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Gender: All Countries (Type: Studies, Reports, Books and Programmes, Provider: All)

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Algeria - Algeria Gender Profile, a summary [English].
The World Bank Group - Gender Statistics database can be searched for each of the following topics: gender profiles, basic demographic data, population dynamics, labor force structure, education, health, and maternal mortality.
 
Algeria - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Algeria [English]. 1998
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Algeria to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Bahrain - Analytic Study - The Contribution of Married Bahraini Working Women in Bearing the Economic Burden with their Husbands within the Family Household [Arabic].
This study aims at identifying how much Bahraini women contribute to the burdening expenses inside a family household and what are the reasons behind this contribution, and the extent of their support for the consolidated loans as well as housing laws which incorporate the salary of the spouse to obtain housing services. The report also aims at clarifying the extent of the support of Bahraini working women for the Civil Service Law.
 
Bahrain - Bahraini Women In Figures [Arabic]. 2006
This study discusses statistical findings pertaining to advances achieved by Bahraini women in the spheres of health and education as well as in economic, social and political spheres.
 
Bahrain - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Bahrain [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Comoros - Comoros - UNDP Projects - Poverty Reduction [French].
 
Comoros - Comoros Islands Gender Profile, a summary [English].
The World Bank Group - Gender Statistics database can be searched for each of the following topics: gender profiles, basic demographic data, population dynamics, labor force structure, education, health, and maternal mortality.
 
Djibouti - Djibouti - Ministry of Women [French].
 
Egypt - Building Democracy in Egypt: Women's Political Participation, Political Party Life and Democratic Election [English][Arabic]. 2005
The report is the end-result of a project carried out by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) in cooperation with the Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND). The project discussed democratic reform in Egypt, Jordan and Yemen and focused on three interconnected themes seen as entry points to help establish a reform-oriented agenda: electoral system reform, the political participation of women and the development of political parties.
 
Egypt - Center for Egyptian Women's Legal Assistance [English][Arabic].
The Center for Egyptian Women's Legal Assistance is a non-governmental organization founded in 1995. Its goal is to offer Egyptian women legal support and assistance regarding their rights under the Egyptian Constitution, Egyptian laws and the international conventions.
 
Egypt - Development of Women's Representation in the Egyptian Parliament (1979-2005) . 2010
This study is issued by the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights (ECWR) on the development of women's representation in the Egyptian Parliament from 1979 till 2005.
 
Egypt - Divorced from Justice: Women's Unequal Access to Divorce in Egypt [English][Arabic]. 2004
Egypt has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Both require that Egypt take appropriate measures to ensure equality for both men and women in marriage and divorce. Hence, this report recommends that the Egyptian government should take immediate steps to ensure equality in the substantive and procedural laws and policies governing divorce.
 
Egypt - Egypt NGOs' Forum for Women in Development [English].
This is a local network of Egyptian development NGOs including women groups, health and environment groups, training centers and other local organizations, which have agreed on the need for cooperation among women's groups in Egypt to face various pressures. The forum works to develop the capacities and skills of the participant organizations, to enhance the role of Egyptian NGOs working in the field of gender, to observe and document women's status and Egypt’s implementation of the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
 
Egypt - Egyptian Center for Women's Rights [English][Arabic].
Is a Cairo based independent non- governmental organization established in April 1996. The center carries out programs and projects at the level of women’s leadership and at the grass roots level, which aim to improve the political and social status of women.
 
Egypt - Family Status Issues Among Egypt's Copts: A Brief Overview [English]. 2007
The following article discusses the impact of the Egyptian Family Status Law of 1955 (which is still in effect) on the country's Coptic population. It provides a concise overview of these laws, especially in light of the dearth of resources in English on the topic.
 
Egypt - Gender, Education and Child Labor in Egypt [English]. 2004
This paper searches for the linkages between child labor, gender and education, identifies the gaps in the literature on these linkages and highlights areas for further research and program/policy interventions.
 
Egypt - Political Empowerment of Egyptian Women, is Quota the Solution ?!! [Arabic]. 2009
This study is an overview of the political participation of women in Egypt. The study enumerates the rights gained by women after the July revolution, notably the right of nomination and election. It also monitors the constraints which stand in the face of the political empowerment of women in International Law and the Egyptian Constitution. The study discusses the quota in the international conventions, as well as the presence of women in the legislative, executive and judicial branch.
 
Egypt - Statistical Report on the Status of Egyptian Women [Arabic]. 2004
This book aims to provide policy and decision makers with a good tool for improving the situation of women in Egypt in the near future.
 
Egypt - Suzanne Mubarak Women's International Peace Movement [English].
The first international initiative in the Middle East that seeks to enhance the active participation of women in the decision and peace making processes and to find alternative solutions to conflict and promote the Culture of Peace throughout the world.
 
Egypt - The Gender Dimensions of Poverty in Egypt [English]. 2001
This study presents a picture of the extent of poverty at all levels of analysis and derives poverty measures for male and female-headed households and for males and females in poor households. It also investigates the characteristics of males and females in poor households in terms of their education, employment, child labor, and other characteristics.
 
Egypt - Women’s Rights in Focus: Egypt [English]. 2004
This is the report of the findings from May – June 2004 of a series of focus groups conducted with Egyptian citizens on women’ freedom. The findings revealed that progress for women is hindered by gaps in public knowledge about basic rights as well as by institutional weaknesses in Egypt’s government.
 
Egypt - Women's Movement in Egypt, with Selected References to Turkey [English]. 2002
Women's movements in the Middle East vary in terms of specific historical trajectories as well as current ideas and practices. Yet, they are similar in that they share several historical and political factors, such as their links to nationalist movements, their links to processes of modernization and development, and tensions between secular and religious tendencies. Specificities and differences can be found in overarching general themes, as becomes obvious in the context of two case studies -Egypt and Turkey- explored in this paper.
 
Egypt - Women's Right in Focus: Egypt [English]. 2005
This report presents the findings of a study on public attitudes towards women's rights in Egypt. It discusses the status of women's political, educational, economic, and legal rights, as well as the role of the media and information technology in expanding the information available to women on news, politics, and local affairs. The study finds that progress for women is hindered by gaps in public knowledge about basic rights, as well as by institutional weaknesses in Egypt’s government.
 
Iraq - Building a New Iraq: Women’s Role in Reconstruction Women’s Role in Strengthening Civil Society [English]. 2003
The findings and conclusions of the Woodrow Wilson International Center and Women Waging Peace joint project entitled "Conflict Prevention Project: Middle East". The document discusses the changes that must be implemented in the fields of civil society, constitution, legislation, governance and democracy and security to ensure the rehabilitation, progression and improvement of women's conditions and status in post-conflict Iraq.
 
Iraq - Checklist for Key Gender Dimensions for Iraq by Sector [English].
The checklist is developed to ensure that the gender components of all elements of the peace building and recovery process are identified and mainstreamed into planning procedures and program implementation.
 
Iraq - Climate of Fear: Sexual Violence and Abduction of Women and Girls in Baghdad [English]. 2003
Many of the problems in addressing sexual violence and abduction against women and girls derive from the U.S.-led coalition forces and civilian administration’s failure to provide public security in Baghdad. This report recommends that it is essential that all parties involved in the reconstruction plans address the state’s inadequate protection of the rights of women and girls.
 
Iraq - Decades of Suffering, Now Women Deserve Better [English]. 2005
This report is part of Amnesty International's Stop Violence Against Women Campaign. It focuses on the many ways in which women and girls in Iraq have suffered from government repression and armed conflict in disproportionate or different ways from men, and how they have been targeted as women.
 
Iraq - Economic Empowerment of Women in Iraq: The Way Forward [English]. 2006
This briefing summarizes the views expressed by participants in two meetings held by the United States Institute of Peace in coordination with the Department of State, the Department of Defense, and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), on February 1, February 22, and April 19, 2006, to discuss the current economic progress of women in Iraq and to identify challenges and options for the future.
 
Iraq - How the US Erase Women’s Rights in Iraq [English]. 2005
Under the new U.S.-crafted constitution, which was put to referendum on the 15 October while the bloodbath mounts each day, women’s rights will be oppressed and the role of women in Iraqi society will be curtailed and relegated to the caring for “children and the elderly”.
 
Iraq - In Her Own Words: Iraqi Women Talk about their Greatest Concerns and Challenges [English]. 2009
This report consists of a survey on women in Iraq who have been affected by the conflict. It provides a disturbing snapshot of many women lives and those of their children and other family members. The information presented in this paper was collected over a period of several months, starting in the summer of 2008.
 
Iraq - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Iraq [English]. 1998
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Iraq to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Iraq - Iraq - UNDP Projects - Poverty Reduction and Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals [English].
 
Iraq - Iraqi Women and Violence [Arabic]. 2006
This study is an international research work on violence against Iraqi women and on the oppression they are exposed to.
 
Iraq - Iraqi Women Under US Occupation [English]. 2005
In addition to torture, sexual violence and rape by U.S. Occupation forces, a great number of Iraqi women and girls are kept locked up in their homes by a very real fear of abduction and criminal abuse. Since the invasion of Iraq, Iraqi women have been denied their human rights, including the right to health, education and employment.
 
Iraq - IRAQIA, Women Solidarity toward Active Participation in Elections - Project [English].
This project aims to encourage, strengthen, and support Iraqi women at all levels to exercise their rights and define their future effectively and transparently through ensuring their successful participation and understanding of their viable role in the elections process at multi-dimensional levels. It was executed by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) in collaboration with the United Nations Country Team for Iraq.
 
Iraq - Problem of the Women Taking Charge of Leading Positions (Iraq case study) [Arabic]. 2002
By Dr. Ina'am A. Al-Shehabi and Dr. Mowaffaq H. Mohammad, Arab Organization for Administrative Development – First Meeting. "Marketing in the Arab Region: Reality and Prospects for Development". Sharjah, UAE, 15-16 October, 2002.
 
Iraq - What UNIFEM is doing in Iraq [English].
The United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) is a close partner of the National Committee for the Advancement of Iraqi Women. The website explores the work of UNIFEM in Iraq.
 
Iraq - Windows of Opportunity: Pursuing Gender Equity in Post-War Iraq [English]. 2005
This paper examines the forces working to shape the future of Iraq and the brief window of opportunity that women must seize. It also presents women’s own perceptions of the current situation and vision for the future. It reports on what women are saying about their basic needs, educational and economic opportunities, community and political participation, expectations about the U.S. occupation and other areas of their lives.
 
Iraq - Winning the Peace Conference Report: Women’s Role in Post-Conflict Iraq [English]. 2003
This is the report of "Winning the Peace: Women’s Role in Post-Conflict Iraq” Conference that was hosted by the Conflict Prevention and Middle East Projects of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and Women Waging Peace and that was held in Washington D.C. on April 21st and 22nd, 2003. The focus was the inclusion of women in four vital sectors of Iraqi administration: democracy and governance, economic activity, constitutional law, legislation, and civil society.
 
Iraq - Women of the New Iraq [English]. 2005
This article argues that women's rights in Iraq have not been destroyed by Islam, but by the destruction of state and society brought on by foreign military aggression. Most Iraqi women recognise and try to sensitively cope with the predicament of dealing with occupation and the rise of reactionary practices affecting their rights and way of life.
 
Jordan - Amman Business & Professional Women [English].
Was established in 1976 as a voluntary business association, one of the four associations that form the Jordanian Federation of Business and Professional Women, which is affiliated with the International Federation of Business and professional Women.
 
Jordan - Arab Regional Resource Center on Violence Against Women [English].
AmmanJordan SIGI Program is one of Sisterhood Is Global Institute (SIGI) programs on combating violence against women. The programs include the human rights education program and training on combating violence against women and girls, a knowledge partnership program and cultural events program on subjects related to women issues.
 
Jordan - Arab Women and the Media [English]. 2007
The report aims to examine Arab research studies and their outputs with an emphasis on learning about methodologies applied in subject studies. Their objective is to contribute to improving studies that are likely to serve the practical and training activities.
 
Jordan - Building Democracy in Jordan: Women's Political Participation, Political Party Life and Democratic Election [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report discussed women's participation in public life and its impact on women in Jordan, the political parties and the electoral systems in Jordan.
 
Jordan - Civil Society and Gender Assessment and Program Design (Jordan) [English]. 2006
This assessment provides a detailed gender program within the mission that adopts a Gender and Development approach, integrates gender mainstreaming and gender budget performance in mission programs, develops the mission’s gender equity analytic and policy frameworks, and works closely with government agencies, notably the Ministry of Planning’s gender division and other donor agencies to promote gender mainstreaming.
 
Jordan - Empowering Women Migrant Workers in Jordan- Project [English][Arabic].
The project aims at improving the legal, social, and economic situation of migrant women workers in Jordan through a right-based approach that empowers women and strengthens the accountability mechanisms to support them.
 
Jordan - First Class: Profiles of Women MPs and Senators in Jordan 2003-2007 [English][Arabic]. 2006
NDI produced this report, profiling Jordanian women serving in the lower and upper houses of Parliament between 2003 and 2007.
 
Jordan - Honoring the Killers: Justice Denied for "Honor" Crimes in Jordan [English][Arabic]. 2004
This report describes the social context in which “honor” crimes take place, including the second-class status accorded to girls and women in law and custom. It also presents four case studies of women under threat from male family members, demonstrating the destructive, paralyzing effect of Jordan’s continued weak responses to “honor” crimes on women’s lives then concludes with recommendations.
 
Jordan - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Jordan [English]. 1997
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Jordan to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Jordan - Queen Zein Al Sharaf Institute for Development [English][Arabic].
The Institute ZENID was established in 1994 to promote development by providing training and research to improve the skills of practitioners in Jordan and across the region. Through a human rights-based approach to development, ZENID encourages gender equity in all its activities, and advocates policy changes to bring lasting improvements to the lives of poor communities. The institute offers technical support and assistance to a variety of organizations and individuals, ranging from voluntary groups, NGOs, and governmental agencies, to women's organizations, students and youth.
 
Jordan - Report on the Status of Jordanian Women: Demography, Economic Participation, Political Participation and Violence Against Women [Arabic]. 2004
This report on the condition of Jordanian women falls in line with the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and its goals of economically empowering women and promoting their role in ensuring a secure life. The report also sheds light on women's progress in economic, social and political fields, as a means of achieving true equality between men and women, as well as improving women's status through their participation in and benefiting from sustainable development.
 
Jordan - Towards Political Empowerment of Jordanian Women [Arabic]. 2006
This study covers three major topics: first, women and international instruments of human rights; second, Jordan’s position in respect of these instruments; and third, how women’s legal status has been affected by these instruments. The report also identifies areas if legal concern relevant to the legal status of Jordanian women. The report also examines the status of women in Jordan in other areas including education, health, economic empowerment and the family. The report recognizes that considerable achievements have been made in terms of improvements in women’s status, but nevertheless highlights areas of particular concern in respect of women’s health and economic stats.
 
Jordan - Tracking the Progress of Jordanian Women in the ICT space [English]. 2005
This is a request for proposal research on the progress of Jordanian women in the information and communication technology space since 2001. The objective of the project is to empower women in the information technology section by building their capacities and professional skills and bridging the gender digital divide.
 
Kuwait - Kuwait: Citizens Attitude towards Women Political Participation [Arabic]. 2007
This research sheds light on the attitudes of Kuwaiti citizens towards the political participation of women. It mainly aims at exploring the public's vision of women as political actors in the country and of women's participation during past elections, as well as the factors affecting voters' choice during the elections of the Majlis Al-Oumma. The study consisted of seven focus groups of voters aged between 24 and 40, from both sexes and belonging to both the sedentary and nomadic population in Kuwait. In-depth meetings were also held with eight Kuwaiti opinion leaders who are active in the field of the media, education, law, economy and politics.
 
Kuwait - Kuwaiti women [English].
A brief analysis of the Kuwait women, their political and social status, education and employment opportunities from the Kuwait Information office of the embassy of Kuwait in Washington D.C.
 
Kuwait - Kuwait's Parliament Considers Women's Political Rights, Again [English]. 2004
The article discusses the wavering of Kuwait’s parliament in drafting a law to allow women's full political rights- voting and running for national office- and chronicles Kuwaiti women's struggle and achievements for political rights over the past two decades.
 
Kuwait - Women’s Rights and the Meaning of Citizenship in Kuwait [English]. 2005
The article discusses the situation of Kuwaiti women's rights and the challenges they face with regards to advancing their political rights, involvement and participation. It tackles these issues from various perspectives- the government, the opposition, the feminists and the general Kuwaiti public.
 
Kuwait - Women's Rights in Focus: Kuwait [English]. 2005
The findings of a focus groups published by Freedom House and conducted with Kuwaiti citizens on women’ freedom in July 2004. The findings revealed a modest support for granting women the right to vote, but less enthusiasm for women running as candidates in elections.
 
Kuwait - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Kuwait [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Lebanon - Brief on the Status of Women's Rights in Lebanon [English][Arabic].
The page provides access to brief reviews of the Lebanese women’s right, government’s policies to diminish discrimination against women, women’s advocacy groups and their reports to the UN CEDAW’s Committee.
 
Lebanon - Gender, Education and Child Labor in Lebanon [English]. 2004
This report on the child labor in Lebanon tackles a number of issues related to the educational system and provides a gender analysis of the interrelation existing between child labor and basic education.
 
Lebanon - Lebanese National Action Plan [English]. 1995
Women Watch is a gateway to the information and resources on the promotion of gender equality. It is a joint United Nations project which was created in March 1997 to provide internet space for global gender equality issues and to support implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action. The Lebanese National Action Plan was provided by the government following the Beijing Conference.
 
Lebanon - Lebanese Women's Awakening [English].
LEBWA is a non-religious, non-political, non-partisan educational forum. LEBWA, founded in North America aims at providing support for Lebanese women and promoting gender equity.
 
Lebanon - Nationality Campaign [English][Arabic].
The nationality campaign advocates universal right to nationality to women in Lebanon. If a Lebanese woman marries a foreign national she is not entitled to pass her nationality to her spouse and children. This is not the case for Lebanese men who are allowed by law to pass their nationality to both their spouses and their children. The campaign “My Nationality is a Right for me and My Family” seeks (1) to promote and strengthen active and inclusive citizenship, (2) to advocate Arab women’s full access to and enjoyment of nationality and citizenship rights in Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, and Bahrain, (3) to mobilize interest and concern in women’s right to nationality, and to (4) reform nationality law in Lebanon.
 
Libya - Libya - UNDP Projects - Gender [English].
 
Mauritania - Mauritania - UNDP Projects - Democratic Governance [French].
 
Mauritania - Mauritania Gender Profile, a summary [English].
The World Bank Group - Gender Statistics database can be searched for each of the following topics: gender profiles, basic demographic data, population dynamics, labor force structure, education, health, and maternal mortality.
 
Morocco - Democratic Association of Women in Morocco [French].
The association is an independent women association that was founded in 1985 by a group of activists for gender equality. ADFM works to guarantee judicial equality, mainly in the application of family laws, to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women, to promote full participation and representation of women in the public sphere and in all institutions and decision-making bodies, and to promote a positive image of women in society through capacity building programs and women’s rights initiatives.
 
Morocco - Enhancing Legal Literacy Among Women in Morocco [English].
This United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Global Rights program promotes human rights awareness among women in Morocco and works through partnership with local NGOs and development associations to ensure their rights are respected.
 
Morocco - Gender Assessment for Morocco [English]. 2003
Assessment of the plan of action for the integration of women in development, political participation and the "Moudawana".
 
Morocco - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Morocco [English].
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Morocco to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Morocco - Politics of Integrating Gender to State Development Processes [English]. 1995
The Politics of Integrating Gender To State Development Processes: Trends, Opportunities and Constraints in Bangladesh, Chile, Jamaica, Mali, Morocco and Uganda, by Anne Marie Goetz. Occasional Paper No. 2, UN Fourth World Conference On Women, May 1995. This paper provides an assessment of efforts in six countries to improve public accountability to women in the development process
 
Morocco - Rights of Muslim Women in Morocco [English][French].
An overview of the laws governing women's rights in Morocco by Fadéla Sebti. Source: guide provides access to the law governing women's human rights in Morocco.
 
Morocco - Study on the Representation of Women in Group Elections [Arabic]. 2009
 
Morocco - Women’s Rights in Focus: Morocco [English]. 2004
A report of the findings of a nationwide focus groups with Moroccan citizens that conveys important insights about popular attitudes on women’s economic, social, political, and legal rights.
 
Morocco - Women’s Rights in Morocco [English]. 2001
A bill known as the “National Action Plan for Integrating Women in Development” was introduced March 1999 in Morocco and it aimed at asserting some basic rights for women against discrimination and abuse. However, the opponents of the plan see these changes as a diversion from the Islamic moral values.
 
Morocco - Women's Movement and Political Discourse in Morocco [English]. 1998
This paper, based on research undertaken in Morocco as part of the Technical Co-operation and Women’s Lives project, focuses on the role of the women’s movement in shifting the boundaries of political discourse on women’s issues.
 
Oman - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Oman [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Islamic Family Law and the Transition to Palestinian Statehood: Constraints and Opportunities for Legal Reform [English]. 2002
A draft version of a case study by Fadwa Labadi, Penny Johnson, Rema Hammami and Lynn Welchman provided by the Emory University- Islamic Family Law web site. The study investigates the legislative and lobbying initiatives related to Islamic law during five years of the Palestinian interim authority (1995-2000) in the West Bank and Gaza.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Palestinian Women Between Reality and Aspiration [Arabic]. 2007
This study discusses the condition of Palestinian women in 3 main domains: the first domain follows up the development of Palestinian women in modern history; the second domain discusses Palestinian women and development issues; the third domain deals with political participation of Palestinian women. The study draws several conclusions about these issues.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Political Participation of Palestinian Women [Arabic]. 2006
This study discusses the meaning of political participation, especially in the case of Palestinian women.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Sabaya: Community Based Women's Empowerment Programme in the Occupied Palestinian Territories - Programme [English].
The aim of this programme is to promote Palestinian women’s participation in the social, economic and political life of their communities by empowering them to become agents for change in their struggle for achieving human security and therefore, a just and a peaceful society. It was executed by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Labor Organization (ILO).
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Violence against Palestinian Women: Alternative Country Report to the United Nations Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women [English]. 2005
This report addresses the violence against Palestinian women committed by the Israeli authorities in and includes the gender-related impact of the violence against Palestinian women and girls.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Women Against Violence [English][Arabic].
WAV seeks to address the problem of domestic violence and the paucity of support services for abused Arab women in Israel. WAV established the first full-service Arabic crisis hotline in Israel (the second Arabic language hotline in the country!), and Israel’s first shelters and halfway houses for Arab women and girls. Though based in Nazareth, WAV works throughout Israel in all areas with high concentrations of Arab women.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Women and Palestinian Elections [Arabic].
A round table on “Women and the Palestinian Elections” held on August 6th, 2002 at PASSIA, the Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs, Jerusalem.
 
Occupied Palestinian Territories - Women's Studies Center [English].
The Center was established in 1989 to fulfill the goals and mission of the Palestinian women's movement by conducting field studies to assess the reality and needs of Palestinian women, and to devise programs to meet these needs.
 
Qatar - Women and Development in Qatari Society [Arabic]. 2003
This is an analytical study of the condition of Qatari women and human development opportunities open to Qatari women.
 
Qatar - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Qatar [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Saudi Arabia - Quality of Women's Banking Service in Saudi Arabia [Arabic]. 2002
By Dr. Wafa Nasser Al-Mbaireek, Arab Organization for Administrative Development – First Meeting. "Marketing in the Arab Region: Reality and Prospects for Development". Sharjah, UAE, 15-16 October, 2002.
 
Saudi Arabia - Role of Women in Saudi Arabian Society [English].
Review of the Saudi Arabian women status and achievements
 
Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabia - UNDP Projects - Gender [English].
 
Saudi Arabia - UNDP Distance Education and Training Site [English].
A pilot project -Internet based Distance Training for Saudi Professional Women - represents an effort to empower professional women in Saudi Arabia with the requisite skills and tools to perform better, more productively and to advance professionally.
 
Saudi Arabia - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - Saudi Arabia [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Somalia - Somalia Gender Profile, a summary [English].
The World Bank Group - Gender Statistics database can be searched for each of the following topics: gender profiles, basic demographic data, population dynamics, labor force structure, education, health, and maternal mortality.
 
Somalia - The Impact of Conflict on Women: the Case of Somalia [English]. 2004
The decade of conflict in Somalia has affected relations between women and men. Conflict has lowered what was already one of the world’s lowest literacy rates – for both men and women. Many women have fought for equal rights and peace in this situation of state collapse but war has made families more dependent on the domestic labor of girls, further diminishing their prospects of entering, let alone completing, primary education.
 
Sudan - Handbook for Women Candidates in Sudan [English][Arabic]. 2010
A toolkit for election campaigning and public speaking developed for the Sudanese elections in April 2010.
 
Sudan - Participation of Sudanese Women in Political life [Arabic]. 2002
A working paper presented by Dr. Amenah Asadek Badri at the regional workshop on "Gender and democratic transformation in the Arab World", March 11-13, 2002. Regional Center for Human Security, Amman, Jordan.
 
Sudan - Southern Sudan Local Governance in Complex Environments Project Assessment [English]. 2010
The findings presented in this report are the result of an assessment that was conducted by an independent consultant on two -Democratic Governance Thematic Trust Fund (DGTTF) - funded projects in Southern Sudan in 2005 and 2008. The report indicated that the national government faced major challenges to the improvement of governance at a national level, including a process of decentralization of government that would be sufficient to allow for community-led recovery with strong civil society participation. More equitable distribution of the national wealth and public resources would be required to enable state and local governments to fulfill their service delivery responsibilities, and provide better education, health care, water and sanitation access in underdeveloped regions
 
Sudan - Stewards of Peace. The Role of Women and Youth in Post-Conflict Sudan: Report on a Series of Workshops with Sudanese Women and Youth [English]. 2005
This report covers the findings of the series of workshops facilitated by NDI that was designed to strengthen the capacity of Sudanese women and youth to play a full and active role in the future of their country. It focused on three areas: identifying and developing skills necessary to increase participation; providing a platform for cross-cultural dialogue; and creating an agenda for advocacy.
 
Sudan - Sudan - Human Development and Millennium Development Goal [English]. 2003
The focus of the paper is basically to answer how far gender sensitive policies are operationalized in Sudan. The objective of the paper therefore, is to come up with policies frameworks to enhance women’s empowerment and gender quality at the national level.
 
Sudan - Sudan - UNDP Projects - Women Empowerment [English].
 
Sudan - Sudan Gender Profile, a summary [English].
The World Bank Group - Gender Statistics database can be searched for each of the following topics: gender profiles, basic demographic data, population dynamics, labor force structure, education, health, and maternal mortality.
 
Sudan - Sudanese Women’s Priorities and Recommendations to the Oslo Donors’ Conference on Sudan [English]. 2005
This is the report of the conference on Sudan entitled “Sudanese Women’s Priorities and Recommendations to the Oslo Donors” that took place in Oslo on the 10th of April 2005. The objectives of the conference were to define the priorities of donors support for gender equality and women’s rights in post-conflict Sudan.
 
Sudan - Towards Achieving the MDGs in Sudan: Centrality of Women's Leadership and Gender Equality [English]. 2005
This publication is an effort to show that the Sudanese women, in their diversity and in spirit of unity, are defining the critical development agenda for the country in the coming decade. It affirms, “Gender equality and the promotion and protection of the full enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, in particular for women and children, are essential to advance development, peace and security.”
 
Syria - Syrian Women League [English].
SWL was established in 1948 as a democratic women's organization and a contributing member in Women's International Democratic Federation (WIDF) and a member in the Women Permanent Arab Court to Resist Violence against Women. Its objectives are to spread awareness about women's issues, to introduce modifications and develop the civil status code/law to conform to the principle of equality in rights between men and women, and to advocate the integration and the mainstreaming of gender in public policies.
 
Syria - Towards Political Empowerment of Syrian Women [English][Arabic]. 2006
Women’s representation rate in parliament is one of the most important gender indicators signifying level of women’s political participation, which is still low at the international level 13.4% and also in the Arab World 4.6%. During the past three decades, women’s status in Syria has faced radical changes in the area of strengthening women’s capacity in education, work and her general participation. This study is an attempt to examine the political system in Syria and identify obstacles and challenges facing women’s political empowerment.
 
Tunisia - CEDAW Tunisia Report 2000 [English]. 2000
The strategic objective of the Ninth Economic and Social Development Plan’s (1997-2001) was to enhance the integration of women into the development process. The priorities set within the framework of this plan were based on three major parameters: equality in public life, partnership in the family and access to decision-making positions.
 
Tunisia - Human Rights in Tunisia: Options and Accomplishments - Women's Rights [English][French]. 1987
Chapter 3 of the declaration of human rights of November 7, 1987 covers the human rights of the Tunisian women.
 
Tunisia - International Women's Rights Action Watch - Country Report: Tunisia [English]. 2002
The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) prepared and submitted this report on Tunisia to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It provides an economic and political analysis of the country’s situation and its relation to the status of women’s rights.
 
Tunisia - Ministry of Women and Family Affairs' National Plan of Action [English]. 1997
The Tunisian strategy for the promotion of women is based on two major intentions: confirming the principle of equality and partnership between the sexes and revitalizing the role of women in all areas of comprehensive development.
 
Tunisia - Promoting the Rights of Women and Children Through Information Technology in Tunisia [Arabic].
This Centre of Arab Women for Training and Research (CAWTAR) Program aims to promote the rights of women and children through knowledge generation and legal awareness among various social groups from different areas.
 
United Arab Emirates - United Arab Emirates - UNDP Projects - Gender and Social Development [English].
 
United Arab Emirates - Women and Political Participation in the United Arab Emirates [English]. 2007
This study is an attempt to examine the political system in the United Arab Emirates and identify obstacles and challenges facing women’s political empowerment including the degree of prejudice of Emirati society towards women political empowerment.
 
United Arab Emirates - Women in the United Arab Emirates [English].
Women in UAE. Contains information on the status of women in the United Arab Emirates society and the work of “UAE Women's Federation” and its participation in the international women’s movement.
 
United Arab Emirates - Women’s Image In Stories Written by Emirates Females [Arabic]. 2006
This study discusses how female writers present the image of women in their stories and novels from a feminist outlook.
 
United Arab Emirates - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa - United Arab Emirates [English][Arabic]. 2009
 
Yemen - Building Democracy in Yemen: Women's Political Participation, Political Party Life and Democratic Elections [English][Arabic]. 2005
This report discussed the political participation by Yemeni women, the constitutional and legal Bases of Party Pluralism in Yemen and the impact of their implementation.
 
Yemen - Legislations and Laws Concerning the Work of Yemeni Women [Arabic]. 2006
This specialized analytical study provides a detailed explanation of legislation and laws concerning the work of Yemeni women.
 
Yemen - Report on the Situation of Women in Yemen, 2008 [Arabic]. 2008
This report aims to raise awareness of women's issues and to obtain support and backing of government agencies and civil society organizations, as well as to emphasize the importance of the continued commitment of the Government and the actual parties and organizations in support of gender issues and the adoption of integrated policies to bridge the existing gap in this regard.
 
Arab Countries - 10 Years after Beijing: The Role and Contribution of the Arab NGOs [English]. 2005
This report provides an insight into the progress achieved throughout the year’s following the signing of the Beijing Platform for Action.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Human Development Report 2005 – The Advancement of Arab Women [Arabic]. 2007
This report discusses issues and principles concerning women and their role. It calls for comprehensive development in the Arab world. It focuses on the rise or advancement of women by themselves as a central prerequisite for societal progress.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2000 [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
The Arab Plan of Action for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2000 adopted at the Regional Preparatory meeting held at Amman on 9 and 10 November 1994, formulates a framework of common Arab visions and positions for presentation to the Fourth World Conference on Women to be held in Beijing in 1995.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Woman and Media [English][Arabic][French].
The website on Arab women and Media is an online interactive space which comes to cope with the rapid changes of the image of women and enrich the dialogue and the debate on the issue of women and media. It targets media decision-makers, professional unions, journalists, researchers, students, international organizations and donors in order to mobilize them to better advocate changing the image of women and keep it abreast with the transformations experienced by Arab women. It, also, aims to discuss and share information on the scope of the changes in the image of Arab women within the rapid shifts of the media as a whole.
 
Arab Countries - Arab Women's Forum [Arabic].
The Forum works on improving the condition of Arab women legally and politically through its network for action, training and common defensive activities. The Forum is the result of strategic plans and workshops launched in Egypt in 2003 with the participation of 26 female activists who represented 16 women organizations from 14 Arab countries committed to work together for improving women's condition in their respective countries.
 
Arab Countries - Comparative Assessment of Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa [English]. 2001
Freedom House comparative assessment of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa. The goal of this survey is to facilitate and support national and international efforts to empower women in the Middle East and North Africa region through the comparative evaluation of women’s rights in 17 selected countries and territories. These countries, where women’s rights remain a salient issue, are: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine (Palestinian Authority and Israeli-Occupied Territories), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: Weakening the Protection of Women from Violence in the Middle East and North Africa Region [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
This Amnesty International report maintains that despite the fact that a number of countries in the Middle East and North Africa ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), yet the reservations they made diminish the domestic applicability of the convention and weaken the protection of women in the region.
 
Arab Countries - Development of National Gender Statistics Programmes in the Arab Countries Project [English]. 1997
The project is aimed at strengthening the national capacities in the production, use and dissemination of statistics related to gender issues in an effort to influence policies and programmes and promote changes for the benefit of women.
 
Arab Countries - Domestic Violence and Shari’a: A Comparative Study of Muslim Societies in the Middle East, Africa and Asia [English]. 2001
An article by Lisa Hajjar provided by the Emory University- Islamic Family Law web site. The article is a comparative assessment of the rights of women and the domestic violence in Muslim societies in the Middle East, Africa and Asia with a focus on the functions and uses of religious and other legal texts.
 
Arab Countries - ESCWA - Gender Statistics Programmes [English].
GSP aims to enhance national capabilities in the production, use and dissemination of gender statistics to lead to more effective policies promoting change for the benefit of women and the advancement of society as a whole. This website is for users and producers of gender statistics in government departments, non-governmental organizations, research centers and universities, as well as legislators, women's advocates and the media.
 
Arab Countries - Gender & Citizenship Initiative [English].
An initiative of the United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region (UNDP-POGAR). The initiative works to raise public and media awareness about the gender inequalities that are inherent in key legislations, such as nationality laws and promote overall women's rights in the Arab region.
 
Arab Countries - Gender and Development in Middle East and North Africa: Women in the Public Sphere [English][Arabic]. 2004
This book seeks to advance the gender equality discussion in the region by framing the issues in terms of economic necessity. It analyzes the potential for women’s greater economic contribution to the region’s new development model and identifies key economic and sociopolitical impediments to women’s increased labor force participation and empowerment, and it suggests a way forward in developing an agenda for change.
 
Arab Countries - Ijtihad and its Role in Reducing the CEDAW Reservations of the Arab Countries [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Islam and Women's Rights [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Islamic Family Law - Legal Profiles [English].
The country-specific Islamic Legal Profiles, from Emory University, are organized in two formats, first a table summarizing the main points, and then a more detailed narrative directly below the table. Although the aim is to cover all those aspects of (the application of) Muslim personal law that diverge from the classical application, the information in the legal profiles is limited to the extent that wherever such information is available, it has been included.
 
Arab Countries - Leading to Choices: A Leadership Training Handbook for Women [English][Arabic]. 2002
This Handbook was drafted by the Women’s Learning Partnership For Rights, Development, and Peace (WLP), the Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM), BOABAB for Women’s Human Rights of and the Staff for Palestinian Women Issues. The Handbook deals with a new form of vertical leadership and democracy which contributes to women empowerment and discusses many important topics, particularly: developing the self for leadership capacities, communicating with other and building learning partnerships.
 
Arab Countries - Limitation of Personal Freedom [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - On the Way to Improved Legal Reality: Strategies and Instruments Used to Tackle Discrimination against Women in the Arab World [English]. 2008
This publication uses project examples to present innovative approaches that development cooperation can take in order to help women assert their rights and overcome gender-based discrimination. To this end, project and evaluation reports were examined to identify good practices and individuals involved were interviewed in partner countries. The primary aim was to identify successful strategies and instruments and make these available in a concise form.
 
Arab Countries - Progress of Arab Women 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
The report follows the framework of UNIFEM’s biennial report, Progress of the World’s Women, in evaluating women’s progress along a number of critical indicators. It examines the forces of economic globalization that are propelling the move towards change in different countries in the region as well as the geopolitical dynamics that continue to create political obstacles to change.
 
Arab Countries - Progress of Arab Women 2004 [English][Arabic]. 2004
The report follows the framework of the United Nations Development Fund for Women’s (UNIFEM) biennial report, Progress of the World’s Women, in evaluating women’s progress along a number of critical indicators. It also monitors the implementation of commitments made in the Beijing Platform for Action in 1995 and of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women.
 
Arab Countries - Progressive Centre for Women Equalization Studies and Research [Arabic].
P.C.W.E.S.R is a center for studies, researches, live meetings (interviews), articles, news and statistics. The center deal with items, which tackle the issue of women's rights from all aspects; legal, political, cultural, and economic toward achieving full gender equality.
 
Arab Countries - Regional Programme to Promote Women's Human Rights in the Maghreb and Machreq Areas [English].
This programme aims to contribute to the creation of an enabling environment for the promotion, defense and exercise of Women’s Human Rights (WHR) in the Maghreb and Mashreq areas and focuses on increasing the knowledge, awareness and capacity of NGOs and governmental institutions in addressing WHR. It was executed by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, April 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, April 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia and Sudan.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, August 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Palestine, Sudan and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, August 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, December 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, February 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, January 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, July 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, July 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Palestine, Qatar, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, June 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, June 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, March 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, March 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, May 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, May 2010 [Arabic]. 2010
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia and Yemen.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, November 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and United Arab Emirates.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, October 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - Report on the Status of Women in the Arab Region, September 2009 [Arabic]. 2009
A monthly report issued by the Elections Network in the Arab Region. This issue covers the status of women in Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Tunisia.
 
Arab Countries - Rise of the Arab Women Towards Expansion of Freedom Values [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Siyanda - Mainstreaming Gender Equality [English].
Siyanda is an on-line database of gender and development materials. It is also an interactive space where gender practitioners can share ideas, experiences and resources.
 
Arab Countries - Strengthening the Role of Women Parliamentarians in the Arab Region: Challenges and Options [English]. 1999
Paper presented by Azza M. Karam. March, 1999 at the Meeting on Women and Political Participation: 21st Century Challenges, held in New Delhi, India, 24-26 March 1999.
 
Arab Countries - The Abuse of Islamic Interpretations to Weaken Women [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - The Second and Third Democratic Gatherings: Women and Politics- Religious Insight- Problems and Solutions [Arabic]. 2005
Within the scope of the women political empowerment project implemented by the Montada Al Shaqeq Al Arabi for Human Rights, three national democratic gatherings and an Arab regional forum were organized which discussed the issue of women political participation and empowerment from different perspectives. This publication includes the studies and researches that were discussed during the second and third gatherings. The second gathering aimed at clarifying the vision of Islam regarding the issue of women political participation in an attempt to fight the ideas claiming that Islam opposes women participation in public life and in public decision-making. The third gathering reviewed all of the studies that were discussed during the first and second gatherings, as well as a series of studies that tackled the issue of women political participation in the international law, in all the stages of the national fight against colonialism, and in the social fabric. It also provided visions and mechanism aimed at strengthening women’s role and overcoming the obstacles they come across.
 
Arab Countries - UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia - Publications [English][Arabic].
ESCWA publishes recurrent reports, surveys, bulletins and newsletters, in addition to studies, manuals and handbooks related to economic and social development issues in the region. ESCWA's publications can be ordered on-line.
 
Arab Countries - United Nations - Women Watch. - Directory of UN Resources on Gender and Women's Issues - North Africa and Middle East [English].
 
Arab Countries - United Nations Development Fund for Women - Arab States Regional Programme [English][Arabic].
The UNIFEM Arab States was established in Amman in 1994, as one of 13 regional offices of UNIFEM worldwide. Today UNIFEM Western Asia’s mandate encompasses 13 Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. UNIFEM Arab states projects and initiatives focus on three areas: economic empowerment program, Governance, and women's human rights. The page provides a listing of the objectives of each area, the implementing agencies and a summary review of results.
 
Arab Countries - United Nations Development Programme - Programme on Governance in the Arab Region - Gender & Citizenship Initiative [English][Arabic].
The G&C; initiative works to raise public and media awareness about the gender inequalities that are inherent in key legislations, such as nationality laws and promote overall women's rights in the Arab region.
 
Arab Countries - Violations of Human Rights in Arab World [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Where Do Arab Women Stand in the Development Process? [English]. 2003
An ESCWA report detailing the plans and limited gains of achieving gender equality for both men and women in the development processes in the Arab countries.
 
Arab Countries - Women and the Law - A Regional Dialogue [English].
In February 2004, nearly 100 women from 16 countries in the Middle East and North Africa attended a three-day workshop on Women and the Law in Amman, Jordan.
 
Arab Countries - Women in Islamist Movements: Toward an Islamist Model of Women's Activism [English][Arabic]. 2007
Through interviews and conversations with women belonging to Lebanon’s Hizballah, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, and other Islamist organizations across numerous Arab nations, the authors found an energetic debate among women activists on their new found role as political actors.
 
Arab Countries - Women in the Arab World: Towards Equal Citizenship [English].
The World Bank Group - Mediterranean Development Forum IV - workshop held in Amman, Jordan, October 6-9, 2002. MDF4, prepared by the UNDP-Arab States Bureau, debated the issue of gender inequalities and women's access to public spaces with a focus on three areas of citizenship rights; nationality and voting laws, social security laws and family laws.
 
Arab Countries - Women in the Middle East [English].
Resources and publications on Women in the Middle East from Columbia University Libraries.
 
Arab Countries - Women’s Political Participation: Meeting on Women and Political Participation - 21st Century Challenges [English]. 1999
By Azza M. Karam.
 
Arab Countries - Women's Court: the Permanent Arab Court To Resist Violence Against Women [English].
The Women's Court is a symbolic popular court that aims at fighting all forms of violence practiced against women in Arab societies. The Court was established by a group of Arab NGOs. The main purpose of the Court is to put an end to the violence against women through a number of means including the introduction of the necessary changes on the existing laws and creating new laws to provide full protection for women victims of violence.
 
Arab Countries - Women's Freedom in Arab World: Challenges and Prospects [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Women's Rights [Arabic]. 2004
The proceedings of the regional workshop on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, Beirut, 26-27 January 2004.
 
Arab Countries - Women's Rights and Democracy in the Arab World [English]. 2004
The US government's new focus on promoting Women's Rights in the Middle East is widely supported, but its popularity has generated confusion about the actual conditions of women in the Middle East and the problems they face; about the relationship between women's rights and democracy; and about what an outside intervener like the United States can accomplish.
 
Arab Countries - Women's Rights in Islam [Arabic]. 2005
 
Arab Countries - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa [English][Arabic]. 2009
This study presents detailed reports and quantitative ratings on the state of women’s rights in the member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is the first installment of a larger project encompassing the entire MENA region, which will be completed in November 2009. Although the study indicates that a substantial deficit in women’s rights persists in every country of the Gulf region and is reflected in practically every facet of their societies, its findings also include the notable progress achieved over the last five years, particularly in terms of economic and political rights.
 
Arab Countries - Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa: Citizenship and Justice [English][Arabic]. 2005
The study's goal was to provide women's rights advocates in the region with an in-depth researched reports to support their efforts at stimulating reform. The study identified laws, policies, and practices that stand in the way of women's equal status in the Arab world.
 
Arab Countries - Working Women's Rights Manual [Arabic].
This manual seeks to inform male and female workers of their rights at work and to raise their awareness of these rights. It also aims to raise awareness that leads to improving women's status at the workplace and contributes to obtaining their rights.
 
GCC - Women and Chambers of Commerce: Cases from The Gulf [English]. 2003
This case study, published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), examines experience of countries in the Gulf region that have tried to integrate women into chambers of commerce and industry. It also explores some examples of innovative projects and initiatives that have been undertaken to encourage women to participate more effectively in their national economies.
 
International - A Life Free of Violence Is Our Right! [English]. 2007
This booklet seeks to demonstrate how garantees have succeeded in breaking intergenerational cycles of violence, in empowering survivors to make changes in their lives, in transforming communities and institutions into advocates for change, and in advocating for enabling policies and legislation.
 
International - A Manual for Integrating Gender into Reproductive Health and HIV Programs: From Commitment to Action [English]. 2003
This Manual aims to orient program managers and technical staff on how to integrate gender concerns into program design, implementation, and evaluation. It promotes greater understanding of how gender relations and identities affect individuals’ and groups’ capacity to negotiate and obtain better RH/HIV/AIDS decisions and outcomes.
 
International - A Media Guidebook for Women: Finding Your Public Voice [English][Arabic]. 2005
This guidebook jointly produced by NDI-USAID, is designed to help women in dealing and benefiting from media to get media recognition for their cause. the handbook provides useful information on how to plan a media strategy, and how to use the different media options such as printed media, electronic media, audio-visual media as well as how to prepare for interviews, press releases speeches and presentations, and public speaking.
 
International - Accelerating Change: Resources for Gender Mainstreaming [English]. 2000
This manual is the tangible resource that emerged from the proceedings of the Technical Workshop on Gender Mainstreaming, Sanur, Indonesia, February 20-25, 2000. The manual is intended to be a practical resource for those engaged in mainstreaming gender equality in a variety of contexts.
 
International - Advancing Women's Leadership [Arabic]. 2007
This training manual, translated by NDI, was designed to expand opportunities for women’s grassroots leadership. The manual covers leadership topics such as appreciative inquiry, experiential learning, conflict resolution and team-building. It also provides training techniques for using interactive, learner-centered methods and designing, implementing and evaluating participatory training. The resource section includes clear descriptions of leadership related concepts, as well as skills, tools, training methods and activities. It could be of interest to adult educators, community organizations, groups working with women, youth and organizations that wish to strengthen in-house training skills.
 
International - Agency for Co-operation and Research in Development [English].
ACORD is an African advocacy program that is committed to the understanding, challenging and changing of the conditions that cause poverty and exclusion. ACORD works in five areas; strengthening civil society, creating the conditions for resolving conflicts, overcoming gender and other forms of discrimination, improving livelihoods, addressing the causes and consequences of HIV/AIDS.
 
International - Asian Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development [English].
The forum is an independent organization committed to enabling women to use law as an instrument of social change for equality, justice and development. It has a consultative status at the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC).
 
International - Assessing Women’s Political Party Programs: Best Practices and Recommendations [English]. 2009
National Democratic Institute (NDI) embarked on this assessment in an effort to better understand effective approaches to women’s political party programs across a number of regions and to measure the impact of such programs. The assessment is designed to identify the specific elements and approaches which were most effective in encouraging women’s participation and leadership in political parties. Although drawn from NDI programs, the information gathered in this assessment is intended to be used by both individuals and organizations as a road map to help facilitate women’s political leadership worldwide.
 
International - Association for Women's Rights in Development [English][French].
AWID is a network of women and men around the world, AWID is an international membership organization connecting, informing and mobilizing people and organizations committed to achieving gender equality, sustainable development and women's human rights. The goal of AWID is to cause policy, institutional and individual change that will improve the lives of women and girls everywhere.
 
International - Beijing and Beyond: The Women of the World are Watching [English].
Three leading women's non-governmental organizations launched an advocacy and monitoring campaign to ensure that voices of women are heard in the meeting of world leaders at the United Nations September 14-16. The organizations are Gender Monitoring Group of the World Summit, a project of the Center for Women's Global Leadership, the Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era and the Women's Environment and Development Organization.
 
International - BRIDGE Development - Gender [English].
Bridge is a non-profit making unit specializing in gender and development based at the Institute of Development Studies in the UK.
 
International - Center for Women's Global Leadership [English].
The Center develops and facilitates women's leadership for women's human rights and social justice worldwide. The Global Center's programs promote the leadership of women and advance feminist perspectives in policy-making processes in local, national and international arenas.
 
International - Committee to Defend Women's Rights in the Middle East [English].
Promotes women's human rights, individual freedom and civil rights.
 
International - Democracy through Partnership between Men and Women - Women in Politics [English].
Overview of the Inter - Parliamentary Union's (IPU) activities related to the implementations of its 1997 Universal Declaration on Democracy calling for a genuine partnership between men and women in the decision making processes and a plan of action to correct the present imbalances in the participation of men and women in political life. It also provides information on women representation in parliaments, and the number of parliamentary positions women hold within the parliament.
 
International - Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era [English].
A network of women scholars and activists who engage in feminist research and analysis of the global environment and are committed to working for economic justice, gender justice and democracy.
 
International - Development Gateway - Gender and Development Portal [English][French].
The gender page is envisioned as an Internet platform for gender and development-related resources, information, and dialogue. The objective is to enhance the effectiveness of development efforts worldwide through sharing knowledge of gender-sensitive analysis, actions and policies.
 
International - Development Gateway - ICT for Development Gateway [English].
A gateway of news, views, programs and projects, on the use of new information and communication technologies (ICT) to accelerate economic and social development and improve governance.
 
International - Distinguished Women of Past and Present [English].
The site has biographies of women writers, educators, scientists, heads of state, politicians, civil rights activists, artists, entertainers, and others
 
International - Documenting Women’s Rights Violations By Non-State Actors [English]. 2006
This manual, provides tools to human rights activists and defenders who investigate violence perpetrated against women by non-state actors. Its goal is to offer guidance with regard to the legal definitions and human rights protection mechanisms that may help them compel States to fulfill their obligation to protect. It presents concrete examples of particular forms of violence committed against women by non-state actors and models of strategies that have been used effectively, particularly in Muslim communities.
 
International - ELDIS - Gender Guide [English].
ELDIS is a gateway to information on development issues. It provides summaries and links to online documents. This guide provides a broad range access to gender-related resources, key web sites, statistics, research centers and networks, documentation services, women's human rights resources, women's health resources, WWW directories and discussion lists.
 
International - Empowering Ourselves: The Role of Women's NGOs in the Enforcement of the Women's Convention [English]. 1999
This article explores the involvement of women's NGOs in enforcing the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and demonstrates that they have become major players in the national and international system, and have significant effects in enforcing the treaty obligations of States who have ratified it.
 
International - Engendering Development - Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice [English]. 2001
A Policy Research Report focusing on gender issues and their broad economic and social implications in developing and transitional countries. The report examines the conceptual and empirical links between gender, public policy, and development outcomes and demonstrates the value of applying a gender perspective to the design of development policies.
 
International - Equality Now [English][Arabic][French].
Equality Now was founded in 1992 to work for the protection and promotion of the human rights of women around the world. Working with national human rights organizations and individual activists, Equality Now documents violence and discrimination against women and mobilizes international action to support their efforts to stop these human rights abuses.
 
International - Feminism and Islam [English].
Feminism and Islam: Legal and Literary Perspectives, introduction, by Mai Yamani. The book addresses the obstacles facing women in their bid at equality in areas of family law and civil rights.
 
International - Feminist Movements and Organizations Program [English][French].
Through the "Feminist Movements and Organizations" program, the Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) promotes reflection and action on ways to strengthen women's movements and organizations worldwide. The goal of this program is to assist them in their struggles and help them develop ways to work that support their values.
 
International - Flame: African Sisters Online [English].
Flame is a network of African sisters online committed to strengthening the capacity of women through the use of information and communication technologies to lobby, advocate and participate in the Beijing +5 process regionally and globally
 
International - Focus on Women and Sustainable Development [English].
These are stories that focus on gender and research for sustainable development published online by the Reports magazine a publication of Canadian International Development Research Centre, in celebration of the International Women's Week, March 8, 2002.
 
International - Fourth World Conference on Women (1995): Conference Report [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
Beijing, 4-15 September 1995.
 
International - Fundraising Tactics for Women [English]. 2006
A handbook published by the IRI Women's Democracy Network on fund-raising tactics for women. The guide follows logical steps such as planning, research and donor or sponsor identification in the initial phase. It moves onto the methods for formulating a strategic plan in the case of an organization and a tactical plan on an individual basis. Various sources of funding are also highlighted.
 
International - Gender and Crime Prevention: Where are we Now? [English]. 2006
The paper discusses the parallel streams of work on violence against women and women’s safety which have emerged over the past twenty or more years, and the more recent, and often misunderstood, concept of gender. It argues that there is a need to integrate.
 
International - Gender and Development Group - Workshop 1998 [English].
Proceedings of a World Bank workshop on Gender and Development, organized by the Gender and Development Group, April 2, 1998
 
International - Gender and Indicators - Overview Report [English]. 2007
The Report examines conceptual and methodological approaches gender-sensitive measurements that are critical for building the case for taking gender (in)equality seriously, for enabling better planning and actions by gender and non-gender specialists, and for holding institutions accountable to their commitments on gender.
 
International - Gender and Media Handbook [English]. 2005
This manual contains critical background on the current challenges and opportunities around gender and media issues (representation, employment, ownership, and so on); contemporary activist and academic thinking on how gender issues are linked to questions around media power and social change; and advice on how to address gender issues in media institutions in order to transform organizational structures, policies and professional associations.
 
International - Gender and the Digital Divide Seminar Series [English].
The seminar, sponsored by the Gender and Development and Girls' Education Thematic Groups, and Bridging the Digital Divide through Education Task Force of the World Bank- looks at the impact that information and communication technologies (ICT) are having on gender relations and innovative ways that ICTs are being used to overcome gender inequalities and bridge the digital divide.
 
International - Gender Budgets Make Cents: Understanding Gender Responsive Budgets [English]. 2002
This publication provides a comprehensive understanding of gender responsive budgets.
 
International - Gender Equality and New Technologies Program [English][French].
The Association for Women's Rights in Development’s (AWID) Gender Equality and New Technologies program develops analyses, frameworks and arguments that ensure technological change supports, rather than threatens, the drive towards gender equality.
 
International - Gender Equality, Implementing Gender Equality: Stories from the Field [English].
Analysis of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)'s gender equality activities and experiences in number of countries
 
International - Gender Equitable Research [English].
The Assessment of Social Policy Reforms (ASPR) Programme Initiative of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) of Canada supports research in the developing world on social policy reforms and their contribution to sustainable and equitable development. ASPR's goal is to assist developing country governments and civil societies to put in place social policies which ensure the well-being and meet the basic needs particularly of the most vulnerable in society.
 
International - Gender Issues in the Challenge of Access to Human Rights [English]. 2003
This paper aims to provide an overview of the major gender-related issues that arise in problems of access to those human rights that are written in law and which are in theory protected by local, national and international institutions.
 
International - Gender Justice and Accountability in Peace Support Operations: Closing the Gaps [English]. 2004
The goal of this policy briefing is to provide a focused look at the challenges and obstacles to ensuring gender justice and accountability in the context of international peace support operations (PSOs) and to provide recommendations for UN and regional peacekeeping bodies responsible for peacekeeping.
 
International - Gender Link [English].
GenderLink is made up of social scientists, trainers and gender studies experts and media analysts from the European Union, North America, Switzerland and the Middle East. Gender Link
 
International - Gender Responsive Budget Initiatives [English].
This is a collaborative effort between the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), The Commonwealth Secretariat and Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC), aimed at supporting governments and civil society in analyzing national and local budgets from a gender perspective and applying this analysis to the formulation of gender-responsive budgets.
 
International - Gender, Governance and the ‘Feminisation of Poverty’ [English]. 1999
This paper summarizes thinking on the theoretical and empirical relationships between gender inequality and poverty, including reflection on how these relationships have been articulated in development policy discourse.
 
International - Global Fund For Women [English].
This is a grant making foundation supporting women's human rights organizations around the world working to address critical issues such as gaining economic independence, increasing girl's access to education and stopping violence against women
 
International - Global Policy Forum - Gender and Inequality Index [English].
The Index looks at the difficulties women face worldwide in a changing global economy and how they are mobilizing to improve their condition and fight for a more just world order for themselves and their children.
 
International - Harmful Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children [English].
The Fact Sheet #23 - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
 
International - Incorporating Gender into your NGO [Arabic]. 2006
 
International - Inter - Parliamentary Union - Women in National Parliaments [English].
The data- compiled by the Inter-Parliamentary Union on the basis of information provided by National Parliaments- provides world and regional averages of Women representation in parliament (both houses).
 
International - Inter - Parliamentary Union - Women in Politics- Instruments of International Law Concerning Women [English][French].
The page provides access to very useful and basic instruments of international laws concerning women and information on their ratification and implementation action plans.
 
International - International Center for Research on Women [English].
CRW is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting social and economic development with women's full participation. ICRW's mission is to improve the lives of women in poverty, advance women's equality and human rights, and contribute to the broader economic and social well-being
 
International - International Development Research Centre - Women's Rights and Citizenship [English][French].
The Gender Unit works to integrate a gender perspective into Canada's IDRC programs and initiatives. Its mission objectives are to promote and facilitate gender mainstreaming within the Centre, and gender sensitivity in research for development projects funded by IDRC and to promote gender equality and equity in research for sustainable development.
 
International - International Gender and Trade Network [English].
The International Gender and Trade Network (IGTN) is a network of feminist gender specialists who provide technical information on gender and trade issues to women's groups, NGOs, social movements, governments, and academic institutions.
 
International - International Gender Studies Resources [English].
The project features research and teaching materials meant to facilitate the integration of Women's and Gender Studies into International and Area Studies philosophy and curricula. This site offers general and specific bibliographies and filmographies on issues pertaining to women and gender in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and Arab World, and among minority cultures in North America and Europe.
 
International - International Information Center and Archives for the Women's Movement - Newsletter [English].
 
International - International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance - Democracy and Gender [English].
IDEA's Political Participation Program is committed to contributing to the debate to advance gender and democracy issues in general, and to promote women's participation and representation in political life.
 
International - International Women's Rights Action Watch [English].
IWRAW is based at the Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota. The Minnesota office provides technical assistance and research support for women's human rights projects such as law reform, policy advocacy, and monitoring government performance under international human rights treaties.
 
International - International Women's Tribune Centre [English].
IWTC is an international non-governmental organization, established in l976 following the United Nations International Women's Year World Conference in Mexico. IWTC provides communication, information, education, and organizing support services to women's organizations and community groups working to improve the lives of women, particularly low-income women worldwide.
 
International - Islamic Family Law [English].
The Emory University Islamic Family Law (IFL) is a project of the Law and Religion Program of Emory University. The objectives of the project are to verify and document the scope and manner of the application of IFL around the world; and to explore and substantiate possibilities of IFL reform within particular communities of Muslims in their specific cultural, theological, legal and institutional context.
 
International - Islamic Family Law [English].
Introduction: Variations on State Identity and Community Rights by Chibli Mallat.
 
International - Islamic Reform and Women [Arabic]. 2007
This study discusses the position or status of women under Islamic reform.
 
International - It's In Our Hands: Stop Violence against Women [English][Arabic][French]. 2004
Throughout this report, individual cases of violence against women are described and in some cases illustrated with photographs. These stories aim to reinforce the point that violence devastates the lives of women all over the world. The stories have been selected to indicate the many forms and contexts of violence against women.
 
International - Lives Blown Apart: Crimes against Women in Time of Conflict [English][Arabic]. 2004
In this report, Amnesty International shows some of the ways in which conflict affects women, and the many different roles which women play in conflict. It also attempts to address the human rights consequences of conflict, including its particular effects on women, can only be comprehensive and long-lasting if women play an active part in rebuilding society at all levels.
 
International - Making Rights a Reality: Violence against Women in Armed Conflict [English]. 2005
This report sets out the extent of the legal responsibilities that states, armed groups and individuals have under international law to respect and ensure the rights of women in armed conflict. It encompasses both conflict and post-conflict situations. The emphasis is on state and armed group obligations in relation to violence against women in war, although related abuses by other actors are also addressed.
 
International - More than Victims: The Role of Women in Conflict Prevention [English]. 2002
A report of a conference that was sponsored by the Conflict Prevention, Middle East and Environmental Change and Security Projects of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and Women Waging Peace. The report provides concrete examples of how the international community in general can support women’s efforts and peace building processes
 
International - National Democratic Institute - Global Programs - Women's Programs [English].
National Democratic Institute's Women's Participation are programs aimed at training women to engage in the political processes and hence increase the participation of women in politics and government.
 
International - Nationality between the Logic of Affiliation to the Islamic Ummah and the Logic of Affiliation to the International Community [Arabic]. 2003
This research focuses on citizenship laws in some Arab countries, that mostly do not grant equal status to fathers and mothers in terms of their children's nationality.
 
International - Navigating Gender: A Framework and a Tool for Participatory Development [English][French]. 2001
The manual includes key concepts and definitions, as well as introductions to alternative gender analysis frameworks. Navigating Gender provides case studies to illustrate the use of these frameworks and can be used both as an individual study guide, or as a basis for discussion in groups.
 
International - Netherlands - Royal Tropical Institute - Gender, Citizenship and Governance [English].
Originally founded as a research institute to disseminate knowledge on the tropics, KIT is currently working on problems related to agricultural development, health care and culture.. The Gender, Citizenship and Governance (GCG) programme is a partnership between KIT Gender and 16 participating organizations from Southern Africa and South Asia. The programme aims to make gender equity and gender equality a core concern in the debate on and practice of good governance globally.
 
International - OECD - DAC Source Book on Concepts and Approaches Linked to Gender Equality [English][French]. 1998
The Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)'s key concepts and approaches for the understanding of gender equality issues and how to address them.
 
International - Pan American Health Organization - Gender, Ethnicity and Health Unit [English].
The unit seeks to identify and reduce the inequities between women and men of all ethnic groups with regard to health status and its determinants, access to and quality of health care, and participation in decision-making, definition of priorities, and allocation of resources.
 
International - Parliamentary Oversight of Gender Equality Handbook [English]. 2006
This handbook, published by the World Bank Institute in collaboration with the Parliamentary Centre, is designed to assist parliamentarians in carrying out their oversight role on gender. It discusses the definition of gender, identifies some of the topical gender issues for clarification, provides an overview of microfinance, and focuses on some security issues that directly affect women. It also addresses the question of MDGs and poverty, focuses on the budget as a mechanism for allocating resources in society, and establishes the link between gender issues and the role of parliamentarians. It also examines the role of Women parliamentarians in committees.
 
International - Passport to Equality [English][French]. 2006
The Passport to Equality is a publication that presents, explains and reproduces CEDAW in the form of a personal passport. The purpose of the Passport is to make women and men all over the world aware of the existence of the Convention.
 
International - People Opposing Women Abuse [English].
The Organization was primarily initiated by volunteers and offered services to women who experienced domestic violence, sexual harassment, rape and adult survivors of incest. The Organization has a strong gender sensitive stance and seeks to empower women through the process of counseling, education, advocacy and lobbying.
 
International - Producing NGO Shadow Reports - A Procedural Guide [English]. 2003
Procedural and format guidelines designed to assist NGO' s in producing shadow reports for the CEDAW Committee (the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women) to use in evaluating government efforts to meet the obligations of the CEDAW Convention
 
International - Q-Web, Women's Empowerment Base [English].
Q Web is an interactive global resource-base and platform for knowledge-sharing between organizations, students, researchers and individuals who are interested in, working with or researching the field of Gender Equality, Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights as well as Empowerment.
 
International - State of the World's Mothers 2005: The Power and Promise of Girls’ Education [English]. 2005
The report of the Save the Children Organization documents the inextricable link between the well-being of mothers and the well-being of their children and highlights the efforts of few countries and communities that are making the best investment possible for the future of their children that of ensuring that girls go to school.
 
International - Stop Violence against Women [English][Arabic][French].
Amnesty International’s Campaign “Stop Violence against Women” is designed to mobilize both men and women in organizing to counter violence and to use the power and persuasion of the human rights framework in the efforts to stop violence against women.
 
International - The Condition of Rural Women and Gender Issues [Arabic]. 2004
This study discusses the condition of rural women, especially in terms of reproductive health, family planning and gender issues.
 
International - The Payoff from Women's Rights [English]. 2004
The author argues that growth and living standards get a dramatic boost when women are given just more education, political clout, and economic opportunity and calls on the United States to be more assertive in promoting women's rights abroad.
 
International - Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development [English]. 2000
This book explores the evolution of gender and development theory, introduces competing theoretical frameworks, and examines new and emerging debates. The focus is on the implications of theory for policy and practice, and the need to theorize gender and development to create a more egalitarian society.
 
International - Third World Conference on Women (1985) - Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women [English]. 1985
Adopted by the World Conference to review and appraise the achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women: Equality, Development and Peace, held in Nairobi, Kenya, 15-26 July 1985.
 
International - Toolkit for Women [English].
The Stakeholder Toolkit for Women offers access to UN documents, UN Conferences; NGO position papers; packages of documents on relevant issues, examples of good practice; training material, and links.
 
International - Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation and Other Exploitative Purposes [English]. 2005
The present publication shares the preliminary findings of a study being conducted by the IRC, with the support of the Japan Committee for UNICEF on the protection of children from exploitation, with an emphasis on the practice of trafficking.
 
International - UN Resources on Gender and Women's Issues [English].
A selected list of United Nations publications on Women's issues, equality, and development.
 
International - United Cities and Local Government-Global Programme on Women in Local Decision-Making  [English][French].
Global Programme on Women in Local Decision-Making aims to promote the participation of women in local decision-making and to fill the information gap on the status of women in local government. 
 
International - United Nations - Division for the Advancement of Women - Beijing 1995- Fourth World Conference on Women [English].
The website of the UN conference on women "Action for Equality, Development and Peace" Beijing, China - September 1995.
 
International - United Nations - Division for the Advancement of Women- Women Watch - Good Practices in Gender Mainstreaming and Implementing Beijing Platform for Action [English].
The Good Practices database is a project of the Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender Equality (IACWGE), coordinated by UNIFEM and with the participation of UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, and HABITAT. The Good practices database provides information for organizations interested in learning from the experiences of others working on gender equality issues.
 
International - United Nations Children's Fund - UNICEF Gender Equality [English].
is a critical aspect of all UNICEF programs that aim to end gender bias and discrimination as crucial in the empowerment of women and girls and the achievement of gender equality in education.
 
International - United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women [English].
INSTRAW is a UN institute which works towards the advancement of women and gender equality worldwide through research and training programmes. The website provides a wide range of resources and information for researchers, activists, policy-makers, and practitioners on the issue of women in politics.
 
International - United States Agency for International Development - Women in Development [English].
The USAID's Women in Development Program has four objectives, to enhance the economic status of women, expand women’s participation in civil society and mainstream gender concerns throughout the USAID's programs.
 
International - United States Agency for International Development - Women in Development Publications [English].
USAID's reports and publications on gender issues, and other Information Bulletins and Fact sheets.
 
International - USAID Office of Women in Development [English].
The Office of Women in Development (EGAT/WID) has a critical role in the United States Agency for International Development as the central point of technical leadership and expertise on gender issues in social, economic and political development.
 
International - Violence Against Women: for the Protection and Promotion of the Human Rights of Women 2002 [English]. 2002
This report is a compilation of ten alternative country reports on violence against women that were submitted to the so-called “mainstream” United Nations human rights treaty monitoring bodies1 by the World Organization against Torture’s Violence against Women Programme, which represents an essential activity to integrate a gender perspective into the work of the five treaty bodies.
 
International - Violence Against Women: for the Protection and Promotion of the Human Rights of Women 2003 [English]. 2003
This report is a compilation of ten alternative country reports on violence against women that were submitted to the so-called “mainstream” United Nations human rights treaty monitoring bodies1 by the World Organization against Torture’s Violence against Women Programme, which represents an essential activity to integrate a gender perspective into the work of the five treaty bodies.
 
International - Women and Participation In the Islamic State [Arabic]. 2003
This study discusses actual and indirect participation of women in political affairs under the Islamic state from the earliest era to the fall of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad.
 
International - Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [English][French]. 1998
Written by parliamentarians and researchers, this IDEA publication examines the obstacles women face in getting into parliament, how to overcome such barriers and ways in which they can make a greater impact once they enter parliament. It examines topics such as quotas and electoral systems and includes case studies from Costa Rica, Egypt, India, Jordan, Lebanon, Norway, Russia and South Africa.
 
International - Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers. A Revised Edition. [English]. 2005
This new and updated edition of Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers Handbook, published by IDEA, covers the ground of women’s access to the legislature in three steps: It looks into the obstacles women confront when entering Parliament – be they political, socio-economic or ideological and psychological. It presents solutions to overcome these obstacles, such as changing electoral systems and introducing quotas, and it details strategies for women to influence politics once they are elected to parliament, an institution which is traditionally male dominated.
 
International - Women in Politics: 60 Years in Retrospect (Information Kit) [English][French]. 2006
This information kit, Published by IPU, is composed of six data sheets on women's participation in politics over the past 60 years: Historical table on the institutional and legal evolution of States and the presence of women in national parliaments; Progress and Setbacks of Women in National Parliaments between 1995 and 2006; Women in the two parliamentary regional assemblies elected by direct suffrage: The Central American Parliament and the European Parliament; A Chronology of Women Heads of State or Government: 1945 - 2006; An Overview of Women in Parliament: 1945-2006; The Participation of Women and Men in Decision-Making: The parliamentary dimension.
 
International - Women Ink [English].
Women Ink is a project of the International Women’s Tribune Centre to market and distribute resources on women and development with a focus on the perspectives of women from the developing nations or in the language of the United Nations, the global south. 
 
International - Women, Violence and Health [English][French]. 2005
This paper reviews the forms that gender-based violence takes, the contexts in which it occurs and the health consequences of violence against women. It ends with some recommendations for action by governments and professional bodies.
 
International - Women’s Learning Partnership for Rights, Development and Peace [English][Arabic][French].
WLP is an International, non- governmental organization that empowers women and girls in the Global South to re- imagine and re-structure their role in their families, communities, and societies. WLP achieves this goal through providing leadership training, supporting capacity building, and helping women generate and receive information and knowledge.
 
International - Women’s Legal Rights Initiative 2003 [English]. 2003
USAID annual report on best practices, lessons learned, success stories from Albania, Guatemala and Southern Africa, submitted February 2nd, 2004.
 
International - Women’s Rights Handbook [English]. 1998
This handbook represents a summary of women's rights in important areas such as employment, economic independence, education, housing, health care, domestic relations, violent crimes and child care.
 
International - Women’s Rights Handbook 1998 [English]. 1998
The handbook contains information concerning laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, age and disability, as well as sex. Therefore, it will be useful to all persons concerned about fair and equal treatment in employment, eco
 
International - Women’s Rights in Theory and Practice: Employment, Violence and Poverty [English]. 2002
Report published by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars providing a description on the current status of gender equality laws across the United States and lessons learned in the last three decades of the previous century concerning these laws.
 
International - Women's Human Rights Resources [English].
The web site provides information- fact sheets, cases and court decisions, publications and research guides on international women's human rights. The web site provides access to the Diana international human rights database that is maintained and updated by the Women's Human Rights Resources Group, University of Toronto- Faculty of Law.
 
International - Women's International League for Peace and Freedom [English].
The league works to facilitate communication among and mobilization of advocates and supporters in civil society, the UN system and governments working on women, peace and security issues; and advocates for the integration of gender analysis in the governance, peace and security work of civil society actors, the UN system, and governmental bodies.
 
International - Women's Rights and Economic Change Program [English][French].
Through the Women’s Rights and Economic Change Program, The Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) works towards developing more effective strategies to deal with the complexities of addressing gender equality and poverty eradication in an era of globalization.
 
International - Women's Studies - Women's Issues Resource Sites [English].
Is a selective, annotated listing of web sites containing resources and information about women's studies / women's issues, with an emphasis on sites of particular use to an academic women's studies program.
 
International - Women's Studies Section [English].
The Association of College and Research Libraries website women's studies provides access to the division’s Newsletters, the core lists of women's studies books and journals, women & gender studies web sites, the publishers of women's studies materials and others.
 
International - World Bank Group - Gender and Development [English].
 
International - World Health Organization - WHO Gender and Women's Health Department [English][Arabic][French].
is charged with helping WHO’s various programs and departments undertake the challenge of integrating gender considerations into their work. It provides research on topics related to gender and women's health.
 
International - WSSLINKS Women and Gender Studies Web Sites [English].
This is the WWW virtual library on women and gender studies that is developed and maintained by the Women's Studies Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries.
 
International - Young Women and Leadership Program [English][French].
The Association for Women's Rights in Development’s (AWID) Young Women and Leadership Program creates spaces where young women can articulate their priorities, speak out about their concerns, and build leadership by promoting a rights agenda by and for young women around the world.
 
UN Agencies - 1999 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development: Globalization, Gender and Work [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
It is the Report of the Secretary-General on the 1999 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development: Globalization, Gender and Work and the economic role of gender in the context of globalization.
 
UN Agencies - African Centre for Gender and Development [English].
The ACGD, a division of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), is directly responsible for the coordination of women/gender and development programs in Africa.
 
UN Agencies - African Platform for Action Adopted by the Fifth Regional Conference on Women [English][Arabic][French]. 1994
The African Platform for Action, held at Dakar between 16 and 23 November 1994, is a synthesis of regional perspectives and priorities and a framework for action for the formulation of policies and implementation of concrete and sustainable programmes for the advancement of women.
 
UN Agencies - Arab Regional Review and Appraisal of Implementation of the Beijing Platform For Action [English].
A review and appraisal of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) on the Status of Women that is aimed to identify the achievements, gaps and challenges, and to determine areas where new actions and initiatives are required in order to further implementation of the Platform for Action and the outcome document of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly.
 
UN Agencies - Arab States Regional Programme - Women Human Rights Program [English][Arabic].
The United Nations Development Fund for Women’s (UNIFEM) Women's Human Rights Program includes activities and projects that focus on women's empowerment through training, advocacy, and the promotion of women's human rights, institutional building and support to non-governmental organizations and aims at to advancing women's human rights.
 
UN Agencies - Beijing +5 Gender Equality, Development and Peace for the 21st Century [English][Arabic][French].
Women 2000 is a Special Session of the General Assembly, 5-9 June 2000 to review progress in the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women and the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action.
 
UN Agencies - Beirut Declaration: Arab Women Ten Years After Beijing: Call for Peace [English].
The Arab Regional Conference Ten Years After Beijing: Call for Peace is convened pursuant to the United Nations resolutions that stipulate the need to review the accomplishments achieved during the ten years following the Beijing Conference in order to present the findings to the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) at its forty-ninth session, held in New York from 28 February to 11 March 2005, for their inclusion in the comprehensive document to be prepared by CSW and submitted to the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to provide information on the circumstances and needs of the region.
 
UN Agencies - Bringing Equality Home [English]. 1998
The UNIFEM booklet "Bringing Equality Home: Implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)" provides examples of how women have used CEDAW to change constitutions and national laws and influence court decisions in their countries are available at this site.
 
UN Agencies - Bringing Equality Home: Implementing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women [English][French]. 1998
This booklet provides a collection of ‘snapshots’ of a dynamic process currently taking place around the world as societies explore ways of using the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women to bring concrete improvements to women’s daily lives.
 
UN Agencies - CEDAW and Security Council Resolution 1325: A Quick Guide [English]. 2006
This guide provides a basic introduction to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security, and reviews their commonalities, synergies, and potential strategic uses, particularly in the context of conflict and post-conflict reconstruction.
 
UN Agencies - CEDAW Kit [English]. 2006
This manual was produced to form a reference framework aiming to provide the parties interested in women’s status with information enabling them to follow up the implementation of the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), with particular regard, the NGOs which undertake the task of assisting their countries prepare the periodic reports presented to the CEDAW Committee in pursuance with Article 18 of the Convention.
 
UN Agencies - Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Made Easy: Question and Answer Booklet [English]. 2004
This booklet provides a snapshot view of the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). It aims to raise awareness of the rights to which women are entitled under CEDAW so that you can use the Convention to bring about concrete improvements in the lives of Caribbean women.
 
UN Agencies - Current Challenges Affecting the Full Implementation of the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
This is the report of the Commission on the Status of Women acting as the preparatory committee for the twenty-third Special session of the General Assembly entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century” and the work of its resumed third session.
 
UN Agencies - E.Quality@Work [English].
E.Quality@Work is a factual not analytic compilation of available information -laws, initiatives, strategies, projects and programmes- on equal employment opportunities for women and men from the United Nations International Labor Organization (ILO).
 
UN Agencies - Economic Commission for Europe Regional Preparatory Meeting on the 2000 Review of Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action (Geneva, 19-21 Jan 2000) [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
The Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Regional Preparatory Meeting on the 2000 Review of the Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action was held in Geneva from 19-21 January 2000. The ECE member States reaffirm their previous commitments concerning equal participation of women and men in the economy.
 
UN Agencies - Elections: the Gender Dimension [English][Arabic].
The electoral process itself, even in well-functioning, ‘mature’ democracies, often creates serious barriers to the participation of women, both as candidates and, to a lesser extent, as voters. Women seldom make significant gains in the electoral process without pressure and support from women’s organizations, advocacy, lobbying, training of women candidates, alliance-building and external financial assistance. Within this arena, there are many areas for possible UNDP support.
 
UN Agencies - Emerging Issues Containing Additional Material for Further Actions and Initiatives for the Preparation of the outlook Beyond the Year 2000 [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
The present report was prepared in response to the mandate of the General Assembly, in its resolution 52/231 of 4 June 1998, which requested the Secretary-General to provide, in the report on emerging issues to be submitted to the Commission at its forty fourth session, additional material on further actions and initiatives for the preparation of the outlook beyond the year 2000.
 
UN Agencies - Encounter Between Feminism and Reformism in Contemporary Iran [English]. 2001
By Parvin Paidar. The United Nations- Research Institute for Social Development- Gender Justice, Development and Rights Project, 2000-2002.
 
UN Agencies - Equality in Economic Decision-Making [English][Arabic][French]. 1994
The present report seeks to present the main opportunities and constraints specifically faced by women and to suggest strategic actions to be taken in order to increase and improve their participation in economic decision-making bodies and processes.
 
UN Agencies - Fact Sheet on Women and Decision-Making [English]. 1996
Fact Sheet on Women in Government as at January 1996. The UN Division for the Advancement of Women has created a statistical database on women in the executive branch of governments. Data for 187 countries was extracted form information published in the 1996 Edition of the Worldwide Government Directory (Worldwide Government Directories, Inc.).
 
UN Agencies - Follow-Up to and Implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
The scope of the analysis contained in the present report is limited to national action plans and information on development submitted officially to the Secretariat Member States during 1998.
 
UN Agencies - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Gender and Development [English][Arabic][French].
A program of the Sustainable Development Department.
 
UN Agencies - Framework for Further Actions and Initiatives of the Commission on the Status of Women [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
The present report has been prepared in response to General Assembly resolutions 52/100, 52/231 and 53/120. It proposes a framework for identifying further actions and initiatives to accelerate implementation of the Platform for Action.
 
UN Agencies - From WID to GAD: Conceptual Shifts in the Women and Development Discourse [English]. 1995
From WID to GAD: Conceptual Shifts in the Women and Development Discourse, by Shahrashoub Razavi and Carol Miller. Occasional Paper No. 1- United Nations, Fourth World Conference on Women, February 1995. This paper, provides an introduction to "women and development" by tracing the main trends in the way women's issues have been conceptualized - women in development (WID) and gender and development (GAD) - in the development context.
 
UN Agencies - Gender and Development Information Kit [English]. 2002
This kit provides basic background information on gender, a glossary of gender terms, a concise description of gender analysis models as well as an annotated bibliography on gender for further reading. It also includes a list of Training and Research Institutes that are capable of administering research and training in this field.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Approaches in Conflict and Post - Conflict Situations [English]. 2002
The purpose of this manual is to support and strengthen the capacity of UNDP staff working on recovery and rehabilitation activities in crisis and post-conflict situations to mainstream gender equality objectives. While the traditional perception of women in crisis and post-conflict situations is that of victims of war, the active role women in fact play in such situations is being increasingly recognized.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Equality and Human Development: The Instrumental Rationale [English]. 2005
This paper focuses on the social pathways through which women’s access to resources might operate to improve their own and their children’s welfare. The author considers some of the evidence linking women’s access to various kinds of resources to fertility rates, children’s health and mortality rates, children’s education and women’s own health and well-being.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Equality: Striving for Justice in an Unequal World [English]. 2005
The report presents strong arguments for why gender equality must be placed at the core of efforts to reorient the development agenda. Indeed, if some of the key contemporary challenges (economic growth and structural transformation, equality and social protection, and democratization) are to be met, this is essential.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Issues and Concerns in Financing for Development [English]. 2004
The objective of this background paper is to use a gendered approach in examining the development financing strategies endorsed in the 2002 Monterrey Consensus. The paper seeks to identify what needs to be done to ensure that gender perspectives are incorporated in the global effort for economic and gender justice, peace and the realization of human rights.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Justice, Development and Rights [English]. 2003
Twelve studies were commissioned under the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) research project. The studies focus on the contemporary issues of neo-liberal policies, democracy and multiculturalism. This paper provides an overview of the issues and findings of these studies.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Justice, Development and Rights: Substantiating Rights in a Disabling Environment [English]. 2000
On Saturday, 3 June 2000, the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) held a one-day public workshop in New York to coincide with the United Nations General Assembly Special Session for the Beijing +5 review. The event was part of a yearlong research project that is assessing how far contemporary debates on and developments in the areas of rights and democracy have strengthened women's struggles for greater gender justice.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Justice, Development and Rights: Substantiating Rights in a Disabling Environment [English].
A workshop organized by the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) on 3 June 2000 to coincide with the Special Session of the General Assembly: Women 2000: Gender Equality, Development and Peace for the 21st Century.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Mainstreaming - Tools Marketplace - Annotated Resources [English]. 2005
Annotated resources from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and a wide range of partners related to the empowerment of women and human rights.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Mainstreaming in Practice: A Handbook [English]. 2001
Toolkit produced by the United Nations Development Programme providing a comprehensive understanding of gender mainstreaming and methods to be applied in practice. It is intended for policy and development practitioners that are charged with gender mainstreaming responsibilities but that are not specifically experts on the issue.
 
UN Agencies - Gender Mainstreaming -Tools Marketplace - Annotated Resource Guide [English]. 2006
An annotated bibliography of resources from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and a wide range of partners related to the empowerment of women and human rights.
 
UN Agencies - Gender, HIV and Human Rights: A Training Manual [English]. 2000
This report combines comprehensive background information on the epidemic with step-by-step training for community members. It also responds to the demand of HIV/AIDS gender-specific requirements by helping trainers enhance their understanding about the gender dimensions of HIV/AIDS.
 
UN Agencies - General Exchange of Views on the Main Conclusions and Recommendations of Regional Preparatory Conferences [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
This is a note by the Secretariat of the United Nations on the results of the Fourth World Conference on Women that took place in Beijing, China 4-15 September 1995.
 
UN Agencies - Information and Communication Technologies for Development Programme [English].
The Programme seeks to raise awareness among UNDP's development partners of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) potential and use in the development context and Gender empowerment.
 
UN Agencies - Initiation of the Comprehensive Review and Appraisal of the Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action [English][Arabic][French]. 1998
The present report initiates the review and appraisal process by the Commission, setting out a framework for the review and identifying the various sources of information which the Secretariat will draw on to provide a comprehensive assessment of achievements and of remaining gaps in implementation since 1995.
 
UN Agencies - Innovative Approaches to Promoting Women's Economic Empowerment [English]. 2008
This is a paper for the partnership event on September 25, 2008: MDG3 - Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women - A prerequisite for Achieving all MDGs by 2015.
 
UN Agencies - International Labor Organization - International Instruments for Equal Employment Opportunities [English].
The page provides access to the legal instruments, conventions, policies, and guideline documents related to the principles of equal employment opportunities from the International Labour Organization, United Nations and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
 
UN Agencies - International Labor Organization - National Statistics for Equal Employment Opportunities [English].
The ILO's statistics cover general gender statistics, indicators on income and economic activity, indicators on unemployment, qualitative and quantitative indicators for the monitoring and evaluation of the ILO gender mainstreaming strategy.
 
UN Agencies - International Telecommunication Union - Gender Issues [English].
 
UN Agencies - Key Actions for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
The present report focuses on population and development concerns, gender equality, equity and empowerment of women, reproductive rights and reproductive health, partnerships and collaborations and mobilizing resources.
 
UN Agencies - Lima Consensus and Resolutions Adopted at the Eighth Session of the Regional Conference on women in Latin America and the Caribbean (Lima, 8-10 February 2000) [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
The countries represented at the eighth session of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean decided to recommend that the non-governmental organizations involved in the implementation of the Platform for Action adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women, should play a greater role in the preparatory process and in the special session of the General Assembly entitled “Women 2000: Gender Equality, Development and Peace for the Twenty-First century”.
 
UN Agencies - Making a Difference: Strategic Communications to End Violence against Women [English]. 2003
The purpose of this toolkit is to share the learning of the workshop series with women’s organizations working to end violence against women around the world. Recognizing that advocacy cannot be effective without a solid communications strategy, and acknowledging the power of communications in showcasing and magnifying the effects of innovative work, this kit is intended to support advocates for ending violence against women.
 
UN Agencies - Monitoring the Implementation of the Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
The report describes measures taken by both the Division for the Advancement of Women and the Centre for Human Rights, discusses possible additional steps, and concludes with a proposed joint work plan for 1995 to ensure that human rights mechanisms of the United Nations regularly address violations of the rights of women.
 
UN Agencies - Multiculturalism, Universalism and the Claims of Democracy [English]. 2001
This paper explores the tensions between universalism and cultural relativism, and the role of democracy in resolving these tensions. It argues that cultural relativism is not a useful ally for feminism. The paper then argues for a "good enough democracy", and concludes with a number of guiding principles that can help identify which practices are most indefensible or most at odds with sexual equality concerns.
 
UN Agencies - Not a Minute More: Ending Violence against Women [English]. 2003
This report aims to highlight achievements and indicate what must be done to build on these achievements regarding the dominant violence against women. It provides examples of good practices as well as of efforts that did not meet the goals set out for them — and explores why not. It looks at the challenges ahead, and asks what the most fruitful next steps might be.
 
UN Agencies - Peace: Women in International Decision-Making [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
The present report focuses on the participation of women in peace and security areas at the national and international levels, including the United Nations peace and security operations.
 
UN Agencies - Picturing a Life Free of Violence: Media and Communication Strategies to End Violence against Women [English]. 2001
This publication showcases a wealth and variety of media and communications strategies and materials used around the world to end violence against women. It highlights materials and campaigns, providing descriptions of innovative communication methods specific to domestic violence, sexual assault and harassment, harmful traditional practices, trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation, and HIV/AIDS.
 
UN Agencies - Primers in Gender and Democratic Governance #1 [English][Arabic][French]. 2007
This paper explores some of most common questions on gender, recalls basic obligations for UNDP staff, and develops a human rights-based approach to practical tools for democratic governance practitioners in terms of gender programming per cluster.
 
UN Agencies - Progress Achieved in the Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
This is a report by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on the progress achieved in the implementation of the CEDAW, its impact, its trends, and its challenges in building and reinforcing a society of equality, development and peace.
 
UN Agencies - Progress in the Implementation of the Platform for Action Based on the Review of Reports to the Commission on the Status of Women [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
The present report is based on a comprehensive analysis of the Committee’s concluding comments on reports of States parties which were considered during its fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth sessions.
 
UN Agencies - Progress of the World's Women 2000 [English]. 2000
This report is the United Nations Development Fund for Women’s (UNIFEM) biennial investigation of progress made towards a world where women live free from violence, poverty and inequality. Topics covered include women's economic security and rights, engendering governance and leadership and promoting women's human rights.
 
UN Agencies - Progress of the World's Women 2005: Women, Work and Poverty [English]. 2005
This report describes how governments, the United Nations, Non-Governmental Organizations, partners and socially responsible corporations can work together to ensure that informal workers, especially women, receive an equitable return for their labour.
 
UN Agencies - Promotion of Literacy, Education and Training, Including Technological Skills [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
The present report presents the progress achieved at all levels of female education and describes the obstacles in access and achievements that still persist at regional and sub-regional levels.
 
UN Agencies - Provisional Agenda for the Commission on the Status of Women Entitled "Women 2000: Gender, Equality, Development and Peace for the 21st Century" [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
This is the agenda of the Commission on the Status of Women acting as the Preparatory Committee for the Special Session of the General Assembly entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century”
 
UN Agencies - Regional Platform for Action - Women in a Changing World [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
This Regional Platform for Action sets the objectives of the meeting for the Fourth World Conference on Women; to review and appraise the evolving status of women and gender relations, to assess the impact of the political, economic, social and institutional changes on women, and to contribute to a strategy for development based on a partnership in support of equality between women and men in all parts of the world.
 
UN Agencies - Report of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Whole of the Twenty-Third Special Session of the General Assembly [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
This report of the Ad Hoc Committee reflects on the review and appraisal of progress made in the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and the question of further actions and initiatives for overcoming obstacles to the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action.
 
UN Agencies - Report of the Commission on the Status of Women [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
This is the report of the Commission on the Status of Women acting as the preparatory committee for the special session of the General Assembly entitled: Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century that took place on the 6th of March 2000.
 
UN Agencies - Report of the Commission on the Status of Women - Actions and Initiatives to Overcome Obstacles [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
This is the report of the Commission on the Status of Women acting as the preparatory committee for the twenty-third Special session of the General Assembly entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century” and the work of its resumed third session.
 
UN Agencies - Report of the Commission on the Status of Women- Addendum, Corrigendum [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
This is the report of the Commission on the Status of Women acting as the preparatory committee for the twenty-third Special session of the General Assembly entitled “Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century” and the work of its resumed third session.
 
UN Agencies - Report of the High-Level Intergovernmental Meeting to Review Regional Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action in Asia and the Pacific [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
The High-level Intergovernmental meeting to Review Regional Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action was held at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok from 26 to 29 October 1999. Economic and political empowerment of women, rights-based approach to the empowerment of women and its strategies were the issues for consideration.
 
UN Agencies - Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
The present document focuses on the advancement of women, gender equality, and equality of opportunity for men and women, and the role of women and of women’s groups are mentioned.
 
UN Agencies - Review and Appraisal of the Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
The report is a review and appraisal of the progress made towards the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action adopted by Governments at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995. It consists of the background to the Beijing Conference, its context, an analysis of implementation, and the trends of political, economic, social and cultural changes that pose new challenges for the full implementation of the Platform for Action.
 
UN Agencies - Revised Draft Agreed Conclusions on Women and Health Submitted by the Chairperson of the Commission [English][Arabic][French]. 1999
The Commission on the Status of Women proposes, in order to accelerate the implementation of the strategic objectives of the Beijing Platform for Action, that the Governments, the United Nations system and civil society ensure universal access on a basis of equality between women and men, to quality, comprehensive and affordable health care and health services and information by women throughout the life cycle, and finally promotes international cooperation.
 
UN Agencies - Security Council Resolution 1325 annotated and explained [English]. 2000
This is the text of the Security Council's Resolution 1325 (2000) that specifically addresses the impact of war on women, and women's contributions to conflict resolution and sustainable peace. The text is annotated and explained in detail.
 
UN Agencies - Seeds of Change: Gender Thematic Trust Fund Report 2005-2006 [English]. 2007
 
UN Agencies - Sixth Regional Conference on the Integration of Women into the Economic and Social Development of Latin America and the Caribbean [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
The Sixth Regional Conference Programme of Action that was held at Mar del Plata, Argentina, between 20 and 25 September 1994, intends to expedite the achievement of gender equity and the complete integration of women into the development process, together with the full exercise of citizenship in the framework of sustainable development with social justice and democracy.
 
UN Agencies - Strategy and Business Plan 2000-2003 [English][French]. 2000
The document provides a brief review of UNIFEM's experiences in implementing its strategy plan for 1997-1999 and presents the plan for 2000-2003.
 
UN Agencies - Summary of the WomenWatch Online Working Groups on the 12 Critical Areas of Concern of the Beijing Platform for Action [English]. 2000
In preparation for the Beijing+5 review, approximately 10,000 individuals joined the WomenWatch online Working Groups to discuss progress that has been made in implementing the Beijing Platform for Action. The results are representative of the broad experiences of those working for gender equality.
 
UN Agencies - Synthesized Report on National Action Plans and Strategies for Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action [English][Arabic][French]. 1997
The report contains an analysis of national action plans submitted officially to the Secretariat in response to the note verbale by a total of 85 Member States and one observer. It examines whether plans followed the recommendations of the platform for Action concerning preparation, content, action defined and resources allocated.
 
UN Agencies - The African Plan of Action to Accelerate the Implementation of the Dakar and Beijing Platforms for Action for the Advancement of Women (Period:2000-2004) [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
The African Plan of Action is proposed to help implement the Dakar and Beijing Platforms for Action through national, sub regional and regional plans of action. It is a synthesis of strategies and mechanisms proposed to address and resolve a number of issues that have been identified as posing serious constraints in the past five years.
 
UN Agencies - The Politics of Integrating Gender to State Development Processes: Trends, Opportunities and Constraints in Bangladesh, Chile, Jamaica, Mali, Morocco and Uganda [English]. 1995
This paper provides an assessment of efforts in six countries to improve public accountability to women in the development process. It then goes on to provide an overview of some of the more prominent political, economic and social trends of the past two decades, against which efforts have been made to institutionalize gender in state development processes.
 
UN Agencies - Trafficking in Persons: A Gender and Rights Perspective [English]. 2002
This kit is an invitation to all practitioners addressing the issue of trafficking in persons to revisit and rethink their efforts from a gender and rights perspective.
 
UN Agencies - Transforming the Mainstream - Gender in UNDP [English]. 2003
This publication sets out key issues in gender mainstreaming, learning from the efforts of UNDP and its partners in governments and civil society organizations, bilateral and multilateral agencies. It takes as its premise that equality between women and men is central – not external – to the human development paradigm.
 
UN Agencies - Turning the Tide: The Convention on Elimination of Discrimination against Women and Gender Dimensions of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic [English]. 2001
This publication contributes to understanding how the world's foremost blueprint for women's human rights can be put to work to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic from a gender perspective. It discusses the inherent problems that exist and broadens the knowledge gap.
 
UN Agencies - UN Statistics and Indicators [English].
Compiled by the United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA)'s Statistics Division, these indicators have been proposed for follow-up and monitoring implementation of recent major UN conferences on children, population and development, social development and women.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations - Division for the Advancement of Women - Commission on the Status of Women [English].
The CSW Commission prepares recommendations and reports to the UN Economic and Social Council on issues related to the promotion of women's political, economic, civil, social and educational rights.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations - Division for the Advancement of Women - Women Watch - Background Information [English]. 1996
The Report of the Expert Workshop "Global Information through Computer Networking Technology in the Follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women, which was held in New York, on 26-28 June 1996. The report provides background document for the Women Watch.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations - Division for the Advancement of Women- Women Watch - Women of the World [English].
Overview of the status of women worldwide. The website provides country access to CEDAW implementation agenda, governments reports and commitments to implement the CEDAW's Platform for Action, and the National Action Plans and Strategies.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations - Regional Commissions - Dialogue for a Gender - Sensitive Citizenship [English].
The five regional commissions of the United Nations organized a Round Table entitled "Dialogue between NGOs and Governments: For a gender-sensitive citizenship", on 7 June 2000 in New York. The dialogue was to show both the diversity and commonality of situations around the world, in terms of relationships between civil society movements and Governments, and to draw lessons to promote these relationships.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations - Research Institute for Social Development - Research Program - Gender, Justice, Development and Rights [English].
Discussion of the political and legal developments of women's movement, within different national contexts and exploration of the democracy and legal reforms to achieve gender equality.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Children's Fund - Gender Awareness [English].
Gender awareness is a critical aspect of all UNICEF programming aimed at ending gender bias and discrimination, the empowerment of women and girls and the achievement of gender equality in education.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Development Fund for Women - Progress of the World's Women [English].
Progress of the World's Women is UNIFEM's biennial investigation of progress made towards a world where women live free from violence, poverty and inequality. The first issue, Progress 2000 reported on the state of women's lives in the context of globalization from the mid-1980s through the late 1990s.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Development Fund for Women - Strengthening Women's Leadership [English].
To increase women's opportunities to influence the direction of society and to remove obstacles to women's access to power, UNIFEM advocates for gender responsive legislation and constitutional revisions, understanding of gender issues by government officials, development planners and decision makers, and for omen's advancement and access to broad base decision making processes.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Development Fund for Women Governance, Peace and Security Programme [English].
The Programme is dedicated to building stronger women’s organizations and networks so that women themselves have the power to negotiate new and better policies with their governments and international agencies
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Development Programme - Gender in Development Programme [English].
advises, supports, and facilitates UNDP's gender equality policy, dialogue and practice, and promotes the empowerment of women.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - Gender Mainstreaming [English][French].
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Population Fund - Promoting Gender Equality [English].
UNFPA funds population and reproductive health programmes helps governments in the world's poorest countries, and in other countries in need, to formulate population policies and strategies in support of sustainable development and promoting women's equality.
 
UN Agencies - United Nations Secretary-General Study on Violence Against Women [English].
The in-depth study builds on work that has been undertaken so far on violence against women, synthesizes and evaluates findings, and identifies best practices and effective strategies, along with gaps and challenges. The study was conducted by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women.
 
UN Agencies - Urban Governance: Why Gender Matters? [English]. 1996
The author, Jo Beall, argues that urban governance must be gender-sensitive if it is to be equitable, sustainable and effective. A gender-sensitive approach to urban governance has two principal objectives; firstly, to increase women's participation in human settlements development and, secondly, to foster gender-awareness and competence among both women and men in the political arena and planning practice.
 
UN Agencies - Violence Against Women [English][Arabic][French]. 1995
This report is on the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies, which place violence against women under the basic strategies for addressing the issue of peace. The strategies state that violence is a major obstacle to the achievement of peace and the other objectives of the Decade.
 
UN Agencies - Women 2000 and Beyond: Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict: United Nations Response [English]. 1998
This issue of women 2000 focuses upon some of the developments taken to address sexual violence against women during armed conflict. It provides consideration to the failure of the international community to address the issue of war-time sexual violence during the early years of the UN and examines the manner in which sexual violence during armed conflict emerged as an item of serious concern within the UN.
 
UN Agencies - Women 2000 and Beyond: Women, Nationality and Citizenship [English][French]. 2003
This issue of Women 2000 and Beyond considers discrimination against women in nationality laws. It examines laws that differentiate between women and men in the acquisition and retention of nationality, as well as in relation to the nationality of their children, highlighting the legal and practical disadvantages such laws cause.
 
UN Agencies - Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century - Part One - Report of the Commission on the Status of Women [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
 
UN Agencies - Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century - Part Two - Report of the Commission on the Status of Women [English][Arabic][French]. 2000
 
UN Agencies - Women in Contemporary Democratization [English]. 2000
This paper looks at the issue of democratization from a gender perspective. Women’s persistent exclusion from formal politics, in particular, raises a number of specific questions about how to reform democratic institutions, since these institutions are not automatically gender-equitable.
 
UN Agencies - Women, Peace and Security [English]. 2002
This study is an initiative undertaken in response to Security Council resolution 1325 on women, peace and security adopted in October 2000. It shows that while many positive steps have been taken to implement the resolution, women still form a minority of those who participate in peace and security negotiations, and receive less attention than men in post-conflict agreements, disarmament and reconstruction.
 
UN Agencies - Women's Land and Property Rights in Situations of Conflict and Reconstruction [English]. 2001
This report points in particular to the challenge of addressing inequalities that women face in land and inheritance rights. But it also presents many encouraging examples of success in doing so, including the importance of community development initiatives that work directly with women to solve local problems.
 
Middle East - Association for Middle East Women's Studies [English].
The AMEWS Association is a private, non-profit, non-political, international organization of scholars and other persons interested in the study of women in the Middle East. The objectives of the Association are to advance the study of women in the Middle East.
 
Middle East - Electoral Processes in Selected Countries of the Middle East: A Case Study [English]. 2004
This paper, published by the United Nations Office of the Special Advisor on Gender Issues and advancement of Women (OSAGI), attempts to give a brief analysis and assessment of how the electoral process in Yemen, Lebanon and Jordan was supportive, or not, of women’s participation, and then identify commonalities and differences which might help in drawing conclusions and recommendations on how to better support women’s full participation in elections in the Arab region as a whole, and possibly other post-conflict countries.
 
Middle East - Mediterranean Regional Consultation on Women’s Right to Adequate Housing [English]. 2006
The Mediterranean Consultation on Woman’s right to adequate housing was held in Barcelona from the 16th to the 20th of March 2006. It’s main objective was to inform the United Nations’ Special Rapporteur, Miloon Kothari, of the different demands and problems faced by women in the Mediterranean region in independently gaining access to decent housing.
 
Middle East - Towards Gender Equality in the Arab/Middle East Region: Islam, Culture, and Feminist Activism [English]. 2004
This is the background paper of the UNDP Human Development Report 2004. The paper examines the relations among gender, culture, and Islam, and draws attention to the tensions that exist between concepts of cultural heritage and concepts of cultural freedoms in the Arab region and elsewhere in the Middle East. The author argues that notwithstanding elements of a shared culture and shared religion, there is considerable variability in gender norms and laws in the Arab world/Middle East and there have been significant changes over time in the position of women, and describes debates and discussions within the region pertaining to women’s rights.
 
Middle East - Women’s Right to Adequate Housing and Land [English]. 2004
Middle East/North Africa Proceedings of the Alexandria Consultation - Habitat International Coalition Housing and Land Rights Network. In cooperation with UN Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing and with collaboration and support from the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Bibliotheca Alexandrina -Alexandria, Egypt, 23–26 July 2004. This consultation was the fourth in a series of civil society regional consultations to discuss the experiences women face as their right to adequate housing and land are violated on a daily basis.
 
Middle East - Women's Livelihood and Entitlements in the Middle East: What Difference has the Neoliberal Policy Turn Made? [English]. 2005
This paper examines changes in patterns of women’s employment and social policies pertaining to women in the Middle East and North Africa, and compares between two periods: the oil-boom era of the 1960s-1980s, and the period of liberalization since the latter part of the 1980s and into the present decade.
 
Euro-Med - Enhancing Equality Between Men and Women in the EuroMed Region [English][Arabic][French].
The regional Euromed Gender Equality Programme aims to promote the following four priorities: gender equality, combating gender-based violence, enhancement of women’s image in the media and the action to follow up the Istanbul Process with a view to “promoting the role of women in society”.
Publications Added Recently
Arab Countries - The Upper Houses in Arab Parliaments: Their Representative, Legislative, and Oversight Functions and Their Role in the Budget Process. Comparative Study of the Constitutional and Legal Framework [English][Arabic][French]
 
Arab Countries - strengthening the Oversight Function of Arab Parliaments. Developing the Legal Framework [English][Arabic]
 
Arab Countries - Energy Subsidies in the Arab World [English]
 
Arab Countries - Arab Parliamentary Bulletin - Issue 9 [English][Arabic]
 
UN Agencies - Making the State Responsive:Experience with Democratic Governance Assessments [English]