentary Elections, Lebanon 2005 [English]. 2005
This is the final report of the finding of the European Union Election Observation Mission covering the 2005 Parliamentary elections (including pre-election days period and post-election day developments) and contains a number of recommendations for future elections.
 
Lebanon - European Union Election Observation Mission to Lebanon 2009 [English][Arabic][French]. 2009
 
Lebanon - Final Report of the European Union on the 2009 Parliamentary Elections in Lebanon [English][Arabic]. 2009
This is the final report issued by the European Union Election Observation Mission on the parliamentary elections held in Lebanon on 7 June 2009.
 
Lebanon - Final Report on the 2009 Lebanese Parliamentary Election [English][Arabic]. 2009
Report issued by the National Democratic Institute on the Lebanese parliamentary elections held on 7 June 2009.
 
Lebanon - First Report on the Violations of Article 68 of the Parliamentary Election Law No. 25/2008 [Arabic]. 2009
First Report issued by the Supervisory Commission on Electoral Campaign (SCEC) on the violations of Article 68 of the Parliamentary Election Law No. 25/2008.
 
Lebanon - General Report on the Lebanese Parliamentary Elections 2000 [Arabic]. 2000
This is the final report of the Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections on the Lebanese parliamentary elections 2000.
 
Lebanon - Guide for National and International Observers and the Media [English][Arabic]. 2009
The Ministry of Interior and Municipalities prepared this guide to assist national and international electoral observers and media representatives in performing their role during the Lebanese 2009 parliamentary elections. This guide provides an overview of the framework for the conduct of elections, the rights and responsibilities of observers and media representatives in regard to election observation. It also provides national and international electoral observers and media representatives with information on how to obtain the accreditation needed to accompany and observe the Lebanese parliamentary elections.
 
Lebanon - LADE First Report on the Monitoring Process of the 2009 Parliamentary Elections in Lebanon [English][Arabic]. 2009
The first report issued by the Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections (LADE) on the monitoring process of the 2009 parliamentary elections in Lebanon. This report covers the period between 7 and 24 April 2009.
 
Lebanon - LADE Second Report on the Monitoring Process of the 2009 Parliamentary Elections in Lebanon [English][Arabic]. 2009
The second report issued by the Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections (LADE) on the monitoring process of the 2009 parliamentary elections in Lebanon. This report covers the period between 7 April and 7 May 2009.
 
Lebanon - LADE Third Report on the Monitoring Process of the 2009 Parliamentary Elections in Lebanon [English][Arabic]. 2009
The third report issued by the Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections (LADE) on the monitoring process of the 2009 parliamentary elections in Lebanon. This report covers the period between 7 April and 29 May 2009.
 
Lebanon - Lebanon Delays its Elections Despite US Demands [English]. 2005
Beirut survived its "celebration" of the start of the 15-year Lebanese civil war but pro-Syrian members of the country’s government failed to form a new cabinet, meaning that the national elections scheduled for May will have to be postponed - despite the demand of Presidents George Bush and Jacques Chirac that they be held on time.
 
Lebanon - Lebanon Election Mapping Mission: Interim Report [English]. 2005
This report is an assessment of the electoral political environment in Lebanon. It provides specifically a detailed analysis of the current political situation, an election observation, media monitoring and voter education. It concludes with an assessment of the prospects for electoral reform.
 
Lebanon - Lebanon’s 2009 Parliamentary Elections - A Human Rights Agenda [English][Arabic]. 2009
This report outlines some of Human Rights Watch's main areas of concerns. It makes concrete recommendations that build on existing efforts and are feasible in a short time frame.
 
Lebanon - Lebanon’s Elections: Avoiding a New Cycle of Confrontation [English][French]. 2009
 
Lebanon - Libanvote - Legislative Election Results, 2000 [English].
 
Lebanon - Mapping of Candidates and Lists by Districts [English]. 2009
Issued by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems.
 
Lebanon - Monitoring the 2009 Lebanese Parliamentary Elections [English]. 2009
 
Lebanon - National Democratic Institute - Assistance Program to Lebanon [English].
The NDI governance program in Lebanon provides technical assistance to a domestic election monitoring organization.
 
Lebanon - National Democratic Institute Pre-Election Assessment Delegation Statement on the June 7, 2009 Parliamentary Elections [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Lebanon - Official Results of Lebanon's 2009 Parliamentary Elections [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Lebanon - Preliminary Media Monitoring Results [English]. 2009
Report issued by the European Union Election Observation Mission to Lebanon 2009.
 
Lebanon - Preliminary Report of the Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections on the Lebanese 2009 Parliamentary Elections [Arabic]. 2009
 
Lebanon - Preliminary Statement of the European Union Election Observation Mission on Lebanon's 2009 Parliamentary Elections [English][Arabic][French]. 2009
 
Lebanon - Second Report on the Violations of Article 68 of the Parliamentary Election Law No. 25/2008 [Arabic]. 2009
Second report issued by the Supervisory Commission on Electoral Campaign (SCEC) on the violations of Article 68 of the Parliamentary Election Law No. 25/2008.
 
Lebanon - Study on Media Coverage of the Lebanese Parliamentary Elections in June 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
Study issued by Maharat Foundation on Media Coverage of the 2009 Lebanese Parliamentary Elections. The study covers the period between 7 May 2009 and 5 June 2009.
 
Lebanon - The Lebanese Electoral System [English]. 2009
Issued by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems.
 
Lebanon - The Preliminary Statement of Carter Center on the 2009 Parliamentary Elections in Lebanon [English]. 2009
 
Lebanon - Website Covering the 2009 Parliamentary Elections [Arabic]. 2009
Website covering the 2009 parliamentary elections in Lebanon. Elections law, current parliament members, election lists, candidates and more.
 
Libya - Statement of the NDI Election Observer Delegation to Lebanon’s 2009 Parliamentary Elections [English][Arabic].
 
Mauritania - 2007 Mauritanian Presidential Election an Assessment Mission Report [English]. 2007
This report assesses the political environment during the interelection period, on election day and during the vote counting and validation period. This assessment hopes to identify any potential weaknesses in the electoral framework that need to be addressed by the next democratically-elected civilian government.
 
Mauritania - European Union - Final Report on the Mauritanian Legislative and Municipal Elections 2006 and Presidential Elections 2007 [Arabic][French]. 2007
This is the final report of the European Union Election Observation Mission on the Mauritanian Legislative and Municipal Elections 2006 and Presidential Elections 2007.
 
Mauritania - European Union - Mauritania Election Observation Mission: Preliminary Declaration, 14 March 2007 [Arabic][French]. 2007
This is a statement issued by the European Union Election Observation Mission to Mauritania on the Presidential Elections of 2007.
 
Mauritania - European Union - Mauritania Election Observation Mission: Preliminary Declaration, 29 March 2007 [Arabic][French]. 2007
This is a preliminary declaration, 29 March 2007, of the European Union Election Observation Mission on the Mauritanian Presidential Elections 2007.
 
Mauritania - European Union - Preliminary Statement on the Mauritanian Parliamentary and Municipal Elections 2006 [English][Arabic]. 2006
Preliminary Statement of the European Union Election Observation Mission on the Mauritanian Parliamentary and Municipal Elections in 2006.
 
Mauritania - European Union Elections Observation Mission to Mauritania [French]. 2007
 
Mauritania - Mauritania Elections Bulletin - Issue 1 [English]. 2009
First issue of the Bulletin prepared by the National Democratic Institute on Mauritania's 2009 presidential elections. This issue covers the period from 30 June to 6 July 2009.
 
Mauritania - Mauritania Elections Bulletin - Issue 2 [English]. 2009
This is the second issue of the Bulletin prepared by the National Democratic Institute on Mauritania's 2009 presidential elections. This issue covers the period from 7 to 13 July 2009.
 
Mauritania - Report on the Presidential Elections in Mauritania [Arabic]. 2007
This is the report of the Arab Commission for Human Rights on Mauritania's Presidential Elections held in 2007.
 
Morocco - Assessment of the Electoral Framework in Morocco [English][Arabic][French]. 2007
This report was prepared by Democracy Reporting International (DRI) in cooperation with Transparency Maroc.
 
Morocco - Local Elections in Morocco: The Challenge of Abstention [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Morocco - Qualitative Evaluation of the Election of the Moroccan Chamber of Representatives [Arabic][French]. 2007
This report explores the political environment in which the parliamentary elections in Morocco take place. It includes analysis of the electoral processes as well as recommendations on how to adjust and improve them.
 
Morocco - Report of the Moroccan Democratic Civil Forum on the 2009 Local Elections [English][French]. 2009
Report of the Moroccan Democratic Civil Forum on the local elections held in Morocco on 12 June 2009.
 
Morocco - Statement of the International Pre-election Delegation to Morocco’s 2007 Legislative Elections [English][Arabic][French]. 2007
This statement is offered by an international pre-election delegation to Morocco, organized by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) as part of the overall international election observation mission.
 
Morocco - The 2007 Moroccan Parliamentary Elections - Results and Implications [English][Arabic]. 2007
This web commentary analyzes the results of Morocco's 2007 parliamentary elections.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Central Elections Commission Guidebook - Second Palestinian Legislative Elections, 2006 [English][Arabic]. 2006
This guidebook provides a detailed outline of the structure of the Central Elections Commission (CEC), the legal framework of the PLC elections, an introduction on the mixed electoral system, a detailed explanation of the electoral processes, as well as information on the Code of Conduct for local and international observers.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Hamas' Victory: a Landslide in Seats, Not in Votes [English]. 2006
Looking at the state of democracy in the region, the Palestinian elections were remarkably transparent and well-run in a context of occupation. The establishment of an independent, impartial and professional election commission was key to this success.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Palestinian Electorate: "Islamists are more Capable of Leading the Reform and State Building Process" [English]. 2006
This paper assesses Hamas’s victory in the Palestinian legislative elections and their immediate and longer-term impact on the Palestinian political system as well as the future of democratization and political reform processes in light of anticipated local and international developments, particularly those related to the peace process and Israeli-Palestinian relations.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Report on the Palestinian Presidential Elections 2005 [English]. 2005
This is the report of the National Democratic Institute for international Affairs on the Palestinian presidential elections held on the 9th of January, 2005.
 
Qatar - Elections in Qatar: a Window of Democracy Opens in the Gulf [English]. 1999
A journal article about the changes that have occurred in Qatar’s political system upon the coming to power of prince Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani. The article, by Dr. Louay Bahry, also addresses the importance, and effects of such changes on the neighboring countries of Qatar.
 
Saudi Arabia - Municipal Elections in Saudi Arabia 2005 [English]. 2005
This report discusses the first municipal elections in Saudi Arabia, and despite the weak prerogatives the municipal councils hold and the non-participation of women, both government and citizens see the municipal elections as a first step in a long process of necessary reforms.
 
Sudan - Assessment of the Electoral Framework Final Report [English]. 2009
While there are serious challenges to holding elections in Sudan as planned in April 2010, it will be the last opportunity to bring some level of pluralism to the country ahead of the southern independence referendum foreseen for January 2011. However, to make the upcoming elections meaningful, the Government of Sudan needs to fully respect freedoms of expression, association and assembly in law and its implementation.
 
Sudan - Handbook for Women Candidates in Sudan [English][Arabic]. 2010
A toolkit for election campaigning and public speaking developed for the Sudanese elections in April 2010.
 
Sudan - Imagining the Election: A Look at What Citizens Know and Expect of Sudan’s 2010 Vote [English]. 2009
This report examines citizens’ understanding of and concerns about the national elections planned for 2010. The report also includes citizens' views on government performance, development, security, corruption, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, and related issues.
 
Sudan - Imagining the Election: A Look at What Ctizens Know and Expect of Sudan's 2010 Vote [English]. 2009
This report explores public opinion in Southern Sudan and the Three Areas of Abyei, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile. It is NDI’s tenth focus group study in Sudan since 2004. Based on 78 focus group discussions with 964 Sudanese participants, the report examines citizens’ understanding of and concerns about the national elections planned for 2010.
 
Sudan - Sudan’s 2009 Elections: Critical Issue and Timelines [English]. 2007
Sudan’s elections, scheduled to take place by July 2009, are a major milestone of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). Domestic and international institutions are already planning for the elections, although many legal and logistical issues must be resolved before they take place.
 
Syria - Elections and Human Rights - Report on the Syrian Legislative Elections 2007 [Arabic]. 2007
This is the report of the Damascus Center for Theoretical and Civil Rights Studies on the Syrian Legislative Elections held on 22 April 2007.
 
Syria - Monitoring the Syrian Legislative Elections 2007 [English][Arabic]. 2007
This is the final report of the Syrian Elector on the Syrian parliamentary elections held on 22 and 23 April 2007.
 
Syria - Report on the Syrian Parliamentary Elections 2007 [Arabic]. 2007
This is the report of the Center for Environmental and Social Development on the Syrian parliamentary elections 2007.
 
Syria - The 2007 Syrian Parliamentary and Local Elections and Presidential Referendum, Post-Election Briefing [English][Arabic][French]. 2008
This report is prepared by Democracy Reporting International on the 2007 Syrian Parliamentary and Local Elections and Presidential Referendum.
 
Syria - The Syrian Authorities and the Legislative Elections 2007 - A Semi-Final Report [English][Arabic]. 2007
This is a preliminary report issued by the Syrian Elector days before the Syrian parliamentary elections 2007.
 
Tunisia - Official Website of the Electoral Campaign of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
 
Tunisia - Presidential and Parliamentary Elections 2004 [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
 
Tunisia - Report on the Presidential and Legislative Elections of 2004 [English][French]. 2004
This is the report the monitoring of the Tunisian media coverage during the October 2004 legislative and presidential elections. The Tunisian League for the Defence of Human Rights, the Tunisian Association for Democratic Women and the National Council for Freedom in Tunisia prepared the report in cooperation with International Media Support.
 
Yemen - Comprehensive Assessment of Election Framework in Yemen - Final Report [English]. 2008
This report was prepared by Democracy Reporting International (DRI) in cooperation with the Human Rights Information and Training Center (HRITC) in Yemen.
 
Yemen - Election Law Reform in Yemen: Final Report on the Public Policy Dialogues [English]. 2005
This report is an in-depth analysis of Yemen’s election law. It identifies five priority areas that need to be addressed before the 2006 elections: the statutory voter registration update schedule, dispute resolution mechanisms, the ballot counting venue, the process for appointing members of election Sub committees, and local council election procedures.
 
Yemen - Election Law Reform in Yemen: Supplementary Report [English]. 2005
This is a supplementary report to the Election Law Reform in Yemen: Final Report on the Public Policy Dialogues.
 
Yemen - European Union Election Observation Mission - Presidential and Local Council Elections, Yemen 2006 [English][Arabic]. 2006
This report presents the findings of the European Union Election Observation Mission on the 20 September 2006 Presidential and Local Council Elections in the Republic of Yemen.
 
Yemen - Final Report on the Yemeni Parliamentary Elections 2003 [Arabic]. 2003
Report by the National Democratic Institute on the Yemeni Legislative Elections held on 27 April 2003.
 
Yemen - Media Monitoring: Basic Findings 23 August - 19 September 2006 [English]. 2006
The European Union Election Observation Mission has included in its observation of the presidential and local elections in Yemen a media component in order to conduct a comprehensive analysis of media issues, the Yemeni media system, the legal framework for the media and the media coverage of election issues.
 
Yemen - Preliminary Report on the 2006 Presidential and Local Council Elections in Yemen [Arabic]. 2006
This is the preliminary report of the Yemeni Observatory for Human Rights on the 2006 Presidential and Local Council elections.
 
Yemen - Presidential Elections, 1999 [English]. 1999
Analysis of the presidential elections of 23 September, 1999, the first in which the president was elected by popular vote.
 
Yemen - Report on 2008 Voter Registration in the Republic of Yemen [English][Arabic]. 2009
The National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the Yemen Election Monitoring Network (YEMN) conducted a joint observer mission to monitor the voter registration process. The principle objectives of the observation mission were to: provide an accurate and objective assessment of Yemen’s 2008 voter registration process; ensure the rights of eligible voters to register or change their voting domicile; and build public confidence in electoral and democratic processes in advance of the parliamentary elections.
 
Yemen - Report on the 2006 Presidential and Local Council Elections in the Republic of Yemen [English]. 2006
With the support of the Government of the Republic of Yemen and facilitation by the Supreme Commission for Elections and Referendum (SCER), NDI assisted four Yemeni non-governmental organizations in monitoring the presidential and local council elections held in September 2006. NDI facilitated this observation project by providing technical advice and materials and by training observers and partner NGO coordinators. This report includes the observations resulting from these elections.
 
Yemen - Report on the 2008 Voter Registration Process in the Republic of Yemen [English][Arabic]. 2008
Report prepared by the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the Yemen Election Monitoring Network (YEMN) on the 2008 Voter Registration Process in the Republic of Yemen.
 
Yemen - Report on the April 27, 2003 Parliamentary Elections in the Republic of Yemen [English]. 2003
This is the report of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs on the April 27, 2003 Parliamentary Elections in the Republic of Yemen.
 
Yemen - The Yemeni Elections: Outcome and Prospects [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Yemen - Yemeni Party Law [English]. 2000
A comparative perspective by Ahmed Abdulkarim Saif.
 
Arab Countries - Administration and Cost of Elections - ACE Project - Glossary [Arabic]. 2000
A summarized table for examining "Arab Judicial Structures" in 13 Arab Countries, namely: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian National Authority, Saudi Arab, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Election Law Compendium [English].
This compendium represents a modest contribution toward the development of a conceptual framework for addressing the institutional democratic challenges facing the Arab region.
 
Arab Countries - Behind the Ballot Box: Electoral Engineering in the Arab World [English]. 1998
The article, written by Marsha Pripstein-Posusney, discusses the significance of electoral changes in the Arab world.
 
Arab Countries - Charting Elections in the Middle East [English]. 1998
By Mark LeVine
 
Arab Countries - Contemporary Electoral Systems [Arabic]. 2005
This article discusses various types of contemporary election systems and their impact on representation.
 
Arab Countries - Democracy in the Arab World: Challenges, Achievements, and Prospects [English]. 2000
An overview of the democratic condition in the Arab world.
 
Arab Countries - Electoral Systems in Jordan [Arabic]. 2003
By Dr. Sleiman Sweis, September 2003, Arab NGO Network for Development.
 
Arab Countries - In Middle Eastern Elections, No One Bats an Eyelid When the Leader Gets 110 Percent of the Vote [English]. 2005
Arab elections are among the quaintest of the Middle East’s attempts to reproduce the Western-style "democracy" their dictators claim they already possess. Ironically however, most of these so-called elections result in an almost unanimous vote for the same dominating dictators.
 
Arab Countries - Middle East Elections 2009: Lebanon, Iran, Afghanistan and Iraq [English]. 2009
 
Arab Countries - Report on Elections in the Arab World 2006 - A Human Rights Evaluation [English]. 2006
This report analyses the parliamentary elections that have taken place in 2006 in six Arab countries: Bahrain, Kuwait, Mauritania, Palestine, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. It also investigates the relationship between elections, democracy and human rights.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, April 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, April 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia and Sudan.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, August 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Palestine, Sudan and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, August 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, December 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, February 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, January 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, July 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, July 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Palestine, Qatar, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, June 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, June 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, March 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, March 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, May 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, May 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, November 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and United Arab Emirates.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, October 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, September 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - Techniques of Electoral Fraud and the Means to Combat Them [Arabic]. 2005
The book includes suggestions and practical ideas to combat electoral fraud as well as a quick guide on monitoring the electoral process.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, April 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, April 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, August 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Egypt, Iraq, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, August 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, December 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Palestine, Sudan and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, February 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, February 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, January 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, January 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, July 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Mauritania, Sudan and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, July 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, June 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco and Sudan.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, June 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Bahrain, Comoros, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, March 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, March 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Algeria, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, May 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Comoros, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Sudan.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, May 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Bahrain, Comoros, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Maritania, Morocco, Palestine, Somalia, Sudan and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, November 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in ِAlgeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, October 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - The Electoral Observer Bulletin, September 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A periodical issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. The current bulletin covers elections in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia.
 
International - Administration and Cost of Elections [Arabic]. 1999
This Arabic version is a direct translation of the ACE Project Guide published by ACE PROJECT in April 1999.
 
International - Administration and Cost of Elections - ACE Project [English][Arabic][French].
The ACE project is a joint initiative of the International Foundation for Election Systems (IFES), the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA), and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA). The ACE project provides comprehensive information on all aspects of organizing elections.
 
International - Administration and Cost of Elections - ACE Project - Legislative Framework Index [English][Arabic][French].
The index covers the legislative structure for democratic electoral processes where political power is reached by means of free and fair elections.
 
International - Building Confidence in the Voter Registration Process: An NDI Monitoring Guide for Political Parties and Civic Organizations [English][Arabic]. 2001
This guide addresses ways that political parties and civic organizations can monitor and promote improvements to the voter registration process. This guide serves as a roadmap for political parties and civic organizations to monitor the voter registration process. It focuses on issues related to national elections, but most of the information contained within it is also applicable to voter registration processes in sub-national polls. The guide is divided into four parts. The first part identifies issues that should be considered when approaching the voter registration process. Techniques for monitoring the voter registration process are presented in the second part, while the third part offers practical suggestions for organizing, planning, recruitment, training, reporting and advocacy. The final part comprises appendices with sample forms that can be useful in monitoring the voter registration process, as well as sample monitoring reports by domestic organizations.
 
International - Center for Voting and Democracy - What is Proportional Representation? [English].
CVD is an American NGO that researches how voting systems affect participation, representation and governance. Its home page provides reading materials on various electoral issues, proportional representation, instant runoff voting, redistricting, voting rights, and voter turnout. The site links to other regional and international proportional representation advocacy groups
 
International - Designing an Effective Campaign Plan - Partners in Participation - Women's Campaign Initiative [Arabic]. 2003
This handbook, prepared by NDI, aims at identifying the basic pillars for an electoral campaign and the candidate's role in it such as team building, recruiting volunteers, campaign planning, fund raising, communication, and what is to be done on election day.
 
International - Election Violence Education and Resolution (EVER) Project [English].
Managed under IFES' Applied Research Center (ARC), the Election Violence Education and Resolution (EVER) Project is an initiative that identifies conditions, causes, practices, or failures provoking electoral violence in order to prevent, manage, or reduce opportunities for friction in elections and campaigns. The online portal provides the user with details of the methodology utilized to implement election-violence monitoring, as well as data from specific IFES EVER activities and resources such as news stories, articles and analysis addressing election-related violence.
 
International - Electoral Assistance [English].
This fact sheet, published by UNDP, explains how to promote the involvement of women as informed and empowered voters. It discusses strategies such as supporting civic and voter education campaigns that target women, responding to cultural factors that can inhibit women’s participation, and encouraging political parties to include on their platforms issues that are important to women.
 
International - Electoral Management Design: The International IDEA Handbook [English]. 2006
The Electoral Management Design Handbook is written for electoral administrators, electoral administration designers and other practitioners involved in building professional, sustainable and cost-effective electoral administrations which can deliver legitimate and credible free and fair elections. It is a comparative study that shares best practices and know-how from around the world on financing, structuring and evaluation of Electoral Management Bodies.
 
International - Electoral System Design [English][French]. 2002
This handbook, published by IDEA, gives a comprehensive overview of the electoral systems in use in more than 200 states and territories. It discusses the advantages and disadvantages of different electoral systems, the factors to consider when modifying or designing an electoral system and provides insights into why certain countries choose particular systems. It also describes which electoral systems have proven advantageous for specific cultural, social and economic conditions and how electoral systems can increase participation, reach out to minorities and facilitate representation of women.
 
International - Electoral System Design: the New IDEA Handbook [English]. 2005
This handbook lays out essential knowledge about electoral systems and their consequences, presenting complex ideas with accessible clarity. It addresses key issues in the process of democratic transition and reform in a practical way.
 
International - Electoral System Design: the New International IDEA Handbook [English]. 2005
The Focus of this handbook is on electoral systems at national level, the options discussed are those available to any community seeking to organize a vote, designing or redesigning electoral systems.
 
International - Ensuring Equal Rights in the Elections Process [English].
This paper addresses how, regardless of the differences in the electoral systems, most ‘unfair’ elections result from the political finance irregularities connected with unequal participation. A fair and competitive electoral process is necessary for the whole process of democratization.
 
International - Free and Fair Elections [English]. 2006
This is the new expanded second edition of the Free and Fair Elections. Part I reviews developments in international law and practice since 1994 and makes a general assessment of the influence of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) Declaration on Criteria for Free and Fair Elections, adopted 26 March 1994 and study in the development and consolidation of legal norms.
 
International - International Electoral Standards: Guidelines for Reviewing the Legal Framework of Elections [English]. 2002
This book, published by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) sets out internationally recognized standards applicable across a range of areas of electoral legislation. This will be useful to those engaged in reviewing existing legal frameworks for elections, or formulating new electoral legislation. These standards are intended as benchmarks to assess whether elections are free and fair.
 
International - International Foundation for Electoral Systems - Elections Services [English].
IFES provides services in creating or strengthening these components of election administration: drafting and reviewing election laws, civil registry development, records and technology management, strategies for redistricting, election administration and training, campaign techniques and public information, election security, election observation, inclusion of historically disadvantaged groups, and the adjudication of election disputes
 
International - International IDEA Handbook of Electoral System Design [English][Arabic][French].
The IDEA's electoral system handbook is created for policy-makers, politicians and election administrators, it describes the world of electoral systems and outlines the factors to consider when modifying or designing an electoral system.
 
International - Islamists at the Ballot Box: Findings from Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, and Turkey [English]. 2005
The report summarizes the presentations of the round table discussion that featured three institute grantees who had conducted research in the Middle East on the role and impact of Islamist parties. The round table was organized on April 12, 2005, by the United States Institute of Peace’s Grant Program.
 
International - Managing Assistance in Support of Political and Electoral Processes [English]. 2002
A USAID manual of January 2000 intended to serve as a practical guide in the development of electoral and political processes and program activities by the agency's democracy and governance field officers. The manual focuses on four areas of assistance: political party development, elections administration, local elections, and post-elections.
 
International - Media & Elections: An Election Reporting Handbook [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
The handbook is produced by the Media and Elections Response Center - IMPACS Media. The guide is intended to assist reporters in renewing their elections reporting skills.
 
International - National Democratic Institute - Elections and Political Processes [English].
National Democratic Institute's approach to election-related programs aim at promoting (a) the integrity of electoral and political processes and (b) the right of citizens to participate in government.
 
International - Promoting Legal Frameworks for Democratic Elections [English]. 2008
A National Democratic Institute for International Affairs Guide for Developing Election Laws and Law Commentaries.
 
International - Spatial Decision Support System for Electoral Districting [English].
The SDSS for Electoral Districting uses geographic information systems (GIS) to compute the boundaries of electoral districts, to model and display the likely impact of several different forms of electoral systems to assist political leaders reach a consensus on the “best acceptable” electoral system for their country.
 
International - The Implementation of Quotas: Latin American Experiences. [English]. 2003
This IDEA report, part of the series of reports on regional experiences with quota implementation, examines quotas used in Latin America, with case studies from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico and Peru.
 
International - United States Agency for International Development - Elections and Political Processes [English].
Description of the objectives, projects, results and performance indicators of USAID's Center for Democracy and Governance assistance related to elections and political processes.
 
International - Voter Education Index [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
The index covers seven steps that educators must use to develop relevant, cost-effective, and educationally appropriate voter education programmes. The index is written for people responsible with designing, implementing, and evaluating voter education programmes.
 
International - Voter Registration Index [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
The index explores issues relating to the compilation and maintenance of electoral registers, essential in any voting system.
 
UN Agencies - Elections: the Gender Dimension [English][Arabic].
The electoral process itself, even in well-functioning, ‘mature’ democracies, often creates serious barriers to the participation of women, both as candidates and, to a lesser extent, as voters. Women seldom make significant gains in the electoral process without pressure and support from women’s organizations, advocacy, lobbying, training of women candidates, alliance-building and external financial assistance. Within this arena, there are many areas for possible UNDP support.
 
UN Agencies - Electoral Management Bodies and Democratic Governance - Role of UNDP [English]. 1999
Discussion of the role of the Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs) in democratic governance and UNDP’s role in supporting them and the direction and possible follow-up of activities that could be undertaken at a global level by UNDP.
 
UN Agencies - Electoral Management Bodies as Institutions of Governance [English][Arabic]. 2000
This paper is the fifth in a series of Discussion Papers on governance sponsored by the UNDP Bureau for Development Policy. It focuses on the institutional dimensions of strengthening electoral systems and grapples with issues related to electoral management bodies as institutions of governance.
 
UN Agencies - Enhancing Women's Participation in Electoral Processes in Post-Conflict Countries [English]. 2004
The Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI) convened an expert group meeting on "Enhancing women’s participation in electoral processes in post-conflict countries,” jointly organized with the Department of Political Affairs of the United Nations. The group discussed and analyzed electoral processes in post-conflict countries and the obstacles, lessons learned and good practices in enhancing women’s participation in these processes. This report is the outcome of that meeting.
 
UN Agencies - Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature [English].
General discussion of the impact of election systems on the legislature and a comparative view of the advantages of these; the plurality-majoritarian, the proportional representation, and the semi-proportional election systems.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Development Program - Democratic Governance - Electoral Systems and Processes  [English].
The Electoral Systems and Processes is an element in the democratic governance practice of the United Nations Development Programme. It works on achieving legal and institutional frameworks that enable free, fair, transparent and sustainable elections as well as promoting civic education for democratic rights and responsibilities. 
 
Middle East - Electoral Processes in Selected Countries of the Middle East: A Case Study [English]. 2004
This paper, published by the United Nations Office of the Special Advisor on Gender Issues and advancement of Women (OSAGI), attempts to give a brief analysis and assessment of how the electoral process in Yemen, Lebanon and Jordan was supportive, or not, of women’s participation, and then identify commonalities and differences which might help in drawing conclusions and recommendations on how to better support women’s full participation in elections in the Arab region as a whole, and possibly other post-conflict countries.
 
Not Assigned - The 2009 Lebanese Election Results and their Implications: A Post-Voting Analysis [English]. 2009
Report issued by the Department of Democracy and Human Rights at the Lebanese Information Center.
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Arab Countries - strengthening the Oversight Function of Arab Parliaments. Developing the Legal Framework [English][Arabic]
 
Arab Countries - Energy Subsidies in the Arab World [English]
 
Arab Countries - Arab Parliamentary Bulletin - Issue 9 [English][Arabic]
 
UN Agencies - Making the State Responsive:Experience with Democratic Governance Assessments [English]